Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

upon the custom of hunting after dinner, which was practised in Shakspeare's days; upon the high shoe called chioppine, &c. Sir Joshua Reynolds's elegant remarks upon a passage in Macbeth, together with his and Mr. Steevens's observations on the appropriation of the expression poor fool at the conclusion of King Lear: Judge Blackstone's and Mr. Steevens's decilive explanation of the term quick winds' in Antony and Cleopatra: Mr. Monck Mason's explanation of the phrase, 'carry out my fide,' and many more ingenious criticisms, elucidations of diffi cult passages, illustrations of old customs, &c. &c. would, we doubt not, be highly acceptable to our Readers; but our limits forbid us to add to the copious extracts which we have already made. We must therefore here conclude our account of the fcientific part of this edition, with observing, that we cannot 100 warmly commend it to every admirer of the greatest poet of this or any other nation,' as he is ftiled by his prelent editor.

But what shall we say of the mechanical or technical part of the work before us? The most tender sentence that we can pass upon it, is, that it is very negligently, we were going to say, shamefully, execured. The paper is, bad, and the type worse. The letters are scarcely legible in some places, because there is not ink fufficient to stain the paper; and in others, because it is so redundant' as to run into blois. Pages and Scenes are often wrong numbered; words misprinted *; and (which is unpardonable in a work where similar omissions of former editors have Caused such laborious collations of old folios and quartos) fometimes whole words are omitted t. A note upon the words "fillip me with a three man beetle,' signed Johnson, vol. v. p. 492, dces no!, we believe, come from the pen of the Rambler. If we sightly recollect, this note is marked with the initial of a different Christian name, in Malone's Supplement; and should have been so diftinguished here. In short, the whole of this part of the work is such as would disgrace a common school-book.

As the present edition of Shakspeare's plays contains so much of what has been already published in Mr. Malone's Supplement, we apprehend that a new edition of that valuable work, adapted

* Thus, vol. ii. p. 69, we have or,' for 'for,'in Tyrwhitt's note. In the same volume, p. 488,too write,' for ' to write.' Vol. iv. p. 174, note, panance,' for 'penance.' Ibid. p268, note, “manullo,' for maniello.' Vol. v. p. 512, 'confin,' for cousin.' Vol. viii. p. 446, “ If thou haft,' for if thou hadft.' Vol. ix. p. 62, · Aphiaraus,' for • Amphiaraus.' Vol. x. p. 280, note 7, 'canon,' for cannon,' which blunder makes the note contradictory; and numberless others.

+ Thus in vol. iii. p. 393, insomuch, I say, I know (what) you are.' And in vol. ii. p. 08, note, 'These black masks fignifies [no] more than black maks.''

to the present, by omitting all that is here reprinted, would not
be unacceptable to the Public. Should the ingenious author of
the Supplement be of the same opinion, he will perhaps thank
us for pointing out to him the explanation of a passage in Peria
cles, Act III. Sc. I, which has been misunderstood :

• Oye gods!
Why do you make us love your goodly gifts
And snatch them straight away? We, here below,
Recal not what we give, and therein may

Use honour with you.
On this passage, Mr. Malone and Mr. Steevens have the fol.
lowing notes : • The meaning is sufficiently clearIn this par.
ticular you might learn from us a more honourable condutt-But the
expression is so harth, that I suspect the passage to be corrupt.'
Malone. • To use, in ancient language, fignises to put out to
wance or usury. The sense of the passage may therefore be-Our
honour will fetch as much as yours, if placed out on terms of
advantage. If valued, our honour is worth as much as yours.'
Steevens. The commentators are both mistaken. In this
passage, use is a noun, and honour is a verb. The sense is-In
this particular we may honour Use (or custom) as much as we
honour you,

Upon the whole, after a careful examination, we do not hesi. tate to pronounce, that the present edition of Shakspeare's plays, with all its imperfections on its head,' is far superior to any that have preceded it. Beside the two portraits of our poet given in the former editions, there is prefixed to this, a third, which is well engraved by Hall, from a painting in the collection of the Duke of Chandos.

