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more than all the adults who speak the Eng- one year before Webster's Dictionary appearlish language in the whole world.
ed superintended the publication of an ediThus he prepared especially his countrymen tion of Johnson's Dictionary, improved by for his forth-coming dictionary. From the Todd, which seems to have been an exact beginning he was a reformer, perhaps too ar- copy of the English book, except that Wordent and hopeful at first. But who does not cester took the liberty oi introducing some recognize in this trait in a young man, the changes in Johnson's spelling. In this dicpromise of far more extensive usefulness than tionary he retains the u in all such words as in the opposite. He who begins as an ardent honor, endeavor, vigor, and the k on the end innovator, may be tempered into a consistent of such words as grammatic, classic, music progressionist, but he who commences as a and Puritanic; he also exhibited some anomconservative, will naturally become stereotyp- alies in spelling, as connexion, with an x, ined into a violent and prejudiced defender of flection, reflection, &c., with ct ; villainous antiquity, both the evil and the good. was spelt without the i, and vermilion com
For many years subsequent to this, he was menced vir, and many other words as few interested in political subjects, devoting how- Americans, if any, would now spell them. ever, some attention constantly to his favorite
It is now urged by the friends of Mr. Worpursuit. Soon, however, his mind became cester, that in publishing this edition of Todd's wholly absorbed in his work. Ten years of Johnson, he was merely an editor, spending unremitted labor he devoted to the study of but little labor on it, and only careful to get all the ancient languages from which the out an exact edition of the original bookEnglish directly or remotely is derived ascend- that he did not introduce a single new word ing to the Sanscrit. The product of these
into it, and is in no way responsible for it. labors.is extant in a manuscript volume con- We think the defense well put. We see no taining a “Synopsis of the principal words
signs in the preface that Mr. Worcester had in twenty languages, arranged in classes un
yet any ambition to be a dictionary maker ; der their primary elements or letters." All indeed three years afterwards he calls himself this was but a part of his work. Twenty-two only “a Compiler,” and we have no reason years after the beginning of his labors, ap- to suppose that he ever thought of improving peared in 1828 the first edition of his great the spelling of a few words till he had seen it dictionary, which was soon reprinted in Eng- done by another, viz: Noah Webster. He land, where it was received with great favor, does indeed, in his preface to Todd's Johnand elicited the highest commendations from son's Dictionary, state that some “words are the best scholars. After that he devoted many conceived to be deviations from the right oryears to the improvement of his work as it
thography, according to Johnson's principles passed through its successive editions.
(the italicism is our own,) and they have been Two years after the first edition of Web-altered in this dictionary.” His only ambister's American Dictionary appeared, Mr. J. tion seems to have been to have the words E. Worcester, also an American, began his
used more than once in the dictionary, whethlabor as, to use his own words, " the Com
er alone or compounded with others, always piler of a Dictionary."# He had, however,
spelt alike. * First words of the Preface to Worcester's Comprehensive Pronouncing and Explanatory Dictionary.
The next year, however, appeared that great Third Edition. Boston: Otis Clapp. 1831.
new work, Noah Webster's American Dic.
occasioned much merriment, and it was as- goal, carried off the cheese. Sometimes one tonishing to see with what agility the old would jump so far as to lose his balance and dames would run to obtain that they loved so fall, and his fall, like bricks in a row, would much.
generally occasion the downfall of three or Another of these sports which must have four others, to their great vexation, but to the created much mirth, was: Hunting the pig supreme amusement of the spectators. But with a soaped tail. Grunter, with his tail well after a time some one being more expert or greased or soaped, was set off at the foot of more lucky than the rest, would reach the a hill, and was quickly pursued by men and bound and claim the prize. boys. Whoever caught him by the tail and
Oxenbridge and Cannon were two noted could hold him still with that one hand for fighters formerly in Wiltshire. Cannon, not three minutes was to have the pig for his daring to contend in a boxing match with Oxown. But it was rather slippery business to enbridge, challenged him to jump in sacks for catch the smooth porker. For pigs then had a cheese. It was agreed that they were to the same obstinate nature that they inherit jump over the course (which was five hunnow, and on being pulled one way they strove dred yards long) three times. The first time to go in an opposite direction. If some lucky Cannon fell, his opponent winning the race. fellow happened to grasp the pig by the tail, The second time Oxenbridge fell and Cannon it was next to impossible for him to keep his beat. The third time they kept a pretty even hold. Grunter would go forward if he was pace for about four hundred yards, when they pulled back. Just so the pig of the London bounded against each other and both fell. butcher did. The butcher laid a wager with Then there was a dispute as to who was the a waterman on the Thames that he would victor. Oxenbridge wished to divide the make a pig run over one of the bridges quick- cheese. Cannon wanted to jump again. But er than the waterman could row his boat while disputing, Cannon got out of his sack across the river. The bet was eagerly accept- and ran off with the cheese. Oxenbridge was ed by the waterman. When the signal for soon after him. They soon set to at a boxing starting was given, the boatman began to row match. In two hours Cannon became the vicwith all his might. But the butcher, catch-tor and carried off the cheese in triumph. ing hold of the tail of the pig, endeavored to
These were the sports of rustie, uncultivatpull him back, upon which grunter, true to ad people. It is well that they have passed his nature, pulled forward and in post-haste
away. They are too cruel or too coarse to be scampered over the bridge, pulling the butch- practiced in our day. We should be glad er after him, who arrived on the opposite side that they have been given up just as the anbefore the poor waterman reached the bank.
