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incidentally mentioned by Mr. Joseph Webb, who contents himself with describing a very simple mode of proofing his feed potatoes, to know whether they will have that disease, or not. He juftly observes, that if the disease depended on the soil, it would be equal in the same field in different parts of it; bot it is well known, that if seed has been got from different places, one part of the field Mall be much infefted with this disorder, while another part shall be entirely found. Of this fact the writer of the present Article has the cleareft proof at present un. der his eye, the whole of a field very near him being entirely found, except two patches in different paris of the field (where the feed was of another (ort), in which every third potatoe is curled. It also happens, that in some extensive diftriels the disease has not yet obtained a footing and is entirely unknown. From confiderations of this nature, Mr. Webb is convinced, that the disease in all cases originates from faulty seeds, and therefore concludes that the safest method of avoiding the evil is to try each parcel of seed as here directed : Soon after Chrift. mas,' says he, • I made a hot-bed in the following manner; I laid' horse dung, &c. (as is generally used in making hot-beds) about 18 inches think, over which I spread a layer of fine rich mold about 4 or 5 inches thick ; upon the top of this I laid in different divisions a certain number of potatoes of various forts, and covered these lightly over with more mold; they soon came up; I then observed which was freest from the blight or curl, for if there were not more than one of 40 or go defective, I concluded I might fet them with safety, &c. This method may be practised at a very small expence. We shall only further observe on this head, that we have been assured, by persons well Ikilled in this article, that potatoe's produced from a curled plant never fail to be of the same fort; that these potatoes are in general of a small size, and therefore many of them may be leparated from the stock by palling them through a very wide fereen, rejecting for feed all the small; that this kind of pota. toe has besides a sickly colour, and warty skin, so chat a quick eye will readily perceive them among others so as to admit of being reparated from them. Too much caution cannot be taken to guard against a disease which sometimes diminishes the crop to less than one tenth of what it otherwise might have been.

CARROTS. The culture of this valuable root does not seem to gain much ground, and we here meet with little new on the subject. Mr. John Kirby of Ipswich obtains usually from 200 to 500 bufhels per acre, which he sells at 6d. per bulhel. This seems a very Low price. The Rev. Mr. Onley thinks an acre of carrots will affo:d double the quantum of food for horses that an acre of oats can be made to produce. We are sorry to find that fo few


of the Bath Correspondents have turned their attention to this article, the culture of which seems not to be as yet fully undera food : an indication that agriculture is carried to perfection but in very few places; for as soon as the neat garden-like culture comes to be universally practised in the fields, carrots muft become a very general crop; but never till then, for obvious rea

(To be concluded in our next.) Anamn


Art. XI. Observations on Live. Stock; containing Hints for choosing and improving the best Breeds of the most useful Kinds of domestic Animals.

By George Culley, Farmer at Henton, Northumberland. 8vo. 35. · Robinson, London. THAT the study of agriculture is less in vogue at present

than it was some years ago, is a fact that we Reviewers have reason to acknowledge with pleasure : for, at the rime when every man withed to be accounted a skilful farmer, the rage for books on that subject was such as to tempt many anonymous scribblers to write treatises on agriculture, which had nothing to recommend them but their title-page; all of which we were un. der the disagreeable necessity of perusing; to our no small morti. fication and disgust. But the case is now happily altered, with segard to us at least. The Public, by being often imposed on, have become more cautious; and anonymous performances on ibat subject are so little in request, as to deter ignorant writers from attempting it; and we have the pleasure of meeting with treatises, from time to time, written by actual farmers : which cannot fail to advance the knowledge of an art that ever must be

held in a very high degree of eftimation by the discerning part of , mankind.

· The work now before us is of this sort. It treats of a subject that has scarcely ever yet been touched on by preceding wri. ters. For, unless it be fome hints on this head thrown out by Ms. Arthur Young in one of his Tours, and a few detached remarks by Mr. Line, we do not at present recollect any other ato tempo !o illustrate this branch of the business of the farmer, that deserves notice, though it must be allowed to be one of very great importance, and well deserving the attention of every actual farmer.

The animals our author treats of from his own knowledge, are horses, neat cattle, theep, and {wine; with regard to which he delivers many judicious observations, the result, seemingly, of his own experience, and strict attention. It is not, however, to be expected, that, in a first attempt, the author should be able to attain perfection, or that he will not fonetimes fall into miftakes, which his own fusure observations, or those of others, will correct. The man who first sketches the outlines of a chart of an unknown Rev. Aug. 1786.


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country, ventures on an arduous and useful undertaking; for which he is entitled to much praise, though perfect accuracy in every particular is not to be expected. ..

Mr. C. is an admirer, and in some measure an imitator, of Mr. Bakewell ; of whom, in several parts of his work, he speaks with the highest respect; regretting that Mr. B: has not attempted the task on which he himself has ventured.

Our Author begins wish the horse ; his account of which he very ingenuously introduces with the following remark: “ As I do not profess any great share of knowledge in regard to horfes, I Mall consequently say less concerning them than the other kind of stock, with which I have been more conversant, and to which I have paid more attention, particularly sheep. However, as horses are universally allowed to be among ihe most useful animals of the creation, we shall give them the first place in our narracion.'

He recommends for the road, horses that have, what is called, a little blood in them, that is, a small Itrain of the running breed, as such a horse, he says, ' will usually perform a pleasanier day's work than one that has little or none of ihe racing breed in bio.'

- This is an opinion very generally admitted ; though we are dispred to believe that it applies only in certain cases, and is by no means universal. The large soft breed of horses to be found in many parts of England, as being naturally unfit for any continued active exertions, are without doubt improved by that means; but it does not follow that other breeds of horses, that are naturally active and hardy, would be improved by the fame means. The writer of this article knows several facts that ftrongly tend to confirm this opinion. Our Author recommends crolling the breed of horses, as being in general productive of great benefit.

