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Art. 40. Letters written in London by an American Spy, from
the Year 1764 to the Year 1785. 12mo. 35. Crowder, &c. These letters are supposed to have been written by an American Quaker, resident in England, under the character of a spy. Notwithstanding what is said in the title, they are all dated within the year 1764, and refer to events of that year, or some preceding time. They contain flight and cursory remarks in political questions, public characters, English manners, philosophy, and religion.
On The latter topic, the writer discovers a strong tin&ture of superstition : he is a believer in prophetic dreams or visions, and is of opinion, that some of the heathen oracles were under the direction of evil dæmons.
E. Art. 41. The new Guide through the Cities of London and Iveft
minster, the Borough of Southwark, and Parts adjacent. By John Mazzinghy, M. L. 12mo. 35. 6d. Boards. Dilly. 1785.
This work being given in French, as well as in English, the two languages fronting each other in opposite pages, must be useful to foreigners, as well as to natives of this country. A compilement from compilements; but being the last, it will, in course, have the preference, as containing the freshest information of what is new-in regard to public buildings, institutions, and improvements of every kind; in all which this Hourishing metropolis is continually making advances. Art. 42. Appeal from Scotland, in which the Spiritual Court of
the Church of England is demonstrated to be opposite to the British Constitution, and a Part and Pillar of Popery. Addressed by Calvinius Minor, to the Right Hon. Lord George Gordon, President of the Protestant Association. 8vo. 60. Wilkins. 1786.
The spiritual courts (as they are termed) of the English church undoubtedly furnish fufficient matter of censure. Their claims and orders cannot be defended on rational and Christian principles, and were they strictly enforced and extended, would be productive, as they have been, and in some instances perhaps still are, of heavy oppresion and evils almost insupportable. Happy for the present times, they are generally under the direction of persons who have too much wil." dom and candour to allow the fall force and extent of their pernicious influence. In respect to the pamphlet before us, and the partibular case to which it is directed, we do not consider it as demanding our farther enquiry. This writer dates his letter, near Edinburgh, 4th June 1786. He appears to be a sensible man, and not unac. quainted with his subject. After other remarks on the spiritual court of the Church of England, he proceeds to mention several pleas that may be urged againit granting the writ de excommunicato capiendo, some of the more general kind, and some special, or relative to the particular cafe he has in view.
H. Art. 43. Genuine Memoirs of Jane Elizabeth More, late of Ber-mondsey, in Surry, written by herself : Containing her Sentimental Journey through Great Britain, specifying the various Manufactures carried on at each Town. A comprehenfive Treatise on the Trade, Manufactures, Navigation, Laws, and Police of chis Kingdom, and the Necessity of a Country Hospital. 12 mo. 3 Vols. gs. Towed. Bew, &c.
A filly tale of trifling adventures, related in a most vulgar style. The language, both in prose and rhime, is beneath criticism; and the journey through Great Britain is neither sentimental nor instructive. We are sorry for the unfortunate woman, while, in justice to the Public, and to our reputation, we must, of neceffity, condemn the still more unfortunate writer.
hom Art. 44. Particulars of the remarkable Trials, Convictions, &c. of
John Shepherd; with his History, from his birth. 8vo. 1s. Bladon.
Tediously written ; but, we believe, faithfully detailed. Shepherd was executed for a highway robbery on the 2zd of November 1786. He was a remarkable offender; and had, through mistaken lenity, been too long permitted to prey on the Public. Art. 45. The Cacique of Ontario ; an Indian Tale. 4!. is. 6d.
Fielding. 1786. This tale appeared in the year 1776 in the third edition of a volume of poems * by Mr. Richardson, profeffor of humanity at Giargow, under the title of · The Indians, a Tale t. The new title seems to be fabricated by a person wholly unacquainted with the Indians of the northern parts of America, whose chiefs are called Sachems and not Caciques; and though there be a lake, yet we believe there is no tribe, of the name of Ontario. What right the present Editor had to make free with Mr. Richardson's performance, is best known to himself.- N. B. His prefixed advertisement, by which he would, as we apprehend, appear as the original Author, could not, posibly, have come from the elegant pen of Profeffor Richardson. What he means by 'fractical prose,' we cannot discover, unless it be a mis-print, for poetical profe. Art. 46. An historical Narrative of the Discovery of New Holland
and New South Wales, containing an Account of the Inhabitants, Soil, Animals, and other Productions of those Countries, and including a particular Description of Botany Bay, &c. 4to. is. 6d. Fielding. 1786.
