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Art. 47

I 2mo.

his thoughts with less labour: but ease in writing comes from prac. tice; and the writer is a young man. Art. 46 On visitatorial Yurisdiction in Colleges of the Universities.

A Letter to the Right Honourable che Earl of Mansfield. 4to. 1S. Rivington.

The purport of this pamphlet is, to ascertain the extent of the power which is lodged in the visitors of Colleges, and to prove that they are bound, by virtue of their office, to receive, judge, and determine the appeals of all who are interested and concerned in the societies over which they prejde, either by themselves or their assessors; that they are required impartially to judge and determine according to the plain and obvious meaning of the ftatutes of founders, where these ftatutes are express ; and that they are empowered to interpret in doubtful cases. The Author is master of his subject, and writes clearly and forcibly. NO V E L s.

E. The Letters of Charlotte during her Connection with Werter.

2 Vols.

şs.
fewed.

Cadell.' 1786. This No.el is in general both interesting and pathetic ; but the judgment of the Author is not equal to his feelings. The texture is too flimsy, and the imagery is frequently extravagant. B-k Art. 48. Edwin and inna; a Northumbrian Tale founded on Facts. Written by Edwin himself.

12mo. 3 Vols. 75. 6d. fewed. Scatcherd and Whitaker, 1785.

This is not Dr. Beattie's Edwin; nor doth he appear to be of the family, though he bears the name. This Edwin is both a vulgar" and a conceited "

youth ;and while he seems to flatter hin felt with an idea of his wit and his knowledge, we assure him that he will gain no credit for either among readers of taste and judgment. His descriptions are inelegant; his humour is coarse and in lipid ; his style is spiritless; and his observations are trite and superficial. Art. 49. Melwin Dale

In a Series of Letters. By a Lady,

2 Vols. 55. sewed. Lane. Triling and dull. Arr. 50. Warbeck; a pathetic Tale. 12mo. 2 Vols. 58. fewed.

Lane. 1786. Fiction is here made to ernbellith some historical facts; and the Author hath executed bis design with considerable address. It is indeed a parhetic tale; and the Reader of fenfibility will be instructed and entertained by it. Art. 51. Moreton Abbey; or the fatal Mystery. By the late

Mits Harriet Chilcot, of Bath, afterwards Mrs. Meziere, Authoress of Elmar and Ethlinda, a legendary Tale, &c.

2 Vols. 38. sewed. Bew.

Moreton Abbey is but little superior to Melwin Dale. If it be more inftructing, it is also more extravagant: and if it is contended that the language is more elegant, many will think it more affected.

M E D ICA L.
Art. 52. An Essay on the Waters of Harrogate and Thorp Arch, in w

Yorkshire ; containing some Directions for their Use in Diseases.
To which are prefixed, Observations on Mineral Waters in general,

and

I 2mo.

1786.

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12 mo.

and the Method of analysing them. By Joshua Walker, M.D.
Physician to the Leeds Infirmary. 8vo. 35. sewed. Johnson.
1784. '

This performance contains many judicious and useful remarks.
After enumerating the various substances which have been found to
enter into the composition of mineral waters, the Author points out
the most proper methods of making experiments, in order to ascertain
the contents of such waters. These methods are exemplified by an ana-
lysis of the waters mentioned in the title-page, and from the contents
of them Dr. Walker infers their medical qualities; confirming his
reasonings with the detail of such diseases as have either been wholly
cured by them, or in a great measure removed. This Essay is pecu-
liarly adapted to the patients who wish to be relieved by these waters,
as the Author gives ample practical rules how they ought to be used
in every particular disease, with the regimen proper to be observed. Rom.
Art. 53: Observations on an extraordinary Cale of ruptured Uterus.

By Andrew Douglas, M. D. Member of the College of Physicians,
London. 8vo. is. 6d. Johnson. 1785.

This is an extraordinary case indeed! But as we cannot give our
readers an abridgment of it, we mult refer them to the book itself.
We learn from it this material fact: That when a rupture of the ute-
rus takes place, we ought not to consign the patient to death; since
this dangerous accident is no:, as hath been generally conceived, al.
Art. 54. Considerations on the dangerous Efesis of promiscuous

Blood-letting, and the common prepolterous Administration of
Drugs; with other coincident Subjects medical and moral. Ву
William Stevenson, M. D. Newark, pripted; London, fold by
Dilly. 8vo. 35. 6d. fewed. 1733
We have on a former occasion + observed, that we seldom '

meet with a writer who puts cogether so much rambling, extraneous matter, felf-conceit, petulance, and absurdity, as this Author. His prefent performance, however, outdoes all his former publications ; for here he goes on, cutting and slashing at all around him, without ex. ception. Physicians, surgeons, apothecaries, &c. are chiefly the ob. jects of his abufe.

go Art. 55. Reports of the Humane Society, instituted in the Year

1774, for the Recovery of Persons apparently drowned. For the
Years 1783 and 1784. 8vo. 25. Dodiley, &c. 1785.

