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Art. 20. Physical and Chemical Effags ; translated from the Latin
of Sir Tobern Bergman. By Edmund Cullen, M.D. Fellow of the College of Physicians at Dublin. To which are added, Notes and Illustrations by the Translator. 8vo. 2 Volumes. 135. Boards. Murray. To enlarge on the literary and philosophical abilities of the illuftrious author of the performances before us, would be unneceffary in this place, as we have given our readers an àmple account of the original work in our Review, Vol. LXII. p. 70. Vol. LXVII. P. 458.
The translator has done justice to the original, by expreffing the learned Professor's sentiments in a concise and accurate manner, and by enriching the work with several explanatory and historical notes. The weights and measures are reduced to the English standard, and the scale of the Swedish thermometer is adapted to that of Fahrenheit, as being in general use in England. We obferve also several other circumstances which render the Essays more easily intelligible to an English reader.
R Art. 21. The extraordinary Cafe and perfea Cure of the Gout, by
the Use of Hemlock and Wolfsbane, as related by the Patient, Monf. l'Abbé Mann, Member of the Imperial Academy of Science and Belles Lettres at Brussels, written by the Abbé himself in French. With a Translation by Philip Thickneffe. 8vo. Stockdale. 1784:
As we have ever been of opinion that one swallow makes no fummer, till we have farther accounts of the good effects of hemlock and wolfsbane we must fufpend our judgment of the efficacy of thefe fimples. Art. 22. A furtber Account of Abbé Mann's Case and perfect
Cure of the Gout. By Philip Thicknese. With Extracts of Letters from Sir John Duntze, Bart. who is under the same Course of Medicine. 8vo. is, 6d. Debrert. 1785.
This is what we wilhed for. Sir John, according to his letter dated Jan. 17th, 1785, takes 120 grains of hemlock and wolfsbane in 24 hours, and has continued taking them for a confiderable time, but he ftill has the gout, though he thinks his fymptoms not so violent as before.
Do Art. 23. Clinical Observations on the Use of Opium in Low Feuers,
and in the Synochus ; illustrated by Cases, Remarks, &c. By Martin Wall, M.D. Lord Litchfield's Clinical Profeffor, one of the Physicians to the Radcliffe Infirmary, and late Fellow of New College. 8vo. 1s. 6d. Cadell. 1986.
The use of opium in fevers has engaged the attention of many medical practitioners since the publication of Brown's Elements. Dr. Wall has, in this performance, given us several cases of different Species of fevers, in which he found opium of fingular ose: the symp: toms in some of them were truly alarming, and of the worst kind. The ingenious and learned Author would have better confirmed the efficacy of this useful remedy had he adminittered it alone, or at least not so much combined with other medicines as he has usually done. We think the attributing an alleviation of symptoms to opium in con
fequence of the following draught, taken every four hours, too hasty
netism, with his Answer. 8vo. 19. Debrett. 1786.
• If there are, as you inform me, any gentlemen, either of real rank, or tolerable exterior, who openly espouse the cause of animal magnetism, I cannot avoid hinting, that their conduct muft, in the opinion of the judicious part even of the fashionable world, most assuredly call in question either their common sense or common honesty. With my molt ardent wish for the detection of every kind of impofture, I am, &c.'
of Marlborough, With considerable Variations by the Author,
Is. 6d. Smith. The late royal visit to Blenheim-house, gave birth to this satirical business; which, no doubt, abounds with wit and humour-in the Author's opinion; though, perhaps, those dull rogues, the Reviewers, and Magazine Critics, will discern but little of it. Art. 26. A poetical Review of the literary and moral Character of
the late Samuel Jobnfon, LL.D. With Notes. By John Courte nay, Esq. 400.25. Dilly. 1786.
