« AnteriorContinuar »
EDITOR'S DEPARTMENT. The members of the Institute were most cor
dially welcomed to the hospitalities of the city The Atlantic Telegraph.
by His Excellency Gov. Buckingham. This wel
come was extended in behalf of the Trustees of EXGLAND AND AMERICA UNITED. the Free Academy, of which he is the chairman,
of the Board of Education of the city, and of Tur first of September is the grand jubilee in the citizens generally. In the course of his adhonor of the successful laying of the Atlantic | dress, His Excellency referred to the interest Cable. The work is accomplished. The Old
which the citizens of Norwich had manifested in World and the New are in instantaneous com- the work of education, by the time they had givmunication, and the lines are open to the busi.
en to it, and the expense which they had volunness men of both hemispheres. Let all rejoice. tarily incurred. The Free Academy itself was a We are glad to send this little unassuming voluntary contribution of more than $100.000. monthly to our kind friends and patrons upon After a happy response from the president, such a day of rejoicing. This Atlantic Cable Hon. J. D. Philbrick, Superintendent of the will be a handmaid to education. Already the Boston schools, the first address was given by great American body of teachers — the Ameri-Rev. Barnas Sears, D. D., President of Brown can Institute of Instruction - have voted to University. send greetings to their brethren across the great His subject was a survey of our entire system waters.
of education, dwelling especially upon our highLet every teacher join in the shout of praise er institutions. He contended earnestly for the this day ascending from the Christian world to education of the college and the university as God, whose kind Providence has given success well as the practical or scientific schools. to the great enterprise of our age.
The second address was given on Tuesday eve
ning by Rev. J. P. Gulliver, of Norwich. American Institute of Instruction.
His topic was The School the natural ally of
the Pulpit, or, the proper education of the The twenty-ninth annual meeting of this ven
of this von Mind has a tendency to secure the proper educaerable body of American Teachers was held in tion of the Heart. the large hall of the Free Academy, in Norwich,
| On Wednesday morning the Institute entered Conn., August 17th, 18th, and 19th.
upon the discussion of the question as to the edWe have room at present for only a brief re
ucation of the sexes together in the public port of their proceedings.
| The meeting was one of the largest ever held,
The discussion was opened by Elbridge Smith, and in all respects one of the most successful.
Esq., Principal of the Free Academy, Norwich. The members of this body comprise the most
He was followed by the following gentlemen, able and listinguished teachers of our country.
nearly all of whom agreed with Mr. Smith that The lectures, addresses and discussions are of
the sexes should be educated together : the highest order, and the general effect of the “Father Greenleaf,” of Bradford Mass., Richannual gatherings, both upon the people of the ard Edwards, of St. Louis, Mo., Geo, B. Emerplace of the meeting and upon the teachers and son, of Boston, Mr. Batchelder, of Salem, Mass. other educational men from all parts of the coun- ! The third lecture was then delivered by T. W. try, is most inspiriting and salutary.
Valentine, Esq., of Booklyn, N. Y. His theme This meeting at Norwich will long be remem- was, “ Words Fitly Spoken." bered by those who were so fortunate as to be! In the afternoon a proposition was presented present, as one on which the memory will delight at once by Mr. Dole, of Maine, for submitting to dwell for years to come.
what he claims as a great discovery, to the in
vestigation of a committee to be raised by the In- Schools to be entirely supported by General stitute. He claims to have solved what he calls Taxation." the enigma of the English verb, to have discov- The discussion was participated in by Hon. D. ered its true theory. He confidently believed N. Camp, Supt. of Common Schools of Connecthat, on a fair investigation, his claim would ticut, Samuel St. John of Bridgeport, Dr. W. A. prove a good one. In accordance with his re- Alcott of Newton, Messrs. Greenleaf of Bradquest a committee was appointed by the Chair ford, Mass., and Greenleaf of Brooklyn, N. Y., in relation to the matter, consisting of A. Cros- Hon. John A. Rockwell of Norwich, and Gov. by, of Salem, Mr. Hart, of Farmington, and Mr. Boutwell. Amos Perry, of Providence.
