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FIRESIDE DEPARTMENT. Phenix ; Carrie and Lizzie, and C., Glouces
ter; A. E. M., Slatersville; E. K., Point Answer to “Enigma of Natural Curiosi.
Judith; L. A. W., Gardiner, Mass.; Z. B., ties,” in March Number.
Providence; I. S., A. B. S., R. A. S., N. S.
B., Burrillville ; M. A. W. C., Southampton; We are glad to be able to state that our
Helen, Taunton, Mass; Annie, Woonsocket; readers have been very successful in solving
Nellie, Cleveland, Ohio; H. M., Newport ; this enigma. They have not been as success
I., A., M., Portsmouth ; L. C. H, and R. H. ful, however, in finding the errors in it. We
H., Cayuga Co., N. Y.; W.C. G., aged 12 have received answers from fifty-five per
years, Mansfield ; N. A. C., North Anson, Me.; sons, and only seventeen of them remind us that
J. N. B., Dilworthtown, Pa.; and John White Doctor was spelled with an e.
Oak. Three speak of Kentucky as a western, and not, as said in the enigma, a southern state.
Peel, Port Lloyd, Solfatara, Towaligo, PicThree object to the spelling [Weyer’s] of
tured Rocks, Antiparos, Grand Banks, WeyWeir's Cave. It is spelled both ways with
er's Cave, Geysers, Fingal's Cave, Florida authority. Two others spell “ Watt,” | Repte vi
att," Reefs, Minnehaha, Sea of Rocks, Giant's “Wats,” and consequently makes the phe
Causeway, Natural Bridge, Mammoth, Java, nomenon in Germany read, “Spectre of She
Ouachitta, Spectre of the Broken, Sindree. broken.” One correspendent adds the follow
· Whole -- Docter Franklin's discovery that ing:
electricity could be controlled, and the knowl. “If the above is a correct solution, it seems
ms edge of the power of steam by James Watt. to me, that a little more care on the part of your correspondents, in getting up such arti
DESCRIPTION OF SOME OF THE ABOVE cles, might prevent the transmission of erron
CURIOSITIES. eous impressions. For instance, if I am not
| At Port Lloyd on Peel island, the largest mistaken, Dr. Franklin did not make the dis
in did not make the dis- of the Bonin group in the Pacific ocean, is a covery " that electricity could be controlled,” remarkable tunnel supposed to be of volcanic a fact which was previously known; but that
origin. It is from 30 to 50 feet high, with lightning and electricity are identical.
pillars of volcanic rock, and extends across Yours, truly, C......."
the entire width of the island.—Commodore Friends, you must not trust us quite so im- Perry's Expedition to Japan. plicitly, but look out for our mistakes. Es- In the Campagna, between Rome and pecially would we counsel all teachers to spell | Tivoli, is the lake of Solfatara, into which Doctor and not Docter.
continually flows a stream of tepid water The following individuals have sent solu- from a smaller lake situated a few yarıs above tions in season for publication : I. L. C., G., it.-Lyell's Principles of Geology, page 243. F. H. D., M. S. G., Westerly; W. C. B., The Pictured Rocks on the shores of lake Smithfield ; M. H. S., New London; E. B. Superior, are described as follows in Harpers' C., A. A. M., W. G. C., M. A. C., B. C., K., Magazine, vol. vi. page 586, as seen from a A. M. R., R. A. H., R., M., A., R., A., Manfred, distance of a few miles: “A portion of the Talbot, and John Dudd, Providence; L., Paw- appearance seems like standing columns, such tucket; C. A. B., T. C., and C. E., Woon- as remind us of the ruins of Tadmor; another socket; H. K. H., Tower Hill; I. O. S., ' portion lower down the lake strongly resembles a walled town, such as is given us in Spectre of the Broken. This phenomenon is paintings of Asian and Syrian scenery. A caused by the sun's rays striking the object little further on rises a magnificent temple upon the summit of the mountain in a particwith Grecian portico, in fact, on the model of ular direction; the shadow is reflected upon the Parthenon. Still, a little further on, a the clouds and any motion is visible. Super. row of huge masses almost deceive you into the stitious people used to think it was caused by belief of extensive warehouses, and the illu- supernatural agency. There is authority for sion is assisted by certain other masses which for spelling the word Broken or Brocken. resemble the sails of shipping, together pre- The fort and village of Sindree, on the eastsenting the picture of an extensive commercial en arm of the Indus, above Luckport, are mart. These appearances are owing to the
stated by the same writer to have been overwhite sand-cliffs which for some miles bound
flowed; and, after the shock, the tops of the this part of the coast, and which are more or
houses and wall were alone to be seen above less invaded by the forest.”
the water, for the houses, although submergAntiparos, is on an island by the same name ed, were not cast down. Had they been sitin the Mediterranean sea.
uated, therefore, in the interior, where so The Grand Bank east of the coast of New-many forts were levelled to the ground; their foundland, is supposed to be formed by the site would, perhaps, have been regarded as Gulf Stream and the Arctic current. having remained comparatively unmoved.
