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A R T. XXXVIII.
with respect to the Work of Generation, and the Method of ac-
of the Church of Hildesheim. 8vo. Brunswick. 1786. AFTER a laugh, or at least a smile, which will naturally be
3 excited by the contrast that there is between the title of this work and the profession of its Author, we suppose that many of * our readers will expect, from this title, a waggish publication,
If it had been such, we should not have announced it; that it is not such we immediately presumed from even the list of subscribers that is prefixed to the work, among which we find no less than fixteen German universities. On examining the work,
we perceived that it was a very serious business on the part of our - organist, and that it is by no means his design to put us off with
a jig, a canoni, or a hornpipe. With respect to his discovery of the secret of Dame Nature, we shall leave it where we have found it, because, of whatever consequence it may be, we cannot draw it forth to view without fullying our page and our fingers. We have, however, been induced to announce the work for the sake of anatomical connoisseurs, though, if we are not mistaken, there are observations upon record that Itrike at the foundation of our Author's system ; a great part of which, belide, is not new.
with the Education of Princes, and to the Friends of the People. By M. Ehlers, Profeffor of Law. 8vo. Keil. 1786. THERE is a great quantity of good advice in the five differta
1 rions that compose this volume, and the subjects discussed in them are by no means trile or vulgar. The curious question, how far it is advisable to carry the instruction of the people, and in what respects their being well informed is useful and expedient? is the fubject of the first differtation. The second treats of several dangerous consequences that may arise from some inconsiderate regulations that have taken place in the Greek Church, and in some Protestant Churches in Germany, with respect to toleration. lc is well known, that the extraordinary privileges and advantages that have been granted to the ex-Jea suits by the Empress of Rullia, have proved favourable to the introduction of the Roman Catholic belief and worship into reveral places where they were before unknown. The same effect has been produced, though in a less degree, by the unmodi. fied liberty of public worthip, and even the privilege of elta
bliming missions, that have been granted to the Romanists in come Protestant Itares. The learned and judicious Proteflor exposes the inconveniences of these measures with a public-spirited zeal, that is by no means unaccompanied with knowledge and charity. The subject is delicate, as every plan of prescribing limits to toleration requires the acuteness of a clear head, joined to che Jiberal feelings of a generous and benevolent heart. If the Roman Catholic system (and we may form hopes that such a revolution is beginning to dawn) could be diverted of the lordly fpirit of despotism, and the wicked spirit of persecution and intolerance that has been blended and identified with its very eflence, through a long course of ages, the subject of toleration would be no more a matter of discuffion; all difficulties would vanilh. Our Author is a perfect master of this subject, which is connected with that of his third dissertation. In this, to prevent the introduction of such religious doctrines as may be pere nicious to the well-being of the ftate, he produces a confeffion of faith, which, he thinks, ought to be adopted by persons of all communions who secile in any country, and claim a tolera. tion and the free exercise of their religious worship. This confellion is formed upon a large and liberal plan, and excludes none from the righrs and privileges of citizens, who embrace those great truths of natural religion, which are connected with the eflential interests and well-being of civil society; some of its articles are, however, ambiguously expressed, so as to be in the interpretation susceptible of a degree of latitude that might defeat the end for which it is proposed. As to Atheifts, even they are deemed by our Author objects of toleration, provided they neither propagate their opinions in conversation nor in their writings, nor form themselves into separate sects and communi. ties, nor combat che doctrines that are generally received. The same subject is continued in the fourth differtation, in which the Author gives us another form of a general confeffion of faith, and says many shrewd things on the expediency and utility of such forms and confeffions. The fifth and concluding dilleria. tion of this volume, contains the principl-s and maxims that ought to determine the degree of toleration, that may be granted to the societies which are distinguished by the denominai un of religious orders. This subject, which the present crisis of eccle. fiaftical and monaftic policy in the empire and elsewhere renders sealonable and interesting, is discussed by the acute and judicious Author with the most candid impartiality.
Another volume of our Professor's good advice is promised; and those who have read this, expect it with a degree of impa. tience that does him honour and justice.
ART. A R T. XL. Ursprung, &c. i. e. On the Nature and Progress of Science, of
Writing, and of a Sacred Language among the first Inhabitants of the World. or, an Explication of the Fables and obscure Traditions concerning Adam, Seth, Enoch, Noah, Abraham, jofeph, and Moles, designed to illustrate several important Symbols, and myfte: rious Doctrines, both of ancient and modern Times. 8vo. Breslau. 1786. THE discoveries made by the learned Author, in this investiga
tion, do not seem to repay the labour and erudition they have cost him, by their merit and importance. He points out to us, indeed, certain epochas, in which ancient historical records were symbolically interpreted; but he does not carry us back to the source, nor shew.us how they were understood by those from whose primitive relations they were transmitted down from age to age. He throws, it is true, some new rays of critical light upon the Kabalistic fables; and this will be probably considered as the most interesting part of his work, at least by the philologists.