It is with fincere fatisfaction that we oblerve the growing fuccess
and extended plan of this TRULY Humane Society; the proceedings
of which are here fully detailed, with a great number of cases of re-
covery, not only from apparent death by drowning, but from other
causes-the frozen, the banged, and those who were in a state of faf-
facation from noxious vapours.' See also our account of the Reports
for the years 1781 and 1782, Review, Vol. LXIX. p. 173.
Art. 56. Remarks on the Disease lately described by Dr. Hendy, under

the Appellation of the Glandular Disease of Barbadoes. By John

ways mortal.

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* This publication has been accidentally millaid.
+ Vid. Monthly Review, Vol. LXIII. p. 279.

Rollo,

Rollo, late Surgeon in the Royal Artillery *. 8vo. 2s. Dilly, 1785.

Dr. Hendy favoured the Public with an ingenious account of this peculiar disease, which seems to be endemial in the island of Barbadoes. Being settled there, and practising physic in the island, he was at considerable pains to perfect the history of this irregular disorder, by compiling the histories of a great many cases of which he had been himself a witness. Mr. Rollo, who vihted Barbadoes, prefumes, on the ground of two cases which he saw, and which in this pamphlet he lays before the reader, to enter the lists against this respectable phyfician, and to arraign the justness of his opinions on this subject. Dr. H. gives a definition of the disease, founded upon extensive experience, to the following purpose: That it is a local inflammation, seated in the lymphatic system, that often produces a symptomatic fever. Mr. Rollo describes it to be a fever accompanied with a partial affection of the lymphatic glands, and an inflammation and swelling of the extremity, whose lymphatic vefsels lead to those affected glands, appearing towards the termination of the fever. We leave it to fu. ture experience to decide which is the most just account of this disore der; but we cannot conclude this article without expresling the difguft we felt at the rade, and frequently ill grounded, contradictions of Dr. Hendy by Mr. Rollo. We would recommend to this gentleman to be somewhat less bold in his assertions on a subject of which his knowledge and experience must necessarily be more limited than those of a physician who constantly resides on the spot, and who

probably has daily occafion of noticing the disease in question. Men Art. 57. Observations on the acute Dysentery, with the Design of il

luftrating its Causes and Treatment." By John Rollo, M. D. late Surgeon in the Royal Artillery. 8vo. is. 6d. Dilly. 1786.

Dr. Rollo gives an accurate and a just account of the dysentery. It seems to be drawn from nature and observation, and not collected from books. From the facts stated, he draws the following conclu. fions, which they appear to warrant, viz. That the intermittent and remittent fever, and the dyfentery, occur in the same season, assume appearances effentially the same, and are produced by the same causes; only that these are necessarily allitted in the production of the dysentery by cold and moifture. This is perfectly agreeable to the opinion of Sydenham, who described the dysentery as a febris introversa, a fever turned inwards upon the bowels. After the dysentery has been thus produced, Dr. R. thinks it may be further communicated, in certain circumstances, by contagion. In one particular, he seems, with good reason, to differ from Dr. Cullen, who doubts whether the application of cold does ever produce the disease, unless where the specific contagion has been previously received into the body.

There being nothing very peculiar in Dr. R.'s method of curing this disease, we fall not enter into any further account of his present pablication ; but shall content ourselves with giving it the praise of being, upon the whole, a judicious performance.

n- ni

B

• Now of Woolwich.
+ See Review for August 1784, p. 92.

Art.

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Art. 58. A Differtation on the Theory and Cure of the Catarait;

in which the Practice of Extraction is supported, and the Operation in its present improved State is particularly described. By Jonathan Wathen, Sorgeon. 8vo. 35. fewed. Cadell. 1785.

Mr. Wathen describes in a scientific manner the nature, causes, and symptoms of the cataract; and, after making some general remarks on the cure of the disease, he very judiciously points out the particular cases and the fymptoms in which the operation is likely to Succeed. This part of his performance we think highly interesting, both to the operator and patient; since an unsuccessful event brings the operation into disrepute, and gives the patient unnecessary pain, with, perhaps, confequences of the most dangerous nature. The operations of couching and extraction are minutely described, espe. cially the latter; the fuperiority of which over the former is clearly pointed out. Our Author gives a full account of the various methods practised by most of the eminent surgeons, with the improvements that have been made by each of them; and concludes with some useful remarks relative to fpurious cataracts, and the method of cure, which we do not recollect to have met with in former writers.

