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What we assert is and we would call ness and virtue to emulate, he should be alspecial attention to the fact — that thousands lowed and encouraged to act on his own rewho occupy a very common level in the scale sponsibility, thereby developing his own judgof human life, nevertheless honest and reput- ment and powers of discernment. And here able, had they received proper sympathy and will arise a difficulty to be guarded against, training, with the right development of their the liability of judging, not according to mohighest and holiest emotions, would have been tives, but according to results, and of making cape ble of wielding an influence upon the des- too serious a matter of trifling mistakes. A tinies of mankind incalculable for good. There parent is never justified in being cross to his are comparatively few men whose capabilities children, or in correcting them in a manner are fully developed. The great mass have hid- which leads the child to suppose him cross. den energies of which they never dreamed, Every cross word makes a frightful scar on which only require proper influences for de- the moral character of the child which it is velopment to become a benefit to themselves impossible to remove. and to mankind.

We know of parents who are considered But the questions may arise In what very good people, and are esteemed for many does parental sympathy consist ?" and "When sterling qualities, who, nevertheless, always should it begin?”

correct their children - whatever the offense, It consists in being the intimale friend of great or small – in a severe and harsh manthe child; in being interested in whatever in- ner. The result is, their children hold them terests him, -- his sports, studies, reading, his continually in fear, lest in an unguarded mojoys and his sorrows; in coming down from ment they may be visited with censure. If the lofty pinnacle of manhood and being a the child does a wrong action, the first thing boy again, combining therewith the experi- for the parent is to understand to what extent ence of the man.

the child knew it to be wrong. Children are Such a course would naturally win the con- often punished for doing what they supposed fidence and affection of the child. To the to be perfectly right and innocent, and have mature mind, the sports of children may seem

not understood why they were punished until trivial, but they are the meat and drink of the after punishment was administered. Whatboy. IIis disappointments, too, may seem of ever the wrong, it is the duty of the parent to little account, but to him they are as real, exhibit to the mind of the child the true naand as bitter to be borne, as the weighty ture of the wrong, and its relation to himself, cares and disappointments of manhood are to his friends and his Maker ; and with a calm, the father, and the child, as well as the pa- unruffled temper, and with such a spirit of rent, needs sympathy to enable him to meet love that the child will view him, not as a and overcome his trials. Such a course judge, but as a friend. It is the duty and would ever keep the parent on the alert to within the power of parents to do this, but it grant counsel and direction when needed. will require care and patience. Not that the child should be cramped and But when should this sympathy begin? compelled to submit all his plans and arrange- With the first breath of the child. " As the ments to the parent's will, but having the twig is bent the tree's inclined,” is emphatinever-varying guide post of principle ever be-cally as true of the moral as the natural world. fore him, with a noble example of upright-| All things at first, to the infant, appear the same, but gradually as the faculties of his on to the accomplishment of this great end, mind become developed, he makes the discov- he proves himself a benefactor of his race, ery that everything possesses a distinct indi-though no silver-toned trumpet proclaim his viduality. It is the same with the sense of name to the world.

I. D., JR. feeling, and experience alone teaches to distinguish between things which afford pleasure

For the Schoolmaster.

Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress. and produce pain. Equally so is it with the sentiments of the soul. At first, a cross or a

K. kind word are alike regarded, but ere long

Its Value - Old Engravings Second Part the tiny drum which conducts the sound from

Motives Skill - Materials and Methods — the ear to the heart can instantly distinguish

Extracts Character and Life Sketched harsh, upbraiding sounds from the gentle

Conclusion. words of tenderness and love. How quickly the mother's sympathy dries up the tears and

A LITTLE BOOK, half as large as Mrs. Stowe's dispels the sorrow of her infant child, and

famous work, written in a quaint and simple how quickly, too, it learns to interpret her

style, and withal, as old-fashioned as a spinevery look, and distinguish, to a certain ex

ning-wheel or a hand-loom, is the Pilgrim's tent, between right and wrong. At this time,

Progress; but every child loves to read it, to a great degree, is the foundation of the

and he loves it all his life, even down to his child's character laid, and how important that

old age. So is it like that psalm which the it should be a correct foundation.

shepherd king sung to the music of his harp The plastic mind is in a condition to receive when he thought of the flocks he had tended impressions from whatever influences it may in his boyhood beside the still waters. As be subjected to, and the parent should en- full is it of truth, abounding in natural and deavor to throw around the child influences unaffected beauties. Here are battles, gloomy for good, that the first impressions may be ways and dangerous, quiet scenes, lovely prospure and heavenly. One thing is positive, pects, sights and sounds, glorious pictures of unless good influences are thrown around the future joys, mingled with sober teachings, child to mould and shape his course, bad in- tersely and vigorously expressed, and with a Auences will occupy the ground, and it is thousand concealed thoughts which a treasure much more difficult to eradicate a wrong prin-seeker will gather and hoard with care. ciple once seated, than to prevent its first en- One of the editions published fifty years trance. This principle of parental sympathy ago is adorned by roughly cut wood engravmust become with every family a vital princi- ings, occurring on almost every page, whereple before we can expect the youth of our in are drawn pictures of the pilgrims. They land to adopt high and noble sentiments, and are dressed in the garb of them who travel act on the broad platform of justice and truth. towards the celestial city. Fleeing from the