ART. XLI. GeorgIT RUDOLPHI BOHMERI Commentatio Physico-botanica de
Plantarum Semine, i. e. A Physico-botanical Dissertation concerning the Seed of Plants. By M. Geo. R. BOHMER. Wittemberg.
1785. 8vo. ALL that has been said by ancient and modern authors on n the subject here announced, is compendiously contained in the compass of 390 pages of this judicious work. We say judicious; for M. BOHMER is not one of those compilers and bookmakers, who need no more than a pair of scisfars to furnith us with heavy, voluminous, folio publications. He compares, appreciates, and often rectifies the observations of the authors which he has here collected concerning the germination and duration of seed, the manner of augmeoting their fecundity, and many other objects relative to this branch of botany and natural history. He has also subjoined to this work, a curious Dissertation concerning the cellular tissue of vegetables.
Art. XLII. Avis au Public, i.e. An Advertisement addressed to the Public. By
M. Pallas, Member of the Imperial Academy of Petersburg.
1786. THIS eminent Naturalist, already so well known by his
1 celebrated voyages and learned publicacions, announces here a vast and arduous design conceived by the Empress of Rurfia, the execution of which is undertaken by her order. This illustrious Princess is always aiming at great things. Her plans of empire, of commerce, of civilization, and literary improve
ment, ment, are all formed upon a grand scale. She has extended her dominions from the Frozen Ocean to the borders of the Euxine, and seems to stand there on her tiptoe, ready to step over to the other side. How many languages are spoken under her fceptre ? This question brings us to the subject of M. Pallas's advertise. ment, which is the publication of an Universal and comparative Glossary of all Languages, under the auspicious protection and encouragement of CATHARINE II. The Rullian empire can reckon within its boundaries above a third of the languages that are spoken on the surface of our globe, and a great number, with which even the learned are hitherto unacquainted. Within the narrow district of Caucasus, which is inhabited by several small nations, eight or nine languages, and twenty-two dialects, are spoken. In Siberia, the languages and dialects are still more numerous, and Kamschatka furnishes nine dialects of three different languages. Those who are charged with the execution of this immense plan have begun their work, and the languages and idioms of the Rusian empire are the first objects of their inquiries. Among other things, we are told that the true pro. nunciation of the words will be indicated and expressed in this gloflary, with the utmost accuracy and certainty (wbich is no easy matter), and that a preliminary discourse concerning the languages, and their filiations, analogies, and affinities, will be prefixed to this GREAT WORK.
ART. XLIII. Natur-Hiftoriche Briefe, &c. i. e. Letters concerning the Natural
History of Austria, Saltzburg, Passau, and the adjacent Provinces. By M. Paul SCHRANK. 2 Vols. 8vo. 1785. THESE letters are agreeably written, and contain excellent
1 observations on the natural productions and riches of coun. tries litele known, even with respect to the manners and cusa toms of their inhabitants.
Art. XLIV. Uber de enstehung des Nordlichts, &c. i. e. Concerning the Origin of
the Aurora Borealis, or Northern Lights. By M. 1. ANTHONY Cramer, Professor of Mathematics in the Ducal College of Hildesheim. 8vo. Bremen. 1786. IT is in the phlogiston, collected about the pole, that M.
CRAMER thinks he has perceived the true cause of the 114rora Borealis ; of which he explains all the phenomena in, at leaft, a probable manner, on this principle.
be -- all by Mme; efcept art. 35.
N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet, see the
Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.
Editions and translations of this Author,
102, tbe note.
Arithmetic, invention for enabling blind
persons to perform operations in, 422.
kinds of, considered, 344.
for, recommended, 40g.
ric painting, 540.
tive to, 406.
collected about the pole, 576.
A Bftraction, in metaphysics, what, 333.
Acbard, M. his exper. on air, water,
wood thining in the dark, 484.
448. Component parts of, 449. Nie
capable of diffolving gold, 508.
success, with respect to health, of some
northern latitudes, 252. .
with fire, 518.
ini, replete with uncommon benevolence
and philanthropy, 309.
ing turnips and beans, together, in ala
ternate rows, 170.
ties, 278. Remarkable ancient col.
nereal disease, by a plant growing in
101. His creatise on acute and chronic
APP, Rev, Vol. LXXV.
RAldwin, Mr. his entertaining account
of his very successful experimin ari
and qualities of the red, 483.
On the nature of poetry, 343. On the
of buck wheat, 172.
extrasting them ridiculed, 42.