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Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc.
Deponent further states, that, since the said or of my retreat being cut off by Jackson, he remonth of November last past, he has seen brought plied, that the latter was impossible; that Jackin nere, by the Indians, a quantity of coitopade son had but five pieces of artillery, and the im. and women's clothing, brought, or said to have practicability of the swamp would prevent bis been brought, from the American frontier; that assuming any position below me; but that I need these things were publicly sold in this town, not- apprehend no danger from any quarter ; that, as withstanding it was notoriously known here that allies, by anchoring under the guns of the fort, those articles and property had just been taken protection would be afforded me. from those whom ihe Indians had killed on the About this time we were informed by the American frontier.
Spanish officers and Indians who came on board, PEDRO SENAC. that, on our arrival within the bay, the Indian Attest: J. B. ROBINSON, Interpreter.
camp demonstrated much joy at the approach of PENSACOLA. their expected supplies of munitions, &c.
I. McKEEVER. Sworn to and subscribed before me, this 19th
NEW ORLEANS, June 5, 1819. day of September, 1818. M. MCKINSEY, SEN., J. P. Sworn this 5th June, 1819.
DOM. A. HALL,
Dist. Judge U. S. Louisiana Dist. I, Isaac McKeever, a lieutenant in the Navy of the United States, on oath declare, that the following narration contains a true statement of
The following statement is made by request : facts, to the best of my knowledge. I commanded About the 1st of May, 1818, I was sent by the the paval force which convoyed the store-ships, officer commanding at New Orleans in charge of transports, &c., from New Orleans to Fort Gads- a public transport schooner, with provisions for den, and from thence to the bay of St. Mark's the garrison at Fort Crawford, with orders to during the Seminole war. I arrived in the said touch at Pensacola, and obtain permission of the bay on the 1st of April, 1818, with British colors Governor of that place to ascend the bay of Penflying at my masthead; on the next day I was sacola and the Escambia river, through the Spanvisited by a Spanish lieutenant, the second in ish territory, to my destination. I arrived at command at Fort St. Mark's. The lieutenant Pensacola on the 16th of May, and immediately was inquisitive as to the character of my vessels reported the schooner, her cargo, and destination, and the nature of my visit, and wished to know to the Governor; notifying him, at the same time, whether I had any authority from the Captain of my wish to proceed without delay. On the General of Cuba for entering the territories of 18th the Governor informed me that he was not His Catholic Majesty. In reply, I asked him if authorized to let the provisions proceed without he had seen my colors on entering the bay of St. the payment of a transit duty of two per cent., Mark's, and intimated that the nature of my visit and required an invoice of the cargo to be ren. could not be satisfactorily explained until the dered at the custom-house, in order that an estiarrival of Captain Woodbine, at the same time mate might be made of the duties imposed. ! intimating that it was of an illicit character, and remonstrated with him against the payment of that succor, aid, &c., to Hillis Hajo and his war- duties on public supplies, on board a public ves. riors, in their present distress, was intended. At sel, and designed for public service; and urged a the mention of this he expressed much satisfac- free passage as an acı of friendship only, which tion, stated that Captain Woodbine and the Span- neighboring nations at peace were bouad, in comish commandant of St. Mark's were good friends, mon justice, to extend io each other--all without and voluntarily gave me every information as to avail. Fori Crawford being the short of prothe movements of General Jackson's force, and visions, I was forced by necessity to accept the his strength; the situation of the hostile lodians passage on the terms offered; and, accordingly, he detailed at length, and stated what rejoicing entered the cargo at the custom-bouse, and paid the reception of the long promised and expected the duties required into the royal treasury. succor would occasion. He stated that Hillis I inquired of the Governor whether transports, Hajo and the Spanish commandant were on in-charged with public supplies, and destined for timate terms; that the former was then in the Fort Crawford, would thereafter be suffered to vicinity, and had lately been at the fort of St. pass Pensacola free of the duties imposed in the Mark's, when he had urged, with menaces, the present instance; and was informed that a catecommandant to send on board to ascertain tó de- gorical answer could not then be given to the iomonstration the character of the strangers; and, quiry, as ibe Captain General of Cuba had not having satisfied himself, he would see Hillis Hajó yet given a decision on that point, and whatever that evening, after which we might expect a he might resolve would be communicated. visit from the latter, who accordingly came on When the traosport came to anchor in the port board the following morning: He likewise in- of Pensacola, I distinctly discovered several groups formed me that Arbuthnot, a friend to the hostile of Indians on the water's edge; and, aware of Indians, and an acquaintance of Woodbine's, was the impotency of the Spanish authority, I was in Fort St. Mark's. On my expressing to bim apprehensive I should not be permitted 10 land in some apprehension of being blockaded by an salety. Before I was ready to leave the vessel, American squadron reported to be on the coast, | however, the Governor's aid came on board, and
Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc.