We cannot but recommend the perural of this dissertation to the Jearned practitioner, as we are convinced he will meet with many things worthy his attention. Art. 59. Chiropodologia; or a scientific Enquiry into the Causes

of Corns, Warts, Onions, and other painful or offensive cutaneous Excrefcences, &c. the whole confirmed by the Practice and Experience of D. Low, Chiropoditt. 8vo. 35. London. Sold by the Autor, No 42, Davies Street; and Hookham, in Bond Street.

The intention of this performance is evidently no more than to announce that the Chiropodiff continues, as usual, to dispenie a number of valuable articles at his own house, and that his days of consultation at bome are Mondays and Fridays. Art. 60: A Trall upon Indigestion and the hyrochondriac Disease ;

with the Method of Cure, and a new Remedy or Medicine recomnended. By James Rymer, Surgeon. 12mo. is. Evans. 1785.

Although this, like the preceding article, terminates with an ad. verilement, seípectfully informing the Public where the Author's tinctures, &c, are fold; yet the causes of indigestion are fully ex. pained, and some uteful dietetic directions are laid down, by means of which many inconveniencies arising from indigestion may be prevented, or greatly mitigated.

Rom Art. 6:. A com:ife Relation of the Efeits of an extraordinary Styptic

Jately discovered: in a Series of Letters from several Gentlemen of the Faculty to Barti. Rulpini, Surgeon-dentist. 8vo. is. 6d. johnion. 175

As it is impolible to deny facts, we are under the necessity of ad. niiuring the efficacy of the styptic here recommended: but as we have not been informed of its component parts, nor seen any account of experiments made to prose its fuperior power belide these of M. Rüfpini's friends, we cannot pretend to reason on it; and our readers can only expect to be told, that Mr. Rofpini has ( accidentally) d scovered a styptic water, which in a few minutes, without a comprefs, flops the bleeding of the femoral artery of a calf, and

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that of an hog, in three minutes; with several other instances, fome on the human body.

de Art. 62. Osservations on the Typhus, or low contagious Fever,

and the Means of preventing the Produclion and Communication of this Disease. Dy D. Campbell, M. D. 8vo. 25. Lancaster, printed ; London, fold by Johnson. 1785.

This treatise contains fonie admirable directions concerning various methods o: preventing the spreading of the contagion of putrid dilcases. As to the Author's method of cure, we think him too liberal in the administration of opium, of which medicine (the most excellent uhen given in proper doies and at ploper times) he acknowledges he has experienced the basi effcct in many cales. Art. 63. An Ehry on the Retroverfion of the Uterus ; illustrated

with Cases and Obfervations. By William Cockell, of Pontefract, M.D. 4to.

Law.

17 5. In the disease here deicribed (happily a very rare one), we can by do mcans approve of our Author's method of cure.

The operation he describes as the only thing to be done in this cale, we think so very violent, that it may in several inftances (especially in weak patienti, and those who are far adı anced in pregnancy) produce consequences worse than the disease iveli. Art. 64. Rules for preserving Hra'th; particularly with regard

to ftudious Persons. In three Treatises. Translated from the Spanish of the Rev. Father Feyjoo, Malter-general of the Order of St. Benedict. 8vo. 25. Faulder.

As the vivacity of this writer always pleases, so do his learn. ing and philosophy afford much real entertainment. A medical treatise from Spain, written by a friar, is a literary phenomenon chas doch not often make its appearance; but the rarity of such appear. ances will not make them the less acceptable.

As to the present publication, it is but justice to declare, that the doctrines it contains are the effects of much experience, and founded on rational principles. In the first treatise, we have some excellent ftri&tures upoo the modern (we suppose Spanish) practice of phyfic, which may be true; and we sincerely with, that, for the honour of the art, there were less room for them. Our Author, in the , observations he 'makes on physicians in different ages, gives a concise and accurate hiltory of the Art, from its earliest age; pointing out, with great judgment, the perfections and imperfections of the many theories that have been adopred and rejected, one after another,

The second lays down several useful dietetic rules for preserving health : a fubject which the writer thinks physicians have not properly and duly considered; because it is not so much their business to preserve the good health of their patients, as to care their diseases, if the imperfections of the art will suffer them.

The third treatise is a confutation of the commonly-received opi. nion, that application to study is prejudicial to health. The chief argument which the good Father uses is, That study, when it suits with our genius, and is not pursued with extreme rigour, rather pleases than fatigues us : it cannot therefore be contrary to nature or

prejudicial to our health; because those occupations only are hurtful which exceed our ftrength or contradict our inclinations. We shall

conclude

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