An interesting description of the Geysers Hence we may suspect that great permanent of Iceland may be found in Lyell's Principles upheavings and depression of soil may be the of Geology, page 553.
result of earthquakes, without the inhabitants The Sea of Rocks, in the Mountains of Oden- being in the least degree conscious of any wald, “ is a large collection of rocks round-change of level. ed smooth as by action of water, closely re- A more recent survey of Cautch, by Sir A. sembling waves, situated near the top of a Burnes, who was not in communication with mountain."
Capt. Marmurdo, confirms the facts above The Hot Springs of Ouachitta are found in enumerated, and adds many important details. Arkansas. They are quite numerous, and the | That officer examined the delta of the Indus water is within a few degrees of boiling heat. in 1826 and 1828, and from his account it ap-Schoolcraft's Lead Mines of Missouri, p. 258. Ipears that, when Sindree subsided in June
The following, in reference to Java, is found 1819, the sea flowed in by the western mouth in Lyell's Principles of Geology, page 353 ; of the Indus, and in a few hours converted a “ There is an extinct crater near Batur, called tract of land 2000 square miles in area, into Guevo Upas, or the Valley of Poison, almost an inland sea, or lagoon. Neither the rush half a mile in circumference, which is justly of the sea into this new depression, nor the an object of terror to the inhabitants of the movement of the earthquake, threw down encountry. Every living being which penetrates tirely the small fort of Sindree, one of the this valley falls down dead, and the soil is four towers, the northwestern, still continucovered with the carcasses of tigers, deer, ing to stand; and, the day after the earthbirds, and even the bones of men ; all killed quake, the inhabitants who had ascended to by the abundant emanations of carbonic acid the top of this tower, saved themselves in gas, by which the bottom of the valley is filled.” | boats.-Lyell, page 461.
For the Schoolmaster.
For the Schoolmaster.
BY A SCHOOL-BOY AGED 14 YEARS.
In an old church, in Europe, built several I am composed of forty-troo letters.
hundred years ago, it is related that under My 31, 15, 7, 27, 14, 5, 35, is an ocean.
the ten commandments were inscribed in capMy 36, 40, 19, is a river in Asia.
ital letters the following : My 6, 5, 20, 27, 37, 23, is an island south PRSVRYPRFCTMN, of Europe.
VRKPTHSPRCPTSTN. My 41, 18, 15, 37, are mountains in Asia.
For a long time no one could decipher the My 42, 37, 21, 9, 17, is a lake in North
meaning, which had been lost, so ancient was America.
the venerable edifice. At length a gentleman My 1, 25, 3, 4, 10, 21, 4, 28, 33, 15, is a
told his friends that he had solved the riddle, sea in Asia.
and insisted that they also could do the same My 39, 1, 15, 34, 15, 11, 21, 29, is a mount thing. in Asia.
To assist them, he informed them that, in My 3, 38, 26, 8, 31, 10, is a country on the order to read the inscription, they must insert eastern hemisphere.
a certain vowel, and only one vowel, in its My 32, 13, 6, 1, 3, is an island of South
proper places, and, this done, the inscription America.
would make two lines of poetry, and would My 22, 21, 12, 30, 14, 22, 5, 6, 20, 15, 23, | form an imo
form an important injunction in reference to is a bay in Europe.
the commandments engraved above. My 6, 19, 21, 16, is a country in Asia.
Will the readers of the SCHOOLMASTER inMy 24, 36, 4, is a cape on the coast of Mass. form us which of the vowels is to be used, My 39, 29, 2, 30, 31, 3, is the name of a land i
e of aand in what places : beautiful little bay in New England.
ANTIQUARIAN. My whole, is one of the greatest events in the history of the world.
The Game of Questions.
For the Schoolmaster.
One thinks of a person, place, or thing; Enigma.
the others put questions respecting it, to as
sist them in guessing, and are answered by I AM COMPOSED OP TWENTY-ONE LETTERS.
“Yes” or “No.” My 17, 9, 19, 15, 13, 21, 13, 4, 18, 1, 12, was Suppose one thinks of a pin, the others ask a character well known to the ancients, whose -Is it a person ?-No. A place :-No. A title is applied to some modern scholars. thing-Yes. Having ascertained thus much,
My 11, 2, 14, is never of any practical val- you know that you must put questions conue till it is broken.
cerning things only. So you begin again :My 10, 20, 3, is a term never applied to Is it an animal? – No. Vegetable ? - No. anything warm.
Mineral :-Yes. Now you must put quesMy 6, 20, 7, 8, 6, 12, 16, is what every one tions concerning minerals :—Is it natural ?who seeks me ought to say.
