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adapting a good system of mental training, gait of health and freedom, nor learned to go and power to put his theory into practice. I through the minuet of life with dancing mean by that, a force of mind which shall grace !-N. Y. Independent. dominate over both scholars and their parents. These things are indispensible in a master.
For the Schoolmaster. But for subordinate, or inferior persons, who
The Stone of Ancient Error, the Cube of for pecuniary reasons devote themselves to
nserves to Truth, and the Sphere of Falsehood. teaching, it will be sufficient to earnestly | study the method of such a master, and to be. The following extract from the “ Autocrat
unflinching in carrying it out. In the midst of the Breakfast-Table,” in the March num. of competition those who have the sense to ber of the Atlantic Monthly, is worthy of
see, and the firmness to pursue, the true end careful perusal. No one, who has a taste for of education, will soon gain patronage. The rich thought and beautiful imagery, carrying public may not recompense the righteous, but with it a moral which cannot be mistaken, it generally sees its own interest with suffi- can fail to be interested in it; especially may cient clearness to reward the able.
those who are instructors of the young derive There are certain mental powers which rank benefit therefrom. first in importance, and without which man
1. D., JR. is a helpless imbecile. He may be a shrewd "I wonder if anybody ever finds fault with fellow, possessing only the smallest embryo anything I say at this table when it is repeatof imagination, but there are other faculties ed? I hope they do, I am sure. I should be which are imperatively necessary in large very certain that I had said nothing of much measure.
significance, if they did not. First, comes Attention, or the power of Did you never, in walking in the fields, concentrating the mind upon any subject. In- come across a large flat stone, which had lain, capacity to do this is idiocy. Next comes nobody knows how long, just where you what is generally called Judgment. To be found it, with the grass forming a little hedge, destitute of this is to be insane.
as it were, all round it, close to its edges,Then comes Memory – the emptiness of and have you not, in obedience to a kind of which is childishness. These faculties bave a feeling that told you it had been lying there principle of growth within themselves, and long enough, insinuated your stick, or your are, besides, very susceptible of cultivation. foot, or your fingers under its edge and turnIf nature had not decreed it so, what would ed it over as a housewife turns a cake, when have become of the female mind by this time, she says to herself, • Its done brown enongh for what proper means have ever been taken by this time'? What an odd revelation, and in schools to secure the development of those what an unforeseen and unpleasant surprise important functions? Compulsory exercise to a small community, the very existence of alone—and that quite unregulated ;-nothing which you had not suspected, until the sudwhatever adapted precisely to the object. den dismay and scattering among its memThey put feeble little girls into the treadmill, bers produced by your turning the old stone keep them "exercising” there until they attain over! Blades of grass flattened down, colorwomanhood, and then they wonder that they less, matted together, as if they had been have not acquired the strong, joyous, springy | bleached and ironed ; hideous crawling crea
tures, some of them coleopterdus or horny- by it. He who turns the stone over is whoshelled,—turtle-bugs one wants to call them ; soeverputs the staff of truth to the old lying some of them softer, but cunningly spread incubus, no matter whether he do it with a out and compressed like Lepine watches ; serious face or a langhing one. The next year (Nature never loses a crack or a crevice, mind stands for the coming time. Then shall the you, or a joint in a tavern bedstead, but she nature which had lain blanched and broken always has one of her flat-pattern live time- rise in its full stature and native hues in the keepers to slide into it;) black, glossy crick- sunshine. Then shall God's minstrels build ets, with long filaments sticking out like the their nests in the hearts of a new-born huwhips of four-horse stage-coaches; motion- manity. Then shall beauty-Divinity taking less, slug-like creatures, larvæ, perhaps, more outlines and color-light upon the souls of horrible in their pulpy stillness than even in men as the butterfly, image of the beatified the infernal wriggle of maturity! But no spirit rising from the dust, soars from the sooner is the stone turned and the wholesome shell that held a poor grub, which would nevlight of day let upon this compressed and er have found wings, had not the stone been blinded community of creeping things, than lifted. all of them that enjoy the luxury of legs You never need think you can turn over and some of them have a good many-rush any old falsehood without a terrible squirmround wildly, butting each other and every-ing and scattering of the horrid little populathing in their way, and end in a general stam- tion that dwells under it. pede for under-ground retreats from the re- . . . . . # gion poisoned by sunshine. Next year you will
When we are yet small children, long befind the grass growing tall and green where
fore the time when those two grown ladies the stone lay; the ground-bird builds her
offer us the choice of Hercules, there comes nest where the beetle had his hole; the dan
up to us a youthful angel holding in his right delion and the buttercup are growing there,
hand cubes like dice, and in his left spheres and the broad fans of insect-angels open and
like marbles. The cubes are of stainless ivoshut over their golden disks, as the rythmic
ry, and on each is written in letters of gold waves of blissful consciousness pulsate thro'
|--Truth. The spheres are veined and streaktheir glorified being.