The present narrative contains an account of New Holland, chiefly taken from Don Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, who first discovered this island in 1609, and from Capt. Tasman, who failed from Batavia in 1642. The description of its soil, produce, inhabitants, &c. is, in great measure, extracted from Dampier's and Cook's voyages. Fronting the title-page, we have a neatly engraved chart of Botany Bay, with a general chart of New Holland, and the adjacent countries and islands. We shall transcribe the two concluding paragraphs for the fake of the observations contained in them.
• Should a war break out with Spain, cruizers from Botany Bay might much interrupt, if not destroy, their lucrative commerce from the Philippine Illands to Aquapulco; besides alarming and distrefing their settlements on the west coast of South America.
• In the foregoing accounts, the country about the bay is reprefented as producing timber and stone for building, as also wood for
* Of the first edition of these poems, see our account in Rev. vol. * We also forid this tale in the fourth edition of Mr. Ri's poems,
firings its foil as fit for the production of any kind of vegetable food; and the seas to abound with the most delicate fith. Should any oba ject to the paucity of quadrupeds, it must be remarked, that a friendly intercourse with the tropical islands will not only procure a supply of hogs for food, but also for stock; and as most of our navigators have asserted that the islands lying eastward of Borneo, are well tłocked with cattle of the bufialo kind, a breed of those, who are endemial to the climate, may be introduced, and in a few years, with the aflittance of the hogs, there may be a futiicient supply of animal food, not only for the use of the settlers, but also of those be induced to visit them.'
R.. POLICE. Art. 47. A serious Admonition to the Public, on the intended
Thief-Colony at Botany Bay. 8vo. is: 6d. Sewel. 1986.
The Author objects to the plan of fending convicts to New Hola land, on several accounts. He thinks it unadvisable for us to etta. blish new colonies, especially at so great a distance from home, while the country is still smarting for a war with her old colonies, whom the found herself unable to keep in dependance.' His next argument is founded on the idea that the scheme would be an infringement on the charter of the East India Company, granting to them an exclufive trade and navigation from the Cape of Good Hope to the Streights of Magellan, within which boundaries New Holland is situated. The great expence necessary to keep the convicts in subjection, after their landing, as well as that of transporting them thitber, forms another of this gentleman's objccions to the intended plan': he likewise shews the great inconveniences that must arise if the colonilts are left entirely to themselves. The arguments Qf our Author are by no means those of an unexperienced man, either in politics or in trade ; yet his tyle, we are sorry to obterve, is neither so polite as a public admonition, and ftriétures on the conduct of government, require; nor is it altogether free from rancour.
After having thus stated, and in a good measure demonstrated, the truth of his objections, our Author proposes a scheme of fending convicts to another place, which he apprehends will be attended with less expence to the Public, and free from the objections to which the former is liable. He would transport them to che Iand of Tristan da Cunha: where, on account of its fituacion, governors and guards would be unnecessary ; and he would have them left there to themselves, without arms, and with such fmall boats only as could not quit the coast. This island is fituated in Jat. 37° Ý South, and long. 16° 10' Weft of London. It is contiderably larger than St. Helena ; well watered, and abundantly ftocked with seals and birds. The coaft abounds in a variety of fith, and the inland parts produce plenty of vegetables aod woud.
Near to this island are two others (one bearing S. W. by W. dirtance 6 or 7 leagues ; the other S. S. W. W. ditance 6 or 7 leagues) which, though not fo large, are nevertheless fimilar in their external appearance and productions.
From the ficuation of these islands, there is no possibility of the banished convicts ever escaping while they are destitute of boats ca. pable of failing to the distance of 200 miles or upwards, in a rough
and dangerous sea; this last circumstance seems a strong argument in support of our Author's scheme.
R-m Art. 48. Letter to the Committee of the Court of Common Council
appointed to consider of the high Price of Provisions. 8vo. Dilly. 1786.
Mr. Merriman, the writer of this judicious letter, asserts, that one of the causes of the present high price of provisions, is the excess of copper money, both lawful and counterfeit, now in circulation. His arguments depend on the principle that an increase in the quantity of any kind of coin decreases its value.' Mr. M. would have copper coin of the real intrinsic value of which it is a sign. This he thinks would undoubtedly lessen the quantity of it, and remedy the evil with which trade is at present oppressed; and also be the most effectual method of preventing the circulation of counterfeit coin. Many other good observations are to be met with in this pamphier.
