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" Debate on the Bill Establishing Free other states, in consequence of purchasing Schools,

foreign tickets. In years past, laws prohibitAt the January Session of the Rhode Island

ing the sale of foreign tickets have been passLegislature, A. D. 1828."

ed, proved wholly ineffectual, and repealed.

And we cannot calculate on any immediate In our last we placed before our readers change in the principle of human nature which the introductory remarks of Hon. Joseph L. produces this result. But if we could, our Tillinghast on this bill. We present below treasury, I believe, might still be supplied. the closing remarks of that gentleman before Being, then, in a situation to make a presmoving the adoption of the bill. The remarks ent provision, let us for a moment consider relate to the lottery question and to the gen- the principle of the bill reported. By the first eral provisions of the bill as at first introduc-section a sum left blank, and which, upon the ed.

supposition that the rest of the bill passes, I In our next we propose to give some short shall propose to be $10,000 --- is to be set and spicy paragraphs from the remarks of sev- apart from the revenue arising from lotteries eral gentlemen who spoke upon the bill. and auction sales, to be paid out annually to · At our point of view, what the honorable the towns, according to their respective progentleman says upon the system of lotteries portions under the last estimate of rateable savors a little of expediency. Having shown property. This seems the most obvious, just, that the sum of $10,000 might probably be and equal ratio of distribution; and, as far appropriated annually from the lottery reven- as we can pursue equality, we are bound to ue, he proceeds to say:

do so. When we come to the actual applica

tion of the money to its immediate object, the "I know that individual opinions are divid

idea of equality, in respect to the numbers or ed upon the propriety of the system of lotter

| individuals to be benefitted by cach portion, ies — that this mode of resorting to the lot, as

cannot be retained. An individual who has it has been called, is by some censured, and buton

na | but one child, though he may be assessed at by others advocated. It falls not in my way, I twenty dollars tax, will receive less fruits of at present, to advocate or to investigate any the

se any the appropriation than he he who is assessed conscientious opinion upon this subject. But

| at a dollar and has ten children. And this I believe there can be no difference of opinion

will apply also to the respective towns, as on this point, that while this branch of busi

well as families, who may have more or less ness exists, unprohibited by public authority, schuldre

Y children requiring education than their reit is not unwise to make it subservient to the

spective proportions in the estimate. Perfect public good — to enable those who reprobate

equality in the application, therefore, is imposit to perceive that, as far as practicable, it |

sible. But equality in the distribution, acmakes restitution and atonement, on the one

cording to the proportion in which the towns hand, for such evils as they suppose it occa

are bound to contribute to the public expenses, sions on the other.

is attainable, and seems just. Nevertheless, I Judging from past experience, we may be- have heard suggestions from several members lieve that tickets will be offered for sale, and that the ratio of population might be preferawill be bought, in this state ; and the money able. If so, it is open to discussion ; — and, of our citizens, if not expended in lotteries if, upon discussion, that ratio is deemed best, originating at home, will go abroad to benefit' it will prevail. I wish to be distinctly under

Maryland was so called in honor of Henri

Talents no Protection. etta Maria, Queen of Charles I.. in his patent

WERE they so, Bacon would never have to Lord Baltimore, June 30, 1632.

Virginia was so called in 1584, after Eliza taken a bribe, nor would Dodd have commitbeth, the Virgin Queen of England.

ted forgery ; Voltaire might have been anothCarolina was so called by the French in er Luther ; David Hume another Matthew 1664, in honor of King Charles IX. of France.

Hale; and Satan himself might yet be in the Georgia was so called in 1732, in honor of canopy of heaven, an prb of the first magniKing George II.

tude. Indeed, high talent, unless early cultiAlabama was so called in 1814, from its

vated, as was that of Moses, and Milton, and principal river.

Baxter, and Edwards, and Wesley, and Rob. Mississippi was so called in 1806, from its ert Hall, is the most restive uader moral rewestern boundary. Mississippi is said to de-straints ; is the most fearless in exposing itself note the whole river, i. e., the river formed by

to temptation ; is the most ready to lay itself the union of many.

on the lap of Delilah, trusting in the lock of Louişiana was so called in honor of Louis

its strength. And, alas ! like Sampson, how XIV. of France.

often is it found blind and grinding in the Tennesse was so called in 1796. from its prison house, when it might be wielding the principal river. The word Ten-asse is said to highest political power, or civilizing and evan. signify a curved spoon.

gelizing the nations! - DR. MURRAY. Kentucky was so called in 1793, from its principal river.

History in Words. Illinois was so called in 1809, from its principal river. The word is said to signify the

thel The history of words is the history of trade river of men.

and commerce. Our very apparel is a dictionIndiana was so called in 1809. from the ary. We are told of the “bayonet,” that it American Indians.

was first made in Bayonne; "cambrics," that Ohio was so called in 1802, from its south

they came from Cambray; "damask,” from ern boundary.

