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I passed the time-stained portal through,

As in the days of yore,
And there arose before my view

Scenes that will rise no more.
The same band was assembled round

That years ago was there,
And long forgotten names I found

Upon that record fair.

The Change in Troenty-Five Years — American

Institute of Instruction-NorwichThe Free Academy, The Central School.

Oh, where are now the youthful bund

That night-dream brought to me? They're scattered throughout many a land,

O'er many a trackless sea,

Far by the verdant prairie's side,

Some have long made their home, And some upon the ocean's tide,

In wild delight now roam.

The writer of this article is a teacher, and never did he feel prouder of his profession than now, after an experience extending through more than a score of years. During this period the teacher's calling has steadily advanced in dignity and public favor until it is recognized by the intelligent and liberal in every community, as second to no other in importance and respectability. In all necessary facilities and qualifications there has also been a corresponding progress. The old fashioned school houses, - low, narrow, and ill furnished — have, to a gratifying extent, given place to commodious structures, fashioned according to correct principles of architecture, externally pleasing to the eye, and fitted up internally with a careful regard to com fort and convenience. I might here present a long catalogue of specifications, calling attention to the extent to which these buildings have been furnished with books of reference,

Rut some have found a resting place

On the immortal shore,
Upon life's painful, toilsome race,

We meet them now no more,

One sleeps within a sheltered nook

By Sacramento's stream,
We read together from one book

In that bright sunny dream.

Long years have past since some were laid

Within the earth's dark breast,

maps, libraries and apparatus ; to the higher liberality of the men who conceived and talent, superior qualifications and increased brought it into being. It is magnificent in compensation of teachers; to the advantages itself and complete in all it'appointments. afforded by normal schools, teachers' insti- Whatever can be derited from books of refertutes, and other educational facilities, but ence and expensive apparatus has been made this is not my purpose. I simply add, in this abundantly available. Its teachers are of the connection, that no one whose observation has highest order. Funds, promptly furnished, not extended through the last twenty-five have given it existence and support hitherto, or thirty years, can adequately appreciate the and funds, permanently invested, have been educational improvements of the present. Tabundantly supplied for its continued support.

I have never been more deeply impressed in the language of Rev J. P. Gulliver, at its with the extent to which the means of public dedication, " This institution had its origin instruction have been improved than during in efforts, repeatedly defeated, to provide for the recent meeting of the American Institute all classes in the community, an education adof Instruction, in the beautiful city of Nor

equate to the demands of their future occupawich, Connecticut. This meeting must have tions. This is still the desire of its friends. been, for all the teachers who attended it, the They have no wish to unft the scholars of distinguishing event of their summer vaca- this school for the ordinary employments of tion. Omitting all allusion to the picturesque life. But they do wish to prepare them for a beauty of the city, its princely mansions, its high success in whatever employments they opulence, and the intelligence and hospitality may engage. They intend that mechanics and of its citizens ; the successful energy that has merchants, and navigators, and agriculturists been here exerted in the cause of education shall be educated here, who, by superior culalone, is sufficient to give this city an enviable

ture and learning, shall becomə masters in distinction among the many of our land. The their business. They intend that young laFree Academy, which we might almost mis- dies shall be educated

| dies shall be educated here, not to flit like take for the palace “ the name of which was butterflies through the world, as beautiful called Beautiful,” except that the way to it and as use

| and as useless as they, but to adorn society, is broad and guarded by no lions, is an object

to mould the mind of youth, to be the honorwhich, once seen, is never to be forgotten.

ed heads of well-ordered households, and to To say that it is in every respect admirable, is

charm by the beauty of an elegant culture the least compliment that is worthy of it.

| and a disciplined mind. They wish to offer Thirty years ago the man that should have

to the poorest boy in the community, who asproposed to erect, by private subscription, an pires to join himself to the the noble fraterniedifice for the purposes of free education at liv

Ity of scholars, the opportunity to fit himself an expense, including fixtures, of nearly for- l for the university or the scientific school. ty thousand dollars, exclusive of a lot of more Their motto is - Every employment is dignithan six acres most delightfully situated, in a fied and honorable to one who is determined city whose population amounted to but little

to excel.” Such was the noble purpose of the more than ten thousand, would have been noble founders of this noble institution. deemed scarcely less than a fit candidate for the mad house. Yet it was done. There it

