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tage for self-culture and self-improvement A general answer to this question is, that is offered, there are thousands of families in that is made an end of life which should be comfortable circumstances even, who toil un- but an incident or means. Life is confoundremittingly from early morning till evening, ed with labor, and thrift with progress. * * year after year, and allow themselves no re- Man thus becomes a beast of burden, -- the laxation, either bodily or mental.
creature of his calling, he eats, he works, he This is true in an especial manner of the
sleeps ; surely there is no dignity in a life like population of the rural districts. The desire
this; there is nothing beautiful or attractive to amass wealth seems to prevail over every
in it. We say that it is the sale of the other thought, and whatever will forward soul to the body; it is turning the back upthis object is eagerly pursued. In many of
on life, upon growth, upon God, and descendthese districts there are schools but three or
ing into animalism." four months in the year, and during the real Let there be then, in every household a cermaining ones the children who are old enough
tain portion of time each day set apart exmust assist their parents in their respective
pressly for the purpose of recreation of mind places of toil. This, in a measure, is right. and body. It is not necessary to state any We do not urge one objection against honest particular way in which this may be done. labor, but it is this constant bowing down to
Books, cheerful conversation or out-door it, and almost worshiping it. that makes la- amusements will each and all contribute to bor dishonest. Dishonest, for it steals the ve
the healthy action of the intellectual faculties. ry foundations of all true manliness and
We have each entrusted to our care, a jewel crushes the life of woman: and for a child which far outweighs in value those which with all his elasticity of spirit and love of va
earth can boast, and yet how indifferent to it riety to be thus fettered. and taught that ef. are the greater part of the race. We who are ficiency in work is the only honor he may as
living in this enlightened age shall indeed pire to, it is nothing less than sin.
have a heavy account to answer at the last, if It will cripple his energies, animalize his
we misuse our God-given privileges and rewhole nature, and as far as the performance
fuse to use all the means in our power for raisof labor is concerned, he will be little more
ing ourselves morally, intellectualy, and spirthan an animated machine.
itually, that we may the better be fitted to
appreciate the blessings our Heavenly Father In a late number of the Atlantic Monthly,
bestows on us here, and be better prepared to under “ Rural Life in New England,” which we must acknowledge is a faithful picture,
enjoy Him through eternity.
Hale. we find the following: “ In looking at the life of the New Eng. Why
the ute of the New Eng. Why we have no Thunder in the Winter. land farmer, the first fact that strikes us is, that it is actually a very different thing from Prof. Espy, in his fourth Meteorological what it might be and ought to be. There Report, thus explains why we have no thundwells in every mind, through all callings and der in the winter : all professions, the idea that the farmer's life “If it is asked why we have no thunder in is, or may be, is, or should be the truest and the winter, though the tops of the storm sweetest life that man can live. Why then, clouds rise even in this season to a region does the actual differ so widely from the ideal?' where the air is at least considerably charged
with electricity, perhaps the answer may be account for so small an attendance on an oc. found in this — that the storm clouds in the casion like this — unless the expense deterred winter are of great extent, and of course the them — for this county employs something tension of the electricity, being extended over over one hundred teachers. Neither state, a very large surface, is very feeble ; and the county, or town superintendent, or either of substance of the cloud being itself framed out the county examining committee were pres. of vapor much less dense than that of summer ent any time during the session. clouds, this tension may not be able to strike
For the exercises during the day we occufrom one particle of the cloud to the next ad
pied a small loft over some kind of a work jacent one; no general discharge can take
shop. It was very low studded and not til?22/2/2/2/2/2/2/2/2/2/2/2/2/2/2/2/2ūti2/2 LẦ►
at all adapted to entertain an audience, yet I very warm spell of weather, with a high dew
heard no fault found with the lecture room, point for the season, we sometimes have a
as each one seemed inclined to be satisfied violent thunder storm from a cloud of very
with what was provided. Some of our fair limited horizontal extent, as the thunder clouds
*\ friends were subjected to a slight inconvenalways are in the summer. Such a cloud is in 1
ience in effecting their entrance to the hall, reality an insulated pillar of hot air, mingled
which was by a flight of stairs which we with condensed vapor, having just given out
should give it as our opinion must have been into the air itself its latent caloric, causing
erected before crinoline became a ruling fashthe air at the top of this cloud, in many cases,
ion. We did occasionally hear a murmur to be 600 warmer at its top than the air on
when some one had reached the landing of the outside at the same level.”
said stairs, and such complaints were not
without some reason on the part of the comFor the Schoolmaster.
plainant, for there are many even at this enTeachers' Institutes.
lightened age, who think that the entrance of Bound Brook, New Jersey.
