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Girls' Schools....No. 2.

ademical Institute. She spends the first hour

listlessly holding her slate, or using it for the “ Ye mak' it not " what is she?'but what illegitimate purpose of enricaturing her teache has she !'-Scotch PROVERB.

er, waiting for him to come to her in turn, and In the recently established schools for idi.

show her how to do her sums, every one of ots, wise and practical methods of awaken

which she has to have explained to her sepaing and developing intellect have been applied

rately, if she is the idle, incapable creature with wonderful success in producing good re

many school-girls are. I select from the lowsults. If training can do so much for dark.

est, because the exertions of an active-minded ened and imperfect minds, what might it not

or ambitious girl, who a.lvances in spite of do for healthy, active brains · The difference

the bad system, are not to be set down as a between the education in these schools and in

result of that system. A school should not

only give opportunity to learn to those who the common ones is, that in the former the

are eager for it, but should force the idle and faculties themselves are attended to, and in

in different into the ranks of intelligence and the latter only the matter which the faculties are to act upon, i. e., the sciences, languages,

progress. etc. A teacher seems to say -- " So much Strong minds, notwithstanding the discour. mathematics, history, and Latin is to be stow- aging school-system will find out methods of ed away somewhere, let me see if I can't self-culture. It is the weak who need train. cram it into this lot of heads !”

ing, and who invariably get it least. Is not the art of study now taught in some After arithmetic, follow recitations in his. such manner as this? The scholar is set to tory, grammar, geography, natural philosothe acquisition of some futile piece of knowl-' phy, algebra,-pell-mell—a few pages of each. edge, the distances of the planets perhaps. The young miss, having probably counted the She has no motive for application but the fear paragraphs in each lesson, and learned only of punishment if she does not learn her task. the one or two which would be likely to come She takes her book home with her, according to her as she stands in the class, trusts to a to the school regulations, sits down to it, and favorable chance for an escape from detection, knowing that she has all evening before her, but if it comes-meets it with indifference. she reads a sentence--and tells a joke, reads It is only “missing a lesson." another-and listens to a song, reads a third These lessons "said,” the writing hour ar---and is sent on an errand, and so on. In an rives, during which her languid fingers draw hour or two the lesson is transferred to her out distorted imitations of copper-plate. Afmemory, with a loose injunction to that facul. ter five hours of tiresome confinement, withty to keep it there--until after recitation hours out one moment of excited interest, the jaded the next day!

girl drags herself home, eats a full dinner, Thus a little interrupted, undirected prac. and is immediately sent to the piano, where tice is all that keeps attention and memory she plays with the keys, and disregards time, from dying of inanition.

during the allotted hour or hours. Then perThe routine in girls' schools is often-gen-haps she is indulged with a walk in the street, erally I believe-pretty much as follows: the best part of the poor girl's day, but bad

At nine o'clock the young lady, with a huge enough at that,-and then she has her supper. pile of tomes upon her arm, arrives at the Ac. After it, in a parlor where older persons are

enjoying themselves, or in a nursery full of words is demeaned by being clothed in such playing children, she is compelled to sit down lusterless garbs as legality, respectability and again to her books, and dawdle over the ac- morality. But the danger is in the former quisition of her tasks for the morrow. And case. Men are more likely to clothe up a base for what does she undergo this slow torture idea in shining words than to strip an honorTo heap up knowledge certain to be lost again, able one of its time-sanctioned garments. as you mothers know. How much of the How much mischief has been done to the school-lessons it cost you so much to get, do plastic moral sentiment of communities by you retain:

calling sins and crimes, black as death and Fine method of training! And the glori- worthy of fallen spirits, mistakes and errors, ous results we see in the pale, weak, (mental- irregularities and derelictions. How many a ly and physically,) bedizened, fashionable boy's moral sense has been blunted by learnmisses who crowd Chestnut street and Broading to regard stubbornness and pride, idleness way. They learn but one lesson effectually, and prodigality, merely as unfortunate traits and that is, how to waste their time. And and silly habits. Our fathers used to get drunk, this habit, acquired by long years of school and it was found to be a bad thing. Thereing, clings to them through their whole use- fore old America voted drunk a disgraceful less existence, unless the experience of after word, and a drunkard a miserable wretch. life cures them sharply. — A. L. O., in New Young America has found a new word. He York Independent.

