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ars comfortable. A furnace below the school of the children. Who will give this subject more room to force hot air into the room does not ne- attention ? For though it has been written on cessarily remedy this evil. It is designed to do by able pens, and has been discussed, yet it is 80, and perhaps in many cases does partially do not practically understood. 80. But unless there is some machinery to force I have nothing new in the educational line to the air along, a part, at least, of that which communicate. We are, in this western world, passes over the furnace will be heated too hot, doing our part of the educational talk, and I and will be deprived of either its oxygen or of think our part of the work, too. We have no its moisture. We must then, in our attempts to other hope for the land than a thorough educasolve this problem of heating and ventilating tion, based on the principles of religion and of school-rooms, try to find some way to accomplish morality; and we begin to apprehend that for the work by saving the oxygen of the air, and by many years past—and perhaps even now—there not using it up to produce the heat.

is too much stress laid on the simple subject of The second thing to be desired, is to find some education, considered as apart from nature. I way of removing the air which has once gone hope the time will soon come when all will unthrough the lungs of the children. If it be pos- derstand that the man who is not made virtuous by siblé, they should not be allowed to breathe any the process of his education is reckoned to be of this air a second time. It should be at once less than half educated. We must lay more stress taken away in some manner, and its place should upon morality, and upon virtue and piety in our be supplied with that which is fresh and pure, schools, both high and low-not sectionai piety, and full of life and vivacity It will matter but but the genuine, out-speaking, free-souled piety, little how cold this air is, if in some way a prop- that makes the man more of a man, as well as er amount of heat can be secured, and if the bad more of a Christian. May that time soon come! and vitiated air can be driven off, how readily its

Yours, as ever, place will be supplied is know to every one.

ROBT. ALLYN. How, now, can these two conditions be satisfied? Or, in other words, how can a room be

“I cannot do without the Schoolmaster." heated without at all diminishing the oxygen in the air it contains, and how can the vitiated air

The following is a letter received from one of be removed at once? It is not my purpose to our subscribers in the Old Bay State. We have settle either of these questions. I only wish to received many such letters within the past month, eall the attention of those who have time for and we only wish we could say we have not rethese investigations to them, and to suggest that I ceived many from those who have found the times whoever will settle them will deserve the grati-l so hard that they write: “We like the Schooltude of the men who are engaged in the great master very much, but we are obliged to saywork of education.

Please discontinue." The time was when our school houses were

“S. W., Mass., Mar. 22, 1858. open, and we had great open fire-places, so that | DPAR SIR: we had good air at all times. The heat radiated

I received the March number of the Schoolto all parts of the room, and many a time it was | master last week, and it reminded me that I had uncomfortably warm. The lack then was not

neglected forwarding my subscription for the from poor air, or a small quantity of heat, but

coming year. The dollar has been put aside for from its irregularity. But now with our very thi

this purpose for a long time, and it is only snug and close rooms, and our stoves and furth

a nur through neglect that I have not sent it before. naces, we are in danger of spoiling the air by! I cannot do without the Schoolmaster yet, is the very process by which we gain heat, and then

y which we gain neat, and then the times are hard. of retaining that bad air till it ruins the health

Yours Respectfully.”

OFFICIAL DEPARTMENT. find it difficult to govern those committed to

their charge. An opportunity is then offered for OFFICE OF THE COM. OF PUB. Schools. I

mutual explanation and mutual co-operation.

March 15th, 1858. } The colnmns of the Schoolmaster having been

In this work let teachers take the lead; because

they are supposed better to understand the need kindly opened to the Commissioner of Public

of it, and have greater facilities for carrying it Schools, I shall, from time to time, avail myself

into execution. of the opportunity for presentiug such thoughts

But I took up the pen with the special design as I may deem important to the advancement of

of speaking of this duty as it is enjoined on the our schools. Among the numerous topics which,

School Commissioner. Section 2d of Chapter 58th at once, suggest themselves for consideration,

of the Revised Statutes of the State, reads as not the least important is that of

follows: “The Commissioner shall visit, as of VISITATION.

ten as practicable, every school district in the The duty of visiting schools is incumbent upon

