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cessary for those who have read it is to say it is their pupils to exercise in the open air, and, if as good as ever, and all that we can say to any need be, joining with them in their sports. On who may not have read it is, get it and read it. a pleasant day no child should be allowed to reYou will get it again.

main in the school-room during the time set

apart for exercise, neither should they be conTHIRD ANNUAL Report of the City Superin-fined to close study for two or three hours at a tendent of Schools of the Consolidated City of time. I am persuaded that there exists no subBrooklyn, 1858.

ject at the present time, in school matters, which On the subject of Grammar, the Superintendo has more urgent need of the attention of both ent says:

| teachers and parents than this of physical cul. “ That great master and teacher, John Locke, ture.” says, Children are not to be taught by rules, which will always be slipping out of their mem

| THE NORTH AMERICAN Review.-July, 1858. ories. What you think is necessary for them to Crosby, Nichols & Co. Boston. do, settle in them by an indispensible practice. This number of the prince of American Quar

Our wisdom, then, according to this philoso- terlies is an exceedingly interesting and able volpher, and I think he is not singular in this, is to ume. It comprises twelve elaborate articles on

practice' writing through the whole Grammar a variety of subjects, treated in a masterly mancourse, not essays on Truth, or Fiction, Politics ner. The first article, on “Peirce's Analytic or Religion, but to PRACTICE; in other words, to Mechanics,” is not merely a learned, but an input in use an element as soon as learned interesting and readable treatise on the The ReaGrammar; and so on, until sentences are form-son in Mathematics. The third article, “The ed, both simple and compound. In connection Missouri Valley and the Great Plains," is a valwirh the exercises in Grammar, writing should uable contribution, in a condensed form, to our be continued, varying the same according to the general knowledge of the western section of our nature of the exercises and the character and attainment of the pupil. Another method by The fifth article, “The Phillips family and Philwhich to initiate the learner into the subject of lips Exeter Academy,” gives an exceedingly inComposition is, that of giving a story, in good teresting notice of A Memoir of His Honor Samlanguage, and requiring the pupil to write out | uel Phillips, LL. D., by Rev. John L, Taylor. 80 much as he can remember, simply by giving It is greatly to be desired that our youth should the ideas, as near as he can, in his own language. be trained to love more solid reading. We The whole to be subject to the teacher's revision, should have a better judgment, national and inin which he will point out the errors and lead dividual, and greater solidity of character, if the pupil to correct them.”

our people read more such periodicals as The

North American Review, and Atlantic Monthly, ANNUAL REPORT OF THE SCHOOL COMMIT- and less such light trash as usually fills our most TEE OF THE TOWN OF CRANSTON. 1858. — It popular weekly papers and monthly magazines. reiterates what we have so often heard, but do not mind, with regard to


the basis of the Latin-Grammar Lexicon of PHYSICAL CULTURE.

Dr. C. F. Ingersden. By G. R. Crooks, D. D., “The fact is, that children are sent to school and A. J. Schem, A. M. too young. They are not encouraged to take Specimen papers of this new Lexicon, to be sufficient exercise in the open air. They are published by J. B. Lippincott & Co., Philadelcompelled to study too many hours, and too phia, have been sent us. They say it will shortmany things. Teachers can do much - very ly be published in one volume of nearly 1000 much to eradicate these evils, by encouraging | pages.


SCHOOL EXERCISES. years and 6 months, without interest. But on

the 25th of May, 1855, A came to B desiring to Questions for Examination. pay his note. How much in cash ought B to re

ceive ? We present below the list of questions for the 8. Bought 50 gallons of wine at 75 cts. per examination of candidates for admission to the gallon; and paid 12 per ct. duty on it at the cusHartford High School, April, 1858. A similar tom house. But 10 gallons having leaked out, I list from the same school was published in Ths wish to know for how much per gallon I must SCHOOLMASTER for August, 1857. We thought sell the remainder, that I may gain 15 per ct, by that those were as fine a set of questions for the the whole transaction. purpose as we had ever seen.

9. Define Ratio; Proportion, We commend these to the careful perusal of If 288 men in 5 days of 11 hours each, can dig our readers.

a trench 231 yards long, 3 feet wide and 2 feet ARITHMETIC.

deep; in how many days of 8 hours each, will 48 1. Add together, forty-two thousand four hun-men dig a trench 420 yards long, 2 yards deep, dred and sixty-five; 718.224; 3-5 of 2-2 of 7-8 of 4-7 | and 6 feet wide ? 212.005; .18 of 54-21 of four thousand nine hun-|

ne hun. l 10. Four men do a piece of work in 15 days. dred sixty-three and seven hundred fourteen ten- A alone can do it in 40 days, B alone in 60 days, thousandths; then divide the sum by four less and C alone in 80 days. In what time can D than 21.06.

| alone do it? 2. What is the difference between Notation and

GRAMMAR. Numeration? Which methods of each do wel 1. Write a sentence containing a definitive use? What do you mean by a Significant fig-|(limiting) adjective; a verbal noun; a relative ure? What is the use of the Cipher?