is no drunk-ard, — not he, — that would be a

disgrace. Thereby he would lose caste ; but Call Things by Their Right Names. he gets "tight," " tight as a mink" – and

votes himself smart and respectable. There DR. South, I think it was, wrote four ser-I is one detestable hypocrite of a Low Dutch mons, On the fatal imposture and force of word which has done more than many are words. It has occured to me that a little aware of to beguile and besot young men for preaching at the present time upon the same the last few years. That word is “Schnapps.” subject might not be amiss. In some respects Men used to drink rum, gin and brandy, and! the words of the Latin author are true of us : guzzle ale and beer, and some do it now. But " Vos vera rerum vocabula amisimus” — we this is decidedly vulgar. Your young sprout: have lost the true names of things. “What's of a clerk, apprentice or student, sips old in a name?” says some one. Very much :- Bourbon and takes “ Schnapps" – miserable especially when the name is, in a great meas- IVolf-ish synonym for poor gin. The man ure, to determine in the minds of men the who invents a new word to cover up the decharacter of the thing it represents. Trench formity of an old evil, does a greater injury has well said, “ How immense is the differ- to his race than he who bolsters up sin, but ence as to the light in which we shall learn to calls it by its right name. There used to be regard sin, according as we have been wont to spendthrifts and prodigals and debauchees. designate it and to hear it designated, by a There are none now in the vocabulary of fash. word which brings out its loathsomeness and ionable slang. They are all metamorphosed deformity, or by one which conceals these.” | by a kind of euphemistic spell into fast young He might with almost eqnal propriety have men. Your fast young man is “one of 'em," said the same of honesty, virtue and religion. he has “cut his eye teeth,in fine,, he is a How the real vitalizing spirit of these noble '" brick" — & “ regular brick".

Once piracy and buccaneering were consid- watched the first movement, and it seemed ered criminal and visited with merited pun- for a time not to be upwards, but parallel ishment, — now these same offenses claim im- with the hills, and then to be gradually as. munity under the rather dubious garb of cending. At length we slowly descended un" fillibusterism."

der the full morning sunlight to the village. It has long been known that Aaron Burr It was half past one as we walked through was an able, accomplished and dangerous the streets, but people seemed just as much man, and his countrymen had not fairly de- up and stirring as in the day. Children were cided in what catalogue to place him, wheth- playing in the street, and women sewing at er of her statesmen, her warriors, or her the windows, while many came to the doors reprobates ; when lo, his apologizing biogra- to study the costume of our ladies. “Cerpher has found his exact status, and says " he tainly, nobody sleeps in Norway," we said.-was a man and a – fillibuster.The true ety- Bruce's Norfolk. mology of this word is not yet determined. Certain it is, however, that it has been coined

Telegram. since the days of Walker ! Our colloquial and newspaper dialects are

Muck has been said of late concerning the full of slang and cant phrases, which it is origin of this w

ch it is origin of this word. The English seem to hoped for the welfare of our race, and the have thought that they had started a wonderhonor of our noble mother tongue, will never

|ful novelty, in the use of it since their war find a place in her Dictionaries and standard

commenced in India. More lately, a Western authors. Rather let us call things by their origin

call things by their origin has been attributed to it; and now in

| the Times of March 1, it is said to be found real names, in plain, unerring English, and then shall we know what we mean, and speak

in a letter of Henry Ward Beecher, dated as what we know.–N. 11. Jour. of Education.

early as 1853. If the credit of paternity for so useful a word is worth anything, it had

better be laid at the right door. Five or six The Midnight Sun.

years ago, there was in the Boston Telegraph ** It's just five minutes of twelve ! — we a communication from a correspondent proshan't see it. There it is above! See the line posing and recommending the adoption of the of sunshine come down the mountains ! We word Telegram, to designate a Telegraphic shall have it soon!" There were a few mo- Despatch. He showed the propriety of its ments of doubt when the great orb burst derivation from the Latin, with the advansplendidly forth below the cloud. “ The ris- tages of its brevity, and urged it upon the ing sun. The midnight sun.” It was a public attention. Though followed by only splendid spectacle, the rays sparkling over a few individuals in this country, it seems to the beautiful Fiord, lighting up distant snowy have found its way across the Atlantic, and mountains, shining back from peak to peak having been there duly baptized as Simonfar away, and the whole sphere majestically Pure English, is, it seems, to go into the next rising and clearing away what a moment be- edition of Webster's Dictionary. fore had been the clouds of evening, but were now the mists of morning. The light, When a man owns that he has been in the too, was a different one, at least to our imag- wrong, he is but telling you that he is wiser ination, purer, clearer, and fresher. We than he was.


For the Schoolmaster.

Sports at the old English Fairs.
Our Enigma.

The boys who read The ScHOOLMASTER will This is the first time, since we commenced be much amused at the account we are going giving our young friends an enigma each to give of some of the customs and sports at month, that we have received no answers. the Fairs in England in former times. Besides

Just think of it boys! No answers to the the common sports of wrestling, boxing, racenigma of ninety-four letters in the June num- ing, jumping, and cock-fighting, there were ber! And you, young misses, readers of other games that the men, women and boys THE SCHOOLMASTER, who have been accus- took delight in at the old country fairs in tomed to send in solutions with such surpris- England. We will describe some of them. ing promptness and regularity, some of them. In those days the people were robust and invariably coming the next day after the recep- strong, and they were pleased with rough and tion of The SCHOOLMASTER, - now, we have severe sports. But they were such as must not heard from you !