The sixth lecture was delivered by Prof. CalProf. D. N. Camp then offered a series of reso- thorp, of Bridgeport, Conn. lutions with reference to the loss of the Institute
He took a general survey of man, and of the by the death of the late Prof. Andrews, of New
means for his education, as a being possessed of Britain, and accompanied them with very appro
Body, Mind, Heart, Conscience and Soul. These priate remarks.
he considered as all mutually dependent;The resolutions were seconded by Dr. Wm. A.
and in consequence of that connection, the body Alcott, of Newton, Mr. Greeuleaf, of Bradford, has something to do with the mind, heart, conMr. Greenleaf, of Brooklyn, Mr. Emerson, of science and soul of man. His performance was Boston, Mr. Kingsbury, of Providence, and Mr.
at a most amusing and satisfactory one, calling Hedges, of New Jersey, who suggested that forth repeated applause. the vote be taken by rising. They were unani
At its close, G. F. Thayer, Esq., of Boston, exmously adopted. The fourth lecture was by B. W. Putnam, Esq.,
pressed his delight with the discourse, and morPrincipal of the Quincy School, Boston.
ed that, if the funds of the Institute would per
mit of it, the author be requested to furnish a The subject chosen by Mr. Putnam was, “Drawing as a Branch of Education.” This
copy, and that five thousand copies be printed gentleman's address was an able and manly ar
for gratuitous circulation. gument in favor of Drawing as a means of culti
antial Hon. John A. Rockwell suggested that there vating refinement and taste, of developing ace should be no condition as to the state of the fund. curately the perceptive faculties, of disciplining
He thought the means would be readily found. the imagination and enhancing the pleasure and
Mr. Batchelder, of Salem, preferred that the profit of reading, and of moral education.
number of copies should be put at fifty thousand. A brief discussion followed, in the main sus
There would be no trouble, he thought, in rais
ing the funds by subscription. taining the position of the lecturer, participated “5 in by Messrs. Greenleaf of Bradford. Emerson! Gov. Buckingham coincided in his views with of Boston, Greenleaf of Brooklyn, Boutwell of Mr. Rockwell, and Mr. Thayer so modified his Groton, and Wetherell of Boston.
motion. Thus modified, it was unanimously The fifth lecture was delivered on Wednesday
adopted, and the announcement was received evening, by Prof. John Foster, of Union College. with hearty applause. He discoursed upon the general subject of Edu-! The Institute then adjourned to take a pleascation, discussing particularly the opposing the- ure trip down the river in the afternoon. ories of the progressives” and “conservatives.” | The afternoon of Thursday was devoted to an
On Thursday the officers for the ensuing year excursion down the Thames. About eight hunwere elected, resulting in the reelection of nearly dred ladies and gentlemen took their places on all of last year's list.
board the steamer Connecticut and enjoyed a deAfter the election of officers, a discussion was | lightful trip down the Thames to the Sound. indulged in, upon the question: "Ought Public' The evening was devoted to the closing addresses, which formed perhaps the most interest- copious illustration, profound thought, and earning exercises of the three days' meetings. est spirit which distinguishes all the author's
The last vote of the Institute before adjourn- productions. It commanded close attention, and ing was to authorize its president and secretary at its close was loudly applauded. A copy was to send greetings, via the Atlantic Telegraph, to requested for publication. A similar compliment a similar association of educators in the mother was paid to Mr. Philbrick.-Providence Journal. country.
As usual, the exercises of the meeting were INSTITUTE AT NEWPORT. - Our readers will closed by singing the Doxology, at nearly eleven find by the advertisement in this number that aro'clock, previous to which hour not a dozen per
rangements have been completed by the efficient sons had left the hall.
School Commissioner, Mr. Kingsbury, for a Nearly six hundred female teachers shared the Teachers’ Institute at Newport, the first week in bountiful hospitalities of the citizens of Norwich,
October. The instructors and lecturers engaged and the hotels were filled to overflowing by the
are of the highest order, and the meeting prommale portion of the profession.
ises to be one of the most interesting and valuaAcquaintances were made between hosts and ble which the teachers of Rhode Island have had guests which will be pleasant for years to come. I an opportunity to attend for many years. Ideas were suggested which will find their prac- ! As this is the only Institute to be held in the tical test in the school-rooms of the East, the state the present season, we bespeak for it the West, and the South. A higher degree of cul- general attendance of teachers of every grade ture was advocated, which will be responded to throughout the state. by the people of our nation.