Damascus ; "aras," from the city of the same Missouri was so called in 1821. from its name; "cordwine,” or “cordoven,” from Corprincipal river.

dova ; "currants,” from Corinth; the "guinMichigan was so called in 1812, from the ea,” that was originally coined of gold brought lake on its border.

from the African coast so called ; "camlet,” Arkansas was so called in 1812, from its that it was woven, at least in part, of camel's principal river.

hair. Such has been the manufacturing proFlorida was so called by Juan Ponce de gress that we now and then send calicoes and Leon in 1572, because it was discovered on muslins to India and the east, and yet the Easter Sunday; in Spanish, Pascua Florida. words give standing witness that we once

Columbia was so called in reference to Co- imported these from thence; for "calico" is lumbus.

from Calcut, and “muslin” is from Mosul, a Wisconsin was so called from its principal city in Asiatic Turkey:-Zion's Herald. river.

Iowa was so called from its principal river. In childhood be modest, in youth temperate, Oregon was so called from its principal river. I in manhood just, in old age prudent.

The Old Cottage Clock. lars. His qualifications were deemed satis

factory in all respects except in spelling. On On! the old, old clock, of the household stock

account of this deficiency he was rejected. Was the brightest thing and neatest;

See, now, what ignorance in this elementary Its hands, though old, had a touch of gold,

branch cost him. In ten years his salary And its chime rang still the sweetest.

would have amounted to fifteen thousand 'Twas a monitor too, though its words were few, Yet they lived, though nations altered ;

dollars, throwing out of the calculation the And its voice, still strong, warned old and young,

increase which by good investment might have When the voice and friendship faltered !

accrued from interest. Besides, the salary of « Tick, tick." it said _"quick, quick, to bed the same school has since been advanced to For ten l've given warning;

two thousand dollars. But he might have reUp, up, and go, or else, you know,

mained in the position twice or three times You'll never rise soon in the morning!”

ten years, as other teachers in the same place

have done, and that large amount might, conA friendly voice was that old, old clock, As it stood in the corner smiling,

sequently have been increased in proportion. And blessed the time, with a merry chime,

A gentleman of excellent reputation as a. The wintry hours beguiling;

scholor was proposed to fill a professorship in But a cross old voice was that tiresome clock, one of our New England colleges, not many As it called at daybreak boldly,

years since; but in his correspondence, so When the dawn looked gray o'er the misty way, much bad spelling was found, that his name And the early air blew coldly;

was dropped, and an honorable position was “ Tick, tick,” it said — "quick, out of bed,

lost by him. The corporation of the college For five I've given warning;

concluded that, however high his qualificaYou'll never have health, you'll never get wealth,

tions as a professor might be in general literaUnless you'r up in the morning.”

ture, the orthography of his correspondence Still hourly the sound goes round and round, would not add much to the reputation of the With a tone that ceases never ;

institution. While tears are shed for the bright days fled, | A prominent manufacturer, in a neighborAnd the old friends lost forever!

ing town received a business letter from an Its heart beats on — though hearts are gone | individual who had contracted to supply him That warmer beat and younger;

with a large quantity of stock; but so badly Its hands still move — though hands we love

was it spelled, and so illegible the penmanAre clasped on earth no longer!

ship, that the receiver found it nearly impos“ Tick-tick,” it said to the church-yard bed

sible to decipher the meaning. An immediate The grave hath given warning –

decision must be given in reply; and yet, so Up, up, and rise, and look to the skies,

obscure was the expression that it was imposAnd prepare for a heavenly morning!"

sible to determine what should be the answer. -Letters of Laura d'Auverne, by Charles Swain.

Delay would be sure to bring loss; a wrong

decision would lead to a still more serious reBad Spelling.

sult. Perplexed with uncertainty, throwing

down the letter, he declared that this should Some years ago a teacher presented himself be the last business transaction between him as a candidate for the mastership of a school, and the writer of such an illiterate communiof which the salary was fifteen hundred dol-'cation ; for, said he, “ I am liable to lose

ed.

more in this trade alone, than I can make in the Bible, error out of truth, or hatred and a lifetime with him.”

