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The American Scholar's Relation to the Gov- “ Sebastopol has yielded to a song,"_ ernment." The theme was admirably suited to was pictured with true poetic power. the occasion, being alike literary and practical, | The poet showed that his "power of song" was and was discussed throughout in a dignified and sufficient at least to enable him to thrill and scholarly manner. It evinced vigor and origin- I charm his audience. He was, moreover, particality of thought combined with elegance and | ularly fortunate in rendering his language and beauty of expression. The arguments by which his delivery appropriate to the character of the he inculcated loyalty to government, enforced thought which he wished to present, and whethand illustrated, as they were, by examples of er invoking Erato or his own humbler "gwallow" eminent men and scholars in ancient and in muse, seemed to throw his whole soul into the modern times, were truly philosophical ; while work. He is evidently a favorite with the imthe influences which the science of government mortal Nine. and a participation in its administration, exert

These exercises, so creditable to the speakers, upon the true patriot scholar — in developing all I were no less creditable to the instructors under his mental faculties and in securing to his liter- I whose onidance they were tre

a in securing to his hiter whose guidance they were trained and fitted for ary productions permanent value -- were por- such exhibitions of literary attainment. trayed with great practical directness.

The afternoon was devoted to social reunions, The general delivery of the orator is graceful

and in the evening the class partook of a supper, and manly, but his voice requires practice to ren- at which toast and song went round till past the der it more flexible and to secure to it greater

hour when spectered ghosts are said to stalk the compass of modulation. His style, though some-earth in fiendish gambols and warm their shadwhat involved and complicated, from the use of

owy forms in the midnight glare. long periodic sentences, is quite ornate. Flow- Belonging, however, to the fossil remains of ers culled from every literature, and similes bor

an earlier period we are compelled to speak of rowed from different sciences, are mingled in this part of the festivities only from report. such lavish profusion as to render his periods,

Since penning the above we have been informin the language of Milton,

ed that the oration and poem are to be printed “ Dark with excessive bright.” | by the class, that they may have the pleasure We have been informed that he intends to en- of a private perusal.

C. B. G. ter into public life; if this be true, we bespeak for hiin eminent success, and only wish that! THE NATIONAL TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION will more of our educated young men, guided by sim- hold its Second Annual Meeting at Cincinnati, ilar principles, would pursue the same course,

on the 11th, 12th and 13th of August, 1858. and thus impart anew to our legislative assem- | The American Association for the Advancement blies, both state and national, something of that of Education will hold its Eighth Annual MeetRoman dignity which they formerly possessed.ling in November, 1858, at Albany, New York.

After the oration was delivered, the class poet, | The Twenty - Eighth Annual Meeting of the Mr. John M. Hay, pronounced a very neat and American Institute of Instruction will be held at spicy poem on the “ Power of Song." It was Norwich, Conn., on the 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th both sober and mirthful, abounding in well sus- of August, 1858. The introductory address will tained flights of impassioned verse and in racy be delivered by Rev. Barnas Sears. D. D., Pres. jokes and sparkling witticisms. The storming ident of Brown University. Addresses will also of the Malakoff - the alternate advancing and be given by Professor Foster, of Union College, retreating of the Franks, with such dreadful Schenectady, N. Y.; Mr. Valentine, of Brooks havoc, for three successive times, till at length lyn, N. Y.; Rev. Mr. Gulliver,of Norwich, Conn.; they rise to victory, to the strains of Mar- Benj. W. Putnum, Esq., Master of the Quincy seillaise, and

School, Boston, and others.

Norwich possesses unusual advantages for such School,” and we are sure any pedagogue, or a meeting. It is very convenient of access, be- pedagogogas," or little school urchin, or one ing located on the great thoroughfare bətween who has been such will recognize the picture. New England and New York. Its hotel accom- | The Home, a fireside monthly, published by modations are ample and of the best description. Beadle & Adams, Buffalo, N. Y. $1.50 per year. It is famous for the wealth and liberality of its The July number commences the sixth volume, citizens, and in beauty and variety og scenery it and is beautified by a delicate steel plate. It is is unsurpassed by any city in New England. a rich number. The article entitled “Napoleon The Free Academy will be an object of attrac-| Bonaparte a Mythe,” is very ingenious and intion to educators. It is the finest educational teresting. building in New England. Some of the Gram

The Ladies' Repository, devoted to Literature mar and Primary Schools are of the highest or

and Religion. Cincinnati, Ohio. Rev. D. W. der.

