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Carlist princes to the end, be- thing was done on both sides— cause they are the least part of by the Carlists often, by troops their own cause. Of the gentle- now and then, by the Republiman who renounced his cause can volunteers continually. to save his life, who brought Scandal is not to be trusted ; his vassals to die on the field, but it is a fact that in regard and was not man enough to die to these two gentlemen there is with them, nothing need be no evidence on the other side. said. The first Don Carlos may There is a good deal of declamhave been what Ford calls him ation about his Majesty's rights -an honest man. He was also and the fine things he will do, what Ford has elsewhere to but nobody ever hears of anyacknowledge that he was—a thing he has done. Yet in the narrow-minded bigot. He was last hour he came to Biscay as a mere puppet in the hands of soon as an army was organised, his domestic priests, till he be- and remained there till further

a prisoner to his own stay became manifestly dangergeneral Maroto, who, after pre- ous. During this period he paring the way by shooting his was, for all that appeared to Majesty's confidential advisers, the contrary, with the army as betrayed the cause at Vergara. a baggage-waggon might have As regards the present Don been to use M'Clellan's exCarlos, what is certain is that cessive jibe at Grant. As scandal has been very busy much may be said about his with his name. It asserts, for brother, Don Alfonso, who was instance, that he helped to never taken seriously by anysupply Daudet with material body. That this was not mere for · Les Rois en Exil.' It says prejudice may be concluded also that when he was in Spain from the fact that very during the last war, his atten- different tone was taken in tion was chiefly devoted to the speaking of his wife, Doña cider of the Basque country, Blanca. Even those who spoke and to a certain lady abbess. most evil of her never denied Not dissimilar tales were told her spirit. of his brother, Don Alfonso, Now, it will hardly be diswho appeared (one cannot say puted that this absence of any who commanded) in Catalonia. evidence to the possession of This gentleman was accom- positive merit is very ominous panied by his wife—a lady of for a prince who has to fight the exiled Portuguese house of his way to the throne against Braganza, with whom scandal all the difficulties

the difficulties indicated was also busy. The best it had above. Indeed, we understate to say of her was that she the case. It is not one throne caused a woman who had used Don Carlos claims but two. disrespectful language concern As he asserts his right to be ing herself to be whipped in her King of Spain by virtue of the chemise all round one of the “pragmatic sanction” of Philip Catalan towns. We hope the V., so he claims to be King of story is not true. That sort of France and Navarre, as the

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not possible to comparative pros- “ traditional liberties” of Spain, perity.

hence the name of the club. Yet a revival of the Carlists What this means is that he will has been allowed to be pos- consent to restore the Cortes of sible—in certain contingencies. Aragon, Catalonia, and ValenThey may again come to the cia as they were before his front if the way is prepared ancestor, Philip V., put them for them, as it was between down with the strong hand, 1868 and 1872, by military re because those parts of Spain bellions, pronunciamientos, and fought for the Hapsburg line. the collapse of Government. It may be said, by the way, Whether these old evils will that the rest of the country was revive is beside the present represented taliter qualiter by question. What concerns us is the nobles, and the sixteen good the fact that the present Don towns which formed the Cortes Carlos no longer appeals for of Castile. This traditionalism, support on the same grounds in fact, shows its fidelity to as his grandfather. He no principles by throwing over the longer defies the army, and whole tradition of the Bourbon relies on his faithful and religi- dynasty more completely than ous Basques, Aragonese, and the female line now on the Catalans. They get compliments throne. Such is the political from time to time; but he consistency of the flor y natadirects himself to the mass of the flower and cream of the Spaniards, and, above all, to sentimental Carlism of Spain, the army, and that with pleas which meets in the Círculo Trawhich amount to a surrender of dicionalista, and talks politics all the principles of his family. of this force in the intervals of When the first Don Carlos stood looking out of window at the forth to vindicate his right to Calle de Alcalá, and playing the crown, he also declared that tresillo. The cause of the monhe fought for la monarquia arquia pura has been wondrouspura--for pure monarchy. A ly translated, if they are to be despotic king united to an in- trusted. tolerant Church were the ad No doubt there is more in vantages he offered his country, the manifestoes of Don Carlos and it was because he did that and the speeches of his reprehe had the support of the sentatives. There are promises Spaniards who valued

who valued these that the rightful king will give things. The Don Carlos of to- Spain a far better Government day talks in a very different than it has had before, and will tone. His representatives in do great things for its interest Spain, who meet at the Círculo and its honour. Poor Spain Tradicionalista, and whose chief might do worse than take him is the Marquis of Zerralbo, are at his word, if there were the authorised to declare that his slightest chance it would be Majesty is no enemy to repre- kept. But is there? all depends sentative institutions. Far from on the personal qualities of the it. He is much in favour of the Pretender. We have left the

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Their Case, their Cause, their Chiefs, Carlist princes to the end, be- thing was done on both sidescause they are the least part of by the Carlists often, by troops their own cause. Of the gentle- now and then, by the Republic his vassals to die on the field, but it is a fact that in regard 1899.]

man who renounced his cause

Scandal is not to be trusted; to save his life, who brought and was not man enough to die to these two gentlemen there is with them, nothing need be no evidence on the other side. said. The first Don Carlos may There is a good deal of declamhave been what Ford calls him ation about his Majesty's rights -an honest man. He was also and the fine things he will do, what Ford has elsewhere to but nobody ever hears of anyacknowledge that he was—a thing he has done. Yet in the narrow-minded bigot. He was last hour he came to Biscay as a mere puppet in the hands of soon as an army was organised, his domestic priests, till he be- and remained there till further came a prisoner to his own stay became manifestly dangergeneral Maroto, who, after pre- ous. During this period he paring the way by shooting his was, for all that appeared to Majesty's confidential advisers, the contrary, with the army as betrayed the cause at Vergara. a baggage-waggon might have As regards the present Don been — to use M‘Clellan's exCarlos, what is certain is that cessive jibe at

at Grant. As scandal has been very busy much may be said about his with his name.

