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to improve its diagnofis ; among these are affections, supposed to be venereal, that sometimes succeed the transplantation of teeth. We heartily with this unnatural operation were totally abolished. It can never be productive of much advantage, and may be the cause, not only of personal misery, but of domestic unhappiness.

Many obserwations might have been omitced, especially such as are mentioned in page 200, through motives of morality: if they are even jutt, they are of no use; but most probably they are ill. founded, and only the produce of the Author's imagination : they are certainly repugnant to the laws of nature, and inconsistent with reason..

We cannot conclude this article without observing that the matter . of the work before us is thrown together in a disorderly, irregular manner : we frequently find the Author's reasoning so intermixed with observations of facts, that it is difficult to distinguish them : and as he does not appear to have aimed at giving a complete system on the subject, although he has touched on almost every part of it, the present publication can never be found of much use to the student; for any other instruction than what is systematical cannot ea. fily be retained, and tends only to the promotion of empiricism. The intelligent and experienced practitioner will find in it many ori. ginal and valuable observations, mixed with knowledge of which he cannot be supposed ignorant; and although the reasoning is for the most part wild, and in some instances unjust, yet Mr. H, has established some new principles, on lawful grounds. Pearsonos Quem. Art. 20. Observations on the new Opinions of John Hunter, in

his late Treatise on the Venereal Disease. By Jesse Foot, Surgeon. 8vo. 25. 6d. Becket. 1786.

Mr. Hunter has undoubtedly laid himself sufficiently open for ani. " madversion and reproof. Mr. Foot has very judiciously exposed several of Mr. H.'s more material errors. There is in some of his re. marks an appearance of rancour that in general degrades criticism. We are promised a continuation of these observations, which, if conducted on the same plan as the present performance, will be drawn out to as great a length as Mr. H.'s treatise itself, although Mr. Foot calls his book · a dwarf placed by the side of a giant.' 2-m Art. 21. A Letter to John Hunter, Esq. F.R.S. By Duncan

Gordon, M. D. 4to. Is. 68. Randal. 1786.
Although Dr. G.'s intention, in the publication of this letter, may
be laudable, yet we think the work more fit for private perusal than
public inspection. The Author might have saved himself the trouble
of informing his readers of his 'tender years;' his style and ortho.
graphy, especially in the title-page, which we have deemed it expe.
dient to abridge, are evident proofs of his immaturity.

L A w.
Art. 22. A Dissertation on the Poor Laws. By a Well-wilher to

.Mankind.' 12mo. *15. 60. Dilly. 1786.
The Author of this Differtation seems to be actuated by a disinte.
rested defire of rendering the nation a material service. He examines,
with impartiality and judgment, the causes of the increase of our
poor-rates, and thews, with much clearness of argument, several
defects in the present mode of relieving the distresses of the indigent.


He acknowledges the wisdom of the laws; but proves, both by expea rience and demonstration, that, the laws being inadequate to the purposes for which they were designed, and the money collected being universaliy misapplied, the provision which was originally made for industry in distress, does little more than give encouragement to idleness and vice. To remedy the evils generally attendant on the present mode of maintaining the poor, he observes that no fyftem can be good which does not encourage industry, æconomy, and subordination. The plans he proposes are well calculated to answer the desired end, but experience can only prove that they will remedy the evils with which we are at present burdened. After recommend ing several methods of employing the industrious and healthy poor (if such exift), he concludes his performance thus :

* To relieve the poor by voluntary donations is not only most wise, politic, and just, is not only most agreeable both to reason and revelation; but it is most effectual in preventing misery, and excellent in jtself, as cherishing, instead of rancour, malice, and contention, the opposite and most amiable affections of the human breast, pity, compallion, and benevolence in the rich, and love, reverence, and gratitude in the poor. Nothing in nature can be more disgusting than a parish pay-table, attendant upon which, in the same objects of misery, are too often found combined, snuff, gin, rags, vermin, infolence, and abusive language, nor in nature can any thing be more beautiful than the mild complacency of benevolence, haitening to the humble cottage to relieve the wants of industry and virtue, to feed the hungry, to clothe the naked and sooth the sorrows of the widow and her orphans; nothing can be more pleasing, unless it be their sparkling eyes, their bursting tears, and their uplifted hands, the artless expressions of unfeigned gratitude for unexpected favours.'

A- m. Art. 23. Observations on a late Publication, intitled, Thoughts on

Executive Justice * To which is added a Letter containing Rea marks on the same Work, 12mo. 25. 6d. Cadell. 1786.