before we reached the shore the Indians had HEADQ’rs, Division Of The South,
Adj't Gen's Office, Fort St. Mark's, that, at the time the transport came to anchor,
April 26, 1818. there were upwards of a hundred in the town,
The following detail will compose a special ed, by a respectable citizen of Pensacola, that, a court, 10 convene at this post, at ihe hour of 12 few days preceding my arrival, a considerable o'clock, M., for the purpose of 'investigating the number of Indians, who had taken refuge in that charges exhibited against A. Arbuthnot, Robert place, had been transported, by the Governor's Christy Ambrister, and such others who are simauthority, to St. Rose island, on the opposite side ilarly situated, as may be brought before it. The of the bay.
court will record all the documents and testimony The undersigoed certifies, upon honor, to the in the several cases, and their opinion as to the correctness of the substance of the foregoing guilt or innocence of the prisoner, and what pun. statement.
T. CROSS, Capt. U.S.A. ishment, if any, should be inflicted.
Major General E. P. Gaines, President.
Colonel King, 4th infantry.
Lieut. Colonel Gibson, Tennessee volunteers. warding supplies to the army, then on its march
Major Montgomery, 7th infantry.
Colonel Dyer, Tennessee volunteers.
Lieut. Colonel Elliott, Tennessee volunteers. the Perdido river, with instructions 10 remain
Major Minton, Georgia militia. there until the approach of the army, or until
Colonel Willianison, Tennessee volunteers. further orders. Two days aft we arrived at
Major Muhlenburg, 41h iofaotry. the Barancas, Captain Pastes joined, and in
Captain Vashon, 7th infantry.
Lieutenant Colonel Lindsay.corps of artillery. formed us, that his vessel had been iaken by a Spanish launch near the mouth of Perdido, and
Major Fanning, corps of artillery. brought under the guns of the Fort Barancas,
Captain, Crittenden, Kentucky volunteers. and detained several days. This was confirmed
Lieutenant J. M. Glassell, 41h inf., Recorder. by several Spanish officers after we took posses
An orderly will be detailed from Gen. Gaines's sion of the fort.
brigade, and the court will sit without regard to I certify, on my honor, to the truth of the hours. above statement.
By order of Major General Jackson:
Adjutant General. WASHINGTON, Feb. 1, 1820.
A true copy :
R. K. CALL, Aid-de-camp.
WAR DEPARTMENT, Oct. 2, 1816. co-operation may be required by ihe General
Sir: Your communication of the ultimo, commanding the United States army in the with its enclosures, have been received, and subSouth; you will therefore afford all the aid andmitted to the President, as well as my letter of support in your power, and keep up a correspond- the 27th ultimo to you. ence for this purpose.
Since the date of that letter information has Despatch immediately two gunboats and two been received directly from Spain, which gives of the smaller vessels io Mobile and to the Apo additional force to the impressions entertained in palachicola, to protect the convoys of supplies, relation to Colonel Jesup's communications. The and to remove any obstructions to a free com improbability of the information given by that munication between the forts and forces of the officer will not in the opinion of the President, United States. It will be your duty also to adopt justify any arrangement which is calculated to such further measures as the circumstances of
produce public excitement. the case or the development of events may render
A judicious disposition of the force under your decessary.
command, with a view to meet an event of that B. W. CROWNINSHIELD.
nature, is all that is considered necessary at the P. S.-Commandant J. D. Henley is also or- present moment, except the transportation of the dered to send one of the small vessels of his arms and munitions of war to the menaced point squadron to the Appalachicola, which vessel will of attack, which such a measure renders indisbe subject to your order.
pensable. Com. D. T. PATTERSON,
These dispositions you will carry into execuCom. Naval Station, N. O.
tion agreeably to the instructions contained in A true copy :
R.K. CALL, Aid-de-camp. my letter of the 27th ultimo, with such modifica15th Con. 2d Sess.-74
Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc. tions as the actual state of the posts, and a true Extract of a letter from Major General Jackson to regard to the public interest may require.