It asserts, for brother, Don Alfonso, who was instance, that he helped to never taken seriously by anysupply Daudet with material body. That this was not mere for 'Les Rois en Exil.' It says prejudice may be concluded also that when he was in Spain from the fact that very during the last war, his atten- different tone taken in tion was chiefly devoted to the speaking of his wife, Doña cider of the Basque country, Blanca. Even those who spoke and to a certain lady abbess. most evil of her never denied Not dissimilar tales were told her spirit. of his brother, Don Alfonso, Now, it will hardly be diswho appeared (one cannot say puted that this absence of any who commanded) in Catalonia. evidence to the possession of This gentleman was accom- positive merit is very ominous panied by his wife—a lady of for a prince who has to fight the exiled Portuguese house of his way to the throne against Braganza, with whom scandal all the difficulties indicated was also busy. The best it had above. Indeed, we understate to say of her was that she the case. It is not one throne caused a woman who had used Don Carlos claims but two. disrespectful language concern As he asserts his right to be ing herself to be whipped in her King of Spain by virtue of the chemise all round one of the “pragmatic sanction" of Philip Catalan towns. We hope the V., so he claims to be King of story is not true. That sort of France and

That sort of France and Navarre, as the

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was

representative of the elder line to use the arms of France withof the house of Bourbon. On out the “brisure” or difference this ground, at least, he occupies of the younger line. His Highan impregnable position. Since ness of Orleans has paid no the death of the Comte de attention to the injunction, and, Chambord he is the head of the as the jeunesse Royaliste suphouse by descent, for he comes ports him, it is to be feared that direct from Lewis XIV., whereas the true Legitimists are now but the Duke of Orleans only comes a scattered remnant. from the Grand Monarch's His inheritance of the crown brother. It is true that Philip of France has also added someV. of Spain solemnly renounced thing to the difficulties which all claim to succeed to the beset Don Carlos. During the French throne for himself and last war, when the septennate for his descendants ; but he of Marshal MacMahon was still never meant to keep his word, running its course in France, and his promise was not worth the Carlists were treated with the paper it was written on. extreme tenderness all along Nothing is more certain in the frontier. They were alLegitimist law than that no lowed to use French territory personal renunciation can de- as a basis of operations, and prive the descendants of any their uniform was commonly prince of their divine right. seen at Biarritz. In no case He may abdicate for himself, could he rely on the same tolbut not for others. So, the eration and assistance again ; word of honour of Philip V. but since he has become preand the Treaty of l'trecht to tender to France as well as to the contrary notwithstanding, Spain, his case is even worse. Don Carlos is King of France On the whole, one is strongly if everybody had his rights and tempted to advise Don Carlos, is so considered by those stern since he has inherited the rights and unbending Legitimists who of Henri V., to take also the go by the name of the Blanes pathetically dignified attitude d'Espague.

If any one does which that very real gentlenot at once understand the in- man maintained to the end. solence, possible only in a time It is not only the most becomdebauched by the vilest revolu- ing but the most practical tionary poison, which is impliecl course to follow. The genuine in this name, let him ask any Carlists are not those Spaniards lady of his acquaintance whou who feel disposed to seek a he does not suspexet of improve remedy for the ills of their ing her face by the help of art. country in “ Home Rule all So in spite of delusive appear round. They are the belierances to the contrary, Don Chr ers in the pure monarchy los has abolished the Pyrene and the extreme Churehmen, He has mitext the crowns of It is not by concessions to France Navarres and Spain liberalism annel to religious toland he was perfectly right when rustion that they will ever be he torba to the Duke of Orlewin bught into the tiele

If they

are not strong enough to vin- peace, and a great rally of old dicate his right, his cause is Spanish lawlessness was poshopeless. Something may be sible between 1868 and 1874. done by promising to restore Since then there has been a the fueros of Biscay ; but even solution of continuity. The that is doubtful, for the Basques cabecilla race is not extinct. have a lively recollection of the Churchmen can still be found evils brought on them by the who regret the Inquisition. last war.

And they — indeed Given another military revoluthey as much as any Spaniards tion, another outbreak of Re-have been affected by the publican folly, another collapse Zeitgeist. Four - and - twenty of Government, and the “men years of peace, during which of the mountains”

may again French capital has poured in fly to arms to protect themto make railways and English selves. They will hardly “take to develop mines, have wrought to the Sierra " again, out of a great change. There has mere enthusiasm for a claimant been a break in the tradition to the throne who has even which made the old Carlist given up pretending that he wars possible. First came Na- will restore the absolutism and poleon's invasion, which cov the authority of the Church, ered Spain with guerrilleros. which were once loved as a The revolutionary Cortes at protection against hated innoCadiz offended and frightened vations. As for mere promises the mass of the people.

The of better government, the antroubles of Ferdinand's reign swer to them is like to be in kept the organisation of civil the words of our friend the war alive, and it was ready to priest, Estamos muy cansado fight for the first Don Carlos. de todo,”—We are sick of all Isabel's reign brought no settled that, having heard it too often.

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