The Central District School building is stands, beautiful, noble, FREE! It is a proud scarcely less creditable to the enlightened libmonument to the philanthropy, enterprize and l erality of the citizens of Norwich than the


Free Academy. This edifice, which is most That e’en the angry lightning might reveal admirably arranged for the accommodation of A haven from the tempest's rage secure. their system of graded schools, was erected at we would- Oh! madness this! To prayer! a cost, for ground and buildings, of more than

1 To prayer! thirty-seven thousand dollars. It is a model The soul arises when we bend the knee ; building as s whole, and in all its details. It Let us in solitude our sorrows bear, is only those who are familiar with the hostil- To Him whose presence can from sadness free. ity and opposition encountered by all school

HESIL. reforms of importance, twenty-five or thirty years ago, that can adequately appreciate the

For the Schoolmaster. self-denial, energy and perseverance of those

Etymological Study. who have transfered the account of them from the page of speculation to that of history. I

To one who is familiar with the schools of 1. F. C. Philadelphia and Eastern Pennsylvania, the

absence of all study and instruction in etyFor the Schoolmaster.

mology in the boasted schools of New EngTo Prayer.

land is “passing strange.” Geography, it may be, Grammar, the Sciences, and perhaps Arithmetic are taught by methods superior and to

a greater extent than in the above-mentioned How mad to hope for happiness below,

section of our common country. But you Where sorrow shadows all the heart holds dear: may go through whole counties, and I do not This world we love is full of sin and woe,

know but whole states even, and find not a While blessings few and far between appear.

single school where any adequate attention is More sounds of wailing than of mirth arise; igiven to the beautiful and highly important

More tombs than cradles do we here behold; study of etymology. Scarcely a school have And beauty fades before th' enchanted eyes, I seen in Rhode Island where the origin

As night blots out the sunset's red and gold. of words was made a separate study. In a So we pursue through life with toiling feet,

few instances indeed have I found the teachImaginary shadows to the tomb;

ers of the ancient classics giving some oral inFrom bitterness we would express the sweet, struction in respect to the derivation of words.

And seek for fragrance in the thistle's bloom. I do not wish to set myself up as a critic, Each day we breathe the language of complaint or to be so bold as to attempt to instruct or That from the mire and filth which round us judge the talented educators of New Englie,

| land's sons, so highly and so deservedly honThe heavenly artist, IIope, can never paint ored for their intelligence wherever they are

Her bow of promise on our fiture sky. found, the world over, but I know the teachWithout a helm to govern, we would rain

ers of Rhode Island will not think me intruDirect our vessel o'er an ocean calm : sive for respectfully asking their attention to Without the labor we the prize would gain, this subject of etymological study. I think

And, undeserving, bear the martyr's palm. they will pardon a friendly stranger who, We would that o'er our path the light should while traveling in New England has gained steal,

highly important information and been vastly Our guiding star above serene and pure; instructed by the several hundred schools he has visited in four of the Eastern states, and is transferred to a family; the “stock" or who thinks he shall be a better teacher as the “stirps" is that from which it grows, and out result of this visitation, if he suggest to them of which it unfolds itself. And here we may that there are beauties in the English lan- bring in the "stock"-dove, as being the guage, intensely interesting historical inci- "stock" or stirps of the domestic kinds. I dents connected with the derivation of words, might group with these, “stake” in both its and great advantage accruing from the study spellings; a “stake” in the hedge is stuck of this science, of which it would seem, to a and fixed there; the ovstakes” which men traveler, that the teachers of New England wager against the issue of a race are paid have never dreamed.

down, and thus fixed or deposited to answer Allow me, in conclusion, to introduce a

the event; a beef-“steak" is a piece of meat

so small that it can be stuck on the point of a short paragraph illustrative of the subject,

fork; with much more of the same kind.” (which however may be familiar to very many,

PHILOLOGOS. but which they may not have profited by as they ought,) from “ Trench on the Study of

For the Schoolmaster. Words :"