D: S E R M o N S. 1. Preached before the Ancient and Honourable Society of Free
Malons, in Provincial Lodge assembled, in the Church of St. John in Chelter, June 26, 1786. By Thomas Crane, Minister of St. Olave, Chester, and Chaplain to Earl Verney, Paft Provincial Grand Chaplain, Past Master, and now Provincial Grand Orator. 416. Chester printed, and distributed gratis among the Brethren.
Where publications are circulated in this liberal, disinterested manner, the privileges of authorship are extended ; for mankind, by common consent, decline looking a gift horse in the mouth : nevertheless, though we have ever viewed the institution of Free Masonry in a favourable light, so far as we could comprehend it, we cannot deem the pulpit a proper roftrum for the exhibition of its dietates.
Gen. iv. 17. And be builded a city. This Rev. Brother supposes, that Cain, in his fugitive state, corrected his morals, and seems to have been received into favour by God; by his being permitted to build the first city recorded in history : but-as he had previously been permitted to kill his brother Abel, the inference drawn from his building a city, seems to require a firmer foundation than mere permission to execute his purpose.
Genuine masonry, he observes, whether applied to ship building, or to land itructures, had its origin from Divine revelation and infpiration.'
There is a branch of architecture, which being applied to the confruction of Hoating bodies, is thence termed naval architecture ; but we did not conceive that operative masonry had any affinity with thip-building : the tone-mason and the thip-carpenter having little in common between them, except some few general principles, common also to other mechanical professions. How far masonry may be intitled to a divine origin, may be left for those to prove, who jert it.
We are disposed to receive with thankfulness any communications with which fo referved a body as the Free Mafons may vouchsafe to favour us, especially when fó solemnly delivered ex cathedrs; and therefore shall, with all due reípect, lay before our Readers, Brother Crane's illuitration of the three principal orders in architecture.
We Masons acknowledge no more than THREE perfect and distinct ANCIENT Orders: the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. To give a proper notion of these Orders, Architects have compared them to che appearance of the human body.
• Obierve a Man in his lustre, formed by Providence to be Lord over the inferior creation : in such a figure you will find no very Atriking beauty, but much symmetry, much strength and majesty. Akin to this idea is the Doric Column: not the most beautiful in. deed ; but neat, and of masculine proportion.
• Attend to the appearance of a careful MATRON, without bril. liant ornaments, and yet not absolutely unadorned. Such is the Ionic Column, bandjome and yet grave.
• Fancy to yourself a blooming MAID, on whom Art and Nature have combined to lavish every excellent enrichment of dress and beauty. This will give an idea of the CorintHIAN Column, more fender than the lonic, and abundantly more splendid--the moft perfect of the Columns.'
Such fimilitudes, being the mere play of the imagination, we may yield our assent to them or not, as they strike our fancies with propriety or impropriety; but when a clergyman, in his proper character, ventures to pronounce, publicly, and positively, as to hiftorical facts of high antiquity, and to controvert their general acceptation, we naturally expect to find affertion supported by some kind of vouchers. Brother Crane boldly tells his congregation, that these Orders, though at present they take their names from the Dorians, lonians, and Corinthians, three States in ancient Greece, exifted among the Ifraelites before these States received them : these Orders came originally, as every excellent gift cometh, from God; and are coeval with SOLOMON's Temple, which was built to the Name of JEHOVAH, a name adored by all true Masons.'
As we cannot suppose our Author would trifle with his audience, and with the Public at large, by a sermon, which being now printed must come into a variety of hands beside ours, who are not Masons ; fo, when we ak for some evidence to justify these positions, we do not expect him, as a rational divine, to elude us by flipping into the obscurity of his lodge, and to cut us Thort by the plea of their being masonical secrets! Any assertions may be hazarded upon such ground.
Mystical writers, however, while they foar in regions far above the ken of those heavy mortals who are cautious of quitting terra firma, enjoy their opinions in perfect security. For our part, we have only to confess, that our small stock of common sense is staggered by the confident language of incomprehensibilities; and when a writer like the present, undertakes to compound different mysteries together, it is time for us to retire, as we now do, after leaving the following passage to the investigation of our Readers :
• But what if the spirit of Masonry, as carried on in the earthly Lodge, will certainly be introduced into a better state of existence! Saint John, in the Book of Revelation, speaking of those events which are to take place at the end of the world, faith “ the temple of GOD was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his teftament; and there were lighenings, and voices, and