cient gladiatorial fights have been. Perhaps We must speak of one more of the rustic we shall give the readers of The SCHOOLMASsports at the old fairs in England : Jumping Ter an account some time of the ancient in sacks for a cheese. Ten or twelve of the games and gladiatorial sports. But we should best jumpers were chosen to contend for the be glad that those games have passed away prize. They were tied in long sacks or bags as well as those coarse sports
which we up to their necks, their heads only being out have given an account. It is right that all of the bags. They were to jump six hundred should have some amusements, particularly yards. The one who would first jump to the the young. But the sports should not be
Dying Words of Noted Persons.
gross nor cruel. They should be healthful, humane and refined in their influence.
A death-bed's a detector of the heart;
Daniel Webster as a School-Boy.
It is narrated of him, that when he first
“ Head of the army.”- Napoleon. appeared at the academy of Mr. Abbott, his
“ I must sleep now.”— Byron. personal appearance in his ill-fitting, home
• It matters little how the head lieth."-Sir made, homespun garments, together with his
Walter Raleigh. shy, awkward manners created much merri
“ Kiss me, Hardy.”—Lord Nelson. ment among the boys, and many jokes were
“ Don't give up the ship."- Lawrence. cracked at his expense. Young Daniel's sen
“ I'm shot, if I don't believe I'm dying. – sitive nature could ill brook this; and, after
Chancellor Thurlow. suffering from it two or three days, he went
“ Is this your fidelity."- Nero. to the teacher, and told him he must go home.
“ Clasp my hand, my dear friend ; I die.” The teacher inquired the cause, and Daniel
- Afieri. made a clear breast of it. The former bade
“Give Dayroles a chair.". Lord Chesterhim not mind it, but keep quietly at his stud
field. ies, and his turn would come by-and-by. He
“God preserve the Emperor.”—Haydn. obeyed; and at the end of the week he was
“ The artery ceases to beat. '-Haller. placed at the head of the class that had ridi
“Let the light enter.”—Goethe. culed him. After two months had passed in
“All my possessions for a moment of time.” hard study, the teacher, at the close of the
-Queen Elizabeth. school one day, called him up, in presence of
• What! is there no bribing death."-Carall the scholars, and told him he could not
dinal Beaufort. stay there any longer; to go and get his books
“I have loved God, my father, and liberty.” and hat, and leave. Poor Daniel's heart sunk
-Madame de Stael. down to his shoes. He had studied hard,
- Be serious.”—Grotius. bearing patiently the ridicule of his mates ;
“ Into thy hands, O Lord."— Tasso. and now to be turned off ia disgrace was more
“ It is small, very small, indeed,” (clasping than he could stagger under. The teacher
her neck.- Anne Boleyn. waited a moment to watch the astonishment
“I pray you see me safe up, and for my of the school, and then added, “This is no
coming down let me shift for myself," (asplace for you ; go to the higher department !" | cending the scaffold.)—Sir Thomas More. "That was probably the proudest hour in Mr.
“Don't let that awkward squad fire over Webster's life. He had triumphed over his
my grave." —Burns. companions, and that by outstripping them in
“I feel as if I were myself again. Sir their studies.
I resign my soul to God, and my daughWE suffer more from anger and grief, than ter to my country.”—Thomas Jefferson. from the very things for which we anger and “It is well.”—Washington. grieve.
Independence forever.”— Adams.
• This is the last of earth."-J. Q. Adams. “ What do you note down in that book :"
“ I wish you to understand the true prin- said Cecilia, looking over his shoulder with ciples of government. I wish them carried some curiosity. out. I ask nothing more.”—Harrison.
“ All the kindnesses that are ever shown “I have endeavored to do my duty."-Gen. me; you would wonder how many there are. Taylor.
I find a great deal of good from marking them “There is not a drop of blood on my hands.” down. I do not forget then as I might do - Frederick l'. of Denmark.
if I only trusted to my memory, so that I “You spoke of refreshment, my Emelia ; hope I am not often ungrateful ; and when I take my last notes; sit down to my piano am cross or out of temper, I almost always here, sing them with the hymn of your saint. feel good humored again, if I only look on
over ed mother; let me hear once more those notes my book.” which have so long been my solacement and "I wonder what sort of things you put delight.”— Mozart.
down," said Cecilia ; " let me glance over a “A dying man can do nothing easy."
