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lections, and restored somewhat vividly the clivities, but all these were now serving to influences which served, in no small degree, mould the thoughts and character of another to mould the early character of myself and generation. The home of my childhood was my companions, and to direct our course in at my feet, near which warbled the free, after life.
sparkling, leaping brook, from whose rippling I approached it, as I had often done in my waters I had so many times beguiled its shy, boyhood, from the west, where a range of speckled inhabitants. From the scenes visihigh hills, which were not very unworthily ble from my lofty observatory, whence, in all dignified by the name of mountains, shuts directions, the prospect was bounded by the out the scene from view until the traveler distant horizon, I had imbibed my earliest reaches the verge of the eastern declivity, lessons of purity and freedom. I felt, as I Then there appears at his feet a valley of again breathed the free, pure air of that fasomething more than a quarter of a mile in miliar height, that Nature had, indeed, been width, skirted on the east by a lower range to me a kind and faithful teacher. She had of hills and winding toward the south-east taught me lessons from her hills and fields — until it is lost in their woody labyrinths. her valleys, fruits and flowers. At early Beyond, the panorama of hills, range after morning she had quickened my drowsy sense range, each wearing a deeper tinge of blue, with the notes of the robin and the thrush, extends onward to the horizon, where the blue and at evening she had lulled me to repose hills and blue sky seem blended in undistin- with the sweet music of our own familiar bird guishable unity. Will there not be a time of night. She had taught me by cloud and when the ever varying opinions and sym- sunshine, by noontide splendor and the glitterpathies of mankind, now separated from each ing effulgence of night. The flowers in spring other as widely as earth from Heaven, shall had spoken promises in my ear, always fulthus become harmoniously blended? Who filled by the rich fruits of autumn. O truthshall say that it is not one of the great les ful nature! Why should man, thy constant sons intended for us to learn from Nature and most favored beneficiary, ever leam to Why may not all the diversities of human deceive? Thy voice is everywhere. I hear thought and feeling, like mountain streams it in the rustling leaf, the whispering breeze, and rivers, here blending and tumbling and the rippling waters. I hear it in the insects' roaring, there winding like threads of silver hum and in the deep voice of thy awful thunamong the hills, anon expanding into the der. And I have learned to reverence and to placid lake and flowing onward thence with love thee. I love thee still. Thy rocks and deep and gentle current through expanding hills, thy plants, and trees, and flowers, to valleys until their waters are blended in the me are full of wonder and delight. Ever shall sea, - at length unite harmoniously in one I feel, while it shall be my task to guide the vast millennial ocean?
youthful mind and heart, that I am performBut to return. The scene was before me as
ing no mean part of my high mission, while in former years. The farm houses were still endeavoring to inspire in my pupils that love standing out amid the orchards on the hill- of Nature and of Nature's God that has provsides, around them were the same meadows ed to me a well-spring of pleasure and imand cultivated fields ; the sheep and cattle, as provement. formerly, were browsing along the rocky de- ! On my right, at the distance of a mile, was
the site of the old school house which stood, Yet another lesson, which both in part, taught as too many are still standing, unprotected unconsciously, is worthy of uniform adopand unadorned, just beside the public road. tion. It is to endeavor so to regulate our inA newer building had taken the place of that tercourse with the young, and so to direct with which I was first familiar; but this could our efforts as to gain their approbation when not repel the tide of thick-coming memories. maturity shall have given soundness to their The teachers of my childhood – how vividly understanding and soberness to their judgdid they come home to my recollection. ment. It is worse than folly to sacrifice the There was the young and inexperienced teach- approving verdict of the man in order to gain er, some of whose pupils were equal in age the present good will of the reckless and unand superior in stature to his own. He was thinking boy, or to lose the respectful remema gentle, inoffensive man, and my remem- brance of the discreet and sensible woman to brance of him is kind. But I will not draw win the momentary favor of the giddy and the curtain to reveal his school-room scenes ; impulsive girl.
I. F. C. charity bids me to forbear. I know nothing of his subsequent career – I hope that it was
For the Schoolmaster, crowned with honor and success. But from
Early American Currency. what I witnessed, as one of his youngest pupils, I would warn every timid and irresolute youth to beware of any attempt to bear rule
For much contained in our former articles among his equals.