pronoun in the objective case ; a verb in the ac3. Define Factor ; Multiple; Greatest Common tive voice ; a noun in the independent case; a Measure; Prime number. Separate 23 into two verb in the subjunctive mood, past perfect tense. parts both of which shall be Composite numbers, 2. Classify (br naming the part of speech) and yet prime to each other.

the following words: heavy; eating ; morning ; 4. How do we express Fractions ? What too; two; this; hers; ago; shall; less; what. does each of the numbers used express ? What| 3. Define Orthography, Etymology, and Synis the effect upon the value of a fraction, if you tax, and illustrate your definition of each by multiply the numerator and divide the denomi

means of any word in the following sentence : nator of the same fraction by 3. Give the reason | What is the use of it?" why, and illustrate by the fraction 12-4. I 4. Give the passive, imperative, singular ;

5. (a) Reduce 4 furlongs, 30 rods, 4 yards, 2 the active, subjunctive, present, second person, feet, and 6 inches to the decimal of a mile. Then singular; the active, infinitive perfect; the acadd to it 41.0705 miles, and reduce the sum totive, future perfect, third person, plural; the miles, fur., rods, &c.

passive, potential, past, third person, singular ; (b) Multiply 15 ft. 1' 3" by 7 ft. 2" 4'".

the past subjunctive, present perfect, first per6. What is Interest ? Rate ? Amount ? son, plural; the perfect active participle; the Present Worth? What is meant by Per Cent. passive, future perfect, third person, singular; What is 15 per ct. of 20 bushels ?

the active present, infinitive; the active, past, The Interest of a certain sum of money for 4 second person, singular, of the verb love. ys. 6 mos. and 24 days, at 6 per ct. was $32.9485. 5. Principal parts of arise, dare, free, lade, What was the Principal ?

fly, lie, work, lay, slay, freeze. 7. On the 19th of October, 1854, A gave B 6. Correct the errors in the following sentenhis note for $2416.25, payable at the end of 31 ces, and state the reasons for each correction :

I kave took up the book that laid on the window in at the nearest port, supplied herself with fresh seat. You said you ought to do it but I don't provisions and then left for home, touching at think you had.-Who has stole my book ?-She Melbourne on the way. Name the state, island, was terrible sick yesterday but she is some better or country where she took in provisions. What to-day. The bank of the river is overflown.-I zone is it in? Under what form of government wont go without you do.-Has he gone? Not as is it? What are its principal products ? Has it I know of.-You have not sewn your apron well. any natural feature of remarkable interest ? DeBetween you and I, he dont believe it.

scribe the passage of the ship after she left there 7. 8. 9. 10. Parse the following italicised till she reached home, mentioning the directions words, There never was, anywhere, anything in which she sailed. like the sixty or seventy years that elapsed from 7. Arrange the following names of Islands the middle of Elizabeth's reign to the Restora- in the order of their relative size; and tell which tion. In point of real force and originality of are larger and which smaller than the State of genius, neither the age of Pericles, nor of Au-Connecticut: Newfoundland, Madagascar, Nangustus, can come at all into comparison. For in tucket, New Guinea, Long Island, Sicily, Terra that short period, we shall find the names of al- del Fuego, Ireland, Cuba, Iceland. most all the very great men that this nation has 8. Describe the nine principal rivers of Asia ever produced; men, all of them, not merely of and give a reason for their flowing in different great talents and accomplishments, but of vast directions. compass and reach of understanding, and of 9. In a coasting voyage from Chagres to Panminds truly creative ; not men who perfected art | ama, what countries, rivers, capes and islands by the delicacy of their taste.

would you pass ? GEOGRAPHY.

10. A merchant in Chicago received a box of 1. Draw a map including the five Great Lakes nutmegs direct from their place of growth, of the United States, their outlet and the states Name any place from which they could have bordering upon them. Name the states and lo

come, give its latitude, zone and nation; also cate their capitals, principal rivers, and one

describe the passage by water from thence to chief town or city, affixing the name of each one

Chicago. which you locate.

HISTORY. 2. Two travelers started, the one from Hart- 1. Date and place of the first English, French, ford and the other from Rio Janeiro, and each and Spanish settlements in our country. traveled due East till he again arrived at his 2. When, by whom, and in what space of starting place. Which one traveled the greater time was the first circumnavigation of the globe number of degrees? Why? Which one the accomplished? When and by whom was the greater number of miles? Why?

Pacific Ocean discovered? What name was at 3. Mention the states, countries, principal first given to it? Who gave it its present name? mountain chains, bodies of water and zones that | What is the oldest town in the United States the traveler from Hartford must have crossed. When and by whom was it founded ?