Brevet Major General Gaines, dated I have the honor to be,
WM. H. CRAWFORD. Dear Sir: I am happy to find that the notoA. Jackson, Major Gen., c.
rious Mecodicoxy is at leogih destroyed. The
distresses of the Indians for provisions I expected. A true copy from the original.
Your providing for their wants meets my entire R. I. EASTER, A. D. C.
approbation. It will meet the full approbation
of the Government, as il corresponds with their Extract of a letter from William H. Crawford, Sec. usual humanity, always extended to the suffering
Indian. retary of War, to Major General Andrew Jackson,
I have noted with attention Major Twiggs's dated 27th September, 1816.
letter, marked No. 5. I contemplated that the The destruction of the Negro fort, at the junc- agents of Spain, or the officers of Fort St. Au. tion of the Appalachicola and Flint rivers, may gustine, would excite the Indians to hostility, and have removed the necessity of keeping up so large furnish them with the means. It will be neces. a force in that quarter. It must, however, be ad. sary to obtain evidence substantiating this fact, mitted, that every means of exciting those Indians and that the hostile Indians have been sed and to hostility will be resorted to in the event of a furnished from the garrison of the fort of St. Spanish war. But even in that event, it is ques Augustine. This beiog obtained, should you deem tionable whether we should keep so large a por- your force sufficient, you will proceed to, take, tion of our active force pent up in a fort, acting and garrison, with American troops, Fort St. on the defensive, when, in fact, there is nothing Augustine, and hold the garrison prisoners, until worth defending. The militia of Georgia would you hear from the President of the United States, be competent to the chastisement of the hostile or transport them to Cuba, as in your judgment, Indians in that quarter. If the danger becomes under existiog circumstances, you may thiok more threatening, all the posts in the interior of best. the Indian country may be occupied by the mili- Let it be remembered, that the proceedings tia of that State and Tennessee, so as to admit of heretofore carried on by me, or ibis order, is not the asssemblage of the whole regular force at the on the ground that we are ai war with Spain; it point immediately menaced. Your knowledge is on the ground of self defence, bottomed on the of the situation of the posts within your com- broad basis of the law of pature and of nations, mand, will enable you to adopt the necessary and justified by giving peace and security to our measures to secure ihe object presented in this froniier. Hence the necessity of procuring evicommunication.
dence of the fact of the agents or officers of Spain In withdrawing forces from posts now occur having excited the Indians to continue the war pied, you will keep in view the preservation of against us, and that they have furbished them the military stores which may have been depos- with the means of carrying on the war. This ited in them, which can only be done by trans- evidence being obtained, you will (if your force porting them with the troops, or by leaving a is sufficient) permit nothing to prevent you from sufficient number of them for their protection, reducing fori St. Augustine, except a positive until the post can be manned by the militia, or order from the War Department. troops brought from the northern division.
Orders, some time since, have been given to R. K. CALL, Aid-de-camp. officers of the ordnance commanding at Charles
ton, to have in readiness a complete battering traio,
the number and caliber of the guns pointed out; HEADQ'RS, Division of the South, I have no doubt but that you will find them in Nashville, January 20, 1818.
readiness. I enclose you the report of Captain Sır: I have received your letter of the 18th Henley, of the naval force on that station; you ultimo, and have to regret the situation in which will open a correspondence with Commandant you are unfortunately placed. Every effort will A. J. Dallas, to insure his co-operation, provided be made, however, to relieve you. I shall leave it should be required. this place for Fort Hawkins on ihe 22d, and two
I trust, before this reaches you, you will have regiments of mounted volunteers will rendezvous destroyed the settlement collected at Suwanee. at Fayetteville, Tennessee on the 31st instant, This can easily be done by a coup-de-main, proand proceed, by forced marches, direct to our south- vided secrecy be observed, and great expedition ern frontier.
of march used; without expedition of movement, The commanding officer of the Georgia militia and great secrecy is observed, you will be dishas instructions this day not to invite a general covered, and the enemy will either filee or endeaengagement with the Indians, but at all hazards vor to ambuscade you; both of which ought to to aid you in relieving Major Muhlenburg.
be guarded against. ANDRÉW JACKSON, Have a careful eye to your supplies on hand, Maj. Gen. Com'g Div. of the South.
that before they are consumed others may be
ordered, and reach you: without necessary supCol ARBUCKLE, Com'g at Fort Scott.
plies an army cannot operate with effect.' The True copy: R. K. CALL, Aid de camp. late scarcity ought to ieach us a lesson on this
True copy :
Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc.