Clark, D. D., Editor. $2.00 per annumn. We Persons passing over the Boston and Worcester consider this one of the most substantial and and the Norwich and Worcester - and we hope valuable of all our religious journals. It is, beother — railroads to attend the meeting will re

sides, exceedingly attractive. The present numceive free return tickets.

ber has two fine steel plates, which we admire.

The Monthlies for July.

CORRECTION.-In “ The Deserted Mansion,"

in the June number, the last line of the first We wish we had space to notice, as they de.

stanza readsserve, our monthly exchanges. Our notices

« Within these ancient walls !” must necessarily be brief, and our friends and

It was written cotemporaries must take the will for the deed. It was The Atlantic Monthly, which now confessedly

“Within these ancient ruined halls !” stands at the head of the list, is the best decid- In the report of the “ Annual Exhibition of edly the best-number yet issued, and when we the Providence High School,” the valedictory is say that there is nothing more that could be said. reported to have been by Henry S. Latham, Jr.,

The Happy Home, an excellent religious mag of the Classical Department. It should read azine for the parlor and the fireside, with steel | English Department. and colored engravings. Published by C. Stone & Co., Boston.

JAMES L. STONE.— The English and Classical Godey's Lady's Book, a capital number. Beau- School which has just been opened in Foxboro' tiful steel and colored engravings, wood cuts, under the charge of Mr. James L. Stone, as patterns, &c., &c. We do not see how the ingen- Principal, and N. G. Bonney as first Assistant, uity of men could make this journal more at-has, we understand, met with fine success. On tractive. This number begins a new volume. the second week of the term sixty-three scholars Arthur's Lady's Home Magazine commences a

were connected with the institution, of whom new volume with the July number, and comes about one-third pursue the study of Latin. out with a new dress. This is an excellent issue, full of interesting matter for the ladies. They! THE WAY OF LIFE: A religious weekly newssay the engravings, pattern plates, &c., are very paper, "advocating the interests of Young Mens' useful.

Christian Associations, and the interests of Peterson's Ladies' Magazine slso begins a new Evangelical Christianity — world wide. New volume, and has a steel engraving alone worth York. $1.50 per year, in advance. F. D. Stead, the price of the number. It is “ The Village agent, Providence.

SCHOOL EXERCISES. | It thus becomes evident that so long as the

sum of the forces A and B is insufficient to over. Answers to Questions for Solution in the throw the mill, the introduction of the conspirFebruary Number.

ing force C, by stopping the arms, should be

avoided. 1. If in time of a gale the sails of a windo! 2. A man born on the twenty-ninth of Febmill be set facing the wind, the mill will be in rury, 1796 had but one return of his birth-day less danger of being overthrown with the arms for twelve years, that is before 1898. He had no revolving than at rest.

birth-day in 1800, for although the number Suppose the wind to be blowing from the south which expresses that year is divisible by four, it it will strike the mill itself in the same manner, ) is not divisible by four hundred, as must be the whether the arms be revolving or not, and will case, in order that a year completing a century tend to throw it over towards the north with may have the intercalated day. some force A. That portion of the wind which 3. Twilight and Dawn are longest at the sumstrikes the sails undergoes two resolutions. First, mer solstice, and shortest at a period a little beit is resolved into one component, which, being fore the vernal equinox, and at another a little parallel with the surface of the sail, is lost, and after the autumnal equinox. At the time of the another, which strikes the sails at right angles. I winter solstice they are longer than at any other This second is again resolved into one compo

period between the autumnal equinox and the nent, which lies parallel to the axis of rotation, vernal, but not so long

vernal, but not so long as at the summer solstice. and another which lies in a plane at right angles! As we travel towards the north the length of to it. The first component of the second resolu- twilight and dawn increases, until we arrive at a tion is represented by B, and acts in the same point where there is no interval between them direction as the force A, tending along with it during the night. As we travel towards the to overthrow the mill. The second component south their length diminishes, until we reach the is the effective force of rotation, and has no ef- equatorial regions where it is shortest. At the fect on the stability of the mill so long as the time of the equinoxes the point is exactly on the arms are free to move. But if the shaft be equator. Between the vernal equinox and th clamped in any manner, and be strong enough autumnal it is a little south of the equator, and to resist the torsion, it is obvious that the mill between the autumnal and the vernal a little will itself tend to revolve around it in an east | north of it. and west plane, in the same manner as a grind