the camel “ through the eye of the needle " An institute for the special benefit of teach
is too marvelous a story to be believed. Howers employed in Somerset county, was held ever, all these minor difficulties and petty anat the above named place, commencing on noya
noyances were overcome, and we made our. Monday, 23d of August, and ending on Fri-selves a
no on Fri. I selves as much at ease as though we had been day eve of the same week. Prof. William B. provided with superfluities and entertainment Fowle of Boston, presided as principal and free of charge. sole instructor, during the whole time the in | Prof. Fowle arranged his pupils in one class, stitute was in session.
which included about all present — for we The exercises during the day time were fa- were not annoyed with many spectators — miliar lectures, embracing all the common and proceeded to exercise them upon such branches taught in our public schools, and branches as he deemed best adapted to their lectures were given each evening on subjects general wants. As the exercises continued, relating to popular education.
the interest, and thirst for knowledge increasNot over twenty names were registered as ed. He had the members all read respectiveacknowledged members of the institute, and ly, and he did the criticising. Grammatical the average daily attendance was much less exercises were conducted by giving them senthan that number. I am utterly unable to 'tences to write on slips of paper, and then
the papets being passed to him, he corrected At the close of the lecture, the Rev. Dr. them on the board, so that all could have the Rogers, the village Dominie, responded in benefit of seeing. To quicken their memo- some very appropriate remarks in favor of ries he cccasionally gave them mental prob- teachers' institutes and the advantages of lems in arithmetic, causing them to write teachers frequently meeting, and suggested answers on slips of paper, and the first who that they at once commence arrangements for passed the paper to him with the correct an- another institute in one year, (provided they swer was No. 1, the next No. 2, &c. Final- could not afford one sooner.) There was, ly he gave them a practical illustration of his however, opposition offered to this proposisystem of imparting information, and con- tion by a member of the institute, who stated ducting a school, and if his suggestions were there was no use talking about an institute a carried out, an improvement in the public year before-hand. The present one had been schools of this state would soon be percepti- arranged for a year previous, and the result ble. Lectures were held at the village meet- was a poor attendance. The reverend gentleing house each evening on subjects adapted man then rose and stated reasons for the presa to the occasion, which were quite well attendent poor attendance, and said that the difed, and very interesting, (although it is the ficulty could be obviated. Instead of teachopinion of some that he was rather severe in ers paying one dollar per day for board they his anamadversions upon the state of society should be entertained by the inhabitants of generally in New Jersey.) When time would the place where the institute was held. admit, at the conclusion of his lecture, he " These suggestions met a severer check than would select and read for the entertainment any offered before.” Another gentleman took of the audience a few choice dialogues from the floor, and stated he should be against all the “ Hundred Dialogue Book,” which, in free institutes. It had been tried. Teachers his peculiar style, were both amusing and in- had been sent from house to house to beg structive. His lectures were delivered in a their entertainment, and had been insulted clear and comprehensive style, without affec- and sent away hungry. That people generaltation or any attempt, by flowery language, ly considered themselves imposed upon when to gain applause, or to carry the imagination asked to extend such hospitality to a school of the hearer so far above his practical sphere teacher! The debate grew warmer and warm as to make him feel utterly insignificant ; but er, until the master of ceremonies deemed it they were instructive and intelligible to the prudent to bring this war of words to a close school-boy as well as interesting and edifying bf dismissing the audience. to maturer minds. The subject for the closing This was the only discussion we had dura lecture on Friday evening was Teachers' In- ing the whole session, and it was premastitutes. The lecturer dwelt very emphati- tutely closed without either party gaining its cally upon the necessity of a reformation in object. Thus ended the teachers' institute at public schools in this state, and the impor- Bound Brook, N. J., Aug. 27th, 1858. tance of parents' coöperation with those whom
P. S. September 8th, 9th, and 10th, there they employ to instruct their children. He
he was held a Horticultural Fair at Somerville, encouraged frequent meetings of teachers,
four miles from Bound Brook. The principal and laid before them the advantages realized | attraction attached to this fair was horse trotfrom such a source.
I ting. Jersey is in no respect behind other states in this enterprise, at least we should the seminary. Mary, won't you show John judge so by the multitudes attending. The about his composition ?" trotting course was surrounded with thou- Mary. “Yes, mother, certainly. Now sands of ladies and children from 10 o'clock John, you must begin and write your subject A. M. until sundown, during each day. There on the top of the page. Where is your pathey would stand, sweltering in the hot rays per? Then begin on the first line and write." of the sun, enveloped in a cloud of dust, in- John. (In a brown study.) “But I haint tently gazing after the foaming steeds as if got no subject.” their whole interest in this world was at stake Mother. “Well, Mary, do give him a subin the wreaking coursers before them; and ject. Take · Spring.'” there woman's voice mingled with man's in John. “Now, Spring' has been every. shouts of exultation whenever victory was body's subject. Smith, and Farum, and given to their favorites. If a fast horse en- Weld, all wrote about • Spring' last week. ters New Jersey every woman and child will I don't want Spring.'” soon be fainiliar with it by reputation. The Mary. “Take • The Pleasures of Youth, most noted and the profoundest scholar in the John.” world might remain here years and never be John. "The Pleasures of Youth!' Greene known only to the few. Horse racing is pop-copied twenty-four lines of that out of an ular, teachers' institutes a nuisance..
old book he found in a barrel up garret a litTEACHER.
tle while ago. I won't copy. The teacher
won't know it, though. I've a good mind to." For the Schoolmaster.