4. What countries and islands are washed by ! 3. Conquest of Mexico. the Mediterranean Sea ?

4. Dates, Causes, Events and Results of the 5. Define Equator, Tropic of Cancer, Antarc- French and Indian War. tic Circle, and give the distance in degrees from 5. How were the following individuals conthe Tropic of Capricorn to the Arctic Circle, al- | nected with American History ? Roger Wilso from the Antarctic Circle to the North Pole. liams, Abby Hutchinson, Edmund Andros, Wal

6- A ship belonging to the capital city of the ter Raleigh, William Penn, John Wesley, Henry largest country in Europe was at sea in Lat. 20. Hudson, Lafayette, Patrick Henry, Benjamin N., Long. 150. W. (from Greenwich.) She put 'Franklin.


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6. Mention the States which constituted the the number of hours elapsed between the times first United States. When were the Articles of of his meeting A and B respectively. As B and Confederation adopted? What was the last D approach each other at the rate of x+2 1-4 state that joined the Confederation? When was


G -19) the war of the Revolution terminated ? Under what form of government were the States united miles per hour, it follows that (x+2}) at the close of the Revolution, and how long did equals the distance they travel tu meet, and also this continue ? What succeeded and when the distance of B behind A. Which of the States last adopted the Constitu- We have, therefore, tion, and when ?

8.3 7. When was Washington inaugurated President? The District of Columbia formed ? What States were formed during Washington's

Reducing, simplifying and transposing, we administration ?


123 189 Solution to Mathematical Questions in

16 16 April Number.

Completing the square, and extracting the Two men, A and B, travel on the same road,


123 165 and at the same rate, from New York to Boston.

- 3232 When A had traveled to within 50 miles of Boston, he overtook C traveling at the rate of 3

x=9. A and B’s rate per hour. miles in two hours, and 2 hours after met D trav

--5=25. B's distance behind A. eling at the rate of 24 miles per hour. B overtook C 45 miles from Boston, and met D z of an. Question 2. Let x and y represent the num hour before he came within 31 miles of Boston. Where was B when A reached Boston ?

Then xy=x-Y Let x= A and B's miles per hour.

22== As C travels 3 miles in 2 hours, or 3-2 miles

Clearing, transposing and subtracting per hour, and is 5 miles nearer Boston when B

xy+y=xy2 3. overtakes him than when A overtakes him, it! Dividing by y and transposing, 22-=1. follows that he has traveled 5+3-2, or 10-3 hours.

Completing the square, and extracting the 10%

root, In this time B must have traveled — miles, and

2+1=1.1180338 as C traveled in the same direction with A, B is

x=1.6180338 10:

Dividing 2d equation by 2, F -5) miles behind A.


x= - 4. Again, A meets D 50—2.x miles from Boston, traveling at the rate of 2 1-4, or 9-4 miles per

zy=1 2x

Substituting this in first, and transposinghour, and B meets him 31+ – miles from Bos

x=y+1 5. ton, consequently the points of meeting are Comparing 4th and 5th, (31+ )–(50—2x) miles apart. This distance







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Simplifying and transposing, y2+y=l.
Complete the square, &c., and we have

A. A. X.

The R. J. Schoolmaster.




For the Schoolmaster,

creation are attracted and delighted with the Influence of Modulated Sound on Brute harmony of sounds. Animals and Diseased Minds.

There is a story to whose credibility Sir W. That there is an intrinsic beauty in some

some Jones bears witness, that while a lutist was sounds is proved beyond a doubt from their

from their playing before a large company in a grove near effects on animals. The whole brute creation

Schiraz, the nightingales vied with the mufrom the skillful weaver of gossamer — the

sician until they dropped on the ground in a spider - to the unwieldy elephant give abund

kind of ecstacy, from which they were rousant proof of their susceptibility to the “ mag

ed by a change in the music. ic of sweet sounds."

| Denham, the late distinguished traveler in Among old classical traditions there is one the interior of Africa, speaking of the sluggish that the stately walls of Thebes rose to the hippopotamus, says:—“We had a full opsound of a lyre. From the same authorities portunity of convincing ourselves that these we learn that the hundred-eyed monster, Ar- uncouth and stupendous animals are very sengus, whom Juno sent to watch lo, against sibly attracted by musical sounds, even though whom her implacable anger burned, was they should not be of the softest kind. As charmed to sleep by the simple music of an we passed along the waters of lake Muggaby oaten reed played by Mercury. At the sound at sunrise, they followed the drums of the of Apollo's harp and Orpheus' lute, the trees different chiefs the whole length of the water, of the forest moved and the beasts of the sometimes approaching so close to the shore earth were charmed

that the water they spouted from their mouths

reached the persons who were passing along * For Orpheus' lute was strung with poet's sinews, Whose golden touch could soften steel and stones,

the banks." Make tigers tame, and huge leviathans

1. An officer who was imprisoned in the BasForsake unbounded deeps, and dance on sands.” tile is said to have found himself surrounded

These fabled achievements of musical di- by several hundreds of musical amateurs in vinities of which we read, strange as they the forms of mice and spiders, whenever he may seem, scarcely exceed the truth. It is played on his lute. true that no city walls rise to the sound of a The charming of serpents by music is prosweetly strung instrument, but the animal verbial, and in the east persons are employed

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