Of cattle he enumerates, as diftin&t kinds, 1. The long horned, or Lancashire breed; 2. The short burned, or Dutch kind; 3. The polled, humbled, or Galloway breed; 4. The kiloes, or Scotch cattle; 5. The Alderney, or French broed; and, 6. The wild breed, which are still preserved by some of our nobility in parks; concerning each of these he makes several pertinent obfervacions, to which the breeders and feeders of cattle will do well to aliend.

His remarks on sheep are still more particular and import.' ant. But the scanty limits to which we must confine ourselves, prevents us from attempting any analyfis of this part of his work, or of that relating to swine, wbich allo consists chiefly of origi. nal observations drawn from his own experience; for a knowledge, of which we must refer the curious reader in the estay ilelf. — He lays but little of the other domiettic animals; and as these few. remarks are confeffedly not the result of experience, we much approve of his brevity with regard to them.


Although we rank this essay in the useful class of rural performances; yet, in the conduct of the work, we remark several improprieties that forbid us to aflign it a first place among them. It is written in a careless derultory manner, which will prevent it from being eafily consulted occasionally, as it must be difficult to find the observation wanted. The style is tco Alorid and de. clamatory, and the reasoning in many places inaccurate; so that the conclusions he draws do not necessarily relult from the premises. We think too, that we perceive something like a quackish spirit pervading the whole, that rather tends to recommend par. ticular noftrums than to advance general knowledge. But bere we wish to speak with caution, as it is possible we may be in this respect mistaken. The ingenious Author delerves at least much commendation for thus openly communicating his sentiments to the Public; and we hope he will be encouraged, by the success of his work, to continue his researches in this branch of rural oconomics.

- Anan.

ART. XII. The Recess; or the Tale of other Times *. By the Author of

the Chapter of Accidents. 12mo. 3 vols. 1os. 6d. Boards. Cadell.

1786. M ATILDA and Ellinor, the heroines of this ingenious and

IV affecting Novel, are the daughters of Mary Queen of Scots by the Duke of Norfolk. They are brought up in ine Recess, adjoining to St. Vincent's Abbey, under the superintendence of Mrs. Marlow, filter to Lord Scroop. In the early part of life, they were totally unacquainted with the secret of their birth. It was at length disclosed by Mrs. Marlow on her death-bed; and The designed her charge to her brother Anthony, under whose proređion they continued, till Lord Leicester, pursued by ruffians, found refuge in the Recess; and having been struck with the beauty and manners of Matilda, gave her his hand in marriage. On this event, the removed with her fifter to his Lordship's country-seat at Kenelworth.

Elizabeth paying her favourite Leicester a visit, saw the Prin. cesses (whose quality she knew not, nor was by any means able to discover), and suspecting they might draw off from herself the aff-&tions of Leicester, artfully makes them her maids of honour, and takes them with her to court.

The Queen not long after makes Leicester an offer of her hand, which his embarrassment would neither suffer him to accept or

See Rev. Vol.

The first volume appeared in the year 1783. LXVIII. p. 455 . ro

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refuse. The perplexity and confusion observable in Leicefer is attributed by the Queen to her unexpected proporal, and the warmth of his passion for her; and orders him to retire and prepare for the celebration of their nuptials.

But, to avoid the certain destruction to which the jealousy of the Queen (from the discovery of his real situation) would have expoted not only himself but his Matilda also, he makes a precipirate retreat from court, and palles over into France, whither Elizabeth inmediately dispatches her emissaries in pursuit of him. They overtake and affault him at Rouen, commanding him to yield to the Queen of England. Instead of yielding, he makes refistance, and is pain in the rencontre. The distress of Matilda for the loss of her husband brings upon her a delirium; and, in a state of infenfibility, she is conveyed from Rouen to St. Vincent's Abbey, under the conduct of Lady Mortimer. But gradually recovering her senses, and apprehenfive of the danger of her fituation, she at last prevails with young Mortimer (who had conceived a passion for her) to favour her escape. He eludes the vigilance of his mother; but arefully gives orders, when under fail, to make for St. Jago de la Vega, instead of the original place of destination. There he receives a just reward of his perfidy; for, almost immediately on their landing, they are attacked by some refractory flaves, who kill Mortimer, and take Matilda prisoner.

The inhabitants of St. Jago de la Vega put themselves immediately under arms, and attack and defeat the rebels; from whom Matilda is retaken, and secured in prison' many years. There fhe experiences a rad variety of misfortune; but the governor dying, she is at last set at liberty, and fails for England (with a daughter he had had by Leicester), under the expeclarion of seeing happier days; as her great enemy Elizabeth had been some months dead, and her brother yames was become the succeffor to the throne, · In the mean time, the precipitancy of Leicester's fight having obliged him to leave Ellinor behind him at court, the there une dergoes the continual scrutiny of Elizabeth ; who at last extorts from her the secret of her birth, the knowledge of Leicester's marriage with her filter, and even her own attachment to Lord Effex, who had but newly succeeded Leicester in her favour. Stung with rage and jealousy at this discovery, and to cut off all possible means of a future intercourse between Essex and Ellinor, the sends her, by a secret conveyance, to the politic and crafty Lord Burleigh, who, under the Queen's directions, compels her to accept of Lord Arlington's offer of marriage, though Ae held him in utter deteftation. .

Lord Essex, ignorant of the stratagems of the artful Elizabeth, attributes the marriage of Ellinor to a capriciousness of disposition, and, in a fit of rage and jealousy, gives his hand to Lady Sidney.


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