Mr. Courtenay, while he exposes the weaknesses of Dr. Johnson, pays due respect to his excellencies.-The poem, however, like its hero, is very unequal. It is frequently fat, and sometimes ungrammatical. It wants ease and harmony ; it never rises to elegance ; and is very seldom either lively or forcible either in the sentiments or the language. There are, however, fome spirited lines, and some acute and fprightly observations ; but, on the whole, we are per. suaded that Mr. Courtenay, though born a wit, was not born a poet.
as performed at the Theatre Royal in the Haymarket. Written
The Author, modestly, and juftly, acknowledges that if he can claim any regard from the Public,' on account of this dramatic proverb, as he styles it, it must be from having afforded Mr. Parsons Q.3
and Mr. Banister an opportunity of displaying such uncommon talents in that very difficult branch of their profession, dramatic caricature.'—We can readily suppose that this little piece appeared to more advantage, to those who saw it on the Haymarket boards, than it has done to us, on the garret floor.
NOVELS and ADVENTURE S. Art. 28. The Errors of Innocence. 12mo.5 Vols. 158. fewed,
Robinsons. 1786. The general complexion of this novel is various. In some parts it is tedious and redundant; and in others animated, interesting, and pathetic. “ It may not” (says an ingenious Correspondent, and a very good judge of writings of this sort) “ affect the heart so forcibly as might be expected from this species of composition ; but for strength of thought, brilliancy of imagination, and deep researches into the human heart, it is deserving of more than common applause." The Writer discovers a very intimate acquaintance with the manners of fashionable life: and some striking scenes
, of it are drawn with a spirited and elegant pencil. The tendency of this Novel deserves our warmest praise ; and though there are faults in the execution, yet where there is so much to commend, we censure with reluctance.
Brah Art. 29. The Gameflers *. 12mo. 3 Vols. 75. 60. lewed.
Baldwin. 1786. This Novel is entitled to our recommendation, on account of the moral it means to inculcate, as well as the ingenious conduct of the plot from which it arises. A considerable knowledge of the ways of ihe world is discovered in it: and characters are marked with a happy discrimination. There is a delicacy of sentiment that frequently places the fair Author in an 'amiable light. She is sometimes pa. thetic; but we were most entertained by her wit and vivacity in the more comic scenes. Art. 30. The Adventures of Lucifer in London. Exhibiting a
Series of Letters to the Right Honourable the Lord President of the Stygian Council of Pandemonium.
35. 6.' Symonds. 1786.
Something about Sir Jeoffrey Dunstan-Sandilands, the Peckham gardener—Motherhill, the Brighton taylor - Dr. Graham - Lord George Gordon-Lady Anne Foley, &c. &c.
We are not unfrequently deceived by title-pages.-Here, however, there is nothing of the kind to complain of. This book is undoubtedly the production of the devil himselft, and he has honestly subscribed it with his name.
A.B. POLITICAL and POLICE. Art. 31. Enquiry into the Influence which Inclosures have had on
the Population of this Kingdom. By the Rev. J. Howlett, Vicar of Dunmow, Essex. Second Edition. To which is added an Appendix. 8vo. 19. Richardson. 1786. * By the author of Burton Wood. See Rev. vol. LXVIII. p. 457.
+ We would not be thought to insinuate that Mr. Lucifer in any respect resembles the pleasant devils of Le Sage and Samuel Foote. No-he is one of the dull devils.
We gave an account of this Enquiry, foon after its first publication: See Review for May 1786, p. 386. It is now mentioned a second time, on account of the Appendix, which contains a letter to the Author, from the Rev. J. C. Woodhouse, Rector of Donington in Shropshire; giving an account of the state of population in that parish, for near 100 years past; with judicious remarks, &c. The whole strongly tending to illustrate and confirm Mr. Howlett's idea of the ‘ neceffary increase of people, from an improved agriculture in general, and from inclosures in particular.' Art. 32. Letters of Orellana, an Irish Helot, to the Seven
Northern Counties not represented in the National Assembly of Delegates, held at Dublin, Oktober 1784, for obtaining a more equal Representation in Parliament. Originally published in the Belfast News Letter. 8vo. 75 pages. Dublin printed. 1785.
