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face of it an improper thing impressing all the world with to do. But yet it is an offence the conviction that the advisers with many degrees of blackness, of the Crown represented at and Sir Edmund Monson's de- that critical period the sentiscent into them was by one ment of a united people.” And step only.

“I hold that it is essential to He began his speech by de- leave no doubt in the minds of claring a general dislike of the those with whom we have to “new diplomacy,” saying that it deal as to the unanimity of

“not without anxiety that Great Britain, and as to the he had decided to depart some- depth of feeling which recent what from the traditional limits events provoked.” That is an by which the diplomatist is imperative duty; and “while hampered” in what he was it is true that no other attitude about to say

Then followed could have been taken by the an ingeniously slighting refer- British Government, there has

to “the large increase, never been from the outset the during November, in the corus- slightest reason why doubt cation of eloquence which has should have existed in any been flashed upon appreciative quarter of what that attitude audiences throughout the pro- should be.” Therefore “I venvinces of our native land”;-a ture to hope that by this time by-stroke at our noble selves, the idea of our being unduly carefully meant to soothe squeezable and prone to make French ears and smooth the graceful but impolitic concesway for what was

to come.

sions has been thoroughly exWhat was to come was the ploded." He hopes so, does Sir real purpose of the speech-a

of the speech—a Edmund Monson, and so prodouble purpose, expressed in ceeds to a conclusion : the following sentences, which

“England, while jealously guardare here put together with in- ing her own interests, and steadfastly tent to bring out more distinctly determined not to permit any enwhat that same purpose was.

croachment upon her rights, has no “This outburst of British elo- aggressive designs which need inspire

anxiety in those who will deal honestly quence," he said, "has been con

and justly with her. We ask sidered in France to have been France to disabuse herself of all susrather a display of fireworks, picion of unfair intention on our part, artificially designed and ex

and to meet us on every question at ploded, than the natural pro- able arrangement, and with no after

issue with an honest desire for equitduct of an atmosphere highly thought towards scoring a diplomatic and dangerously charged with triumph or driving a one-sided barelectricity, the result of friction gain... I should like to think that systematically and injudiciously pressed may find acceptance with

the ideas I have so imperfectly exapplied.” But nothing could those who are directly or indirectly be more mistaken.

Those au- responsible for the direction of the tumn speeches and the com national policy. I would earnestly ments thereupon may not have ask them to discountenance and re

frain from a continuation of that been entirely discreet, but “ they policy of pin-pricks which, while it served the useful purpose of can only procure an ephemeral grati

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grave and

some reason,

fication to a short - lived Ministry, his speech seemed to most of us must inevitably perpetuate across the injudicious, though not without Channel an irritation which a high

defence; and spirited nation must eventually feel to be intolerable. I would entreat threatening a reference to M. them

Deloncle's school-plans for the

Soudan was barely intelligible. (It is here that the second pur. Though we could not accept the pose of the speech came out) French interpretations of a sur“I would entreat them to resist the prising departure from diplotemptation to try to thwart British matic custom, we had no conenterprise by petty mancuvres such fident explanation of our own. as I grieve to see suggested by the proposal to set up educational es

All the while, however, it tablishments as rivals to our own in could be accounted for by a the newly conquered provinces of the very simple though very troubleSoudan. Such an ill-considered pro

It all arose from vocation, to which I confidently trust the inveterate difficulty of conno official countenance will be given, might well have the effect of con: vincing the French Government verting that policy of forbearance that our Foreign Office really from taking the full advantage of means to stand by its determinaour recent victories and our present tions. Whether unbelief on this position which has been enunciated by our highest authority into the point was more obdurate in adoption of measures which, though Paris than at Petersburg or they evidently find favour with no Pekin may be doubtful. Perinconsiderable party in England, are haps not. But though the unnot, I presume, the object at which French sentiment is aiming."

