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mental powers are capable of such speed, it is tering on the duties of their responsible proby no means certain that, in general, greater fession. than the present would be an advantage. Is “ 1. Meet your school at the outset with a swiftness compatible with thoroughness. To quiet and natural demeanor. Affect neither me it is evident that if men thought more rap- sternness nor affability. Feel and say in a idly, they would be less valuable thinkers. few simple words, that you hope to do them Examine those instances of ready acquiring good, and will try to do the best you can for which you so much admire. It is often the them. 2. If whispering or disorder occurs, case that men with such powers of recollection, pause at once, and do not proceed till order remember but what is trivial. They do not is restored. The mere pause is generally sufemploy the simple substances of knowledge ficient for this. 3. Remember that good disin the laboratory of thought. Their minds cipline is the principal thing; without this are like the tongues of ant-eaters, which, being thery can be no successful teaching. 4. Govthrust into an ant-hill, are withdrawn cover-ern yourself. Do not fret or fly into passions ed with insects. Those animals which gather never stamp or scold; do not thr(aten or talk larger and more valuable prey, seek it with la- too much. Let a kindly interest in your pubor and devour it piece by piece. While, there- pils temper all your actions. 5. Ilave the fore, great speed may be attainable, I shall school-room kept tidy and comfortable; wash nevertheless consider it “but a vain and off scribblings and ink-spots, and hang up doubtful good," as Shakspeare says of beau- charts and maps, to give the room an attracty.
tive appearance. 6. Let the lessons be short, A. But speed and thoroughness may be but thoroughly mastered. Go over the same combined. This should be the great aim of ground again and again in review. No lofty the student. Better labor years for one grain superstructure can rise except on solid foundaof golden truth, than allow streams of knowl- tions. 7. Foster in your pupils a spirit of edge to flow through the mind; but he who justice and generosity, kindness and forbearwell understands the nature of his mental ance, reverence for truth and duty. 8. Make powers, may by close and judicious applica- daily preparation for your work; the oldest tion, acquire the ability to think and learn and ablest teachers do this. You will thus with ease and exactness. To this end let us be able to give clear explanations, and to inlabor; to this end, let us inspire others by fuse life and spirit in your instructions. 9. telling them of the unknown powers which Remember that your every act is closely lie dormant within them. So short is the watched, and that example teaches more powtime allotted us on earth, to reap the waving erfully than precept. That teacher who is a harvests of knowledge, and drink from ever- gentleman in dress and demeanor, whose lanflowing fountains of thought, that to combine guage is simple, pure and truthful, whose dethe greatest thoroughness with the greatest portment is gentle, graceful and kind, will speed, is the duty of each individual. | awaken a respect in both rupils and parents,
IIESIL. that will make his task easy. 10. Put yourHints to New Teachers.
self into communication with neighboring
teachers. If there is no Teacher's AssociaThe Michigan Journal of Education con- tion, organize one as soon as possible. 11. tains some important Hints to New Teachers: Take an educational journal; you cannot afThey will prove of service to those just en-'ford to do without its suggestions."
For the Schoolmaster.
there right common expressions. Where a Provincialisms and Peculiar Dialect of the Yankee would make use of the word very a West.
Western man would say right. The Yankees have often been laughed at The term “mighty” is in every man's vofor their barbarisms and odd phrases, and per- cabulary there. Mighty beautiful, mighty haps some few corruptions of the English lan
strong, and mighty weak even, are phrases in guage and ungrammatical expressions do pre
common use. Most people at the West say, vail in New England more extensively than " I reckon;" and many say " plunder" for in the West or South, but I think that an ob
baggage; " tote" for carry; "the balance,” serving traveler in the West cannot fail to no
for the rest ; “ like I do,” for as I do ; " that tice the prevalence of provincialisms and of
far,” or “that long," for as far as that ; ten amusing expressions in the colloquial lan
ulan- | how de,” or rather “ hoddie,” for how do guage of the people. Some of these provin
you do. cialisms are grammatical and in good taste ;
When a Western man wishes to make an others are indeed barbarisms, and equal to
inquiry of any man he meets along the road any Irish bulls.
in traveling, he addresses him by the appellaThe noun - heap" is one of the most com
tion “ Stranger,” rather than by the more mon words there. Almost every thing comes
confiding term, “ Friend”; and when asked in a heap to the good people at the West, both
a question which calls for an affirmative anbusiness and pleasure, joy and sorrow, hatred
swer, instead of a simple yes, he replies, “I and love. The school-boy has a reap of les
did so,” or “ I am so,” or “I will so,” as . sons, the scholar a heap of learning, the house
the sense of the question may require, and wife a heap of care, the merchant a heap of
| always with a strong emphasis on the word customers, the great talker a heap of words, the mother a heap of children, the sick man a
When calling to any man at a distance, a heap of pain, the hypochondriac a heap of
Western man always begins with the interjectrouble, and the young lover a heap of love.