ed and spotted beneath, with a dark crimson -The young fellow whom they call John Alush above, where the light falls on them, saw fit to say, in his very familiar way,--at and in a certain aspect you can make out upwhich I do not choose to take offence, but on every one of them the three letters L, I, E. which I sometimes think it necessary to re- The child to whom they are offered very prob. press,—that I was coming it rather strong on ably clutches at both. The spheres are the the butterflies.
most convenient things in the world ; they roll No, I replied ; there is meaning in each of with the least possible impulse just where the those images,—the butterfly as well as others. child would have them. The cubes will not
The stone is ancient error. The grass is hu- roll at all; they have a great talent for standman nature borne down and bleached of all ing still, and always keep right side up. But its color by it. The shapes that are found be- very soon the young philosopher finds that neath are the crafty beings that thrive in dark- things which roll so easily are very apt to roll ness, and the weaker organisms kept helpless into the wrong corner, and to get out of his way when he most wants them, while he al
A Thrilling Incident. ways knows where to find the others, whieh| stay where they are left. Thus he learns
arns_| Tue Hon. George N. Briggs, ex-Governor thus we learn to drop the streaked and speck-of Massachusetts, delivered a temperance adled globes of falsehood and to hold fast the dress some time since, in the course of which white angular blocks of truth. But then he related the following anecdote with thrillcomes Timidity, and after her Good-nature, ing effect : and last of all Polite-behavior, all insisting Mr. Briggs said this question of the introthat truth must roll or nobody can do any-duction of intoxicating drinks assumed something with it; and so the first with her coarse what of a practical form last Spring, in a rasp, and the second with her broad file, and thriving borough in Pennsylvania. The inthe third with her silken sleeve, do so round habitants had assembled, as was their usual off and smooth and polish the snow-white custom, to decide what number, if any, of licubes of truth, that, when they have got a censes the town should petition from the
little dingy by use, it becomes hard to tell County Court, from whence they were issued. ; them from the rolling spheres of falsehood.”
There was a full attendance. , One of the most
respectable magistrates of the borough preReading Aloud.
sided, and upon the platform were seated,
among others, the clergyman of the village, There is no treat so great as to hear good one of his deacons, and the physician. reading of any kind. Not one gentleman or After the meeting had been called to order, lady in a hundred can read so as to please the one of the most respectable citizens of the car, and send the words with gentle force to borough rose, and after a short speech, moved the heart and understanding. An indistinct that the meeting petition for the usual numutterance, whines, nasal twangs, guttural ber of licenses. They had better license good notes, hesitations, and other vices of elocu- men and let them sell. The proposition seem tion, are almost universal. Why it is, no one ed to meet with almost universal favor. It can say, unless it be that either the pulpit, or was an excellent way to get along quietly, the nursery, or the Sunday School, gives the and one and then another in their turn exstyle in these days. Many a lady can sing pressed their hope that such a course would Italian songs with considerable execution, but be adopted. cannot read English passably. Yet reading is The president was about to put the quesby far the more valuable accomplishment of tion to the meeting when an object rose in a the two. In most drawing-rooms, if any- distant part of the building, and all eyes were thing is to be read, it is discovered that no- instantly turned in that direction. It was an body can read; one has weak lungs, another old woman, poorly clad, and whose careworn gets hoarse, another chokes, another has an countenance was the painful index of no light abominable sing-song, evidently a tradition of suffering. And yet there was something in the way he said Watts' hymns when he was the flash of the bright eye that told she had too young to understand them; another rum- once been what she was not. She addressed bles like a broad-wheel wagon; another has the president, and said, with his permission, a way of reading which seems to proclaim she wished to say a few words to the meeting, that what is read is of no sort of consequence, She had come because she had heard that and had better not be listened to.
they were to decide the license question.
“ You,” said she, “all know who I am. Evening Hours for Mechanics. You once knew me the mistress of one of the best estates in the borough. I once had a What have evening hours done for mechan. husband and five sons; and woman never had ics who had only ten hours toil: Harken to a kinder husband-mother never had five bet- the following facts : ter or more affectionate sons. But where are One of the best editors the Westminster they now? Doctor, I ask where are they Review could ever boast, and one of the most now? In yonder- burying ground there are brilliant writers of the passing hour, was a six graves filled by that husband and those cooper in Aberdeen. One of the editors of five sons, and oh! they are all drunkard's the London Daily Journal was a baker in graves. Doctor, how came they to be drunk - Elgin ; perhaps the best reporter of the Lonards ? You would come and drink with them, I don Times was a weaver in Edinburgh: the and you told them that temperate drinking editor of the Witness was a stone mason. would do them good. And you, Sir, address. One of the ablest ministers in London was a ing the clergyman, would come and drink blacksmith in Dundee; and another was a with my husband; and my sons thought they watchmaker in Bauff. The late Dr. Milne, could drink with safety, because they saw of China, was a herd boy in Rhyne. The you drink. Deacon, you sold them rum principal of the London Missionary Society's which made them drunkards. You have now College, at Hong Kong, was a soldier in got my farm and all my property, and you got Huntly; and one of the best missionaries that it all by rum. And now," she said, “I have ever went to India, was a tailor in Keith. *done my errand. I go back to the poor-house, The leading machinist on the London and for that is my home. You, reverend Sir, you, Birmingham Railway, with £700 a year, was Doctor, and you, Deacon, I shall never meet a mechanic in Glasgow; and perhaps the very you again, until I meet you at the bar of God, richest iron founder in England was a workwhere you, too, will meet my ruined and losting man in Morap. Sir James Clark, her husband and those five sons, who, through Majesty's physician, was a druggist in Bauff. your means and influence, fill the drunkard's Joseph Hume was a sailor first, and then a grave.”