THE APPOINTMENT AT EAST GREENWICH. —
Rev. Prof. Robert Allyn has, we understand, National Teachers' Association.
negatived the call to the principalship of the The annual convention of the National Teach
Providence Conference Seminary, and Rev. Mi
cah J. Talbot, A. M., of Newport, has been ers' Association, convened at Cincinnati on Wednesday, Aug. 11th, has been an occasion of un
unanimously elected by the trustees. Mr. Tal
bot is a grduate of the Wesleyan University of the usual interest. Eminent educators from every
class of 1844. quarter of our country were present. The discussions were spirited and harmonious. In re
CHARLES B. GOFF. - This gentleman has response to calls for reports on educational mat
cently been appointed Principal of the High ters, Mr. Adams, of Montpelier, spoke for Ver
School at Fall River, Mass. He was the valemont; Mr. Philbrick, of Boston, for Massachu
dictorian of the class of 1856, Brown University, setts; Dr. M'Jilton, for Maryland; Mr. Bagg,
| is a fine scholar, especially in the ancient classics, for Alabama ; and Mr. Devoil for Missouri.
an accomplished gentleman, and a successful Favorable reports of the cause were also made
teacher. He was recently principal of the High for New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and
School in Schenectady, New York.
School Incidents. cational tendencies and progress of the last thirty years." Mr. Philbrick delivered an address 1, “What makes you draw your words so ?” on “Manual Education ;” the President, z. asked the village pedagogue of a young lad who Richards, one on the “Province and agency of came in from the farm, a mile and a half from the National Teachers' Association;” and Hor- the village, and who said “naeow" and "cacow." ace Mann one on the “Motives of Teachers.” “Because,” said the boy, “I-have-so-fur-terThis last was characterized by the graphic style, 'come.”
2. A young school-marm was one day asking and prepared the little book "How Plants Grow." the questions of the book and receiving, parrot- It comes to us fresh from the dew of the mornlike, the stereotype answers, when the following ing and laden with the sweetness of spring flowreply was given to the question
ers. It allures us out into the fields to pluck “Who inhabit the northeastern portion of butter cups and lilies, and to “behold how they North America ?”
grow.” Right worthy is it of a hearty welcome, “Esquimaux, spices of Indians," was the quick and a place among the text-books of our comreply.
mon schools. It is hardly necessary to say that the little fel. The study of plants is the most charming purlow had mistaken the word species for spices. suit which can occupy the mind of a child. It is
3. The R. I. Schoolmaster once taught a vil- one also of never failing interest and instruction. lage school in Massachusetts. One day his first There is no child in our schools so young that he class was reading a piece called The Maniac, in could not be taught to admire the beautiful forms which occurs this passage: “He led him up lof leaves. This is the point, where we would through sundry passages to the roof of the have the study commence. Indeed, we would house." The lad read it: “He led him up advise the teacher to tell her scholars about the through sun dry pastures to the roof of the house." shapes of leaves, and of roots, and to encourage
them to collect and to arrange these, even if she For the Schoolmaster,
be able to carry the pursuit no farther. Take “How Plants Grow.”*
the leaf of a garden lily, and another of a cher
ry tree, and point out how one has its little reins To observe, and then to think and to reason is all running parallel from the base to the apex, the law of development in the human mind. while in the other they are all branching off from Far more natural is it for a child to delight in a central rib. Then let the scholars gather all handling a flower, in looking intently at its form the leaves they can, and separate them into two and its color, and in smelling its odor, than to classes in accordance with this distinction, and attend to conceptions of classes, and of relations, if they do not take a real living interest in it, we or to desire to investigate the philosophy of lan- are much mistaken. Then go on, step by step, guage. This fact should be a guiding principle to "linear" leaves, and “oval,” and “heartin the arrangement of studies in our primary shaped,” and “ wedge-shaped,” and “arrowschools. The youthful scholar should be encour-shaped,” and “shield-shaped,” with all the rest, aged to observe the things around him, not so and let them gather specimens of each. They much his books, his slate, and his desk, the will thus be cultivating a habit of observation, works of man, as the clouds and the rocks, the and a love for the beautiful, of incalculable value beautiful creations of God. To assist him in one through life. department of the study of natural objects, and A knowledge of the varied and beautiful forms that perhaps the most delightful of all, Prof. of leaves and stems, and roots will prepare the Gray has left for the time his more dignified
way for a right understanding of their functions works, such as the “Botanical Text Book," and
and uses. This will form the second stage of the the “Botany of the Northern United States,"
study. Show how the rootlets are fitted for ab
sorbing fluids from the soil, how the stem serves * How Plants Grow, a simple introduction to Struc
to hang out the leaves in the sunlight and the tural Botany. With a popular Flora, or an arrange
| air, and how the leaves change the character of ment and description of common plants, both wild and
the fluid absorbed by the roots, so that it is capcultivated. Illustrated by 500 wood engravings. By Asa Gray, M. D., Fisher Professor of Natural History
able of ministering to the building up of the in Harvard University. New York: Ivison and Phin
plant. Thus the plan of vegetation is presented, ney, 320 Broadway.
