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classes of schools of the same grade, will be ex-scholar who loses nothing by irregular attendactly the same throughout the city. * * *

ance. “Two years and a half will be required to com

The report shows the number of schools, plete the regular course in each of these schools, scholars, and teachers, in the city, to be as fol[primary and intermediate,] but by extra effort lows: pupils may be able to finish their course in two

| “Twenty-three Primary Schools, containing years or less.

3,246 children; seventeen Intermediate, with “ The full course of study in the Grammar | 1830 pupils, and 36 teachers ; seven Grammar Schools should be four years, and new classes Schools, with 1896 pupils, and 36 teachers; and should be formed and promotions made only la High School, with 8 permanent teachers. once in six months. But every pupil should There are besides these, a teacher of drawing. have the opportunity afforded him of finishing and one in French, in the High; and a teacher his course, if he is able, in three years or less ; l of music for the Intermediate, Grammar and that is, he should be promoted to a higher class High Schools. The whole number of Public just as soon as he is able to pass a thorough ex- | Schools in the city, is 48. The number of teachamination in all the studies the class he proposes ers, 130; and the whole number of pupils adto enter has passed over. * * * And if I mitted the present term, is 7.257. scholars are absent from school, or are irregular! “The High School will commence its next sesin their attendance, they should not be promot-sion with about 400 pupils." ed to a higher class until they are fully prepared

At the close of the last spring term, a very to sustain an examination in all the studies that

thorough and careful examination of all the were passed over during such absence. * * *

schools, by written questions and answers, was This will operate as an effectual check to the fre

made by the Superintendent. quent and often unnecessary absences that are

“ This examination,” says the committee's renow seriously hindering the thorough and rapid advancement in most of our schools. If each

port, "showed a high degree of proficiency on the

part of the pupils, and was another most conpupil was required absolutely, on his return to

vincing proof of the faithfulness and efficiency school, to recite satisfactorily every lesson that

of the teachers." had been learned by his class, before he could be fully restored to his former standing, the unne- | We hope soon to present our readers some of cessary absences would be very few in compari- the questions with the result of the examination son with what they are at present. I know of no of the several classes in the high school. The way by which the active cooperation of parents questious used in the examination of the Gram with teachers can be so effectually secured, as by

mar Schools were given in the June pumber of some such an arrangement as the one now pro


We give place, and would call the especial atThe course of study thus proposed contem- ten

contem- tention of our friends in the several manufacplates two years and a hall in the primary schools. turing villages of our state, to the remarks of the same time in the intermediate, four years in

the committee relative to the grammar schools, and three or four years in

EVENING SCHOOLS. the high school; thus requiring thirteen years “During the past winter, eight evening schools, to complete the course of study in the public being the number allowed by the city ordinance, schools, which will prepare young men at the were established in different portions of the city. age of eighteen for business or for college, and The schools continued for fifteen weeks, and afyoung ladies for the practical duties of life in forded instruction to above fifteen hundred putheir proper sphere. This course can be short-pils, of all ages from eight to forty years. ened perhaps two or three years by the active' “The entire cost of tuition in these schools


was a little less than twenty-five hundred dollars, ests of the schools will admit of, and that no remaking the average cost per scholar, for tuition, duction in the teachers' salaries could be made about $1 65, for a term of fifteen weeks. without serious and lasting injury to the cause

“The good that has been accomplished by of education in our city. these schools, for a class in the community whose “Our schools are now well arranged, well supcircumstances compel their absence from the plied with experienced and faithful teachers, who day schools, is incalculable. Particularly has have been untiring in their efforts to elevate the this been the case during the past winter, when standard of intellectual and moral scholarship the general prostration of business, and the want among their pupils. of employment, has suggested to those who “The committee believe it would be false econreally desired to be honest, other than honorable omy on the part of your honorable body, to commeans of gaining a livelihood.