Such a sympathy, full and complete, is a city of Destruction, knocking at the gate, duty every parent owes to himself, to his viewing the sights at the house of the Interchildren, and to God. If he turns away, and preter, at the cross, passing the lions, fighting refuses to perform it, he shows himself un- Apollyon, going through the valley of the mindful of one of the most important duties Shadow of Death is Christian ; then, in comof life. If he grapples with it, and presses 'pany with Faithful, approaching Vanity Fair,

then encaged and surrounded by a multitude, that hath the roll of thunder, the sight of a next, as Faithful stands at the martyr stake, mountain, the rising and the setting of the thence as Christian and Hopeful appear, all sun in open heavens, the vegetation and through the course up to the Dark River, and growth of plants or the singing of birds in beyond it, does the cunning tool of the en- the sky. In the heart of Bunyan, well pregraver delineate the pilgrims. These pictures pared by tribulation, already had Nature and the clear type and broad page, weather planted germs of beauty, of pathos and of · stained, of the old editions, lent a charm to sublimity, which grew, strangely enough, in the story as when a little boy we read it, seat the confinement of a jail. In such soil, so ed by the window on a cloudy Saturday af- prepared, always grow the strongest plants ternoon, or at the fireside on a winter eve- and the rarest fruits. There is, therefore, no ning. Over and again we perused the account difficulty in accounting for the vigor of his of Vanity Fair, of Christian's fight with style when the book was new or for its presApollyon and the gloomy passage through the ent heartiness, now that the work has become dreadful valley, fiend-haunted, opening to the an old one. Sooner will the pyramids fall fires of Hell. We loved, too, to linger on the than the productions of such a mind. banks of the Jordan of death, looking up to

The employment of dialogues or colloquies the hills where Christian and Hopeful had was common among the writers of the sevengone, and like Bunyan, when those pearly teenth century. By the use of these, Bunyan gates were closed, “I wished myself among avoids the tiresomeness of a narrative and them."

succeeds in conveying truth in an engaging The journey of Christiana with Mercy and

manner. Those pages are read with most her family is as beautiful and as entertaining, avidity in any work whose matter is broken but, from the nature of the subject, not so up into this form or into short paragraphs. atriking as the account of Christian and his Few readers have patience to grope through a companions. We love and respect courageous dense array of thoughts, especially if they be Great Heart, and wish that he may accom- darkened by figurative language. pany us when we go on pilgrimage.

Dissenting preachers made much use of the Conceived in an earnest mind, in their style language of the Bible, especially of the Old these works are earnest and forcible. Here Testament. In the Journal of the Pilgrims, lies the motive : the operation sacceeds. quotations abound from the threatenings of Grammarians deal only with modes of ex- God, applied by them to wicked acts of the pression; colleges teach little more. With-church. Bunyan, in addition to his knowlin the man abides that deep, energetic moving edge of the seriptures, possessed a deep unof the soul which is as fire and water to the derstanding of human nature and a power of working of machinery, as winds to the mo- imagination which gave effect to his writing. tion of the ocean, as solar heat to winds. Overflowing from his heart, his thoughts Bedford jail, the den wherein Bunyan laid reached and affected the hearts of others. him down to sleep, was not filled with the A spirit of benevolence pervades the whole influences of inspiration, as are the scenes and of his writings. He had learned the failings circumstances of nature. The employment of Christians. He knew Mr. Fearing, Desof lace knitting had in it little of that power pondency and Much - Afraid, Ready - to - Halt to inspire moving thoughts, living creations, I and Feeble - Mind, He had fought with

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Apollyon in the valley and had conquered, “ If the world, which God sets light by, is as Christian did, when almost overcome. He counted a thing of that worth with men, what knew every step of the way from the city of is heaven that God commendeth!” Destruction to the brink of the river over • Everybody will cry up the goodness of which there is no bridge, and he loved his men ; but who is there that is, as he should Master so well that he would feed his sheep. be, affected with the goodness of God?” Many a man, as he has read, has trembled, “ We seldom sit down to meat, but we eat hoped, rejoiced, at the lessons which the good and leave. So there is in Jesus Christ more man teaches.

merit and righteousness than the whole world The book is so common, and so often read, bas need of.” that extracts seem to be useless. I shall, John Bunyan seems to have been a man of however, quote a few short passages which much emotion, naturally impulsive, distrustmay have escaped some readers.

ful and somewhat rash. These qualities, 1. The use of all means.

doubtless led him into the commission of “You see the ways the fisherman doth take

many flagrant sins, chiefest of which was proTo catch the fish ; what engines doth he make! fane swearing. After his conversion he evinced Behold now he engageth all his wits;

a tender conscientiousness, kindness and charAlso his snares, lines, angles, hooks and nets; ity, which seemed to contrast with his former Yet fish there be, that neither hook nor line, character, though not to be inconsistent with Nor snare, nor net, nor engine can make thine: his previous life. He never ceased to feel the They must be groped for, and be tickled, too, effects of his sinful conduct. Or they will not be catched, whate'er you do."

