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5. De Igne, &c. i. e. Philosophical Theres concerning the Nature of Fire, Dedicated to Pius VI. By Count CHARLES Resta, Patrician of Milan. 4to. Rome. 1786.— Those who are acquainted with the recent and multiplied experiments of the Doctors Priestley, Black, Crawford, Bergman, Scheele, Abbé Fontana, and other learned men, relative to the subject here announced, will meet with nothing very new in this performance. They will, however, find in it the heads of an elementary treatise upon Fire, judiciously proposed, and elegantly arranged; and in this point of view the work before us has a considerable degree of merit. In the noble Author's plan for the composition of such a treatise, the theses, or propositions, announced in the title of his work, are distributed into three classes; the ist, containing all that relates to the nature of the igneous Auid in general ;-the 2d, all the intimate combinations of this fluid, considered as principle ;-the 3d, the freer union of fire with other bodies in a state of mixture only, and aggregation. Under the three heads of this division, the Author, without professing to give a complete treatise on the subject, furnishes, nevertheless, by reasonings upon the facts which experiments have discovered, very good materials for such a treatise.

Únder the first he proves that fire is not a modification of other bodies, but a substance sui generis, fimple, peculiar, elementary, and not composed, as some learned men have imagined, of phlogiston intimately combined with pure air. He considers it, moreover, as the universal dissolvent, the cause of all Auidity, and the principle, by whose influence, air, water, and all other menstrua exercise activity. He looks upon it as the principle of several crystallizations, as the cause of the aeriform appearances, of which many substances are susceptible, and the great agent from whose presence and quantity, the preservation or destruction, both of vegetative and sensitive life, are equally derived.

After having unfolded the nature and general properties of the igneous Auid, M. Resta, in the second part of his work, considers this Auid in its combinations; and here he goes over the same ground that has been trod, before him, by the Priestleysa the Fontanas, the Sennebiers, and other eminent men. In the third Part, already announced, he follows and illustrates the theory of Dr. Crawford.

6. Memorie Istoriche, &c. i. e. Historical Memoirs concerning Cerignola. By M. THEODORE KIRIATTI, M.D.-The Author thews that Cerignola is the ancient Gerionum (which is no new discovery), and that it was founded by the Aufonians; which may have been the case. His account of the flourishing state of Apulia, when Hannibal made himself master of that country, and of its present state with respect to population, agriculture, commerce, industry, lowns, and public edifices, is more interest


ing. His work is terminated by an essay on the natural history of this fertile region, and an enumeration of the experiments he made to ascertain the non existence of the venom attributed to the Tarantula.

7. L'Iliade, &c. i.e. Italian translations of the Iliad of Homer. Vol. I. By the Abbé CESAROTTI. Padua. 1785.-We an. nounce this translation, on account of the treasure of historical and critical erudition with which it is accompanied. We have, here, inded two translations; the one literal, in prore, which is to supply the place of the original text;- the other poetical, and made with a certain freedom, into which our Author has endeavoured to transfuse the spirit of the Grecian bard. The profe translation is accompanied with a multitude of mythological, historical, critical, philosophical, and grammatical observations, which conftitule the most instructive part of the work. Many volumes, ancient and modern, have been iaid under contribution to furnith these observations, to which the Abbé has added a certain number of his own. These are followed by whole differrations, borrowed from eminent critics and philologists, and defigned to illustrate a variety of subjects relative to the Iliad. But this is not all : for, to render this work uieful to the lovers of Grecian literature, M. CESAROTTI has placed at the end of the volume, the most considerabie various readings of the Greek scholiafts, which are in the library of St. Mark at Venice, and are to be publifhed in the edition of Homer, promised by the learned M. Villoifon.-There is also prefixed to the trandacion before us a Preliminary Discoursé, containing an ample account of Homer's life and wriurgs.

Mei . *** Since writing the above, we have, by accident, met with the 31 edition of Abbé Cesarotti's lialian translation of the works of Oltan; and we purpose io give an account of it in our Appendix-which will be published next month, as usual.


For DECEMBER, 1786.