laborer at the mortar and pestle in Montrose; The old woman sat down. Perfect silence Mr. McGregor, the member from Glasgow, prevailed, until broken by the president, who was a poor boy in Rosshire. James Wilson, rose to put the question to the meeting; shall the member from Westbury, was a ploughwe petition the court to issue licenses to this man in Haddington, and Arthur Anderson, borough the ensuing year? and then one un- the member from Orkney earned his bread by broken “No!”—which made the very walls the sweat of his brow in the Ultima Thule. re-echo with the sound, told the result of the old woman's appeal.
How to JUDGE OF CHARACTER.—It has been
shrewdly remarked that what persons are by Does not the echo in the sea-shell tell of
starts, they are by nature. You see them, at the worm which once inhabited it? and shall
such time, off their guard. Habit may renot man's good deeds live after him and sing
strain vice, and virtue may be obscured by his praise :
passion ; but intervals best discover the man. Light things will agitate little minds.
| We fancy this is strictly true.
The Ready Reckoner.
grind an axe than to go at it with a hoe.” The
power and inspiration of an artist can not When a pupil sees his teacher or an ac- l have free course while his instruments delay countant rapidly adding a long column of fig-him. A good arithmetician needs the skill of ures or performing easily any of the primary la reckoner, and this does require practice and operations of arithmetic, it excites an almost often long practice: and only thus can most envious admiration as he contrasts it with his persons obtain it. If the pupil has occasion own tardy reckoning. “If I could only do I to gain it. let him not be discouraged by his like that !” He thinks such facility the crown early slowness. of arithmetical science and art.
We introduce here some methods suggested Yet no distinction is more evident after | by Prof. De Morgan, an eminent English fuller experience than that between the ready mathematician, to aid in developing the skill reckoner and the expert arithmetician. Says of the ready reckoner, for which purpose their Mr. Robinson, after the consideration of the persevering practice will be very effectual.. ground rules of arithmetic, « Those persons -DR. S. WILLARD, in Illinois Teacher. who are quick in what precedes may very properly be said to be quick at figures, though 1. Supposing the learner to be able to count some such persons may be very unsuccessful with sufficient rapidity backward and forward, in future progress, as that will depend on a by single units, he should then learn to count philosophical rather than a numerical turn of backward and forward by twos, by threes, by mind. A good reasoner can always be a good fours, up to tens, beginning with different arithmetician ; on the contrary, one may add, numbers. For instance, commence with three subtract, multiply, and divide, with the rapid- and add four—thus : 3, 7, 11, 15, 19, etc, or ty of intuition, and if she is) not a quick and commence with sixty-one-thus : 61, 57, 53, sound reasoner, quickness of operation will 49, 45, etc. No reiteration should be allowed. only make weak logic the more glaring. It is It should not be three and four make seven, and a mistake to suppose that long practice is four make eleven ; but simply 3, 7, 11, 15, etc. most essential to make a good arithmetician,” If there be difficulty, let the pupil be allowed He adds an illustration of fact: “ Zerah to take his own time; but let him be preventColburn astonished the world by his numeri-ed from repeating any single word, except one cal power of computation, but it was mere which expresses a result. computation. He was a very indifferent arith- 2. The next exercise is the formation of metician, his reasoning powers being such the defect of a lesser number from a greater, that even education could do little for him. when the defect does not exceed nine. The The author has known many expert reckoners manner in which it should be required is by who were, and always must be, unsuccessful giving the lesser number, and the units only arithmeticians."
of the greater—the learner having to supply Nevertheless, quickness in reckoning should for himself the tens which should be in the not be depreciated. We might as well under- greater, so that the defect may not exceed value good tools because tools alone could nine. Thus, having fifty-six and seeing four, not build Solomon's Temple, or carve the the exercise consists in learning immediately Venus de Medici. Perfection of tools aids to supply both the eight in fifty-six and perfection of work. Some one says, " If a eight make sixty-four,' and also the six tens. man has wood to cut, it is better to wait to 'To perform this exercise by itself, write down