The accounts of his life prefixed to his Pil2. Hidden merit.

grim's Progress, state that he was born at “ If that a pearl may in a toad's head dwell, Elstow, near Bedford, England, 1628, of poor And may be found too in an oyster-shell ;

parents ; through trials, dangers, by convicIf things that promise nothing do contain

tions, was led to choose the right path, became What better is than gold ; who will disdain,

a preacher, was imprisoned in Bedford jail for That have an inkling of it, there to look

refusing to conform, and died August 12, That they may find it?" The Author's Apology.

1688, at the age of 60, from a fever caused by

exposure to inclement weather when returnAmong the sentences uttered by Interpre- ing from a visit to restore peace to a divided ter for the edification of Christiana and her family. Many of his works, which are nucompany are bold, beautiful and truthful merous, are well known. thoughts.

The earnestness and the plainness of Bun3. Sentences.

yan's style are now rarely found. This age “One leak will sink a ship, and one sin needs less weak fiction and more bold, honest, will destroy a sinner."

direct writing, which shall not only thrill and He that forgets his friend, is ungrateful affect the reader, but shall also increase the unto him; but he that forgets his Saviour, is vigor of his mind and open his eyes to realiunmerciful to himself.”

ties. A reform does not come in a day. “ If a man would live well, let him fetch his last day to him, and make it always his company-keeper."

UNOCCUPIED moments are dangerous.

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J. W. 0.

For the Schoolmaster.
The Gold Miner.

For the Schoolmaster.
The Speed of the Mind.



FROM A CONVERSATION BETWEEN A AND B. In a glen of the Sierras, where a rapid river rolled From the wild Nevada's summits rich offerings of gold,

A. The degeneracy of man is seen not On the banks where he had toiled for many a weary day,

merely in each feature of his physical and Parched with the burning fever a dying miner lay.

moral nature, but his intellect, also, bears “ Come closer to me, mother, put your hand upon my witness to the deplorable truth. To consider

brow, As you kissed me when we parted, my mother, kiss me the savage who employs the mighty resources

of an immortal mind in sustaining an existLife's dream is almost over, it shall waken soon in joy, ence little superior to that of the beasts around My mother, bless me softly, as you blessed me when a him; to speak of those who, even in Christboy."

ian lands, have no appetite for the feast set beHe died — alone and friendless, but in his fevered dream tore them, no desire to improve the invaluable A mother, like an angel, came beside that golden stream; treasure which God has given ; would be But the heartless hands of strangers, as the sun sank

treading the beaten path along which thouin the west, Without a tear, without a prayer, consigned him to his sands of the great and good have sadly strayrest.

ed. Let us then, for a few moments, contem

plate anvther aspect of our mental degradaWherever in this western land has rolled the living tide of emigrants with golden dreams, the mounds lie side tion which has seldom or never been viewed. by side ;

It is our mental sloth. An hereditary indoIn Nevada's rugged gorges, in every mountain glen, lence is the disease of every mind; and when On hill-side and by river, are graves of noble men.

one has hasted through the outer courts of The wild flowers bloom above them in beauty every knowledge to the inner tabernacle of thought, spring,

he nevertheless feels the weakness of his mind, Sweet offerings of Nature's hand which friends may not, indeed by nature, but by the habits of all never bring.

those who have preceded him. This condiBut far away, in other lands, fond eyes grow dim with

tion of intellect is evidently not what our tears, And rainly wait the coming of the loved of other

Maker intended. With memory to store up

treasure, with reason to combine into new The stars drift up the mountains into depths of azure skies

forms of truth, with a world And gaze upon the lonely graves like watchful spirit universe --- within the grasp of the senses, it eyes,

was designed that man should constitute creaBut far away, in eastern lands, the bright stars gazing tion's noblest work, but in neglecting his natthere,

ural gifts, man is below those animals which Look down on faces watching in tearful midnight prayer

are commonly said to belong to the “ lower In the western El Dorado, beside the mountain streams, orders.” Was it intended that he should be The hearts of weary men, at night, turn homeward in

so weak and blind, laboring years for knowl. their dreams, But far away, across the sea, how many hearts are

edge, and drinking in thought as a medicine breaking

rather than a beverage ? No. There is a deFor those who sleep beside those streams the sleep that gree of mental rapidity, of which few can knows no waking.

speak from experience; but which we may FEATHER RIVER, California.

attain, for our intellectual nature, as we be


nay, almost a

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