pel these teachers to seek more lucrative posi“ The elements of an education have thus tions elsewhere, and thereby to compel the combeen acquired by those, some of whom, if leftin mittee to fill the vacancies thus occasioned, with idleness, would have become the inmates of our less efficient and less experienced teachers, simreform school.

ply that a few hundred dollars would thereby be “The committee were much gratified, in visit- saved to the city treasury. ing these schools, to observe the earnestness “The experience of the past, the natural intuwith which men, women and children were striv-itive good sense of the human race, teach, in ing to lay the foundations of a common educa- language not to be misunderstood, that the best tion. The committee would therefore pre- and most thorough education is in the end the sent this part of our system of public edo | cheapest. For these reasons, the committee reucation to your honorable body, as one of the spectfully suggest to your honorable body the inmost important means of improving that por- expediency of reducing the salaries of the teachtion of our community beyond the reach of others in our public schools." er means of public instruction. For every dol- The city council, however, about the time this lar expended upon our evening schools, a tenfold

| report was presented, voted by a small majority return will be received in the improved moral

to reduce the salaries of the principal teaehers and intellecual character of our city.

in the city. It is evident that the honorable city “The committee would also here repeat a suge council were misled with regard to the economy gestion made in their last report, that the cause of the schools, and that the time is near when a of public education would be greatly promoted, wiser counsel will prevail and the hard earned if one or two evening schools should be estab salaries of the public school teachers will be relished, in which higher branches of study should instated. Sure it is that unless this action of the be pursued than are at present pursued in these

council is soon reconsidered and revoked great schools.'"

and permanent injury will be done to the schools With regard to the comparative expense for of this city. Providence has attaineid an enviaeducational purposes, the committee show that ble distinction among the cities of our country the expenses for education in 1848 was thirty per for efficient and successful schools. If now the cent. of the whole expense of the city, and that motive power is reversed, and the train is to the proportion has gradually decreased until the move backward, a change will be wrought the last two years; during which time the expense evil effects of which it will take years of toil to for schools has been only fourteen per cent. of overcome. the city expenses.

The people have labored too hard and given On the subject of teachers' salaries,

of their substance too freely for the elevation of “ The committee believe that our schools are the standard of education to see it now trailing now managed as economically as the best inter- l in the dust.

SCHOOL EXERCISES. I 20. Where in order to have at the same time

- all longitudes and no latitude? For the Schoolmaster,

21. At what place is there literally no north, Review or Test Questions in Mathematical no east, no west ? Geography.

22. At what place is there no south, no east,

no west? NOTE. Many of the following questions may 23. What place is exactly north from every to some seem too simple or altogether useless, both

eless, other place on the earth's surface ? yet we have known even teachers to be puzzled

| 54. What places on the earth's surface are

54 by the most simple of them. We think that|

hat exactly south of the North Pole ? they will be found useful in testing the accuracy

25. Two persons are so situated that when of the pupils' conceptions of a most important they point towards each other, both of them point department of geography.

exactly north. Where are they? 1. In what respect does the earth differ from 26. Which is the greatest distance, ten dea sphere?

grees east on the equator or ten degrees east in 2. What is the diameter of the North Pole ? fifty degrees of latitude ?

3. Does the equator extend through the earth 27. Why does a difference of time indicate a or around it?

difference of longitude ? 4. What is a parallel of latitude, and how 28. In what longitude from Greenwich is the many parallels are there?

place at which it is one o'clock in the afternoon 5. Are parallels of latitude all of the same when it is just noon at Greenwich ? At which it length ?

is one o'clock in the morning? 6. Are degrees of latitude all of the same 29. In what longitude is the place at which it length ?

| is eleven o'clock A. M. when it is noon at Green7. Is latitude measured on straight lines or on / wich? circles, and on what ones is it measured ?

30. Washington is 77 degrees west of Greed. 8. What is the latitude of the poles, and what wich. If a telegraphic dispatch could be inof the equator?

stantaneously transmitted, what time would it 9. If you were at the North Pole how would reach Washington if it left Greenwich at noon? the heavenly bodies appear to move ?