we are indebted to the Penny Cyclopædia, Another teacher I remember well. He was
|(an English work,) and our information in considered one of the best, and was thought
regard to early American currency we have especially to excel in discipline. In addition
gathered principally from a contribution by to the office of the teacher he bore the rank
J. C. to the Historical Magazine, which we and discharged the duties of a Christian min-have fou
n min- have found to be a valuable publication. ister. But, spite of his sacred character, his The first coinage in America was by order heavy ferule and sharp-handled pen-knite, of the General Court of Massachusetts in and the free use he made of both would meet | 1652. and was of three denominations but a beggarly entertainment now. Notwith- twelve penny, six penny, and three penny standing the indignation that would arise when
pieces, and bore on one side, the numerals some of my comrades became the objects of
XII. VI. III. in a square near the upper edge of his displeasure, I would charitably presume
the coin, and on the other side the letters “NE." that they have all since freely forgiven him
Very few of these were struck, as it was soon. for the numerous protuberances which he found that the coin was much clipped by wrought upon their heads in the endeavor to
the rogues, upon which it was ordered that fasten correct principles in their hearts. I
all monies coined should have a double ring doubt not he was conscientious. But who
on either side with the inscription “ Massadoes not know that conscience sometimes
CHUSETTS IN," with a tree in the center, em-proves an erring guide? The tuition of nei- l blematical of the country, on one side, and ther of these teachers has proved to me in ... NEW ENGLAND: An: Dom:" and 1652, vain if I have, in any good degree, learned to with the value in numerals on the other. All avoid the peculiarities and extremes of both.I coins issued for more than thirty years bear
this date. In 1662, pieces of the value of which he amassed a large fortune. He was two pence were coined of silver and of the an extensive proprietor of iron and copper same type of the shillings, sixpence and three works in England. Copper coins for the use pence, all bearing the date of 1652. The of the colony of Virginia were struck in 1773, Maryland or Lord Baltimore money is believ- during the reign of George III., and were exed to have been struck in England for the use ceedingly well executed. . of that colony, and is extremely rare. A In the collection of J. C., contributor to shilling and sixpence of this money is put the Ilie
" the Historical Magazine, is a rare copper coin down in a late coin catalogue at £6.6.0. The
of nearly the same size of the half dollar. only coins thought by collectors to have
Obverse, “ MASSACHUSETTS State," with a been struck in Maryland are coins in silver —
| pine tree in the center of the coin. Reverse, shillings, six pences and three pences, struck
| LIBERTY AND VIRTUE,” a female seated on by Chalmers at Annapolis in 1783, and are
a globe holding in her right hand an olive now very rare. In 1688, during the reign of
leaf, in her left a staff. Of this date there is William and Mary, shillings were struck for
also a copper coin the size of a half cent, hav. the colony of Maryland ; six pences and four
ing on one side a Janus head, and on reverse pences were struck of the same type having
GODDESS OF LIBERTY, 1776." It is suppos. on the reverse the numerals vi. and iv. Cop
ed the dies for this and the preceding coin per half pennies were coined with the same
were cut by Col. Paul Revere, a well known obverse of the silver, but bearing on the re
patriot of the Revolution, who was by trade verse the crest of Lord Baltimore.
a goldsmith and engraver. A copper coin of In 1694, under the same reign, a coin was the size of a half cent was struck in 1776, struck having on the obverse the figure of an another, called the Columbia Token, about elephant, and on the reverse “ Gon PRESERVE the size of a dime, was issued without date. NEW ENGLAND. 1694.” Another with the The most common of the Washington cents same obverse bore upon the reverse “God was coined in 1783. An American coin, or PRESERVE CAROLINA: AND THE LORDS; Pro-medal, was issued in 1776, an inch and a half PRIETORS ; 1694.” No such coins were ever in diameter, on one side of which is inscribed circulated and specimens of them are very in a circular ring near the edge, “ CONTINENrarely found.
TAL CURRENCY, 1776," within the ring a ris. William and Mary rejected the petition of ing sun shining upon the dial, with the word Massachusetts for permission to coin money
“ FrGio” at the side, under which was the as they had done, which caused such a scarci- motto, “ MIND your BUSINESS." On the rety of small change that many persons stamo- verse were thirteen small circles joined toed pieces of brass and tin, passing them for a gether like the rings of a chain, on each of penny each. The General Court however which was inscribed the name of some one of passed a law forbidding it, under penalty of the thirteen states, and on another ring withfine and imprisonment. The colonial brass in these, was inscribed “AMERICAN Cox.coins of the colonies, pennies, half pennies,
Gress," and in the center “WE ARE Oxe.” and farthings were struck during the reign of No coins were ever in circulation of this George I. by William Wood of England who stamp as currency, but a medal of this type had been granted prior to this a patent for in white metal is in the collection of M. A. coining the copper rurrency of Ireland, from Stickney, Esq., of Salem, Mass.