To understand the causes of these facts we stone is turned by a fixed shaft passing through I must conceive of two parallel planes extending it. Since, however, the base of the mill presents indefinitely into space, one the plane of the horia resistance to this revolution on account of fric-zon, the other the plane below the horizon, which tion, or some other cause, there will arise a tend-forms the lower limit of twilight. It is evident ency to a progressive rolling motion, precisely that the distance between these two planes may similar to that which the crank of a locomotive be considered fixed, since it is at all times, and produces in the driving-wheel, by means of its in every latitude determined by an arc of eighfriction with the rail. This tendency will be ei-| teen degrees measured on a great circle having ther towards the east or the west, according to its center in the horizon plane, and passing the arrangement of the sails, and may be repre- through the zenith. The variation in the length sented by C acting towards the east. Although of twilight at any given period in different latithis force C may not itself overthrow the mill, it tudes depends on the different inclination of the will yet conspire with the force of A+B to pro- diurnal circles to the horizon, and on the posiduce a resultant D acting in a north-easterly di- tion of their centers, as being either above, berection, which may be sufficient to effect it. Itween, or below the two above-mentioned planes. The variation in the length of twilight at dif- they increase on account of the increasing incliferent periods in any given latitude depends on nation of the circles. the size of the diurnal circles, and the position 2nd. The length of twilight varies at difof their centers in respect to the two planes. ferent periods in a given latitude. (a) At the lst. The length of twilight varies at any given equator the twilight increases in length as the period in different latitudes. (a) At the time of sun retreats towards the north or the south, and either equinox the center of the diurnal circle in attains its maximuin at the period of either sol. every latitude lies in the horizon plane. There- stice. For while the center of the diurnal circle fore the variation in the length of twilight at is there always in the plane of the horizon, its these periods depends only on the varying incli- size is always less than that of a great circle exnation of the diurnal circles to the horizon. At cept at the time of either equinox. But parthe equator, the angle of inclination being a allel planes cutting concentric circles, or circles right angle, and the diurnal circle being then a having their centers in a commun axis, intercept great circle, the eighteen degrees of twilight will greater arcy in the smaller circles. Therefore a be measured upon it, and will give a duration of larger arc of the diurnal circle will lie between serenty-two minutes. As we proceed north or the two planes at the solstice than at any other south from the equator at these periods, the twi- period, and at any time between these and the light will be found to increase as the diurnal cir- equinoxes, than at the equinoxes. (6) At the lati cles pass more obliquely through the space be- tude of Providence the longest twilight occurs tween the two planes, until within eighteen de- at the summer solstice, for then the diurnal cirgrees of either pole it becomes perpetual from cle is least and its center lies farthest from the sunset to sunrise, since there the diurnal circle twilight plane. The shortest occurs a little bedoes not pass below the twilight plane. The fore the vernal equinox, and a litile after the length of twilight at these periods may be easily autumnal, for then the centers of the diurnal cirdetermined by the solution of a right-angled cles lie between the two planes, and the arcs inspherical triangle. (6) At the period of either tercepted between them are less than when the solstice the centers of the diurnal circles are all centers lie without. But the diurnal circles at above the horizon plane on one side of the equa- these periods are so little inferior to great circles tor, and below it on the other. The duration of that the increase of the intercepted arcs on this twilight will therefore, at those periods, increase account is not sufficient to balance their dein either direction from the equator, as the discrease on the other. tance of the centers of the diurnal circles from

cirptes from ! Note.--It will be perceived that no account is taken the horizon plane, and the inclination of those of the effect of refraction on twilight circles increase. It is evident that the same is 4. The largest number of Roman letters si true for any time between the solstices and the used in expressing the years 888, 1388, 1788, equinoxes. Thus it appears that there is a 1838.