Man's Susceptibility of Mental Culture. “ Take the word "stock ;” in what an almost infinite number of senses it is employed; Such is the constitution of man that he is we have live “stock," "stock” in trade, the capable of becoming fitted for states of life village "stocks,” the “stock” of a gun, the for which he was once wholly unqualified. "stock" dove, the "stocks” on which ships The human mind is susceptible of great are built, the "stock” which goes round the changes, from the circumstances in which it neck, the family “stock,” the "stocks,” or is placed and from the attention and culture public funds, in which money is invested, and which it receives. On this susceptibility, the other "stocks" very likely besides these. whole system of education is founded. A What point in common can we find between person's estimate of the value of education them all? This, that they are all derived will be very much in proportion to the strength from, and were originally the past participle and vividness of his belief in the capacity of of "to stick," which as it now makes óstuck," the mind for cultivation. On this same bemade formerly “stock ;” and they cohere in lief will depend his hope for the intellectual the idea of fixedness, which is common to ev- improvement of individuals as well as for the ery one. Thus, the "stock" of a gun is that elevation of nations in the scale of civilization in which the barrel is fixed; the village and social improvement. Were the mind in"stocks” are those in which the feet are fast- capable of acquiring knowledge, of securing ened; the “stock” in trade is the fixed cap- discipline, of experiencing development, the ital; and so, too, the “stock” on the farm, al- occupation of the teacher would be gone and though the fixed capital has there taken the his office have no cxistence. Were nations shape of horses and cattle ; in the vistocks," also incapable of improvement in the arts of or public funds, money sticks fast, inasmuch life and destitute of the power of mental and as those who place it there can not withdraw social elevation under the appliance of the or demand the capital, but receive only the means of culture, the philanthropist would interest; the “stock” of a tree is fast set in cherish no hope of the advancement of societhe ground; and from this use of the word it'ty and the Christian no expectation of the meral redemption of the barbarous tribes of company him to the cathedral. They peeped the earth under the influence of Christianity. through the key-hole, and what was their The fact that mankind are susceptible of im- consternation to behold the great divine friskprovement by culture is a fact full of signifi- ing about in wild undress to the inspiration cancy in its bearings on the cause of educa- of his own music. Soon after, he met them tion and the hopes of our race. The plant in a manner becoming his character ; but oband the animal are not required to become a serving signs of astonishment in the party, he different thing from what they already are at said that without his music, he would have the moment of their mature growth. The been incapable of his public duty. purpose of their existence is realized in

It was in music that the wicked Saul sought its full extent by the fact alone of their mate-relief when the Lord in anger sent an evil rial nature and physical organization. But |

physical organization. But spirit to trouble him. For thus it is written : with man it is quite otherwise. He is destin

" And Saul's servants said unto him, Beed for improvement. This is the law of his

hold now an evil spirit from the Lord troub.. being. Instinct is less in man than in the animal, because man is constituted with this

leth thee. Let our lord now command thy susceptibility for development — the power of

servants, which are before thee, to seek out a

man who is a cunning player on a harp: and acquisition — the capability for advancement |

it shall come to pass, when the evil spirit from and elevation. The physical man, however

the Lord is upon thee, that he shall play with admirable may be his organization is not the

his hand and thou shalt be well. And Saul true man. Man as a barbarian, or as a cor

said unto his servants, Provide me now a man poreal giant, is not all he is capable of being. He has a higher nature and a higher mission.

that can play well, and bring him to me.

| Then answered one of the servants and said, He has a susceptibility for improvement – for

Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse the Bethintellectual, social and moral culture. The

Chemite, that is cunning in playing, and a barbarian may be made a civilized man. Un

mighty valiant man, and a man of war, and der the influence of education in its largest

prudent in matters, and a comely person and sense he may be elevated to a high position of

tho Lord is with him. Wherefore Saul sent honor, enterprise and happiness. IIere is the

messengers unto Jesse and said, Send me warrant and the security for systems of edu

David thy son that is with the sheep. And cation.

David came to Saul and stood before him ;

and he loved him greatly, and he became his For the Schoolmaster. Music as a Recreation.

armor-bearer. And it came to pass, when the

evil spirit from God was upon Saul, that DayThe power of music as a recreation is seen id took a harp, and played with his hand : so in the case of the celebrated divine, Bourda- Saul was refreshed, and was well, and the loue. It is said that he was accustomed to evil spirit departed from him."-- First Samuel, allay the excitement of his mind after the 16th chapter. composition of his eloquent sermons by very uncanonical behavior. His attendants were one day mightily scandalized and alarmed by: Allow a boy to run at large one year in inhearing a very lively tune played on a fiddle, dolence, and you have laid the foundation in his room, while they waited without to ac. 'whercon will be built his future ruin.


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