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to free houses from venomous snakes by play- fixed immovably in a listening posture, as if ing on flutes.
| unwilling to lose the last vibrations of these, The negroes are said to catch lizards by to him, celestial notes, or as if his soul had whistling to attract them.
followed them and left his body behind in Travelers report that the Arabs are in the torpid insensibility.” habit of teaching goats to stand with their feet It is said that Democritus taught that many close together on the top of several little diseases may be charmed away by a flute, and blocks of wood. But, however long the goats that Asclepiades treated sciatica successfully may have been trained to this exhibition, they with the obstreperous notes of a trumpet. succeed only during the playing of a tune. In the Auxerre Asylum, it is said, that If there be any change in the movement or many insane persons have been restored to tune the goat immediately begins to totter, reason by a right use of music; and in other and the instant the music ceases, he falls. lunatic asylums, music is tried successfully to
Music too, has often the most happy effects induce a quietude and repose. on minds untutored and debased like those of the savages, and on minds whose action is
For the Schoolmaster. diseased and unnatural, as well as on bodily |
The Importance of a Longer Course at
School. disease. It is said that our Indians purchased of the
The age of fourteen is too apt to be Spaniards, when they first came to America, I thou
ica, thought the proper one for boys to leave the small bells, whose clear musical tinkling filled
public schools, and where they do not intend them with the wildest delight.
to enter the high schools, to stop all book inA Jesuit missionary relates that at one time struction and enter at once into the occupahe was thrown into a company of fierce In- tion of tending store, so fascinating to school dians whose threatening aspect and menacing boys, and too often encouraged by inconsidgestures betokened a reception far from friend-erate parents as the beginning of learning to ly. But he, desiring no strife with them, in-earn their own living. In many cases this stantly commenced playing on a stringed in- plea is necessary, and the boy, unfitted by his strument, when their feelings were at once education to discharge the duties expected softened and all their rage was subdued.
from him by his employer, shifts from one occuIt is related of Casper Hunsen, whose mel- pation to another, ultimately regretting that he ancholy story is known to everybody, that had not spent more time in school, and feelsome weeks after his release from his dread-ing too old to return to his books. This is ful imprisonment, the nuptial procession of a no fancy sketch. A boy, to whon. I was peasant passed by, the tower with a band of talking about leaving a public school at fourmusic, close under his window. “He sud- teen, told me that his case was precisely like denly stood listening, motionless as a statue; that, and that he had been sorry for it ever his countenance appeared to be transfigured, since. Parents who prefer, even at some sacand his eyes, as it were, to radiate his ecstacy; rifice, to have their boys continue longer in his ears and eyes seemed continually to fol. school, find it difficult to carry their good inlow the movements of the sounds as they re- tentions into effect, for the boy will meet his ceded more and more; and they had long arguments as my boy did mine, by saying that ceased to be audible, while he still continued his classmates had left for the high school or to tend stores, and if he were required to re
The Calico Cloak. main he could only go over former exercises and feel mortified that it should look as if he " Have you seen the new scholar?" asked was not far enough advanced to do as his Mary Lark, a girl of twelve or fourteen years, classmates had done.
as she ran to meet a group of schoolmates Now the course, as it seems to me, for pa- who were coming towards the school house ; rents to adopt in this intricate question is to she cuts the most comical looking figure you take every opportunity to impress, at an early ever saw. Her cloak is made out of calico, age, upon the minds of their children the ne- and her shoes are brogans, such as the men cessity and advantages of being willing to go and boys wear." to school for a longer time, and that the boys! “Oh, yes, I've seen her,” replied Lucy who leave at fourteen, or earlier, make no Brooks ; " she is the new washerwoman's more real progress in putting themselves to daughter. I should n't have thought Mr. earning their living than those who give more Brown would have taken her into the acadetime to their studies, and when they do leave my; but I suppose he likes the money that schoo!, go ahead at once in getting better em-comes through suds as well as any. It is ployment, for they are better qualified for ob-cleaner, of course.” taining it. Any intelligent employer will tell And the air rang with the loud laugh of them that such is the fact. And that it is so the girls. is confirmed by the remarks of Mr. Mann that!“ Come, let us go in and examine her," the large cotton mills in Lowell find that the continued Mary, as they ascended the steps most intelligent operatives are the most prof- of the school house. “I'm thinking she will itable. It may be observed that boys and not make some fun for us." girls form the subject of remark. This is ow! The girls went into the dressing-room where ing to the fact generally noted, that the girls they found the new scholar. She was a mild, remain longer at school and of course become intelligent looking child, but very poorly tho' better scholars. The first class in reading in tidily clad. The girls went around her, our grammar schools contains se few boys whispering and laughing with each other, that any visitor would observe, and if he while she stood trembling and blushing in should ask the reason the teacher would tell one corner of the room, without venturing to him that “ the boys had left for the high raise her eyes from the floor. school or for tending store.”
