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Girls' Schools.... No. 2.
ademical Institute. She spends the first hour
listlessly holding her slate, or using it for the " Ye mak' it not • what is she?'” but “what illegitimate purpose of caricaturing her teachhas she!'"Scorch PROVERB.
er, waiting for him to come to her in turn, and In the recently established schools for idin show her how to do her sums, every one of ots, wise and practical methods of awaken- which she has to have explained to her sepaing and developing intellect have been applied rately, if she is the idle, incapable creature with wonderful success in producing good re
I solect from the low
many school-girls are. sults. If training can do so much for dark- est, because the exertions of an active-minded ened and imperfect minds, what might it not
or ambitious girl, who a ivances in spite of do for healthy, active brains ? The difference the bad system, are not to be set down as a between the education in these schools and in
result of that system. A school should not the common ones is, that in the former the only give opportunity to learn to those who faculties themselves are attended to, and in are eager for it, but should force the idle and the latter only the matter which the faculties
indifferent into the ranks of intelligence and are to act upon, i. e., the sciences, languages,
progress. etc. A teacher seems to say --- So much
Strong minds, notwithstanding the discour mathematics, history, and Latin is to be stow- aging school-system will find out methods of ed away somewhere, let me see if I can't self-culture. It is the weak who need traincram it into this lot of heads !"
ing, and who invariably get it least. Is not the art of study now taught in some After arithmetic, follow recitations in his. such manner as this? The scholar is set to tory, grammar, geography, natural philosothe acquisition of some futile piece of knowl-phy, algebra,-pell-mell—a few pages of each. edge, the distances of the planets perhaps. The young miss, having probably counted the She has no motive for application but the fear paragraphs in each lesson, and learned only of punishment if she does not learn her task. the one or two which would be likely to come She takes her bock home with her, according to her as she stands in the class, trusts to a to the school regulations, sits down to it, and favorable chance for an escape from detection, knowing that she has all evening before her, but if it comes-meets it with indifference. she reads a sentence--and tells a joke, reads It is only “missing a lesson." another-and listens to a song, reads a third These lessons "said,” the writing hour ar--and is sent on an errand, and so on. In an rives, during which her languid fingers draw hour or two the lesson is transferred to her out distorted imitations of copper-plate. Afmemory, with a loose injunction to that facul. ter five hours of tiresome confinement, withty to keep it there—until after recitation hours out one moment of excited interest, the jaded the next day !
girl drags herself home, eats a full dinner, Thus a little interrupted, undirected prac- and is immediately sent to the piano, where tice is all that keeps attention and memory she plays with the keys, and disregards time, from dying of inanition.
during the allotted hour or hours. Then perThe routine in girls' schools is often-gen- haps she is indulged with a walk in the street, erally I believe-pretty much as follows:
the best part of the poor girl's day, but bad At nine o'clock the young lady, with a huge enough at that,—and then she has her supper. pile of tomes upon her arm, arrives at the Ac. After it, in a parlor where older persons are
enjoying themselves, or in a nursery full of words is demeaned by being clothed in such playing children, she is compelled to sit down lusterless garbs as legality, respectability and again to her books, and dawdle over the ac- morality. But the danger is in the former quisition of her tasks for the morrow.
Men are more likely to clothe up a base for what does she undergo this slow torture idea in shining words than to strip an honorTo heap up knowledge certain to be lost again, able one of its time-sanctioned garments. as you mothers know. How much of the How much mischief has been done to the school-lessons it cost you so much to get, do plastic moral sentiment of communities by you retain:
calling sins and crimes, black as death and Fine method of training! And the glori- worthy of fallen spirits, mistakes and errors, ous results we see in the pale, weak, (mental- irregularities and derelictions. How many a ly and physically,) bedizened, fashionable boy's moral sense has been blunted by learnmisses who crowd Chestnut street and Broading to regard stubbornness and pride, idleness way. They learn but one lesson effectually, and prodigality, merely as unfortunate traits and that is, how to waste their time. And and silly habits. Our fathers used to get drunk, this habit, acquired by long years of school- and it was found to be a bad thing. Thereing, clings to them through their whole use fore old America voted drunk a disgraceful less existence, unless the experience of after word, and a drunkard a miserable wretch. life cures them sharply. – A. L. O., in New Young America has found a new word. He York Independent.