31. The captain of a vessel which is sailing 10. What is a meridian of longitude, and on a parallel of latitude finds that his chronomhow many meridians are there?

eter which keeps correct time seems to be losing u. Are all meridians of the same length ? | 10 minutes per day. Which way is the ship sail

12. On what lines or circles is longitude meas-ing and how many degrees per day? ured ? 13. Are all degrees of longitude of the same

August 21, 1858. length ?

Mr. Schoolmaster: 14. What is a first or given meridian ?

The following question was asked in an exam15. Is there more than one meridian running ination of teachers: “Will you give me a senthrough Greenwich, and if so, from which oftence containing the words tro, too, to, one of them do the English reckon longitude ?

which shall be a preposition, another an adjec16. Of what use is latitude and longitude ? tive, and the other a noun ?”

17. Where must a place be to have no lati- The candidate failed to do this, when the ex. tude?

| aminer gave the following: Two boys gare 18. Where to have no longitude ?

too much to the man." 19. Where to have neither latitude nor longi- Query. Which of the three words of similar tude ?

pronunciation is a noun ?


Ramble among the Fossiliferous Deposits of AMERICAN BIOGRAPHICAL SERIES. — Benedict |

the Hebrides. With Rambles of a Geologist; Arnold - Gen. Israel Putnum - Capt. John

or Ten Thousand Miles over the Fossiliferous

Deposits of Scotland. By Hugh Miller, LL. Smith.

D. Gould & Lincoln, Roston. 1858. Messrs. E. 0. Libby & Co., of Boston, have |

The Cruise of the Betsey is an account of a recently issued these three volumes of American

summer trip, made by the lamented Scotch geBiography, by George Canning Hill, to which

ologist, among the Hebrides, on a geological surwe wish to call especial attention. Each forms a

vey of the ovlitic deposits of those islands. neat little octavo volume of about 300 pages, il

The Rambles of a Geologist, gives a similar lustrated by engravings on tinted paper. They

detailed account of other tours in the north of are designed especially for the young, and are

Scotland. To the general reader as well as to admirably adapted both in matter and manner to

the scientific man, nothing can be more enchantinterest and instruct them. The author has

ing than these familiar reports of Hugh Miller's shown himself capable of writing just such books

travels. Written in his inimitable style of ease, as children and youth love to read, and just such

|delicacy and freshness, they throw around the as will be useful as well as entertaining. We

study of dull rocks and stones the beauty, freshrarely meet with books of Biography so well

ness and interest of a brilliant romance. No adapted to school libraries. Teachers cannot do

one who commences the volume will willingly a better thing than to send for these beautiful

| lay it aside unfinished. little books. If they have no library funds, tell the boys about them and take up a collection. They will surely furnish the means to purchase AGNES.-A Novel. By the Author of IDA MAY.

Philips, Sampson & Co., Boston. them. Price, 75 cents per volume.

This new novel is a romance of the Revolu.

tion. It is an exciting story, and admirably Book-KEEPING by Double and Single Entry.

written. It fails to convey the moral which one For Schools and Academies. Adapted to Payson, Dunton & Scribner's Combined System of

finds impresssed upon the mind after reading Penmanship. By L. B. Hanaford, A. M., and Uncle Tom, Ida May, or The Lamplighter, bút J. W. Payson. Crosby, Nichols & Co., Boston. is a pleasing story, displaying talent, and en

This is a new work on a somewhat novel plan. chanting the reader. We understand it is have It contains sets of accounts in both single and ing a large sale. Sold by Gladding & Brother. double entry, with the accounts to be copied by the learner engraved in imitation of real manu

ANALYTIC GRAMMAR OF THE ENGLISH LANscript account books. The arrangement seems

GUAGE. - By I. H. Nutting, A. M., M. D. proper, and the book teaches the elements of this | Crosby, Nichols & Co., Boston. science in a very clear and comprehensible! The author of this treatise has evidently made manner. The store or the counting-room is, the subject of English Grammar a study. He however, the best place to learn the science of has come to the conclusion that the structure of accounts. We believe the best method of teach- our language is quite simple and therefore the ing anything is by the concrete rather than the Grammar should be. abstract.