animosity come forth from the bosom of perA gentleman who had been a book keeper fect love." * * some years, offered himself as a candidate for " At the meeting of the first Congress there the office of secretary to an insurance com- was a doubt in the minds of many, of the pany. Although a man of estimable charac- propriety of opening the session with prayer ; ter, possessed of many excellent qualifications, and the reason assigned was, as here, the he failed of being elected because he was in great diversity of opinion and religious belief. the habit of leaving words mis-spelled on his At length Mr. Samuel Adams, with the gray book. The position would require him to at-hairs hanging ahout his shoulders, and with tend to a portion of the correspondence of the l an impressive venerableness now seldom to be office, and it was thought that incorrect spell- met with (I suppose owing to the difference ing would not insure the company a very ex-l of habits), rose in that assembly, and with the cellent reputation for their method of doing air of a perfect Puritan, said that it did not business, whatever amount might be transact- become men, professing to be Christian men,

who had come together for' solemn deliberaInability to spell correctly exposes one to tion in the hour of their extremity, to say pecuniary loss. It is, moreover, an obstacle that there was so wide a difference in their reto an advancement to honorable station. Such ligious belief, that they could not, as one man, instances as those recited above are satisfacto- | bow the knee in prayer to the Almighty, ry proofs ; but that this defect in one's educa- whose advice and assistance they hoped to obtion is productive of mortification and mis- tain. Independent as he was, and an enemy chief, is illustrated by the following actual oc to all prelacy as he was known to be, he movcurrence.

ed that the Rev. Mr. Duche, of the Episcopal A young teacher had received assistance Church, should address the Throne of Grace from a friend in obtaining a school, and wrote lin prayer. And John Adams, in a letter to a letter overflowing with gratitude to his ben- his wife, says that he never saw a more movefactor, but closed it thus: “ Please excepting spectacle. Dr. Duche read the Episcopal (accept?) my thanks for your kind favors in

service of the Church of England, and then, my behalf.”—Mass Teacher.

as if moved by the occasion, he broke out into

extemporaneous prayer. And those men who Religious Instruction.

were then about to resort to force to obtain Daniel WEBSTER, in his masterly argu

their rights, were moved to tears; and floods

of tears, Mr. Adams says, ran down the ment in the celebrated Girard College case, in the Supreme Court of the United States,

cheeks of the pacífic Quakers who formed

part of that most interesting assembly. Desays :

pend upon it, where there is a spirit of Christ“ I maintain that, in any institution for the

ianity, there is a spirit which rises above instruction of youth, where the authority of

forms, above ceremonies, independent of sect God is disowned, and the duties of Christ

or creed, and the controversies of clashing ianity derided and despised, and its ministers

doctrines.” shut out from all participation in its proceedings, there can no more be charity, true charity, found to exist, than evil can spring out of To be good is to be happy.

FIRESIDE DEPARTMENT

The King and his Slave.

ANSWER.

A GAME FOR THE CHILDREN,
Ànswer to Geographical Enigma in August
Number.

A KING or Queen is chosen, and conducted

with much pomp to a throne at one end of the PROVIDENCE, Aug. 3d.

room. Though elected by popular acclamaMr. Mowry: -- I have solved the “Geo

tion, this monarch is vested with powers graphical Enigma” in this month's number,

scarcely less absolute than those of an heredbut found one or two mistakes. Cape Frio is it

two mistakes. Cape rrio itary despot. on the coast of South America, instead of

The first act of his reign is to make a slave Africa, and mountain in New England should

should of one of his subjects. He fixes upon any be mountains.

RAYMOND.

Po one he likes. The slave submits — he had Our young friend will find in some of our better! - and is requested to seat himself at Geographies a Cape Frio on the western coast the foot of the throne. of Africa, in Lat. 18° south, cearly.-ED. The king then calls on one of the company

by name, " —, approach, my subject." Antwerp, Godavery, Owyhee, White, Ver- If the player called upon be unacquainted ona, Trio, Ur, Augsburg, Torres, Arta, Brest, with the etiquette of this powerful court, he Suwanee, Sviatoi.

will, in all probability, approach the presence Whole- A soft answer turneth away wrath, rudely, and without ceremony. He immebut grievous words stir up anger,

diately pays a heavy forfeit into the royal

treasury, and takes the place of the slave. Answer to Enigma Literary in June No.

This terrible punishment is inflicted without

the culprit being told the nature of his offence. By some hocus pocus this beautiful enigma, As we have already said, the monarch is absoas also the riddle, from an esteemed corres-lute and irresponsible. pondent, has never been answered in The If, on the contrary, the subject honored by SCHOOLMASTER. The answer is as follows: the royal summons should happen to know Kane, Whittier, Anybody, Balwer.

his duty, he says,– Whole — The New York Daily Tribune. 1

“Sire, may I dare ?"

The king is graciously pleased to reply, Answer to Riddle in June number; Ink.

• You may."

The subject then approaches and says — Mr. Canaing's Enigpa in June Number, «Sire, I have obeyed; I await your royal

orders." Some of our readers have called fer the an- The king then orders him to take from the swer to this curious puzzle. We suppose the slave any ornament or superfluous article of word Cares will give the key to a complete dress he may think fit. But the subject (unsolution, provided verb in the first line reads der the same penalties as before) must not noord. Then by adding & the bitter cares will proceed to execute the royal command withbecome a sweet caress.

out pronouncing the formula, “Sire, may I

dare ?” to which the king, with the same God hears the heart without words, but enormous amount of condescension, again renever hears words without the heart. plies, “ You may."

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