is no drunk-ard, — not he, – that would be a
disgrace. Thereby he would lose caste ; but Call Things by Their Right Names. he gets "tight,” - tight as a mink" - and
votes himself smart and respectable. There DR. SOUTH, I think it was, wrote four ser-is one detestable hypocrite of a Low Dutch mons, On the fatal imposture and force of word which has done more than many are words. It has occured to me that a little aware of to beguile and besot young men for preaching at the present time upon the same the last few years. That word is "Schnapps." subject might not be amiss. In some respects Men used to drink rum, gin and brandy, and! the words of the Latin author are true of us : guzzle ale and beer, and some do it now. But * Vos vera rerum vocabula amisimus -- we this is decidedly vulgar. Your young sprout have lost the true names of things. “What's of a clerk, apprentice or student, sips old in a name :” says some one. Very much :
Bourbon and takes “ Schnapps" – miserable cspecially when the name is, in a great meas- Wolf-ish synonym for poor gin. The man ure, to determine in the minds of men the who invents a new word to cover up the decharacter of the thing it represents. Trench formity of an old evil, does a greater injury has well said, “ How immense is the differ- to his race than he who bolsters up sin, but ence as to the light in which we shall learn to calls it by its right name. There used to be regard sin, according as we have been wont to spendthrifts and prodigals and debauchees. designate it and to hear it designated, by a There are none now in the vocabulary of fashword which brings out its loathsomeness and ionable slang. They are all metamorphosed deformity, or by one which conceals these.” by a kind of euphemistic spell into fast young He might with almost eqnal propriety have
Your fast young man is one of 'em," said the same of honesty, virtue and religion. he has “ cut his eye teeth,” in fine,, he is a How the real vitalizing spirit of these noble' brick" - a.“regular bricki".
Once piracy and buccaneering were consid- watched the first movement, and it seemed ered criminal and visited with merited pun- for a time not to be upwards, but parallel ishment, - now these same offenses claim im- with the hills, and then to be gradually as. munity under the rather dubious garb of cending. At length we slowly descended un. "fillibusterism."
der the full morning sunlight to the village. It has long been known that Aaron Burr It was half past one as'we walked through was an able, accomplished and dangerous the streets, but people seemed just as much man, and his countrymen had not fairly de- up and stirring as in the day. Children were cided in what catalogue to place him, wheth- playing in the street, and women sewing at er of her statesmen, her warriors, or her the windows, while many came to the doors reprobates; when lo, his apologizing biogra- to study the costume of our ladies. " Cerpher has found his exact status, and says " he tainly, nobody sleeps in Norway," we said.-was a man and a — fillibuster.” The true ety- Bruce's Norfolk. mology of this word is not yet determined. Certain it is, however, that it has been coined
Telegram. since the days of Walker ! Our colloquial and newspaper dialects are
Muck has been said of late concerning the full of slang and cant phrases, which it is origin of this word. The English seem to hoped for the welfare of our race, and the have thought that they had started a wonderhonor of our noble mother tongue, will never
ful novelty, in the use of it since their war find a place in her Dictionaries and standard commenced in India. More lately, a Western authors. Rather let us call things by their origin has been attributed to it; and now in real names, in plain, unerring English, and the Times of March 1, it is said to be found then shall we know what we mean, and speak in a letter of Henry Ward Beecher, dated as what we know.-N. H. Jour. of Education.
early as 1853. If the credit of paternity for so useful a word is worth anything, it had
better be laid at the right door. Five or six The Midnight Sun.
years ago, there was in the Boston Telegraph ** It's just five minutes of twelve ! a communication from a correspondent proshan't see it. There it is above! See the line posing and recommending the adoption of the of sunshine come down the mountains ! We word Telegram, to designate a Telegraphic shall have it soon!” There were a few mo- Despatch. He showed the propriety of its ments of doubt when the great orb burst derivation from the Latin, with the advansplendidly forth below the cloud. “ The ris- tages of its brevity, and urged it upon the ing sun. The midnight sun." It was a public attention. Though followed by only splendid spectacle, the rays sparkling over a few individuals in this country, it seems to the beautiful Fiord, lighting up distant snowy have found its way across the Atlantic, and mountains, shining back from peak to peak having been there duly baptized as Simonfar away, and the whole sphere majestically Pure English, is, it seems, to go into the next rising and clearing away what a moment be- edition of Webster's Dictionary. fore had been the clouds of evening, but were now the mists of morning. The light, When a man owns that he has been in the too, was a different one, at least to our imag- wrong, he is but telling you that he is wiser ination, purer, clearer, and fresher. We than he was.
For the Schoolmaster.
Sports at the old English Fairs.
The boys who read THE SCHOOLMASTER will This is the first time, since we commenced be much amused at the account we are going giving our young friends an enigma each to give of some of the customs and sports at month, that we have received no answers. the Fairs in England in former times. Besides
Just think of it boys! No answers to the the common sports of wrestling, boxing, racenigma of ninety-four letters in the June num- ing, jumping, and cock-fighting, there were ber! And you, young misses, readers of other games that the men, women and boys THE SCHOOLMASTER, who have been accus- took delight in at the old country fairs in tomed to send in solutions with such surpris- England.
