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Three Hundred Thousand Men.
year; and whereas, in addition to the men raised by the present draft, it is deemed expedient to call out three hundred thousand volunteers, to serve for three years or the war—not, however, exceeding three years.
“Now, therefore, I, Abrabam Lincoln, President of the United States and Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy thereof, and of the militia of the several States wben called into actual service, do issue this my proclamation, calling upon the Governors of the different States to raise and have enlisted into the United States service, for the various companies and regiments in the field from their respective States, their quotas of three hundred thousand men.
"I further proclaim that all the volunteers thus called out and duly enlisted shall receive advance pay, premium and bounty, as heretofore communicated to the Governors of States by the War Department, through the Provost-Marshal General's office, by special letters.
“I further proclaim that all volunteers received under this call, as well as all others not heretofore credited, shall be duly credited and deducted from the quotas established for the next draft.
“I further proclaim that, if any State shall fail to raise the quota assigned to it by the War Department under this call; then a draft for the deficiency in said quota shall be made in said State, or on the districts of said State, for their due pro. portion of said quota, and the said draft sball commence on the fifth day of January, 1864.
"And I further proclaim that nothing in this proclamation shall interfere with existing orders, or with those which may be issued for the present draft in the States where it is now in progress or where it bas not yet been commenced.
“ The qoutas of the States and districts will be assigned by the War Department, through the Provost-Marshal General's office, due regard being had for the men heretofore furnished, whether by volunteering or drafting, and the recruiting wil!
be conducted in accordance with such instructions as have been or may be issued by that department.
"In issuing this proclamation I address myself not only to the Governors of the several States, but also to the good and loyal people thereof, invoking them to lend their cheerful, willing and effective aid to the measures thus adopted, with a view to reinforce our victorious armies now in the field and bring our needful military operations to a prosperous end, tbus closing forever the fountains of sedition and civil war.
“In witness whereof I have hereunto set my band and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
“Done at the city of Washington, this seventeenth day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and of the independence of the United States the eighty-eighth. “By the President:
“ABRAHAM LINCOLN. “WM. H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.”
REV. DR. M'PHEETERS—THE PRESIDENT'S REPLY TO AN
APPEAL FOR INTERFERENCE.
"Executive Mansion, Washington, December 23, 1863. “I have just looked over a petition signed by some three dozen citizens of St. Louis, and their accompanying letters, one by yourself, one by a Mr. Nathan Ranney, and one by a Mr. John D. Coalter, the whole relating to the Rev. Dr. McPheeters. The petition prays, in the name of justice and mercy, that I will restore Dr. McPheeters to all his ecclesias. tical rights.
“This gives no intimation as to what ecclesiastical rights are withdrawn. Your letter states that Provost Marshal Dick, about a year ago, ordered the arrest of Dr. McPbeeters, pastor of the Vine-street Church, probibited him from officiating, and placed the management of affairs of the church out
of the control of the chosen trustees; and near the close you state that a certain course would insure his release.' Mr. Ranney's letter says: ‘Dr. Samuel McPheeters is enjoying all the rights of a civilian, but can not preach the gospel !' Mr. Coalter, in his letter, asks : ‘Is it not a strange illustration of the condition of things, that the question who shall be allowed to preach in a church in St. Louis shall be decided by the President of the United States ? .
“Now, all this sounds very strangely; and, withal, a little as if you gentlemen making the application do not understand the case alike-one affirming that this doctor is enjoying all the rights of a civilian, and another pointing out to me what will secure his release! On the second of January last, I wrote to Gen. Curtis in relation to Mr. Dick's order upon Dr. McPheeters; and, as I suppose the Doctor is enjoying all the rights of a civilian, I only quote that part of the letter which relates to the church. It was as follows : ‘But I must add that the United States Government must not, as by this order, undertake to run the churches. When an individual, in a church or out of it, becomes dangerous to the public interest, he must be checked; but the churches, as such, must take care of themselves. It will not do for the United States to appoint trustees, supervisors, or other agents for the churches.'
"This letter going to Gen. Curtis, then in command, I supposed, of coûrse, it was obeyed, especially as I heard no further complaint from Dr. Mc. or his friends for nearly an entire year.” I have never interfered, nor thought of interfering, as to who shall or shall not preach in any church ; nor have I knowingly or believingly tolerated any one else to interfere by my authority. If any one is so interfering by color of my authority, I would like to have it specifically made known to me.
"If, after all, what is now sought is to have me put Dr Mc. back over the heads of a majority of his own congrega.
Election Ordered in Arkansas.
Gen. Steeles Instructions
tion, that, too, will be declined. any church on any side.
I will not have control of
AN ELECTION ORDERED IN THE STATE OF ARKANSAS.
"Executive Mansion, Washington, January 20, 1864. “MAJ. GEN. STEELE: Sundry citizens of the State of Arkansas petition me that an election may be held in that State, at which to elect a Governor; that it be assumed at that election, and henceforward, that the Constitution and laws of the State, as before the rebellion, are in full force, except that the Constitution is so modified as to declare that there shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except in the punishment of crimes whereof the party shall have been duly convicted ; that the General assembly may make such provisions for the freed people as shall recognize and declare their pernianent freedom, and provide for their education, and which may yet be construed as a temporary arrangement, suitable to their condition as a laboring, landless, and homeless class; tbat said election shall be held on the 28th of March, 1864, at all the usual places of the State, or all such as voters may attend for that purpose ; that the voters attending at 8 o'clock in the morning of said day may choose judges and clerks of election for such purpose; that all persons qualified by said Constitution and laws, and taking the oath presented in the President's proclamation of December 8, 1863, either before or at the election, and none others, may be voters; that each set of judges and clerks may make returns directly to you on or before the — th day of — next; that in all other respects said election may be conducted according to said Constitution and laws; that on receipt of said returns, when five thousand four hundred and six votes shall have been cast, you can receive said votes and ascertain all who shall thereby appear to have been elected ; that on the day of — next, all persons
Election Ordered in Arkansas.
Letter to Wm. Fish back.
80 appearing to have been elected, who shall appear before you at Little Rock, and take the oath, to be by you severally administered, to support the Constitution of the United States, and said modified Constitution of the State of Arkansas, may be declared by you qualified and empowered to immediately enter upon the duties of the offices to which they sball have been respectively elected.
“You will please order an election to take place on the 28th of March, 1864, and returns to be made in fifteen days thereafter.
Later, the President wrote the following letter :
“William FISHBACK, Esq. : When I fixed a plan for an election in Arkansas, I did it in ignorance that your Convention was at the same work. Since I learned the latter fact, I have been constantly trying to yield my plan to theirs. I have sent two letters to Gen. Steele, and three or four dispatches to you and others, saying that he (Gen. Steele) must be master, but that it will probably be best for him to keep the Convention on its own plan. Some single mind must be master, else there will be no agreement on any thing; and Gen. Steele, commanding the military, and being on the ground, is the best man to be that master. Even now citizens are telegraphing me to postpone the election to a later day than either fixed by the Convention or me. This discord must be silenced.
CALL FOR FIVE HUNDRED THOUSAND MEN.
“WHEREAS, By the Act approved July 4, 1864, entitled' An Act further to regulate and provide for the enrolling and calling out the National Forces, and for other purposes,' it is provided that the President of the United States may, at his