The Author of these Observations seems to be a sensible and wellinformed writer. The Thoughts on Executive Justice contained many dangerous and impolitic propofitions, deduced from principles that were not sufficiently founded on fact. This performance calmly examines the reasonableness of the Thoughts, and proves, by undeniable arguments, the errors into which, through perhaps too great zeal and inadvertency, the author of them had been led. Cri. minal jurisprudence is a very difficult study, and requires not only abilities and assiduity to profecute it properly, but great judgment in discriminating between the two opposite extremes of cruelty and lenity. The views of government in the enacting penal laws, are confined more to the prevention of crimes than to the punishment of offenders. Our Author examines how far our penal laws are calculated to accomplish this defired effect; and evidently thews their insufficiency, confucing, as he proceeds, all the cruel and severe doctrines of his adversary, who ftrenuously enforces a rigorous execution of .jarring and inconsistent laws, which are severe where

* See Rev. vol. LXXII. p. 382,


they should be mild, mild where they should be severe, and which have been, for the most part, the fruits of no regular design, but of Tudden and angry fits of capricious legislators.'

The Letter which is added to these observations, we are told in the Preface, 'is the production of one of the belt and most eminent men of the present age. But the Editor was not permitted to name him. It is written with liin plicity of style and liberality of thought: the remarks they contain are few, but they are made with judgment, and delivered in a manner that strongly indicate the humanity as well as learning of the writer.

RM Art 24. Å familiar, plain, and easy Explanation of the Law of

Wills and Codicils, and of the Law of Executors and Administrators. Also che Rules by which Estates, &c. defcend, and are to be distributed, in case no Will is made ; and Initructions to every Person, to make his own Will, &c. &c. By a Barrister, of the Inner Temple *. 8vo. 25. od. Baldwin. 1785.

As this com pilement is chiefly intended for readers who are un. acquainted with the doctrines and forms of law, Mr. Tomlins has judiciously avoided, as much as possible, the use of law-terms; a circumstance which will recommend his publication to those who know little of the nice distinctions which so often arise on the construction of Wills, or who cannot easily comprehend the subtleties familiar to a lawyer.-Our Author, however, while he has been particularly cau. tious in the use of law-words, assures us (in his preface) that he has • taken the greatest care that all the directions he has given, should in themselves be strictly legal; and though not extended beyond the common occurrences of the middling state of life, they may serve as · a faithful guide on those occasions. His work may, undoub;edly, be very useful; but in the article next cnsuing, we have another production of the kind, somewhat more elaborate, and on a more extensive scale. Art. 25. LOVELASS on Inteflacy and Wills. 8vo. 39. 60. fewed.

Uriel, &c. 1786. Mr. Lovelass [of the Inner Temple] firit published a part of this work, under the title of The Will which the Law makes: or, how it difposes of a person's Estate, in case he dies without a Will, &c. &c.' The work now appears in the second edition, corrected and enlarged ; to which is added, “The Disposal of a Person's Eftate by Will and Teftament; with Instructions and necessary Forms for every Person to make, alter, and republith his own Will; likewise Directions for Executors how to act after the Testator's Death, with respect to proving the Will, getting in the Effects, and paying Debis and Legacies.'-This last part is a very material addition and improvement of the work ; which, on the whole, appears to be a judi. cious compilement, made with great care, and authenticated, throughout, by references to the proper authorities. J. it is not to be confidered as a deep law-book,.ic will, perhaps, be the more generally useful, on that very account. It is calculated for the many, and many may, no doubt, receive benefit by consulting it.

* Mr. T. E. TOMLINS; as we learn from the Preface to the subsequent Article.

Rev. Oa. 1786.

In his Preface, Mr. L. attacks Mr. Tomlins, the author of the preceding Article ; and speaks of his work in terms not a little depreciating: he even insinuates that the Familiar Explanation,' having been published soon after The Will which the Law makes,' the compiler has taken the advantage of borrowing from his precursor ; in proof of which, he appeals to a mistaken reference, in his first tract, which Mr. T. unfortunately copied; but we do not see much in this charge; it is only a competition between the two booths in the fair : each pretending to be the only one.

After all, it is, at present, a lucky circumstance for these two competitors, that Wentworth's “Olice and Duty of Executors" is out of print :-it will not be an easy matter to set that work afide in the opinion of the Public, or to deprive it of the preference which it has so justly obtained. Art. 26. A Tranpation of the Charter, from the Latin, granted by

Henry VIII. to ibe Company of Barbers of London ; whereby they were made a Corporation ; allo Transcripts of the Letters Patent of several Kings and Queens of England, with Acts of Parliainent and Bye-laws relative to the Barbers Company; Rules and Articles of the Association of Peruke-makers, Hair-dressers, &c. &c. 8vo. 25. 6d. Sold by Mr. Davis, Peruke-maker, opposite St. Clement's Church-yard, Strand...