** We have been obliged to a Correspondent for the preceding Article ; which appearing to us to be well drawn up, we readily determined to insert the whole, without any alterations : but we cannot take leave of the ingenious Author, without oba serving to him, that he appears to be mistaken in his remark (Rev, Aug. p. 87.) on “ fait l'imposible,which certainly means no more than the English phrase “ done all in our power."

[ocr errors]

le.

Art. II. Letters and Papers. By the Bath Society. Vol. III. con

cluded.' See laft Month's Review. IT was not without some degree of astonilhment that we

I read, in the contents, the title of an essay by Arthur Young, Esq. on the necessity of hoeing turnips. At this time of day, we imagined, that any attempt to demonstrate the importance of a practice, lo indispensably necessary as the hoeing of turnips, would have been entirely fuperftuous. No man, we presume,

who

who ever saw a recently hoed crop, could entertain a doubt as to this particular. Mr. Young, however, has omitted to mention one very effential benefit that accrues from having turnips properly hoed, viz. that it prevents the danger of losing cattle when feeding on the turnip; for where this operation is rightly pero formed, there will be none small; and it is the small turnips only that are in danger of being forced into the throat, and there sticking, so as to occasion suffocation.

The only improvement in the culture of the turnip suggested in this volume is that of rowing them between the rows of horse-hoed beans. On this su hject we have an account of two experiments, one by R. P. Anderdon, of Henlade, Erg. The field he mentions was a poor wet clay, value only ros. per acre. It was set with beans (afier being dunged) in double rows, about a foot from each other, with intervals of more than three feet wide between the double rows. These intervals were twice horse-hoed and harrowed, and in the middle of July were sown with turnip: produce, about 16 tons per acre. Mr. Anderdon enumerates at great length the benefits that may be derived from this practice, which are disputed by the Committee of the Bach Society, as we think, with a degree of warmth and pertinacity that would better have become a young man, than a Committee of such a respectable body. True it is, thac Mr. Anderdon's practice is in several respects defective. The double rows seem to us improper, for no plant is so much benefited by fresh air as the bean; one row in an open exposure often producing more pods than twenty when close upon each other : but the narrowness of the intervals is a ftill greater objection. On a good foil single rows of beans, at 6 feet distance, will perhaps yield nearly as great a crop of grain as can be got from the ground by any other culture ; and full room is given for performing every operation on the turnips as well, nearly, as if no beans had been on it. In this way a full crop of turnips and a full crop of beans may easily be obtained from the same field in the same year, as we ourselves have experienced. The only inconvenience that occurred in this practice, was the difficulty of carrying off the Beans, when a weighty crop, without injuring the turnips. We recommend that the beans should be planted rather at a greater than smaller distance than the above." Turnips thrive very well on clay soils, if in proper order.

The other experiment is by Mr. John Bull, of Kingston near Taunton, who obtained at the rate of near 3 quarters of beans, and 37 tons 5 C. weight of turnips per acre. The beans were set in rows, at less than two feet intervals, and, horse-hoed ; turnips fowed at random, between the rows, after the last hoeing of the beans; the turnips not hoed.

Concerning Concerning cabbages, nothing in this volume occurs that is of great importance. But the following account of the culture and produce of turnip-rooted cabbage, by Sir Thomas Bevor, seems of such importance as to deserve to be transcribed entire : ..

• In the first or second week in June, I low the fame quantity of feed, hoe the plants at the same size, leave them at the same distance from each other, and treat them in all respects like the common tur. nip. In this method I have always obtained a plentiful crop of them ; to ascertain the value of which, I need only inform you, that on the 23d day of April last, having then two acres left of my crop, round and in great perfection, I divided them by fold hurdles into three parts of nearly equal dimensions. Into the first part I put 24 small bullocks of about 30 stone weight each (14 lb, to the stone). and 30 middle-fized fat wethers, which at the end of the first week, after they had eaten down the greater part of the leaves, and somo part of the roots, I shifted, to the second division, and then put 70 lcan feep into what was left of the first: these fed off the remainder of the turnips left by the fat stock; and so they were shifted through the three divisions, the lean stock following the fac as they wanted food, until the whole was consumed.