State, for the purpose of inspecting the schools, all who have an interest in promoting the educa

and diffusing as widely as possible, by public adtion of the young. The present school law makes it

dresses and personal communications with school imperative upon Trustees and Committees to visit

officers, teachers and parents, a knowledge of schools twice every term. This is undoubtedly

the defects and desirable improvements in the ada wise enactment of law. But a bare compliance

ministration of the system and the government with the requirement of the law is not enough.

and the instrnction of the schools." While this should be done-and done faithful

I will not speak of the difficulty of carrying ly-voluntary visiting, which makes a deeper im- .

this provision of the law into full effect. To pression of interest on parents, teachers, and

make it beneficial in the highest degree, it would scholars, should not be left undone. Trustees

require the entire time of the Commissioner, and Committees should visit often, though the

| while the office business might also profitably visits should be necessarily short. I have recent

occupy it all. I will merely say, that, intending ly seen the reports of a Trustee of one of the dis

to do all that is possible by way of fulfilling this tricts in Smithfield, in which it is recorded that

duty, I would most earnestly invite the co-operhe has made 12 visits to the winter school and 22

ation of all the friends of education, but esto the summer school during the past year. It

| pecially that of school committees and trustees. need not be said that these visits have been a

For the best performance of this duty, thə Comblessing to that school. It must be so. Let a

missioner must be accompanied by some one, similar interest be shown by all Trustees and

who knows not only the locality of each particuCommittees during the next year, and we may

lar district, but all the local circumstances which safely calculate that there will be a rapid improve

have a bearing on the condition of schools—some ment in all our schools. Visitation, however,

one who knows where public meetings may be should not be confined to school officers. Parents

held to the best advantage, and who will be inand others, all, who would give the utmost value

fluential in promoting the objects which the to the money and labor now expended on schools

Commissioner has in view. In bringing these should make it a sacred duty to visit them. This

remarks to a close, I would add that in the course should be done with the desire to aid both teach

of the present year, I hope to be permitted to ers and scholars. How many of the difficulties

visit every district in the State; and that adwhich daily arise between teachers and their em.

dresses and lectures either by myself or others ployers might be entirely prevented, if the sub

may be given in every town. I would, therefore, ject of visiting schools claimed that attention

solicit correspondence, in reference to this parwhich it really demands. Teachers should also

ticular subject, with school committees, trustees, visit the families from which their scholars come.

and all friends of Public Schools. This should specially be done, whenever they

JOHN KINGSBURY.

2

SCHOOL EXERCISES. 1 We can substitute any number at pleasure for

y, and obtain bence the value of x; by which Geometrical Problem.

means we shall find the two legs of the triangle,

and from them the hypothenuse. Let y, for inWe have received no answer to the “Geomet-stance, =5. Then x=12, and the hypothenuse rical Problem,” under “School Exercises,” in will be 13. The perimeter will be 30, and the the March number. We fear our readers have 5x12 exhausted their powers, or time, or patience, bn

F. H. H. the enigma of that number. The schoolmaster orders that the class be all sent back to their

For the Schoolmaster. seats, and that they take the same lesson

A Few Queries. next time. He hopes surely to find the problem solved by some of the class, and the solution

I HAVE seen letters dated in each of the followsent in before our next number. The problem is

ing forms, and would like to ask which is to be an original one, and the author is a member of

preferred: the Providence High School. Friends, try it.

Providence, March 12, 1858.

Providence, March 12, '58.
For the Schoolmaster,

Providence, March 12th, 1858.
Answer to “Mathematical Questions” in

Providence, 12th March, 1858. the December Number.

What punctuation marks should be placed afx2+xy=8 (1)

ter the address at the beginning of a letter? x2+y=6 (2)

Should the “Dear Sir,” or “ Friend Smith,” be Subtract (2) from (1). xy-y=2. (3)

followed by a comma, a semi-colon, a colon, or a Multiply by 2. and transpose. 2.xy=4+2y. (4) dash, or by either of the first three and a dash ? Subtract (4) from (1). 2xy=4—2y. (5) | In writing a letter to a perfect stranger, say to

y2 16—8y+y2.