have afforded capital fun for the spectatorsWhy is this? Is it the result of 90° in the especially for the boys. shade, or has *JERRY puzzled you this time? One of these rustic sports was : Climbing It is the opinion of the Schoolmaster that the greasy pole for a leg of bacon. On the top *Jerry has given you a pretty hard lesson. of a high small, greased pole a leg of bacon Hark! Who is that — some one is coming. was stuck. Any one who could chim

was stuck. Any one who could climb up and Excuse me a moment.

take off the bacon was to have it as his prize. Ha ! ha! Here comes a good friend and

and This was a laughable sport. For a climber constant reader of THE SCHOOLMASTER, and

might, perhaps, get near the top of the pole has brought the answer to the aforesaid enig.

and be able to hold himself there by botb ma. All right, not a single mistake. Signed,

hands. But the moment he raised one hand Lena, Raymond & Co., adding

to unfasten the bacon, he would be almost

sure to slide down again in pretty quick time, * FRIEND MOWRY :

bearing all below him, who were foolish I became quite interested in this because of enough to climb after him, to the ground in a the difficulty in solving it, and thus joined a heap. friend or two in persevering efforts to work it|

Another of these sports was : The old rooout. You see we have succeeded.

men drinking hot tea for a pound of snuff. Respectfully yours,

Whoever could drink the most and the hotT. JR."

test tea in one hour gained the prize. Well, now, young friends, you see it can be Another amusement was : Grinning through done. So we will not give you an enigma horse-collars. Several men would stand in a this month, but give you another opportunity row, each holding a collar. Men and women to "join a friend or two in persevering ef- as many as pleased to do so, would in tum forts,” hoping you will say as our friend says, look through the collars making up the worst " You see we have succeeded.” But just al- faces they could. The one who made up the low us to say to you that - “An ancient tow- ugliest face gained the prize. er in Asia Minor," should read “ ancient Sometimes they had this game also : Thirtoutu."

ty old romen racing for a pound of tea. This

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occasioned much merriment, and it was as- goal, carried off the cheese. Sometimes one tonishing to see with what agility the old would jump so far as to lose his balance and dames would run to obtain that they loved so fall, and his fall, like bricks in a row, would much.

generally occasion the downfall of three or Another of these sports which must have four others, to their great vexation, but to the created much mirth, was: Hunting the pig supreme amusement of the spectators. But with a soaped tail. Grunter, with his tail well after a time some one being more expert or greased or soaped, was set off at the foot of more lucky than the rest, would reach the a hill, and was quickly pursued by men and bound and claim the prize. boys. Whoever caught him by the tail and Oxenbridge and Cannon were two noted could hold him still with that one hand for fighters formerly in Wiltshire. Cannon, not three minutes was to have the pig for his daring to contend in a boxing match with Oxown. But it was rather slippery business to enbridge, challenged him to jump in sacks for catch the smooth porker. For pigs then had a cheese. It was agreed that they were to the same obstinate nature that they inherit jump over the course (which was five hun. now, and on being pulled one way they strove

dred yards long) three times. The first time to go in an opposite direction. If some lucky

Cannon fell, his opponent winning the race. fellow happened to grasp the pig by the tail,

The second time Oxenbridge fell and Cannon it was next to impossible for him to keep his beat. The third time they kept a pretty even hold. Grunter would go forward it he was pace for about four hundred yards, when they pulled back. Just so the pig of the London bounded against each other and both fell. butcher did. The butcher laid a wager with

| Then there was a dispute as to who was the a waterman on the Thames that he would victor. Oxenbridge wished to divide the make a pig run over one of the bridges quick-cheese. Cannon wanted to jump again. But er than the waterman could row his boat while disputing, Cannon got out of his sack across the river. The bet was eagerly accept

pt- and ran off with the cheese. Oxenbridge was ed by the waterman. When the signal for

soon after him. They soon set to at a boxing starting was given, the boatman began to row

match. In two hours Cannon became the vicwith all his might. But the butcher, catch

her. catch-tor and carried off the cheese in triumph. ing hold of the tail of the pig, endeavored to These were the sports of rustic, uncultivatpull him back, upon which grunter, true to ad people. It is well that they have passed his nature, pulled forward and in post-hasteaway. They are too cruel or too coarse to be scampered over the bridge, pulling the butch

practiced in our day. We should be glad er after him, who arrived on the opposite side

that they have been given up just as the an

bank. cient gladiatorial fights have been. Perhaps We must speak of one more of the rustic we shall give the readers of Tue SCHOOLMASsports at the old fairs in England : Jumping ren an account some time of the ancient in sacks for a cheese. Ten or twelve of the games and gladiatorial sports. But we should best jumpers were chosen to contend for the be glad that those games have passed away prize. They were tied in long sacks or bags as well as those coarse sports of which we up to their necks, their heads only being out have given an account. It is right that all of the bags. They were to jump six hundred should have some amusements, particularly yards. The one who would first jump to the the young. But the sports should not be



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