happy prepossession must be

giving way by this time, one Published at length next day, would think, it was still the this carefully prepared speech despair of our diplomats in the had in both countries a great French capital when Sir Edand the same effect,—surprise. mund Monson tried a new way Its meaning ? its object ? The of destroying it. Look again to French found little difficulty in the passages here gathered from interpreting either its spirit or his speech, and mark how closely its intention : its spirit was the they are addressed to one and spirit of cold-blooded aggression; the same end. The Fashoda its purpose, to extort submis- affair had been settled, as if by sion from the fears of France, persuasion of England's inflexior (as alternative) to force on bility in that matter; neverthethe war which is so likely to less, it still remained an anxbe the worse for England the ious duty to persuade France, longer it is put off. That was or “those who are directly or the French reading: in Eng- indirectly responsible for the land we were more puzzled. direction of the national policy,” The sincerity of the speaker's that the British Government is appeal for peace and fair deal- resolved to put an end to the ing was obvious to us, if not to idea of it as illimitably squeezthe French. Yet we could see able. Naturally, it has been the that he had put himself out of business of Lord Salisbury in order; one or two sentences in his intercourse with the French

And so




ambassador in London, of Sir maliciously contrived. And inEdmund Monson in converse deed we are deeply to blame in with the French Government, the matter; but our fault lies to convey that resolution and in permitting the growth of a establish it on a firm under- belief that England's fighting standing. We may be sure that days are over, not in warning neither the Foreign Secretary the French nation, at a critical nor the ambassador has been moment, that its Government is slack in the attempt. Yet how acting on the mistake perilously imperfect their success may be long. judged from this speech of the And there may be found the ambassador's, without going moral of the whole story. The further. What could excuse its Monson speech calls for record irregularities if the represen- and remembrance as illustratations he enforced upon the tive of the danger that lurks French people had not been in the habit of giving in—of exhausted hopelessly upon the giving in to wrongful claims Government ? Only their mani- and slighting injuries. The fest failure when addressed to times change, but the consethe Government of the country quences of that mistake are still could justify his turning with what they ever were. them so emphatically to the we

ambassador country itself. Even then, in fronted by so rooted a doubt such a case, they should be of that his country will the highest moment : but that fight again, that he must needs they were The settlement of slap the doubter's face to conthe Fashoda affair counts for vince him of his error. little in the reckoning which France and England must come The startlingly emphatic pasto without further delay. The sage in Sir Edmund's speech Bahr-el-Ghazal presents one which relates to M. Deloncle troublesome question; not less and the Soudan schools has its imperative is the Newfoundland own explanation. Lord Kitchquestion, which must be re

re- ener's proposal to establish a settled almost immediately. If, college at Khartoum forthwith with these and other matters in had

many recommendations. dispute, they who are directly The most important are those or indirectly responsible for the which have all to do with conduct of French affairs are tranquillising the Soudan and still in the illusions lamented redeeming the people from by Sir Edmund Monson, his their wildness; but these the appeal to France, which with ordinary considerations are forless excuse would not fall short tified by others.

In Egypt of impropriety, takes another itself there is a good deal shape, and becomes an obliga- of French school-teaching; the tion. Yet of course it could not most useful language in Cairo, but be felt as a mortification by for example, when it is not the the French people, who even native Arabic, being French, insist upon it as a mortification This teaching and this second


vacancy that


language have been made a was this: a golden dish, and in means of communicating to the it a load of fruit-figs, grapes, native population the bitterest peaches — a splendid patch of animosity that England is any- ripe harmonious colour, with the where subject to—the hostility finish of miniature painting; the of the French in Egypt. The dish resting on a low pedestal teaching is so used notoriously, of white marble, such as might and with great success, as M. buttress the foot of a marble Deloncle and the French Goy- stair. It was an astonishing ernment are of course aware. thing to see amidst the grey Therefore it should be no sur- expectant prise if a wish to forestall simi- rounded it. And the wherefore? lar operations at Khartoum —the explanation of it? The entered into Lord Kitchener's look of expectancy that ran toplans; neither should it be ward the picture-piece from all any surprise that a French de- parts of the canvas would have sign to undermine and counter- given the answer to a man of act them was instantly start- imagination ; me the painter ed. Sir Edmund Monson was had to inform. The purpose supposed to have made too of that patch of colours, first much of the Deloncle scheme painted in, was to govern the -exaggerating its importance, colour-composition of the whole making a great grievance of a picture. Everything, neighbourtrivial and fantastic suggestion. ing or distant, was to be referred But it was not too trivial to to it — everything determined miss the approval of the Gov- by it. ernment, and with this ex It is a common practice, no planation its significance will doubt; but I being quite ignorbe better understood perhaps. ant felt much enlightened, and