POLITICAL. Art. 11. The Treaty of Navigation and Commerce between his Bri. tannic Majelly and the moft Chriftian King. Signed at Versailles

Sept. 26, 1786. In French and English. 4to. 2s. 6d. Harrison. W ITH respect to this article, the Public are all critics, to a man;

N it would be, therefore, impertinence in us, were we to pretend to give a review of it. Art. 12. The two Treaties between Great Britain and France. The

former in the Reign of Queen Anne, the latter in the Year 1786, compared, Article by Article, in opposite Columos. Together

· with

with the Subitance of 46 Petitions presented against the former Treaty, by the Manufacturing Interests of Great Britain, faithfully transcribed from the Journals of the House of Commons. Likewise a Narrative of the Reception of the same Treaty by the Public, and the final Decision upon it in Parliament. 410. 15. Debrett. 1786.

The design of this publication is to thew the great similarity of Mr. Eden's commercial Treaty, with that of Utrecht, in the year 1713, which was strongly objected against by manufacturers and tradesmen of various descriptions, under the apprehension of the bad effects it would have on the commerce and manufactures of the king. dom; and which was rejected by the House of Commons.

Mr. Eden's Treaty is, in substance, and generally in words, an exact copy of the former; the compiler of the present comparative performance, seems to think that there is the same cause for appre. hension now that there was in 1713; and he wishes to have this plain question determined, viz. "Why the very Treaty, which, in 1713, was, with one voice, scouted through the kingdom, should, in 1786, be quietly acquiesced in, as a matter of national honour and advantage?'

Rm Art. 13. A Coll. Etion of Letters on interrsing Subjef?s; in which

the Benefits of Whiggism are pointed out, and the Origin of the Revolution is investigated ; that the Public may know to whom they are indebted for this wonderful Change in our political Hemisphere. 12mo. 15. Bramwell. 1785.

King William, a Papift! the Pope, chief instrument in bringing about the Revolution ! The Whigs, a pack of knaves ! &c. &c. is the language of this anonymous politician.

What generous mind can refuse to rejoice when truth emergeth from obscurity, when facts which ha: e been so long the theme for eulogiums are stripped of their varnish, and appear in the odious and detestable light which they deserve ? Preface, p. iv.

What pity that we are left ignorant of the sagacious discoverer, who thus brings forth the truth, and proclaims there great tidings! especially as we are not favoured with references to any other aucho. rity for the paradoxical facts here advanced, beside the mere ipse dixit of Mr. Anybody, or Mr. Nobody.

GEOGRAPHY, &c. Art. 14. Cary's Axtual Survey of the Country Fifteen Miles round

London. On a Scale of one Inch to a Mile. Wherein the Roads, Rivers, Woods, and Commons, as well as every Market Town, Village, &c. are distinguished; and every Seat Thewn, with the Name of the Poffefior. Preceded by a General Map of the Whole.

To which is added,' an Index of all the Names contained in the • Plates. 8vo. 88. sewed. Art. 15. Cary's Actual Survey of the Country Ten Miles round

Hampton Court and Richmond. On a Scale of One Inch to a Mile. Wherein, &c. 8vo.' 35. sewed. Cary, No. 188, Strand.

In our Review for April laft, we made mention of Mr. Cary's Aftual Survey of Middlesex, and recommended it to the notice of the Public, as being « peculiarly convenient for occasional consultationboth as a county-map, and as a road-directory." "And she same : Rey. Dec. 1786.




degree of commendation may be honestly due to the present publicae tions, only that they do not come under the denomination of County maps.

Mr. Cary's Surveys are, without question, the most accurate and elegant of any that have appeared fince the days of Roque. His maps too, are possessed of this very peculiar excellence, that when cut, and pasted on canvas for the pocket, the names of the several places are no way mangled or injured by it, but remain whole and entire : this gives clearners and distinctness to the various parts of the disa fected map, and adds confiderably to the beauty of the whole.

HISTORICAL. Art. 16. The History of the War with America, France, Spain,

and Holland, commencing in 1775, and ending in 1783. By John Andrews, LL.D. 8vo. 4 Vols. H. 1os. Boards. Field. ing. 1786.