and we naturally ask, where did the plant begin,
and whither is it going? We are thus introduc- bonic acid, hurtful to them, plants need the care ed to the mysteries of the flower and the seed. bon of this carbonic acid ; indeed, it makes a Branches which at first consisted of stem and tery large portion of the r food, - as we plainly leaves only, now take another form, and see it must, when we know that about half of more beautiful colors, and are called flowers. every part of a plant is carbon, that is, charcoal. Now is the time to point out the different parts And this carbonic acid is the very part of the air of the flower, the sepals, and the petals, the sta- that plants use; they constantly take it from the mens, and the pistils, and hidden among them air, decompose it in their leaves during sunshine, all the ovary, which will ere long become the on- keep the carbon, and give back the oxygen pure, ly valuable part, to be preserved with care, when so keeping the air fit for the breathing of aniits present gay covering is all gone to decay. mals. The carbon which plants take from the Now open an otary, it makes no difference air in this way, along with water, &c., they aswhether you do it by cutting an apple, or crack- similate, that is, change into vegetable matter : ing a chestnut bur, and placing the seeds of the and in doirg this nuts in the ground, watch the coming forth of “They make all the food which animals live upthe seed-leaves, and the plumicle, and show your on. Animals cannot live upon air, water, or scholars that you have traced the cycle of vege- earth, nor are they able to change these into food table life from the perfect growing plant, through which they may live upon. This work is done bud, and flower, and fruit, and seed, and germ for them by plants. Vegetable matter in almost round to the perfect growing plant again. every form — especially as herbage, or more con
The scholars will then be prepared to consider centrated in the accumulations of nourishment some of the questions which Prof. Gray answers which plants store up in roots, in bulbs and tube in his third chapter. "Why do plants grow?”ers, in many stalks, in fruits, and in seeds - is “What are they made for?” “What do they food for animals. •And to every beast of the do ?” We cannot better close this short notice | earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to everythan by extracting a part of our Author's answer thing that creepeth upon the earth,' as well as to to the question,
men, is given “every green herb for meat.' Some “WHAT ARE PLANTS MADE FOR ?" animals take it by feeding directly úpon vegeta“In the first place, in the very act of making
bles; others, in feeding upon the flesh of herbiv
orous animals, receive what they have taken tegetable matter, plants fulfill one great purpose of their existence, that is,
from plants. Man and a few animals take in "They purify the air for animals. That part of
both ways what plants have prepared for them.
But however teceived, and however changed it the air which renders it fit for breathing is called oxygen; this makes up about one fifth part of the
form in the progress from plant to animal or from air we breathe. At every breath animals take in
one animal to another, all the food and all the
substance of all animals were made by plants. some of this oxygen and change it into carbonic
And this is what plants are made for. acid ; that is, they combine the oxygen with car. bon from their blood, which makes carbonic acid,
“Notice also that plants furnish us not merely and breathe out this carbonic acid into the air, in fieedful sustenance, but almost every comfort place of the oxygen they drew in. Now this car- and convenience. Medicine for restoring, as bonic acid is unfit for the breathing of animais. well as food for supporting health and strength, - Sơ much so, that, if it were to increase so as mainly comes from plants. to make any considerable part of the atmosphere, “ They furnish all the clothing of man ;- not man and other animals could not live in it. But only what is made from the woolly hairs of cerplants prevent the carbonic acid from accumu- tain seeds (cotton), or from the woody fibres of lating in the air. While animals need the oxy- bark (linen), and what is spun from Mulberry gen of the air, and in using it change it into car- ' leaves by the grubs of certain moths (as silk),