This com pilation was made for the purpose of instructing the members of the Company of Barbers in the laws of their society, at the time when they entered into an association for preserving their rights, and preventing their privileges from being infringed by persons who were not free of the Company.

Rom Art. 27. Observations on the Jurisprudence of the Court of Sesion

in Scotland; wherein fome Improprieties in the present Mode of Procedure are pointed out, and Amendments submitted. 8vo. is. Murray, 1785.

These observations are just; the improprieties are sufficiently evident, and the proposed amendmenis good: we are apprehensive, however, there will not be adopted. The clerks, &c. of the court will object to the amender, “Sir, ye know that by this craft we have our wealth.'

D: Art. 28. The Trial of Emanuel Jacoma, a Greek, before Judge

Buller, &c. in the King's Bench, for wilfully setting fire to his Houfe, in order to defraud the Phænix Insurance Office. 8vo. 1S. Kearsley. 1786.

The Jury appear to have had very fufficient evidence for delivering their verdict. Guilty.' Art. 29. The Trial between William Fawkener, Erg. (Clerk of

the Privy Council) Plaintiff, and the Honourable John Town· Tend (Son of Lord Viscount Townshend) Defendant; for crimi.

nal Conversation with the Plaintiff's Wife (late Miss Poyntz); in the King's Bench, Westminter Hall, on the izth of July 1786. With some Particulars relative to the Duel between the Plaintiff and Defendant. 4to. 1s. 6d. Smith, Fleet-street.

The adultery being sufficiently proved, the jury gave the plaintiff 500l. damages. The duel, which preceded the trial, ended withe out bloodsned.


Art. 30. The Trial of Mrs. Arin Wood, Wife of William Wood,

Esq. Commissary and Paymaster of Artillery ; for Adultery with Quintin Dick, Esq. Merchant, of King-street, Cheapside, London, during the Absence of her faid Husband in America, &c. on his

Majesty's Duty. Tried in the Confiitorial Court at Doctors Com. and mons. Svo. 29. 6d. Lister.

The proof of the charge against Mrs. Wood, produced a sentence of divorce · from bed, board, and mutual cohabitation with William Wood, Esq. her husband, by reason of adultery.' Art. 31. The Trial of fames Mair, for wilful and corrupt Per

jury--at Nili Prius, the Sittings after Trinity Term, 26 Geo. III. at Westminster, before Judge Buller, and a Special Jury, in K. B. 8vo. 15. Kearsley. 1786.

Mair was indicted of perjury, in an answer to a bill filed by several Under-writers, in the court of Exchequer, in a case respecting the capture and insurance of the ship Leonidas Hero, taken in her voyage from Africa to the Wet Indies, in 1782. He was found guilty Art. 32. The Statutes at Large, from the twentieth of King

George the Third, to the twenty-fifth, inclusive. To which is prefixed, A Table of Titles of all the Public and Private Statutes during that Time. With a copious Index. 4to. 6s. 6d. sewed. Vol. XIV. King's Printers. 1986.

This is a continuation of the valuable edition of the Statutes at large, of which we have given ample accounts in our Review, vol. XXVIII. p. 61. vol. XXX. p. 80. vol. XXXI. p. 240, &c. See our General Index, under the name Ruff head, by whom this excellent work was begun. Art. 33. The Game Laws, from King Henry III. to the present

Period; including all the Acts of Parliament which are now in force on that Subject, with Observations on them, tending to con. vey real Information to the Lawyer, the Magistrate, and the Sportman; and an Introduction, explaining the general Nature of Fo. refts, Purlieus, Chases, Parks, &c. &c. By George Clark, Esq. Author of the Penal Statutes abridged, &c. 12mo. 35. Boards. Fielding. 1786.

The collecting into a small compass the substance of all the laws relative to game must be useful to those who are liable to the penalties inflicted by them. The sportsman will find in this performance an abstract of every aêt that has been passed for the preservation of game, of all kinds, with the laws concerning fisheries, warrens parks, &c. The observations which Mr. Clark has made on these laws are juft; and we doubt not that his performance may be serviceable to all who are interested in the subject.

EAST INDIES. Art. 34. Mr. Hastings's Review of the State of Bengal. 8vo.

35. Kearsley. 1786. These sheets, which the Author informs us he wrote during his passage to England, were first printed for private distribution. Every article of information from the pen of Mr. Hastings claims peculiar attention; those, therefore, who study the political system of our Lastern dependencies, will meet with a fund of interesting observaX 2


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