When they entered school they found the The writer hopes that he is not intrusive in little girl was far in advance of those of her these observations, and that the attention of age in her studies, and was placed in classes school teachers and parents will be called to with those two or three years her senior. the “ failure in teaching" caused by the short This seemed, on the whole, to make those stay for the purposes of education, and the girls who were disposed to treat her unkindly consequent hurrying through the different dislike her the more; and she, being of a rebranches of instruction now so lamentably tiring disposition, through their influence had common, owing more to the ignorance or wil.no friends, but went and returned from school fulness of parents and children than to the alone. negligence of the teacher.
“And so you really think,” said Mary
Lark, as she went up to the little girl a few Vice, soon or late, brings misery. weeks after she entered school, “that you are
going to get the medal? It will correspond Mrs. L., learning that the scholars still connicely with your cloak!”
tinued their unjust treatment towards her And she caught hold of the cape, and held child, resolved to accept her brother's invitait out from her, while the girls around joined tion, although he was a poor man, and become in her loud laugh.
a member of his family, hoping that while “Calico Cloak get the medal! I guess she there, her child could continue her studies, will! I should like to see Mr. Brown giving and perhaps, through his influence, lead & it to her!” said another girl, as she caught happier life among her schoolmates. Accordhold of her arm, and peeped under the child's ingly, at the end of the term, she left Bridgebonnet.
ville, and removed to New York. Although The little girl struggled to release herself, Lizzie had been a member of the school but and, when she was free, ran home as fast as one term, yet she gained the medał, and it she could go.
was worn from the academy beneath the de“Oh, mother,” she said, as she entered spised garment. her mother's humble kitchen, “ do answer Weeks, months, and years glided away to Uncle William's letter, and tell him we will the students of the Bridgeville Academy, and come to New York to live! I don't like to the little “Calico Cloak” was forgotten. live in Bridgeville. The girls call me . Calico Those who were at school with her had left, Cloak,' and · Brogans,' and you don't know, to enter upon the business of life. mother, how unkindly they treat me.”
• Lizzie, my dear,” said her mother, “you Twelve years after Mrs. Lee and her daughmust expect to meet with some who will treat
reatter left town, a Mr. Maynard, a young clergyyou unkindly on account of your poverty ; I man came into Bridgeville, and was settled as but you must not be discouraged. Do right,
gat, the pastor of the village church. It was remy child, and you will eventually come off porti
or|ported at the sewing circle, the week followconqueror.” .
ing his ordination, that it was expected that Although Mrs. Lee tried to encourage her | he would bring his bride into town in a few child, yet she knew that she had to meet with
| weeks. There was a great curiosity to see severe trials for one so young.
her, and, especially, after it was reported that - But, mother, they are all unkind to me," she was a talented young authoress. replied Lizzie ; "there isn't one who loves
oves! A few weeks after, Mr. Maynard gratified
their curiosity by walking into church with And the child buried her face in her hands his young wife leaning on his arm. She was and sobbed aloud.
| a lady of great intellectual beauty, and eveIn Bridgeville Academy there were a few rybody (as they always are at first) was deepselfish, unprincipled girls, and the others join-ly interested in the young minister and his ed them in teasing the little “ Calico Cloak,” wife. as they called her, from thoughtlessness, and The following week the ladies flocked to from a love of sport. But they knew not see her, and she promised to meet with them how deeply each sportive word pierced the at the next gathering of the sewing circle. heart of the litte stranger, and how many bit. The day arrived, and although it was quite ter tears she shed in secret over their unkind- stormy, Mrs. Deacon Brown's parlor was fill
led with smiling faces. The deacon's carriage
was sent to the parsonage after Mrs. Maynard, had caused considerable disturbance among and, in due time it arrived, bringing the lady the ladies of her own age, by making herself with it. The shaking of hands that followed known. her arrival can only be imagined by those "O! I remember very well when the little who have been present on such an occasion. Calico Cloak' went to the academy," said
“ How are you pleased with our village ?” an old lady, as she looked up over her glasses, asked a Mrs. Britton, after the opening exer- “and I think, if my memory serves me right, cises were over, as she took a seat beside Mrs. some of the ladies present will owe Mrs. MayMaynard.
nard an apology." “ I like its appearance very much; it cer- "I had no intention whatever, ladies," retainly has improved wonderfully within the plied Mrs. Maynard, si to reprove any one last twelve years."
present by making myself known; but, as it “ Were you ever in Bridgeville before?" may seem to some that it was my intention, I asked another lady, as those around looked will add a few words. Most of the younger somewhat surprised.
ladies present will remember the little •Calico " I was here some months, when a child,” Cloak;' but no one but the wearer knows replied Mrs. Maynard.
how deeply each unkind word pierced the litTheir curiosity was excited.
tle heart that beat beneath it. And as I again “ Have you friends here?” asked a third, hear the old academy bell ring, it brings back after a moment's silence.
| fresh to my mind the sorrows of childhood. “I have not. I resided with my mother, But let no lady mistake me, by supposing I the widow Lee. We lived in a little cottage cherish an unkind feeling towards any one. I which stood upon the spot now occupied by know that whatever the past may have been, a large store, on the corner of Pine street.” you are now my friends.