John. "Well, mother, I can't write any. thing."
Teacher. “John, did you ever write a
III. composition ?"
(Bed time. John in stocking feet. Slate John. (Suspiciously.) “No, sir." covered with pictures, pencil dull, mother
Teacher. “Well, John, next Friday you asleep in her chair, Mary reading Ivanhoe. may write one, and take any subject you father conning a stray grammar.) please, as this is the first. Have it ready, Mary. " Finished it, John ?" punctually, Friday noon, John.”
John. "No. I don't know nothing about it." John. (In a sea of troubles.) “Yes sir." Father. (Looking calmly over his specta
cles.) “What is grammar, John ?"
John. (Promptly.) “Grammar teaches Mother, Father, John, and sister Marý. us to speak and write correctly.”
(Scene. Evening, the family seated at table, Copy of John's essay: mother reading, Mary poring over Scott's
“ SPRING. works, father with newspaper, John holds "Spring is the time when the flowers first slate and pencil.)
come up out of the ground. The farmer John. “0, dear, mother! I can't! I plows his ground and sows his seed and the don't know what to write about.”
birds sing on the trees and the leaves come Mother. (Looking up from her book.) out. I can not think of any more "Ask Mary, John, she wrote compositions at I to write to - day.”
brightened ; and he exclaimed, as the con
sciousness of his own power thrilled his soul, This spirit is confined to no class and no
“I, too, am a painter." We all remember profession. The dust-covered son of Vulcan,
the remarkable incident related of Benjamin hammering at his anvil with unwearied vigor,
West, our own distinguished countryman, whether fashioning a bayonet or moulding a
8 when he was only seven years of age. Being plowshare, forging a spear or turning a
set to watch the cradle of his sleeping sister, pruning-hook, drawing a nall or setting a
he conceived the idea of sketching the likeshoe, making machinery or building loco
ness of the infant beauty; and he did so with motives, is animated by a spirit of emulation
astonishing skill. When he was eight years and a desire to excel. A man's power, phys- of se
Pays of age, he was presented with a box of paints ical as well as mefital, depends in a great
real and pencils, with canvas already prepared, measure upon the activity and excitement of
and six engravings. He was perfectly enraphis mind. Prodigies of valor on the battle
tured with his treasure, carried the box about field have been performed, with no thought of in his arms and took it to bed with him. danger or fatigue, in the high-wrought excite- | But he could not sleep. He rose with the ment of the hour. That little band of three da
dawn, went up to the garret, hung up his enhundred Spartatis at the pass of Thermopylæ,
gravings, and commenced work. So com. with undaunted hearts withstood the count
pletely was he under a species of enchantless hosts of Xerxes, and gladly offered up soment, that he absented himself from school. their lives in obedience to the laws and in de- and labored secretly and incessantly till he fense of the liberties of their country. A few was discovered. His determination to be a words from Napoleon on the eve of battle, painter was now made, and he had very exand the consciousness that his eye was upon alted notions in regard to the dignity of his
hem, would cause his soldiers, who adored art. One holiday, one of his schoolmates him, to march with firm steps and brave came along on horseback, and asked West to hearts in the face of a leaden tempest which get up behind him and go up to visit a neighwould bave completely routed a less enthusi- I boring plantation. “I will ride behind no. astic army. A man without enthusiasm has body," was the prompt reply. Very well, no power, whatever may be his natural abili. then,” said his mate, “I will ride behind;" ties. He is like a sleeping Hercules, or like so he mounted. His companion soon said, Sampson unconscious of danger and shorn of " I am to be apprenticed to a tailor to-mor. his strength, with his head upon the lap of row." " A tailor !” exclaimed West, “ you Delilah. He is like a cannon, with its balls will never be a tailor.” "Indeed I shall, it and chain-shot, without the powder to give is a good trade. What do you intend to be. them destructive force. He is like a locomo• West?" "A painter.” “A painter? What tive, without the fire and steam to give pro-is that?" " A painter is the companion of pelling power. No painter could make those kings and emperors," said he; and fully did matchless forms of beauty and lovelineeshe afterwards realize his boyish dreams of which stand out from the canvas and com- honor and renown. Enthusiasm is the only mand the admiration of the world without divine afflatus” now known to man. It is this spirit in the largest measure. When his only inspiration. Without it, poets would Correggio first beheld one of the master- be mere rhymers. Milton, poor and blind, in pieces of Raphael, his cheek flushed, his eye l imminent danger of losing his life after the