He has prepared a brief treatise of 112 pages,

in which he discusses the fundamental principles THE FORT EDWARDS INSTITUTE MONTHLY.— of Grammar in a clear, concise manner, using Eight pages, quarto. A spirited monthly public plain, conspicuous language, and — what we cation, devoted to literature and education, pub are glad to see - without questions and answers, lished at Fort Edwards, N. Y., by Wm. A. Holly. He has no discussion of voice, calling put, in the Terms, 50 cents a year,

sentence, His books were put away," a "pred

icate participle.” He simplifies in some things THE PROGRESSIVE SPEAKER AND COMvox and apparently confuses and confounds in others.

SCHOOL READER. — Sanborn, Bazin & Ells. Much of the plan of the work is identical with

worth, Boston. 1858. Greene's system.

| This hook completes the series of Progressive

School Readers. It contains 528 pages, includ.

ing 46 pages of "General Remarks on Reading, ELEMENTS OF GEOMETRY ; with Practical Applications to Mensuration. By Benj. Green

Speaking, and Gesture.” It is designed as a leaf, A. M. Robert S. Davis & Co., Boston. complete First Class Reader as well as Speaker, 1858.

It contains a great variety of pieces, which are We are much pleased with a cursory examina selected from our best authors and well adapted tion of this new work on Geometry. It is com- for practice in reading or declamation. It will prised in 320 pages, octavo, and embraces sub- add much to the present popularity of this excel. stantially the work of Legendre on plain ard lent series of Readers. solid Geometry; to which is added two books on Mensuration, one of Miscellaneous Geometrical | The FRANKLIN GLOBE MANUAL. - Moore & Exercises, and one on Application of Algebra to Nims, Troy, N. Y. 1858. Geometry.

A neat small quarto volume of 74 pages to aid The author gives his own method of demon- both teacher and pupil in the use of globes. The stration, in many instances differing from Lepublishers are well known as the proprietors of gendre, but as far as we have had an opportunity the Franklin Globes, considered by many of our to examine these changes are for the better, ren- best teachers as the best in the country. This dering the demonstration more clear and concise. little manual will be found useful in connection The author has added much valuable matter, with globes in giving correct ideas of the relaand the whole is brought within a smaller com tions of different parts of the earth's surface and pass than usual, thus furnishing the book at a in teaching many of the leading principles of low price. Retail price, 87 cents.

| astronomical science.

A PRIMARY ASTRONOMY, for Schools and Fami-GOLDSMITH'S WRITING Books. - For Acade

lies. Four Hundred Engravings. By Hiram mies and Schools. Sheldon, Blakeman & Co., Mattison, A. M. Mason Brothers, New York. New York.

A book of 168 pages, giving by question and This series is comprised in four books. The answer, with a very good arrangement of topics, Icopies are engraved on steel and are well ere. the principal facts and laws of the general

cuted. There is less system in the arrangement science of astronomy. It is adapted to the com- of copies than in some series, and the writing in prehension of the young, designed as a text- not so free of flourish, yet it is easy and graceful. book for common schools.


| Co. New York. 1858. R.G. Parker and J. M. Watson. A. S. Barnes & Co., New York. 1858.

We have received a copy of this reader from This spelling book is designed to accompany

the publishers. We would refer our readers to Parker & Watson's series of National Readers, our notice of it in the June number of Th or it may be used with other readers. It adopts

SCHOOLMASTER. Webster as the standard in orthography and generally in orthoepy. It has ample lists of We have received the last CATALOGUE OF sentences for dictation exercises. It arranges THE TROY FEMALE SEMINARY, which shows words “with regard to the vowel sounds, accent twenty-four teachers, and three hundred and and number of syllables."

I nineteen scholars.

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