In 1783 a cent was issued having in the On one side thirteen circles linked together, a center of the obverse an eye with rays diverg- small circle in the center with the words ing from it, and surrounded by thirteen stars, UNITED STATES” around it, and in the cirencircling which are the words “Nova Con- cle “ WE ARE One.” On the reverse, a dial STELLATIO.” Reverse, a wreath of laurel, in- with the hours marked and “ Fugio" on the closing the letters “U. S.” Around the coin lett, the date 1787 on the right, a meridian is “ LIBERTAS ET Justitia.” The New York sun above the dial, and below it the words cents were coined in 1776 and 1787, and were " Mind your BUSINESS." of very different types. The Vermont cents! There are several different types of the were coined in the years 1785-86-87-88. The Washington cents of different dates, but our Connecticut cents bear dates 1785-86-87. space only admits of a description of the most
There is a rare cent bearing on the obverse celebrated one. It was issued in 1791 and a laureated head, with the inscription, “ Auc- bore a well cut bust of Washington in miliTORI: PLEBIS.” Keverse, a female seated; tary costume, around which is inscribed, at her right hand a globe, on her left an an- " WASHINGTON PRESIDENT.” Reverse, a chor, on which she is reclining ; legend, spread eagle with upraised wings; eight stars “ INDEP: ET. LIBER. 1787.”
below a circle of clouds, in the right talon of The Kentucky cent was struck in 1791, at the eagle a branch of olive, in his left a bunch Lancaster, England, for circulation in Ameri- of arrows; below the figure the words, • ONE ca. It bears no date. Obverse, “ UNANIMI- Cent." This is the one of greatest rarity. TY IS THE STRENGTH OF Society.” Encircling In the United States Mint collection is a a hand holding a scroll on which is inscribed, very remarkable gold coin equal in value to a “Our Cause Is Just.” Reverse, fifteen doubloon, coined in New York by Blasher, stars in the form of a triangle ; on the stars whose name it bears. Obverso, a range of are indented the initials of the several states, hills, sun rising behind them ; in front a Kentucky leading the column.
representation of the sea; encircling this the The New Jersey cents bear dates 1786-87-88, inscription “Nova EBORACA. COLUMBIA. Exof different types varying slightly from each CELSIOR.” Reverse, a spread eagle surroundother.
ed by a wreath, outside of which is “UNUM A rare copper coin of 1787 bears upon the E. PLURIBUS, 1787." obverse a female figure in a sitting posture,|' In 1787 a copper coin, or medal, was struck holding in one hand a spread banner, in the of about the size of a half dollar, having a other a balance. Around the coin is inscrib- finely cut bust of Washington in military cosed, “ ImmunIS COLUMBIA, 1787.” Reverse, a tume, around the coin “G. Washington. spread eagle, with the legend “E. PLURIBUS PRESIDENT I. 1792." Reverse, a spread eagle UNUM.”
with fifteen stars and “UNITED STATES OF The Massachusetts cents and half cents AMERICA.” A few coins were struck in silwere coined in 1787. This coinage was con- ver from this die, and are known as the Washtinued for two years, but upon the adoption ington half dollars. of the constitution of the United States the Paper money was first made by Massachumint was abolished.
setts in 1690; by Connecticut, 1709; PennIn 1787 the general government ordered sylvania, 1723; Maryland, 1740; Rhode Isthat coin should bear the following devices. 'land, 1744; and in 1759 about every province
Working for a living
Were a woe to me.”
issued paper currency. It was first issued by congress in 1775.
Upon the establishment of a mint by the United States in 1792, congress passed a law that no copper coins except cents and half cents authorized by the act should be current, thereby preventing the circulation of English pennies, half pennies and farthings, as also the copper coins of the several states, New York, Vermont, New Jersey, Connecticut, and Massachusetts.
“Sorrow?" I, a woman,
And in years not young ? Of the common chalice
Drops are on my tongue.
To my heart is lost,
Sweetened by the frost;
From the sun-bathed flowers,
Golden-rod in bloom, Lighting up the hill-side
Ere the winter gloom. Shall I blot with grieving
Nature's joy and grace ? Mirrored by her beauty
On my grateful face !
“ How are you so cheerful,
Gentle Edith Lane ?
Fall of dew or rain,
Patiently you stay,
All the livelong day.”
“ Teaching simple children?"
I am simple, too.
Lessons good and true,
Full of heavenly lore ;
Just unlatch the door.
“Working for a living ?”
May no worse befall!
God works, over all.
For its daily cheer,
In our cottage dear.
Go and be a drone,
Dear as if my own.
Of my little hive,
Glad to be alive! LUCY LARCOX. – Boston Congregationalist.
Can I but be cheerful,
While I bid them look Through the sunny pages
Of each opening book ? Showing tracks of angels
O'er the foot-worn sod ? Listening to the music
Nature makes to God?
For the Schoolmaster. Shall Labor be the sole Aim of Man P
“Have you then no sorrow,
Smiling Edith Lane? Where the barberry's coral
Rattles on the pane, Where, in endless yellow,
Autumn flowers I see,
ALTHOUGH this question is by no means a new one, and has been handled by many an abler pen than mine, it is one which, answered in the negative, cannot be too often brought home to the American and especially the New England people. Here, where every advan