No. Artificial ?-Yes. Then would follow: My whole has long been the study of emi- Is it made of metal ? Earth? Stone? A nent linguists.
natural product of this country? Light or heavy? Strong? Large? Small? With “I do n't see how any one can dislike many other questions concerning its use. arithmetic–I think it is a very interesting
Perhaps there are few games more deserv- study,” remarked Kate. ing to be cultivated than this; but it requires “How curious it is about the figure 9," said to be well played.
Oscar ; “you may multiply any number you
please by 9, and the figures in the product, A Curious Circumstance.
added together, will make 9 or a series of 9's.
As once I was taking a walk, you see,
| 636 +3=9 27 2+7=9 108 1+8=9 A curious circumstance happened to me. A huntsman I saw through the thorny brake | and so on with any number, no matter how Ride to and fro by the woodland lake.
large." The deer came bounding across the spot,
"You can do the same with any of the mul. But what did the huntsman ? He shot them not! tiples of 9,” said Aunt Fanny, “ as 18, 27, 36, He blew his horn by the forest green,
45, 54, etc. If you multiply these by any Now tell me good people, what could that mean?
number whatever, you will have a series of And as I strolled onward along the shore, 9's in the product. Try it.” A curious circumstance happened once more. Several experiments were made, with such A fisher-maid in a boat on the lake
results as the following : Rowed to and fro near the thorny brake; ’T was sundown,-the fishes around her shot, But what did the maiden ? She caught them not! She sang a song by the forest green,
828 8+2+8=18 1+8=9 Now tell me, good people, what could that mean!
27 Retracing my steps at evening's fall, The most curious circumstance happened of all :
31593+1+5+9=18 1+8=9 A riderless horse stood in the brake,
“There is another thing about the figure 9 An empty skiff reposed on the lake; And passing the grove of alders there,
very curious,” said Marcus. “ If you take What heard I therein ? A whispering pair !
| any number composed of two figures, reverse The moon shone brightly, the night was serene, it, and subtract the smaller from the larger, Now tell me good people, what could that mean? the sum of the figures in the answer will al
ways be 9." Curious Facts About Figures. This was found to be true, as in the follow
ing examples : We take the following interesting and in
54 84 structive extract from a book recently pub 69
45 48 lished by Gould & Lincoln, entitled, “Mar
27 2+7=9 9 36 3+6=9 cus, the Boy Tamer," being the fourth of the
9 series of " Aimwell Stories." It is an ingen- Marcus then explained that numbers comiously written book, intensely interesting, full posed of three or more figures, transposed of thought, provoking thought, and pervaded and subtracted in the same way, would alby a high moral tone.
ways give a series of 9's in the product. The
children tried the experiment, and the follow “What is a magic square ?" inquired Ellen. ing are some of their examples :
“ It is a table of figures that can be added 723 8962
together in a great many different ways with the same result,” replied Miss Lee.
Marcus in a few minutes produced the 486 4+8+6=18 6264 6+2+6+4=18
simplest form of the magic square; and turn32189
ing to a book in the library, he found another 28913
both of which are here given : 3276 3+2+7+6=18 863577 9216358
1 | 16 | 11 61 736578 1982536
13 4 7 10 126999=four 9's 7233822=three 9's
8 | 9 | 14 3 “ That is curious; but why is it so—does
12 | 5 | 2 | 15 anybody know?" inquired Ronald.
The several columns in these tables may be “ It will take a wiser head than mine to tell
added up in the usual way, or crosswise, or why it is so,” replied Marcus.
diagonally (from one angle to its opposite) “ I found out something the other day about
and the result will always be the same-15 in figures that I didn't know before,” remarked
the first, and 34 in the second square. Ronald; "and that is, that if you wish to multiply a number by five, you can get the
For the Schoolmaster. same result by dividing by 2, and adding a 0 if there is no remainder, or 5 if there is a re
Lines Suggested by an Evergreen. mainder. Thus, 5 times 12 are 60. Divide
In May I gathered flowers 12 by 2, and add a 0, and you get 60. Or 5
And early buds for thee : times 83 are 415; divide 83 by 2, and add 5,
Too frail to linger long, because there is a remainder, and you have
They quickly passed away. the same number, 415.
Then earth more fair became “ That is quite a convenient process, some
Beneath the sun's warm smile : times,” said Miss Lee, “ but there is no mys
With summer glories then tery about it, like the properties of the figure
I decked thy brow of snow. 9. It is in fact the same thing as multiplying by 10 and dividing by 2.
Next I did bring to thee “So it is," replied Ronald. “Well, it's The gorgeous autumn flowers, queer that I did'nt find that out myself—I
With golden fruit, and leaves thought that I had discovered something
That fairer grew in death. new.”
To-day, beneath the snow, "Do you know how to make the magic An evergreen I found : square, Marcus ?" inquired Otis.
As hope in sorrow springs, “ I used to know how to make a magic It grew amii decay. square, for there are several hundreds of
A simple vine of green, them,” replied Marcus. “Let me see if I It tells my love to thee; can do it, now-I suppose I have forgotten Just as the verse I write all about it.”
Without the flowers of rhyme.