| tion (! as for example, " () John !” or “0 The people there sometimes speak of a heap
George !” with a very peculiar inflection of of rain, a heap of fog, a heap of light, and a
the voice on the interjection. heap of thunder and lightning. And so great a favorite is this word that it is quite common
It is common to hear that a steamboat has to hear people, in some parts of the West,
ta power of passengers, a city has a power of speak of laughing a heap, or loving a heap,
inhabitants, a rich man has a power of wealth,
Ja farmer a power of cattle. The correspondor sleeping a heap, or having their head or“ tooth ache a heap.
ing adjective, powerful, is also often used unThe word “right,” used as an adverb, is
grammatically in such connections as these, in every one's mouth at the Wesi, particularl
"powerful much,” “powerful great," "powly in Ohio. This is universally the qualifying er
erful handsome,” “powerful weak.” word, and it is not only employed as a collo- At the Western country taverns the travelquial term by the uneducated, but by the best er will often hear the phrase, “chicken fixins educated, and even by public speakers before and common doins.” This phra ve designates popular assemblies, and by preachers in the two stereotype and ever present dishes on the pulpit. Right good, right bad, right smart, tables of the country taverns in the West. right handsome, and even right wrong are' Chicken fixins” are what a New England
housekeeper would call fricasee chickens, and pressions are in common use among the great “common doins” are nothing more nor less body of educated people at the West, as it than that everlasting dish, ham and eggs. was for editors of English journals to assert, The word “ diggins,” first applied to the as they did, a few years since, that the letters hamlets in the vicinity of the coal excavations of Jack Downing are a fair specimen of the of Missouri and Ohio, is now often used to colloquial dialect of Americans. designate any settlement or even company of The English language is undoubtedly spokpeople. On board the boats I frequently en by the higher classes at the West with as heard the inquiry, “How are all the people great correctness as at the East or South, and out in your diggins ?” And once at a table on it is certainly used with far more grammatical board a steamboat, I was asked by a man sit- accuracy even by the uneducated men of our ting at a little distance from me, “Sir, will Western settlements than by the cock nies of you pass those chicken fixins down to these London, or the gentry of Yorkshire. diggins ?”
VIATOR. When a Western man wishes to say that he did not reveal a secret or make known any “ Debate on the Bill Establishing Free particular fact, he will say, “ I didn't let on.”
Schools, When he wishes to urge any one to engage in At the January Session of the Rhode Island any enterprise, whether it be to take stock in
Legislature, A. D. 1828.” a bank or speculate in lands, to give to a be
We give below the introductory remarks of nevolent object or to repent of his sins, it is
Hon. Joseph L. Tillinghast, of Providence, often with the enquiry, “Will you go in for
delivered in the House of Representatives, this operation ?" When he invites a man to
January 17th, 1828, on the bill establishing dine with him who has happened to call at
our present sytem of Public Schools. Mr. the hour of dinner, his invitation is, “ Draw
Tillinghast was chairman of the committee up, and take a bite.” When the people along
who reported the bill. the Western rivers speak of any person as
The entire debate is before us in a venerable having fallen overboard into the river, they
and somewhat time-worn pamphlet of twentysay he was “spilt into the drink.”
four pages, reported for the “ Rhode Island The inhabitants of most of the several
American” by Benj. F. Hallett, Esq. It is Western States have nicknames for their neigh-certain
certainly an able debate, abounding with rich bors. The inhabitants of Ohio are Buckeyes; l and practical thoughts, some opinions and alof Indiana, Hoosiers, (a contraction of who lusions characteristic of the times and the is here :); of Mlinois, Suckers ; of Michigan, State, and many spicy remarks. We intend Wolverines; of Iowa, Hawk-eyes; and of Mis- to make
and of Mis to make short extracts for a future number of souri, Pukes.
THE SCHOOLMASTER, which we doubt not will I ought, in justice, to say that the use of be interesting and highly acceptable to our these expressions which I have mentioned in readers. this connection, is confined chiefly to the low- We commend to the careful perusal of our er and the uneducated portion of the popula- readers the entire remarks given below, which tion. But few of these phrases are used by are from the opening of Mr. Tillinghast's arthe more intelligent and refined class, and it gument in favor of the bill. They were would be as unjust to represent that these ex-I warmly combatted by his able opponents, and
it was not until after a long and earnest de population - to enchain the mind for the purbate that the bill was carried and became a pose of perpetuating a control over the body law. We should never cease to remember – to mould successive generations of men inwith gratitude those men of the "good old to willing and liveried instruments of ambitime” who so warmly contended for, and tion and power. The lawgiver consults the finally succeeded, and transmitted to us so plain dictate of self-interest in locking up the rich a legacy as our system of Public Schools. fountains of learning and truth. Even the “Mr. SPEAKER : -- I rejoice to have lived to
subjects, the defrauded victims of so degradsee the day when the question, whether we
ing a policy, whose spirits, in their deplorable
servitude, have lost the power of estimating shall make provision, by free schoois, for the ed
or resenting the fraud, and are habituated to ucation of our youth, is presented distinctly for discussion in the legislature of this state,
the moral darkness in which they are con
demned to grope, will often shun and refuse with a view to a present decision. A happy union of circumstances — a deep and steady
the light that would rouse them from a athy
to anguish, when it revealed to them their flow of just opinions — sentiments cherished
actual, but hopeless degradation. But we inand fostered with patience and with hope, concurring at length with the results of prosper
habit no such subdued, sad, blighted region.