This history is chiefly compiled from the public prines, and the proceedings of the House of Commons; and is frequently inter{persed with pertinent political remarks. The facts in general are well recorded; in some circumstances we think the Author has not been fully inforined, but there are few. Impartiality, the greatest recommendation of an historian, especially the historian of his own times, seems to have been much attended to by the Author; and though, on the whole, he has placed things in a proper light, and apparently attributed them to their true causes, yet we are doubtful that Time has not yet fufficiently detected the hidden motives that actuated the contending powers in their various operations. AGRICULTURE, 60°C.

om Art. 17. National Improvements upon Agriculture, in Twenty

seven Efrays, by David Young, Perth. 8vo. 55. Boards. Edinburgh, Bell. 1785.

We have seldoin read a performance that assumes a more uninviting appearance than that now before us. The language is vulgar, and abounding in Scotticisms, so as to be scarcely intelligible; the style prolix, and embarrassed, full of digreflions that have no connection with the subject, and repetitions without end. The Author is evidently unacquainted with the first principles of philosophy; yet the greatest part of his performance consists of attempts to account for the various phenomena of nature; and he talks in a decisive manner on the most intricate fubjects. The formation of the universe, the internal structure of the earth, the changes that have been produced on the earth's surface, &c. &c. are favourite subjects with our Author, to which he recurs in almost every page of his book. He is likewise particularly fond of treating of the fingular-substance called peat, or, as he styles it, moss; though it is very evident to an intelligent reader that he knows little of its nature and qualities, and that he recommends it, for many uses for which it is altogether unfit. In thort, there is such a jumble of nonsense to be met with in almost every page of the book, as will probably disgust most readers, and prompt them to throw it aside before they have perused one half of it.

Notwithstanding this severe censure, which justice obliges us to pass upon this work, the same justice obliges us to own, that an intelligent reader, who can pass over its imperfections, will discover that fome fundamental principles of agriculture are laid down in this work, and frequently inculcated with great and laudable zeal ; such as, that ground should be, at any rate, made perfectly clean, and before any other improvement should be attempted that it is of importance to lay ground into grass when perfectly clean, and fully enriched by manures – that it is a great improvement to keep a large proportion of ground, thus cleaned and enriched, in grass : with le. veral other general axioms of the same kind, that are not sufficiently · adverted to: but, while we approve of thefe fundamental principles, as 'advanced by our Author, we must condemn, as absurd and im: practicable, the greatest part of the measures he recommends, for bringing the ground in to that good order which he wishes. The ob. ject that he is desirous to attain is good, but the means he prescribes for that purpose are altogether inadequate, and many of them are so exceedingly whimsical, as to excite compassion for the man who could seriously recommend them.


Art. 18. A Chart, Thewing the Gender of evety Noun in the

French Language, included in two Tables of Masculine and fe. : minine Terminations. A Sheet in large Folio. 15. Law.

French grammarians have found great difficulty in making roles for the genders of nouns. This chart, thewing the rules in one view, may have some advantages over a grammar, where the rules are not placed together.

Art. 19. The Arguments of Counsel, in the Ecclesiastical Court,

in the Cause of Inglefield. With the Speech of Dr. Calvert,
July 22, 1786, at giving Judgment. 8vo. 25. Murray.

These speeches were printed from Mr. Gurney's short-hand notes ; and are curious specimens of the abilities of the learned Civilians. As to the nature of this extraordinary cause, delicacy commands our filence.

Art. 20. Poems, and other Pieces, by Henry Headley. 8vo.

rs. 6d. Robson. 1786.
Mr. Headley, we understand, was a Member of Trinity College,
Oxford, and now resides at Norwich. The greater part of these
poems, or, as he himself quaintly says, 'the majority,' have been
before made public. They are dedicated to Doctor Parr, as a mark
of the gratitude and respect, which an ingenuous scholar thought due
to his able and faithful master. The application of the passage from
Laurent. Valla, does credit to the judgment of Mr. Headley, and ex.
preffes, very justly and fully, the merits of Dr. Parr. ' In The Poems
themselves there is much taste, and some poetry ; many nervous ex.
preslions, fome harmonious verses, a few sentiments that have traces
of originality, and a general felicity in the choice of subjecis. The
character of Lothario is well drawn; and we were much pleased with
the Invocation to Melancholy, which seems to mark, not merely the
powers of the writer, but the peculiarities of his character.-A young
man, educated under Dr. Parr, cannot but reflect, with picy and re-

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