John Smith, shall I begin it with his name folComplete the square. 22–xy+-=

lowed by “My Dear Sir,” by “Dear Sir,” or by “Sir,” or shall I merely write his name without any complimentary address?

Should each word of the complimentary address begin with a capital?

What form of address is most appropriate for

the commencement of a letter from a gentleman 2yy=2

to a young lady with whom he has no special iny=2.

timacy, or to whom he is a stranger? 7. Let æ= one leg of a right-triangle and y=| What is the best form for the close of a letter

addressed to a person with whom we have no other. Then the area = – The perimeter will

particular acquaintance? I have seen many be x+y+1(x2+y2.) Now let the area be equal forms used, among which are “Yours,” “Yours,

&c.,” “Yours Truly,” “Yours Very Truly," to the perimeter, or x+y++ (x2+y2)= | Very Truly Yours," "Respectfully Yours,"

“Very Respectfully Yours,” “Yours Very ReReduce this equation, and we have

spectfully." 22y2+8xy=4x2y+4xy2.

How should the address on the envelope be Divide by xy. wy+8=4x+4y.

punctuated ? 4y—8

Should a letter ever be written on half a sheet?

xy=y=2

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2

P.

NUMBER ONE

NUMBER THREE.

For the Schoolmaster,

E. A. G., Mansfield, Mass.; and number three Do You Read the Papers P

will explain itself.

NUMBER TWO. TEACHERS and scholars, do you read the maga-1 1812 121 120 119 111 | 24 | 7 | 20 | 31 zines and newspapers. Not the “capital sto

4 | 11 | 23 | 17 | 10 4 | 12 | 25 | 8 | 16 ries,” but the foreign intelligence and home news. Do you know how much of contempora

25 | 19 | 131 711 17 | 5 |13|21 | 9 ry history is to be learned by reading them ? 16 | 9 | 3 | 15 22 10 |18| 1 | 14 | 22 Let us see what we can glean from the papers of

12 | 24 | 5 | 6 | 18) 23 | 6 | 19 | 2 | 15) a single month. 1. First, the death of Gen. Havelock. Where

RULE for Solving Puzzles similar to the “ Arithdid he die?

metical Puzzle for Boys,” in the Schoolmaster 2. Also, the death of the poet, Beranger. for March, which will apply in any case where What do you know of him?

the number of columns is expressed by an odd 3. The revolt in India. Can you give the date

number, as 3, 5, 7, &c. of the fall of Delhi ?

Call the number of columns in the proposed 4. What Kingdom is the chief seat of the square a common difference. war in India.

| Begin at the top of the middle column, and 5. The Queen of Oude recently visited Eng-write downwards, until the column is filled, as land. For what purpose ? When did she die, follows—1, 2+ com. dif., 3+2x com. dif., 4+3x and where ?

com. dif., &c. Fill next right hand column by 6. Marshal Pelissier is president of the French | adding diagonally upwards the common differSenate. In connection with what war have you ence to each number in middle column. Fill seen his name mentioned ?

next right hand column, or columns, in the same 7. Where is “Roumania ?"

manner. 8. What questions relative to the principali- | When the right hand side of a square is filled. ties of Wallachia and Moldavia, are being dis- I add, as before, to the last right hand column, and cussed in European journals ?

place the results in the outside left hand column. 9. Give the name of the Japanese port re

Fill the remaining columns in same manner, in cently opened to American vessels ?

each case adding diagonally upwards, and trans10. Can you give the dimensions of the steam

ferring the top number of each new column to er Leviathan? Owned by what nation ?

the bottom of the same. Observe, that when a 11. The cause of the detention of the steam

number + the common difference exceeds the er Ariel ?

largest of the given numbers, the sum must be 12. In which of Shakspeare's plays do you diminished by that number. find the name Ariel ? 13. Where is lake Ngami and the falls of

ILLUSTRATIONS. Mosioatunye? If you do not know, read Living Commom Dif. = 5. stone's work on Africa.

19 | 20 | 1 | 12 | 23]

Com. Dif. = 3. E. W. B.

15 | 21 | 7 | 18 | 4 East Greenwich.