The occasion on which these letters were first written, died away, we believe, unexpectedly, and yet we would hope, without any of those alarming alternatives taking place, that rose up in terrific forms before the pregnant imagination of the writer, during the solstice of the reforming season. He is a bold rapid declaimer, often happy in his conceptions, and nervous in his expressions : but these are dangerous talents, when used to prompt an implicit multitude to instant action, at the critical calls of their leaders. Orel-, lạna's account of the operation of freedom, will not be very inviting to every one : *Are you able to be free? Be assured that, if it be laborious to attain liberty, it is laborious to maintain it. The spirit of a nation able to be free, must be a haughty and magnanimous fpirit, ftrenuous, vigilant, vindi&tive, always impatient, often impetuous, sometimes inexorable. If such be the characteristics of liberty, what are the distinguishing features of defpotism? Art. 33. Outlines of a Plan for Patroling and Watching the City of London, &c. 8vo. Faulder. 1786.
N: On this occasion we recollect the publication of Outlines of a plan for protecting London and its environs from the depredations of housebreakers, preet and highway robbers * ; which suggested an easy scheme for a night-patrole to guard the defenceless inhabitants of this great metropolis, and also contained some pertinent remarks on the po
' lice in general. The writer of this pamphlet having taken up the same subject, and copied the title as closely as he could ; to preserve the plea of distinction, without the generosity of making the least mention of a predecessor, whose production must have been before him all the while he was writing, it becomes an act of no more than common justice to remind our Readers of this prior tract, and to point out a resemblance for which no apology is made, though conscientioufly due.
The most observable distinction between the two plans, if indeed the present one should be allowed the rank of independence, is, that the former recommended reducing the unwieldly useless body of city militia to a small well regulated band, fufficient for a constant nightly patrole of the several wards of London ; leaving the parochial watchmen to occupy their stations as they do at present : the
* See Rev, vol. LXXII. p. 146.
second plan, taking no notice of a militia that bears a dead weight upon the citizens, recommends the forming a like regalar patrole guard, instead of the parochial watchmen. The first appeas to be dictated by economy, the latter, to call for an increafe of expence. All that we need to add, will be our warm wilhes that magiitracy would do something of this kind which might prove effectual; for though Reviewers may have less to lose than their fellow ci'i ens, they do not like the hazard they so frequently run, of answering corporally for pecuniary deficiencies.
N Art. 34. A new Experiment for the Prevention of Crimes; ad
dreffed to the serious Confideration of the Legislatures of Great Britain and Ireland. By I. Z. Holwell, F.RS. 8vo. Cadell. 1786. This worthy Author's principal proposals for the prevention of crimes, is the establishing rewards for virtue. He recommends, that Grand Juries, in the charge from the Bench, should be directed, not only to present offenders, but also to search out and prefent every individual, whose character deserves pablic notice and reward, that they may receive, in open court, the eulogium of the
judge, and be invested with a suspended gold medal, properly infcribed, as a badge of honefty or morals, to be always worn and exhibited to public view. Besides which, he pleads that some small pecuniary affittance should, in the fame public way, be allotted to honest families, struggling under labour and difficulties; and also for the encouragement of matrimony among the poor. These last propofitions may be worthy of some regard : as to the medals, it is perhaps more of a fanciful kind. 1r. Holwell adds some remarks on the methods of punishment: he wholly condemns capital executions, except in cases of murder, and considers the inequality of our laws, in this respect, as a national reproach.
Hi. MiscELLANEOUS. Art. 35. Account of the Association for a Periodical Tontine, for
the Benefit of Persons of all Ages. Svo. 6d. Southern. 1786.
Wherever property gets leave to settle, its attractive power of accumulation is amazing; and, of course, the greater the heap chat collects in one place, the more it must be missed in others. What, therefore, those who feel a want of property cannot do individually, they sometimes effe& by united powers; and by forming a mass of property, from small separate parcels, favour its accumulation, for their eventual common enjoyment. Hence originate those associations, wherein, so far as they extend, the members make an arti. ficial community of goods, similar to what poetical philosophers are fo fond of painting from the imagination, as taking place in a state of nature: a state that can only be realised under partial circumstances, amid the refinements of political society.
Such are all incorporated companies, insurance-offices against fire, annuity-focieties, box-clubs, and other contrivances to procure incomes, or to provide out of a common fund against particular disalters; all which are useful in proportion to the wisdom of their plans, and the security of the funds that arise.
The scheme now before us is for the benefit of survivorship. It is proposed to open subscriptions, every year, for seven claffes of