True copy :
head never to be forgotten; I shall, therefore, ex- kind will be paid when presented to this Departu pect that no scarcity will exist at any place, posi, ment. Upwards of one hundred thousand dolor garrison intrusted to your care.
lars have been forwarded to the paymasters of the I shall expect to hear from you shortly, and fourth and seventh regiments, for the payment that you and your brigade may be successful in of the militia, before they are discharged. Genall your operations, and cover itself with glory, eral Jackson will adopt such measures as will be is my heartfelt wish; and, with this feeling, I proper to secure this object. The desire of the am, very respectfully, &c.
President, that the disbursing officers of the reg. ANDREW JACKSON, ular forces should be charged with the expendi
Major General commanding. Cures of the campaign, is the only obstacle to Brevet Major Geo. GAINES.
appointing the gentlemen recommended by the R. K. CALL, Aid-de-camp. tion will be given to secure the object of their
officers of the Tennessee brigade. Every atten.
wishes. Extract of a letter from the Secretary of War to the
I am well aware of the difficulties to be overHon. W. Lowndes, Chairman of the Committee of come to organize efficiently, and satisfactorily to Ways and Means, dated 13th April, 1818. the officers and men, a volunteer corps for the
The estimate formerly transmitted for the ex. field. In the present instance, the pride and spirit pense of calling out the militia during the present of veterans, aided by patriotism, and directed by year, was made for infantry; but as upwards of superior intelligence, have handsomely surmouniiwelve hundred men of the present militia force ed every obstacle. The alacrity with which the
in the field are mounted volunteers, an additional brave Tennesseans have again resumed their ETTE
sum of vioety thousand dollars will be necessary arms in defence of their country, is a sufficient to meet the increased expense.
earnest that their efforts will be successful, and DEPARTMENT OF WAR, Dec. 21,
that their efficiency, joined with the gallant ex1819.
ertions of other corps, will speedily terminate the A true copy from the records of this Depart. conflict. I have the honor, &c. ment.
JOHN C. CALHOUN. C. VANDEVENTER.
To Colonel A. P. HAYNE,
Insp. Gen., com'g Tenn. brigade.
True copy, taken from the original on file in
A. P. HAYNE, February 13, 1518. my office.
Insp. Gen. U. S. Army. Sir: I have the honor to transmit to you the muster-rolls of the volunteer mounted gun-men, of West Tennessee ; also, a consolidated morning army, and aid-de-camp to Major General Jack
I, Richard K. Call, captain of the United States report of the brigade. I have had much trouble son, do swear, that, some time during the last in procuring these returns.
session of Congress, I was summoned to appear I have the honor, to be, &c.
before a committee of the Senate of the United A. P. HAYNE, Insp. Gen.
States, to give evidence in relation to the occurTo Brig. Gen. D. PARKER,
rences of the Seminole campaign ; that, after givAdjutant and Insp. Gen.
ing the statement, which appeared as one of the True copy on file in my office.
documents accompanying the report of the com'A, P. HAYNE mittee, (which statement was taken in writing Inspector General U. S. Army, by one of its members,) I was told by Mr. Lacock,
chairman of the committee, that my testimony
could not then be copied in order to receive my DEPARTMENT OF WAR, March 7, 1818. signature, but that by the next morning at ten SIR: I have had the honor to receive your let. o'clock it should be prepared; at which time I ter of the 9th, and three of the 15th instant. I should have an opportunity of comparing it with have the pleasure of expressing to you my entire the original, and of correcting any mistake wbich approbation of all the measures you have adopted might arise in its being transcribed. I accord. to insure a prompt movement of the patriotic vol-ingly repaired on the day appointed to the Senunteers confided to your command.
ate Chamber, and was informed by Mr. Lacock, It is a subject of regret that there is no public chairman, that the committee would not meet arsenal in that section of the country, from which that day, and that my testimony was not yet coparms and equipments could be drawn. The ied. I again mentioned to bim, thal, from the course which you have taken to remedy the evil, pumber of mutilations and erasures which had I trust, will be effectual. So far as it may be been made in recording my evidence, if it was practicable, let the arms be preserved and returned, copied, I should expect the right of seeiog it beafter the campaiga closes, to the owners. Where fore it should be given to the public. He replied this cannot be done, let the account, properly that he did not know that the committee would vouched, be paid by the quartermaster's departo make any use whatever of my, deposition; but ment.
if they should ultimately determine to introThe bills drawn on account of supplies of every duce it as a document on which a report would
Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc.
be framed, it should be previously copied, sub- made me by Mr. Forsyth was violated; and that mitted to my inspection, and receive my sig. I never saw the deposition afterwards, until it nature; none of which promises were complied was published in the documents accompanying with. After my interview with Mr. Lacock, I the report. remained in Washington five or six days, to the
JAS. C. BRONAUGH, U. S. A. best of my recollection, during which time I heard nothing from Mr. Lacock or my deposition; day of July, 1819.