“The widow Lee?” repeated Mrs. Britton; | “But, ladies, let me add, if you have “I well remember the cottage, but I do not children teach them a lesson from my experirecollect the name."
ence, and tell them to treat kindly the poor “ I think I attended school with you at the and the despised. A calico cloak may cover a academy,” replied Mrs. Maynard ; " you were heart as warm with affection, and as sensitive Miss Mary Lark, were you not ?"
to sorrow, as one that beats beneath a velvet " That was my name," replied the lady, as covering. Whenever you meet a child who a smile passed over her features at being re- shows a disposition to despise the poor, tell cognized ; " but I am really quite ashamed it the story of the calico cloak ;' it will carthat my memory has proved so recreant.” Try its own moral with it."
“I was known in the academy as the little “That is the shortest, but the best sermon * Calico Cloak.' Perhaps you can remember I ever heard,” said the old lady, as she put me by that name."
her handkerchief under her glasses; “I do The smile taded from Mrs. Britton's face, not believe its moral effect will be lost upon and a deep blush overspread her features, any of us.” which in a few moments was seen deepening | | The old lady was right. The story went upon the faces of others present.
from one to another, until it found its way There was a silence for some minutes; into the old academy. At the very time a when Mrs. Maynard looked up, she found she little boy was attending school there, whose
mother was struggling with her needle to give this way, even if all the literature of the counhim an education. The boys often made sport try to meet her apprehension be comprised in of his patched knees and elbows, and he Mother Goose. would run sobbing home to his mother. But Some persons may say, “ That plan would when the story of the “ calico cloak" reach- take too much time; our children would neved the scholars, the little boy, (for he was er get around the world during the whole naturally a noble-hearted child,) became very course of their schooling." popular in school; and the children, from
Perhaps not. But they will have formed that time, were very kind to "Little Patchey,"
ey, good habits for the future, and have gained a as he had always been called.
knowledge of how to go to work to pursue When Mrs. Maynard heard the story of study when alone. Above all, they will have “ Little Patchey,” she felt that she was well an an
wen an appetite for it; they will know its real repaid for all she had suffered in childhood.
pleasures, and will thenceforth crave them.
A wise old Scotch proverb says: “Do your Girls' Schools.---No. 4.
turn weel, and none will spear what time ye
took.” Parents, do remember this, pray do; - Ye mak' it not what is she?"" but what and do not urge on the teachers of your childhas she !'”-Scotch Proverb.
ren, until they adopt an unsafe speed, which The law of association of ideas is a great
will end by running them off the track alto. help which Nature has granted to teachers, but they generally reject it utterly. For in
Teachers themselves often find this plan enstance, a jumble of daily lessons, which are
tirely too much trouble, and they cry, “ We unconnected by any chain of interest, simili
cannot help having variety in study. There tude, or natural relation to one another, is are some exercises which necessarily recur given to the scholars: and perhaps the suc. every day, such as writing, in which constant ceeding day has another jumble, totally dif- practice is
another jumble, totally dif. practice is indispensable.” ferent. These tasks, from their diverse na- ! Granted. Let a half hour be devoted to it, ture, are learned with effort, and without the under the same system of compelled attention, least expenditure of interest. It should be upon a plan like that adopted — perhaps dequite otherwise. One should lead to another vised — by a Mr. Fife of Philadelphia. He - the geography of a country to the histori- gave a letter, or word, written upon a slip of cal facts connected with it -- history to the paper, to each scholar to copy. She had time biography of its great men - biography to given her to take a good look at it, and to literature - the noble poems, and plays, and make two or three imitations as carefully as narrations in prose. Thus pleasant memories she could. Then the whole class was requirwill cluster around the name of that country. Jed to write it over and over again for a minand interest to know more will be fully arous- ute as fast as they could make their fingers ed;- there you have a nucleus, a center of move. When the time was up, the pupils attraction, and accumulation for knowledge, counted the words they had written, and she which will last a lifetime. Thus dry studies, who had made the greatest number was proveritable tasks, become pleasures, which may claimed triumphant. excite even an enthusiastic pursuit.
Thus earnest effort, close attention, lively A child cannot be too young to begin in interest, and diversity of action, which pre