1611181 16 | 2 | 13 | 24 | 10

71 513 TO THE “ARITHMETICAL PUZZLE FOR Boys,"

22 | 8 | 19 | 5 (11

| 2 | 9 | 4 in the “Fireside Department” of the March 13 | 14 | 25 | 6 | 17| number, we have received three answers, which! Each line of numbers added vertically, hori. we give below. Answer number one is from the zontally, or diagonally, will produce the same sum. boy who sent us the puzzle; number two, is from

A. A. M.

OUR BOOK TABLE. BARNARD'S JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.-March,

1858. Just received. THE AMERICAN DRAWING BOOK: A Manual for Three fine steel engravings, with memoirs of

the Amateur, and Basis of study for the Pro- Dr. Thomas Arnold, Gideon F. Thayer and Dr. fessional Artist. Especially adapted to the use William A. Alcott. The number contains sevof Public and Private Schools, as well as Home

enteen educational papers of great value, and of Instruction. By J. G. Chapman, N. A. J. 8. Redfield, New York.

permanent interest. This great work on drawing is now ready. It Dr. Barnard is doing a great work in publishconsists of 6 parts, which may be had separately ing such an educati

elying such an educational quarterly; which, as we or bound together. For description, prices,

have been informed by eminent scholars, comand recommendations, we refer the reader to the

pares favorably with any educational work of Publisher's advertisement in the present num

Europe, and thus reflects credit on America.

Teachers, will you not help sustain this great ber. The work, in full, makes a quarto of over 300 professional work:

over 300 professional work? pages, printed on excellent paper, with beauti- | Price, $3.00 a year. We will send it with the ful type, and illustrated throughout by remark

remark. SCHOOLMASTER, for one year, for $3.25. For the ably fine engravings. It is itself a Model of sake of

osake of Mr. Barnard and the work, we wish a Art. Embracing the various departments of

response to this call. drawing, etching and painting, it presents the LIFE OF JAMES MONTGOMERY.-By Mrs. H. C. fullest and most complete system of practical in- Knight. Gould & Lincoln, Boston. struction in this beautiful and highly important, To those who have read Mrs. Knight's prebut much neglected art, that we have seen. We viously published works we need not say a single cheerfully commend this book to the examina- word for this book. That she has now written tion of all who are in want of a practical work-or, we should perhaps say, edited the life of on drawing, feeling sure they will find it such a such a man as Montgomery, is enough to secure text-book as is needed in all our schools, to it a reading with all such. To others, we would teach the art of design, as applicable to the pur-say, read it by all means. The style is charmsuits of every-day life. Give the scholars thor-ing, and it is thickly interspersed with quotations, ough instruction, as taught in this book, and we extracts and letters from this Christian poet and shall have better qualified mechanics everywhere. philanthropist, the “ admired of all admirers.” For sale by G. H. Whitney.

Of her subject, the authoress justly remarks:

| “ As a model of the Christian citizen, he stands MARCUS: or, the Boy Tamer. By Walter Aim

pre-eminent.” well. Gould & Lincoln, Boston.

ANNUAL OF SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY ; or Year This is the fifth of the series of " Aimwell

Book of Facts in Science and Art, for 1858. Stories," and is a pretty little book for the young Edited by David A. Wells. Gould & Lincoln, -useful as it is pretty-good as it is useful. Full Boston. of interesting stories, each one of them convey-! Like the previously mentioned work by the lag a lesson, and each alone and all together har- same editor, this is a valuable “Book of Facts." ing a good moral inflence. We advised a friend It is designed to give a complete synoptical acof ours, who is a teacher, to get it. He did so, count of the various discoveries in nature, science nnd afterwards came and thanked us, saying it and art, during the past year. It treats of a was a most valuable book for the teacher, from great variety of topics, on a broad scale of subwhich to get original problems and miscellaneous (jects, from the discoveries in Astronomy and xercises. Teachers and parents ought to pay Electricity down to the Anti-Flickering Gas iore attention to these miscellaneous exercises Burners and new method of making Baskets. ad matters of general information.

| For sale by Coggeshall & Stewart.

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