Sworo to, and subscribed before me, this 24th neither did I learn that my statement had been
R. C. FOSTER, J. P. applied to any purpose until my return from Philadelphia to Baltimore, at which place I saw it
R. I. EASTER, Aid-de-camp. attached to the report of the committee.
R. K. CALL, Aid-de-camp. My deposition, however, though published without my having an opportunity of correcting errors which might arise in transcribing it, and
NASHVILLE, April 21, 1819. in direct violation of Mr. Lacock's promise, is, Sir: In a conversation with Mr. Forsyth on according to my recollection, correct, with a the subject of the report of the committee of the trivial exception. It is not, however, without Senate, I stated that the committee had misstated error; and this error will be found in the omission several facts in relation to the occurrences of the of the expression, I believe. When interrogated Seminole war. "First. That the Governor of by the committee, in relation to the purpose for Tennessee was in Nashville when you received which Lieutenant Sands had been ordered to your instructions to call for a portion of the milMobile, my answer was, I believe he was ordered itia of the State, and that you neglected to make there for artillery; and not positive to the fact any requisition upon him for the number for I, moreover, observed to the committee, that I did which you were authorized to call; informing not, at that time, belong to the personal staff of him that he was not then in Nashville, and that General Jackson; my duties were remote from you had written him immediately, on receiving his person, and therefore I was little acquainted with the views and opinions of the commanding were prepared to prove that you had not ap
your justructions. I further told him that you General.
pointed the officers to their respective commands R. K. CALL.
as alleged by the committee.” To all which Mr. Sworn to, this 30th day of July, 1819, before Forsyth replied, that it was much to be regretted W.TANNEHILL, J. P. that, in an investigation so important to the
country and the character of the individual, evi. R. K. CALL, Aid-de-camp. dence so closely connected with the maller in
consideration had not been earlier before the NASHVILLE, July 29, 1819
committee. I am, sir, respectfully, &c.
RICHARD I. EASTER. I, James C. Bronaugh, of the United States
Major Gen. A. JACKSON.
R. K. CALL, Aid-de-camp. summoned to appear before the committee of the Senate, in pursuance of their resolution of the 18th December last, "that the Message of the
DUNLAPSVILLE, TENNESSEE, President, and documents relative to the Semi
March 30, 1819. pole war be referred to a select committee, who
Sir: On the 22d of February, 1819, Governor shall have authority, if necessary, to send for McMinn came to Kingston. Immediately on his persons and papers; that said committee inquire arrival I informed him of my intention to raise relative to the advance of the United States troops
a volunteer company, to join your army on its into West Florida, whether, the officers in com march to Fort Scoit. The Governor went to mand at Pensacola and St. Mark's were amena- John Laya's tavern, and made a public and ani. ble to, and under the control of, Spain; and par- mated appeal to the patriotism of the people of ticularly what circumstances existed to authorize Kingston and its vicinity; and assured all those or justify the commanding General in taking who would go with me, or go from any part of possession of those posts.” That, when I appear the State, that they went with his warmest ed before said committee, I was questioned upon wishes, as he felt anxious to facilitate every the subjects contained in my deposition, which is movement of the volunteers at so importani á published in the documents accompanying their crisis. Governor McMina pledged his faith and report of the 24th February, 1819; that the sub- reputation, as Governor of the State of Tennes. stance of my answers was taken down by Major see, to those who went with me, that remunera. Jobn H. Eaion, a member of the committee; and tion should be made for their services. that it was expressly declared to me by John I am, with respect, yours, &c. Forsyth, another member, "that if my testimony
RICHARD G. DUNLAP. was used by the committee, I should have timely
General JACKSON. information, for the purpose of_affording me an
A true copy: opportunity of correcting it." That this promise
R. K. CALL, Aid de-camp.
True copy :
True copy :