• Mrs. Waile asked me to spend a whole "Let not poor Nelly starve.”—Charles II. day at her house, and made me very happy
« Let me die to the sounds of delicious mu- indeed." sic.-Mirabeau.
“Mrs. Phillips gave me five shillings." I expected this, but not so soon."-C. G. “Old Martha Page asked after me every Atherton, of New Hampshire.
day when I was ill." “I still live."-Daniel Webster.
Why did you put father and mother at « Tell them to stand up for Jesus, father, the top of every page !" asked Cecilia. stand up for Jesus."— Rev. Dudley A. Tyng.
“0, they show me such kindness that I Our memory here runs short. Can any of cannot set it all down, so I just write their our contemporaries add to the list :
names to remind myself of my great debt of love. I know that I can never pay it! And
see what I have put at the beginning of my The Book of Thanks.
book, • Every good gift is from above ;' this
is to make me remember that all the kind “ I feel so vexed and out of temper with
friends whom I have were given to me by the Ben !" cried Mark, " that I really must
Lord, and that while I am grateful to them, “Do something in revenge ?" inquired his
I should first of all be thankful to Him." cousin Cecilia.
“ No, look over my Book of Thanks.”
• What's that," said Cecilia, as she saw If There's a Will There's a Way. him turning over the leaves of a copy book nearly full of writings, in a round text hand.
I LEARNED grammar when I was a private “ Here it is," said Mark, who then read soldier, on the pay of sixpence a day. The aloud: -“March 8. Ben lent me his new edge of my berth, or that of the guard bed, hat. June 4. When I lost my shilling, Ben was my seat to study in ; my knap-sack was made it up to me very kindly.” “Well,” ob- my book-case; a bit of board lying on my served the boy, turning down the leaf, “Ben lap was my writing-table; and the task did is a good fellow, after all !"
not demand anything like a year of my life. I had no money to purchase candles or oil ;
The Humorous Petition. in winter time it was rarely that I could get
PROM WEENS' LIFE OF FRANKLIN. any evening light but that of the fire, and on: ly my turn even of that. And if I, under
I address myself to all the friends of youth, such circumstances, and without parent or
and conjure them to direct their compassionfriend to advise or encourage me, accomplish
ate regard to my unhappy fate, in order to reed this undertaking, what excuse can there
move the prejudices of which I am the vicbe for any youth, however poor, however
tim. There are twin sisters of us, and the pressed with business, or however circum
two eyes of man do not more resemble, nor stanced as to room or other inconveniances ?
are capable of being upon better terms with To buy a pen or a sheet of paper I was com- each other, than my sister and myself, were pelled to forego some portion of food, though it not for the partiality of our parents, who in a state of half starvation. I had no mo
make the most injurious distinctions between ment of time that I could call my own; and
us. From my infancy I had been led to conI had to read and write amidst the talking, sider my sister as being of a more elevated laughing, singing, whistling and brawling of
rank. I was suffered to grow up without the at least half a score of the most thoughtless least instruction, while nothing was spared in of men, and that, too, in the hours of their her education. She had masters to teach her freedom from all control. — COBBETT's Advice
writing, drawing, music, and other accomto Young Men.
plishments, but if, by chance, I touched a
pencil, a pen, or a needle, I was bitterly reFor the Schoolmaster.
buked; and more than once, I have been Written Upon Seeing an Aged Female
beaten for being awkward, and wanting a with a Bouquet of Fowers.
graceful manner. It is true, my sister associated me with her upon some occasions ; but she always made a point of taking the
lead, calling upon me only from necessity, or The idols of our youthful years
to figure by her side. Time's impious hands destroy ;
But conceive not, sirs, that my complaints And sorrow draws the bitter tears From eyes that beamed with joy;
are instigated merely by vanity - no, my un
easiness is'occasioned by an object much more Yet, though distress and cruel woes
serious. It is the practice in our family, that Have marked thine aged brow,
the whole business of providing for its subThe violet and blushing rose
sistence falls upon my sister and myself. If Are sweet and lovely now.
any indisposition should attack my sister
and I mention it in confidence, upon this ocThe freedom of China from epidemics — so casion, that she is subject to the gout, the surprising to travelers — may be attributed to rheumatism, and cramp, without making the great quantities of gunpowder fired off in mention of other accidents — what would be every town and village, and the great quan- the fate of our poor family? Must not the tities of sandal wood incense burned con- regret of our parents be excessive, at having stantly, render the health of towns and vil- placed so great a distance between sisters who lages very remarkable.
are so perfectly equal ? Alas ! we must per-.