We will describe some of them. promptness and regularity, some of them In those days the people were robust and invariably coming the next day after the recep- strong, and they were pleased with rough and tion of The SCHOOLMASTER, now, we have severe sports. But they were such as must not heard from you !
have afforded capital fun for the spectators Why is this? Is it the result of 90° in the especially for the boys. shade, or has *JERRY puzzled you this time?
One of these rustic sports was : Climbing It is the opinion of the Schoolmaster that the greasy pole for a leg of bacon. On the top *JERRY has given you a pretty hard lesson. of a high small, greased pole a leg of bacon
Hark! Who is that - some one is coming. was stuck. Any one who could climb up and Excuse me a moment.
take off the bacon was to have it as his prize. Ha! ha! Here comes a good friend and
This was a laughable sport. For a climber constant reader of The SCHOOLMASTER, and might, perhaps, get near the top of the pole has brought the answer to the aforesaid enig
and be able to hold himself there by botb
hands. But the moment he raised one hand ma. All right, not a single mistake. Signed,
to unfasten the bacon, he would be almost Lena, Raymond & Co., adding
sure to slide down again in pretty quick time, ** FRIEND MOWRY :
bearing all below him, who were foolish I became quite interested in this because of enough to climb after him, to the ground in a the difficulty in solving it, and thus joined a heap. friend or two in persevering efforts to work it
Another of these sports was : The old woout. You see we have succeeded.
men drinking hot tea for a pound of snuff. Respectfully yours,
Whoever could drink the most and the hotT. JR."
test tea in one hour gained the prize. Well, now, young friends, you see it can be Another amusement was : Grinning through Hone. So we will not give you an enigma horse-collars. Several men would stand in a this month, but give you another opportunity row, each holding a collar. Men and women to "join a friend or two in persevering ef- as many as pleased to do so, would in turn forts,” hoping you will say as our friend says, look through the collars making up the worst " You see we have succeeded.” But just al- faces they could. The one who made up the low us to say to you that --- “ An ancient tow- ugliest face gained the prize. er in Asia Minor," should read “ ancient Sometimes they had this game also: Thirtown."
dy old women racing for a pound of tea. This printed in the original spelling that various linguist - could reduce to a system so comscholars may have the pleasure and profit of plex a language as the English. Vari vus deciphering it, yet the editions designed for spellings continued to appear — but in a far general use are reduced to the standard mode less ratio — words were used in new meanof spelling and punctuation. This was the ings, new words were introduced, and a new case, for instance, with a work called Hip- dictionary was needed. Hosts of imitators polytus, a manuscript of which lay unnoticed - feeble folk — of course sprung up. They in the library of the University of Paris many are scarcely worthy of mention. All of them years, till somé copies seriatim and literatim introduced some improvements, but many of were made, and soon after an edition accord- them marred more than they improved. Not ing to the modern spelling was made by Bun- one of them, like Johnson, devoted to the sen, a celebrated German scholar.
work heroically years of investigation. To The same will apply to books published ev- these, however, John Walker was an excepen after the art of printing had come into gen- tion. Though destitute of the boldness and eral use. Previous to the latter part of the scope of mind of Johnson, he did improve the cighteenth century, there was no fixed or in- orthography of the language. He saw that deed general standard of orthography in the Johnson had perpetuated absurdities, and set English language. Many books even had the himself to remove many of them. He rectisame words spelled in two or three, and some- fied the spelling of some words, and introtimes in many different ways. Even in so duced some others. His chief excellency, short a production as the Will of Shakspeare, however, was in exhibiting the true pronunhis name is written in two different spellings, ciation of words according to the practice of and it is probable that a printer then would the best society in London. For this he was have followed the copy.
especially qualified, as he was for many years In 1775, Johnson's large dictionary was pub- a teacher of elocution in the best society. To lished. He had toiled I think more than ten him in this particular department, all subseyears in its production. He limited his in- quent lexicographers are much indebted. vestigations, however, to works which had ap
But the greatest lexicogropher in our lanpeared within two hundred years of his own
guage was unquestionably our countryman, time, not studying the Anglo-Saxon, and of the celebrated Noah Webster. His labors in course in that day, having an imperfect knowl. this department, and the results of them, far edge of Latin, and still more so of Greek.
surpass those of any other man before or The great credit of this work was the in- since. From the beginning, he seems to have troduction of some system - imperfect as it had a strong predilection for the critical study necessarily was into the perfect medley of of words. At the age of twenty-five, five orthography which had previously prevailed, years after his graduation at Yale College, he and also a very creditable explanation of the in the meantime having studied law, he pubmeaning of words deduced from their ordina- lished that elementary compend called Webry usage, in the one hundred and fifty years ster's Spelling Book, of which more than thir. over which his studies ranged.
ty millions are said to have been printed, and But it would betray an inadequate concep- from which probably more than three times tion of the magnitude of the enterprise, to as many people have learned to read as there suppose that one man - and he not a profound lare now adults in the United States, and far