We represent no such shackled, and dispiritous industry, have brought us to this posi
ed, and degenerate people. Our lot is cast in tion, and placed the important decision fairly and directly in our power. I am persuaded
a land of free states — in a sovereignty, small,
it is true, in its extent of territory, but with that upon this question, in which so many
intellectual and physical means exceeding the wishes, so many important interests, and the welfare of so many human beings, living and
proportion of its extent. A state which has hereafter to live, are involved, we have now
taken a lead in the liberality of civil institu
tions — originated bright and salutary examthe power to give an affirmative decision, con
ples, as well as followed those of others – sistently with the most scrupulous prudence, according to our consciences, and with the
and claiming, by no slender title, the distincordial concurrence of a great majority of the
guished appellation of freest of the free. We people of this state. And I sincerely hope
are surrounded by enlightened republics, each that no misapprehension or adverse event may
pressing forward in the generous race of imnow arise to deprive us of that power, or re
provement, but with no more causes for emu
lation and ardor in that race than exist with fer us to a distant - perhaps hopeless — period for exercising it.
us. Our very location, and the natural ad
vantages which are crowded together in our Sir, I would not willingly believe that a
| limited territory, and which I need not point single member of this house is, in his heart,
out to those who know, and feel, and grateopposed to the appropriation of a portion of
fully acknowledge them — emphatically indithe public revenue to so laudable and lasting
cate that, with due encouragement, every art ly beneficent a purpose. Were we in the do
and every mystery which can make the maminions of some absolute prince, or domi
terials of nature subservient to the best uses neering aristocracy, we might expect opposi
of society, may here be brought to the highest tion to the principle of general instruction.
tion. degree of excellence. And as to the mind Of such governments it is the policy to pre- which actuates our general population, (in serve unquestioned sway over a numerical' which I include that interesting portion on
which our hopes, and affections, and faith for enjoyment; and is bound by the same genfuture consolations and renovated strength, eral duties. The means of acquiring those repose – the rising generation) I believe it to enjoyments ought not to be withheld. be as capable of cultivation, as capable of It has been strongly said that our constirewarding cultivation, as rich in invention, as tutions do not recognize such a being as an effective in operation, as sagacious and vigor- unlettered man. Sir, every citizen has not ous in applying instruction to its legitimate only the right but in some instances is even purposes, and improving it by the resources bound by conscientious duty to take some of native genius, as the collective mind of any part in public affairs. One of the most simpeople who have existed.
ple and ordinary of political acts which & In such a state of things it strikes me that freeman is called to perform, is that of giving It is the duty of the lawgiver, promptly and
his suffrage. He should be qualified to perwith no further delay than necessity requires,
ty requires, form it with intelligence; with a mind into make provision for general instruction.
structed in the tendency of measures, neither With us the law giver is the people. It is the depressed and doubtful, nor confidant and obinterest of the people that the civil rivhts and stinate through ignorance, nor liable to be institutions which they enjoy should outlive misled by influence and art. But, above all, the dangers to which the fluctuations and he should be able to perform the act itself, changes in society must subject them, and be by himself, without the aid, perhaps, the inperpetuated in their posterity. It is, there- terested aid, of another. With us, the very fore, the interest, as well as the duty of the act of voting requires that he should be able law givers to provide for general instruction. Ito read his vote and write his name. It is the interest of every individual and ev- The rudiments of education are the equip. ery class of the people. Not merely in their ments of the citizen ; and he can no more civil or collective capacity, but in every ca- perform the duties of self government – he pacity, in every relation, in every pursuit, can no more pass through the forms that a which can justly excite the attachments or republican government requires of him withthe activity of a rational and immortal being; out them, than the soldier can perform mili. amid the obligations of public, or the more tary duty without the arms and equipments endearing ties of domestic life ; in the ra- which the law prescribes — and which, let me tional pursuits of business or repose. To the add, the law provides for him who has not the owners and operators of every valuable spe- means of furnishing himself. Nor have the cies of property, its fruits must be an increas-citizens of this state, sir, been insensible in ed improvement and security to that property. time past to the importance of promoting edTo those who have none, it gives consolation ucation. It would be unjust to leave or to and usefulness, and the hope and means of countenance an impression that they had been acquisition. In a republican government the so insensible. It would be unjust to omit to prize is not set on high for a favored few, nor correct such an impression if such at this time must the avenues be locked to all but the pos- anywhere exists. Left, as this state was at sessors of a golden key. The child of pov- the close of the war of independence, loaded erty and obscurity as well as the child of with an enormous debt contracted in vlefense wealth and honor, may aspire to the same of the common country, which it had not the rank, the same credit, the same sources of good fortune to procure to be funded and as