that on things far beyond the composition of pictures. Here

was a helpful rule adjustable to Going one day, by favour, other employments than paintinto the studio of the greatest ing, but even more to the painter in England—would that conduct of life, the government we could


with a clear con of our endeavours, aspirations, science the greatest of English even our affections.

The repainters-I saw there a fine semblance of the infant mind new canvas set up. Four feet to a blank sheet of

paper, long it was or thereabout, and acceptable for its simplicity and more than two feet high-larger, so perfectly inept — what misperhaps; and all untouched ex chief it has carried into nursery cept in a little space no broader and school! Try to replace it than the painter's hand. But by the more true idea of palthere in that small space was impsest, and you will not suca most brilliant and perfect ceed. Try again with the idea piece of work. It lay to the of a fair fresh canvas, which left of the canvas, at no great you are to treat in Mr Tadema's depth in the foreground, and way-choosing the spot where

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conscience lies, and painting in own idea for a Life of Mr Gladtheir own lovely colours the stone, and believe it to be prekindnesses, simplicities, veraci- cisely the right one. It is the ties, fidelities, that everything most simple, the most reconin life may be referred to them ciling, the most gracious, the by the inner eye, and you will one that, carried out in Mr succeed; for that is a more Morley's perfect way, would fascinating idea than writing satisfy most hearts and minds. on a blank sheet of paper, be- And my title-page, with its sides being much more scientific guiding phrase, is ready for and promising. But isn't it an nailing to the desk. old way, the mother's way? It thus : is, I think. There is nothing new under the sun.

WILLIAM EWART GLADSTONE: It is in many ways service APOLOGIA PRO VITÀ EJUS. able. At one of those moments when we think of twenty things The keyword is recognisable at in thinking of nothing, I even once-apology; the beauty of drew from it what seemed a it for this purpose being that it useful suggestion for Mr Mor- has a double signification, which ley, now employed in laying in one part or the other, or in the foundations of Mr Glad- both, should shine out from stone's best monument. (Cir every page of a “ life” of Mr cumspice ? Ah, no!) But, we Gladstone. To be the most orihave said it—there is nothing ginal, most agreeable, and imnew; and Mr Morley's mind is proving of Gladstone biograa mind that naturally grows phies, the warp of it should every sort of useful suggestion be true exposition, and the in a business of this kind. He

He woof righteous excuse. There has all the bettermost at choice are fifty “lives” of Mr Gladin his own garden. But what stone, but not one that does did occur to me was—the job him the justice of simple, disbeing a rather troublesome one criminating, uniform apology. —that the painter's plan might Yet no other treatment is suited be imitated to advantage by to his character and career, setting up a phrase which and no other will make out for should stand in view him so fair a history. from the first lifting of the One of the most pleasant pen. That is already done, because faithful and yet kindly sometimes, by careful and def- of the fifty memoirs of Mr inite choice of a title—a capital Gladstone is that published the expedient in certain kinds of other day by Sir Edward literature, but difficult in this. Hamilton, who worked with It is not easy to cast into the him for years as his private title of a biography the author's secretary.

And this little ideal of what the book should monograph-unambitious, unbe. Yet it can be done; and pretentious, and sincere — has to show that it can be done, much of the apologetic charI may

mention that I have my acter, and on that account is of


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