D. G. inuch greater difference between equatorial twilight, and that beyond the tropics in summer and

THE MAINE TEACHER.-The extrenie “ Down winter, than in autumn and spring. It must be

East” has succeeded at last in establishing an observed, however, that at all the periods except Educational Journal, through the persevering the equinoxes there are points at short distances

efforts of Hon. MARK H. DUNNELL, Superinfrom the equator on either one side or the other

tendent of Public Schools. The teachers of Maine where the twilight is shorter than at the equator.

may well congratulate themselves on so able a For as the axis of the diurnal circles sinks be-journal. It is filled with articles, valuable, inlow the horizon plane, the arcs intercepted be- teresting, spicy and short, not long, “dull and dry" tween this plane and the plane of twilight will, essays, like too many of our cotemporaries. Pubfor a time, decrease on this account faster than 'lished at Portland.

OUR BOOK TABLE. the first, and, in the ability of its articles, the

care and industry with which the latest facts BARNARD'S AVERICAN JOURNAL OF EDUCA-have been gleaned, and the candor and impar

TION. June, 1858. F. C. Brownell, Hartford. I tiality everywhere manifested in the work, it $3.00 a year, or $3.25 reith The Schoolmaster.

more than makes good the promise of the first This educational quarterly grows better with

volume. We have had occasion to examine it every number. The issue now before us has a

very critically, and while there never will be a series of 19 articles, covering 320 pages.

Cyclopædia which has not some sins of omission It opens with an excellent steel engraving of

to answer for, we must say that in this respect it our State School Commissioner, Hon. John

is greatly more satisfactory than any work of Kingsbury, LL. D., accompanying a sketch of

the kind hitherto published. The editors, we his life and labors, with a full and exceedingly in

cangry know, take unwearied pains to avoid errors, and interesting account of the exercises at the Re- they have been remarkably successful thus far." union of the Young Ladies' Iligh School, over

Subscribers will be supplied by Mr. S. Clough, which Mr. Kingsbury had presided with unrival-i

of the firm of' D. Kimball & Co., of this city, ed success for thirty years.

agents for Rhode Island, We hope it may have A fine portrait of John S. Hart, LL. D., Prin

| a large sale in our little state. We should be cipal of the Philadelphia Public High School,

glad to furnish it to any of our friends who may introduces an article on the life and character of

desire it. Price, $3.00 per volume. this well known teacher, with some account of the institution over which he has presided for sixteen years. A long sketch on the “ History Lossing's PictoRIAL HISTORY OF THE UNITED of Common Schools in Connecticut,” by the ed

STATES. -Lossing's Primary History of the

United States. Mason Brothers, New York. itor, is an able and valuable contribution to our

Seldom do we find school books that please us educational literature. We also notice a tribute

as these do. A history of the United States to the memory of the late Moses Brown Ives, of

which should be an improvement on those hiththis city.

erto in use is a desideratum which we have long We hope this number, so rich and valuable,

felt. The beautiful, fascinating style in which will serve to swell the subscription list of the

these little books are written, the candid and im"American Journal of Education,” which may

| partial views taken of political matters, the atproudly be placed by the side of the educational

tractive cuts illustrative of the text, give promworks of Great Britain and continental Europe.

ise of their soon being appreciated by intelligent

teachers and school committees. The smaller APPLETON's New AMERICAN CYCLOPEDIA. -l of the two is well adapted to the children in the

Vol. II. D. Appleton & Co., New York. D.
Kimball & Co., Agents for Rhode Island. I

nursery or the primary school. Convinced by frequent reference made in the school-room of the merits of this great work, THE Missouri Educator. Glad are tre to and of this volume in particular, we were intend-welcome to the Brotherhood a new journal from ing to elaborate a notice which should do it jus. the “Far West. The first number has just reach. lice; but our eye falling on the following from ed us. It is a neat monthly of 32 pages, Edited the pen of Hon. Henry Barnard, cditor of the by Thomas J. Henderson, Jefferson City. American Journal of Education, we thought it would have more influence than anything we The anniversary exercises at the Providence could say. No man is better qualified to judge Conference Seminary, East Greenwich, are to be of the merits of such a work than Henry Bar- held June 28th, 29th and 30th. The dedicatory nard.

exercises of the New Seminary Building are no" It contains some twenty-five pages more than tified for Tuesday, June 29th.

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