· The 24 bullocks, and 30 fat wethers, continued in the turnips until the gift of May, being exactly 4 weeks; and the 70 lean sheep until the 29th, which is one day over 4 weeks: so that the two acres kept me 24 small bullocks, and one hundred and ten (it should be one hundred only) Theep four weeks (not reckoning the overplus day of the 70 lean sheep). The value at the rate of keeping at that season cannot be estimated in any common year at less than-4d, a week for each sheep, and is. 6d. per week for each bullock, which would amount together to the sum of 141. 1os. 8d, for two acres,' (It should be igl. 135. 4d.'even counting only 100 sheep), .

This fact needs no comment, and it is still farther confirmed by his experience in May 1786. I have,' says he, 'May ist, three acres of turnip-rooted cabbages left, with which I am feeding 22 bullocks, 17 cows, 2 bulls, 4 young cattle, and 110 Theep; besides thirty horses which partake largely of them. This is the first bint we have met with of horses being fed by this plant, and with the worthy Baronet had been more particular on that head.

LUCERNE We find only one experiment on the culture of lucerne, by the Rev. Mr. Close, Trimley, Suffolk. It yielded at the rate of 16 tons 4 C. weight per acre of green fodder, which, considering the expence of cultivating this plant, and its great succulence, feeons to be but a small produce. The lucerne is evidently bet. ter calculated for warm than temperate climates.

BUSH VETCH. It were to be wished that gentlemen would turn their atten. tion more than they hitherto have done to the culture of the indigenous plants of this country, and we are well pleased to find one experiment of this kind recorded in the volume now

before

C

before us. The Rev. Mr. Swayné, inftigated as it should seen by the surprise excited by the foregoing account of the produce of lucerne, selected part of a field which naturally abounded with the bulha-vetch (the Vecia Sepium of Linnæus); which having 'been cut four times in the year (1785), yielded at the rate of 24 tons 114 Ç. weight per acre, a full third more than the lucerne. And as this plant is not near so succulent as lucerne, be con. cludes it would afford a yet greater proportion of dried provender.

Mr. Swayne supposes that this plant has been hitherto unnoticed by the farmer ; but in this particular he is mistaken; for this very plant, among many other indigenous plants, was strongly recommended for the very qualities Mr. S. takes notice of, in the Essays relating to agriculture and rural affairs by James Anderson, published in the year 1777. From some observations we ourselves have made on the culture of this plant, we have reason to think the destruction of the seeds by the inseat he met with in such abundance is not so universal as he seems to imagine.

BUCK WHEAT. Buck wheat, as a crop, is but little known in Britain; but from the experiments of Mr. Bartley of Bristol, it would seem to merit the attention of the farmer, especially on dry sandy soils, as it thrives abundantly in the driest reason, and admits of being sown any time from the middle of May to the middle of July. He has applied it to the feeding of hogs, poultry, and horses, which are speedily 'fattened by it; and he thinks it would probably be useful in the distillery."

PLANTING AND TRANSPLANTING WHEAT, . The planting of wheat (that is the dibbling the seeds) is feveral times mentioned in this volume, in terms of approbation, bý particular members, but the practice does not seem to gain ground. .

Mr. Bogle of Daldowin, near Glasgow, in Scotland, is very earneft in recommending the practice of transplanting wheat; we have to regret that the Society could not in this volume publish

the authentic accqunts of 'leveral experiments that were made at his instance, and which were attended with very great success.' The advantages, he apprehends which would result from this practice he states as under : '

ift, A very great proportion of the feed will be saved, as a far. mer may have a nursery, or Tmall.patch of plants, from which his fields may be supplied; he calculates that one acre will afford fufficient plants for one hundred acres.

• 2d, That a great increase of crops may be obtained by this method, probably a double crop, nay perhaps a triple quantity of what is reaped either by drilling, or the broadcast husbandry.' This seems much exaggerated.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinuar »