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Field Report of the operating Army under the immediate command of Major General Andrew Jackson, at Pensacola, May 24, 1818.
STAFF, CORPS, AND REQIXENTS.
4th battalion artillery
1st and 2d regiment Tennesseo volunteers
Kentucky and Tennessee volunteer Life Guards
1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1111311 56 2 1 3 4 1 - 1 22 63
64 78 78 21 782 979 1,092
Lieutenants Ripley and Cross, of the 8th department, joined at Pensacola, and marched with the army, not included in the above report. The companies of
ROBERT BUTLER, Adjutant General.
Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc.
Proposals which the Civil and Military Commandant all shall be under the care of, and attended by,
of the Province of West Florida makes to His Ex- the surgeon and other individuals of the Spanish cellency Andrew Jackson, General-in-Chief of the military hospital. American Army, before the Fort San Carlos de (Approved.] Barancas.
7th. The garrison of Pensacola, and the pris1st. The fort of Barancas will be delivered to oners, as also those in the employ of the Royal the troops of the United States, under the follow- Finance, shall enjoy the same privileges as ihe ing conditions :
garrison of Barancas, and shall likewise be trans. [Approved, with the exceptions made follow- ported to the Havana, uniting the former to the ing each article, and possession given at one latter, and all shall remain in the quarters they o'clock past morning this day.)
occupied in Pensacola until the moment of em2d. The garrison of the fort of Barancas will barcation for the port of Havana. march out, to be transported to the Havana, on [Approved. An estimate of the necessary the day and hour which shall be agreed upon, transportation to be furnished, and included in with all the honors of war; drums beating; with estimate, for the garrison of Fort Barancas.] arms and baggage. Those employed in the 8th. During their stay the United States will Royal Finance, and others attached to this de- furnish to the King's storekeeper, under docupariment, shall also be transported to the same ments from the Royal officers, such articles of port.
provisioos as may be deficient or not in the (A roster to be furnished of all the military King's stores, to complete the rations of the and civil officers of the garrisons of Fort Baran- troops dependants; those in the King's employ, cas; the troops to march out as expressed in this and their respective families, according to the article; their arms to be stacked at the foot of the allowance made by the regulations of Spain; glacis, and left in possession of the American the reimbursement ihereof remaining subject to army until the day of embarcation, when they the decision of the Governments of Spain and will be restored.]
the United States. 3d. The commandant of the province, the offi- [An inventory of the provisions in possession cers of his staff of the artillery and engineers, the of the Spanish commissary to be forth with furofficers and troops, shall carry with them their nished. The rations allowed subject to the lim. arms and personal effects, and shall also have the itation in the fourth article.] liberty of disposing of ibeir property of every
9th. The provisions actually existing in the kind, with perfect security to the purchasers. King's stores of Pensacola and Barancas shall
[All titles for property legally derived from be transported to the former, in order that they the Crown of Spain will be respected.]
may serve for the said supply of rations. 4th. The garrison shall be embarked on account [Approved.] of the United States ; every person of the military qoch. An inventory, and a duplicate thereof, class, or of the Royal Finance, shall receive, du- shall be made by the military storekeeper, and ring ihe passage, such rations as are allowed to such officer of artillery as the commandant of every grade by the regulations of Spain. this corps may name, and such other as may be
[Approved, as far as relates to the transporta- appointed by ibe General of the troops of the tion of the garrison, and the Spanish rations al- United States, of the artillery, powder, military lowed, provided they do not exceed the American stores, and other effects belonging to this depari. ration, in which case the American ration only ment, in Pensacola, and Barancas. will be allowed.]
[Approved. Major Peters, of the artillery, ap5th. A competent number of vessels shall be pointed on the part of the American Government.] furnished for embarking the personal effects, 11th. Persons and property shall be respected; papers, and other property belonging to the com: concessions and sales of land made by the commaodant, officers, and others in the Royal employ, petent authorities shall be valid and guarantied and particularly the papers of the secretary's by the American Government at whatever time office of the Government, which are in Pensacola; they may have been made, and until the date those of the Department of the Royal Finance, hereof. and of the civil and military employ. These [All titles legally derived from the Crown of papers shall not be subjected to any inspection or Spain, prior to this date, guarantied and respected.] recognisance, under the pledge of their contain: 121h. The commandant of engineers shall name ing nothing foreign to the functions of the said an officer, who, with another whom the General persons.
of the American army may appoint, sball make [Approved. An estimate of the necessary an inventory, and a duplicate thereof, of the transportation to be furnished, agreeably to estab- number and state of the royal edifices
, in the lished usage.]
same manner as is stated for the department of 6th. The sick, wounded, and all those who are artillery. Dow, or may fall sick previous to the embarcation [Approved, and Lieutenant Sands of the artilof the troops for the Havana, shall be maintained lery appointed on the part of the American by the Government of the United States until Government.] cured, and shall have the same privileges as the 13th. The military officers, and those in the rest of ihe garrison; those who are in a situation service of all and the several departments, may shall be embarked at the same time with it, and I embark with them their wives, children, and
Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc.
servants; in which number are to be included Additional articles, which are to have the same force the families of those of the said classes who may as the primary, and which extend to the fulfilment be absent. Those who have property to dispose of,
of what has been agreed upon. or affairs to seuile, may remain the time necessary 1st. The' name required of the Alabama chief for these purposes. American authority shall is Opayhola. The commandant of this province afford them every protection during their stay, engages
, in the name of his Government, that the and they shall enjoy the same privileges as the said chief shall never return to the Floridas. rest of ihe garrison, and be transported to the [Approved.] Havana on account of the United States.
2d. If any vessels of war of His Catholic Ma[Inadmissible, so far as it regards transporta- jesty, destined for this port, should arrive with a tion being allowed to the families of those officers supply of provisions or money, they shall be freely not present, and servants not attending upon the admiited, as well as Spanish merchant vessels. persons of the officers and their families. Those
SAN CARLOS DE BARANCAS, individuals disposed to remain in Florida will be May 28, 1818.-5 o'clock in the afternoon. respected, and protected in all civil and personal
JOSE MÁZOT. tights; and, if not embracing the transportation allowed at the present period, they must furnish CAMP, NEAR FORT BARANCAS, May 28, 1818. their own at a future period.)
ANDREW JACKSON, 14th. The storekeeper general shall form an
Major General commanding. inventory of the small vessels and craft, and of the other effects under his charge, in the same way as stated for the department of artillery.
HEADQ'RS, DIVISION OF THE SOUTA, [Approved, and Lieutenant Parkhurst, quar
Adjutant General's Office, Barancas, termaster of artillery, appointed on behalf of the
May 29, 1818. American Government.]
Fellow SOLDIERS : You were called into the 15th. The officers and troops of this garrison, field to punish savages and negroes, who had, in with their equipage, shall be iransported to Pen- a sanguinary manner, used the tomahawk and sacola, where they shall remain, as already stated, scalping-knife upon our helpless citizens upon uatil embarked for the Havana.
the frontier. You have pursued them to Mick[Approved.]
asukey, St. Mark's, Suwaney, and lastly to this 17th. The Alabama chief, with his family, now place, through an unexplored wilderness, enin this fort, and who has been reported to Major countering immense difficulties and privations, Young, shall be included in this capitulation, and which you met with the spirit of American soltransported to the Havana.
diers, without a murmur. [Approved. His name to be entered in an arti- Your General anticipated a close of the camcle, and the Spanish Government guarantying paign on his return to Fort Gadsden, and hailed that he never returns to the Floridas.]
ihe hour with feelings of gratitude to Heaven, 18th. The Catholic religion shall be maintained, at the prospect of relieving you from your labors, with its ministers, and free exercise.
by placing you in quarters, and returning you tó [A free toleration to all religions guarantied.] your homes; but how great was the disappoint19th. This capitulation is made under the con- ment, when he heard of the recent murders comfidence that the General of the American troops mitted on the Alabama, by a party of the enemy will comply with his offer of returning integral from Peosacola, where they were furnished with this province, in the state of which he receives provisions and ammunition by a friendly Power. it, as explained in his official letters.
Under this state of things, you were marched [ Approved, and the restoration made under the bere, encountering difficulties which you alone conditions expressed in General Jackson's com- can properly appreciate, meeting on the way munication to the Governor of Pensacola, the the protest of ihe Governor of West Florida, 23d of May.)
threatening to employ force if we did not imme 20th. If any doubt should arise as to the mean- diately evacuate ihe country. This new and ing of the articles of this capitulation, they shall unexpected enemy was soon taught to feel the be construed in the manner most favorable to impotence of his threats. You entered Pensacola tbe Spanish garrison.
without resistance, and the strong fortress of the [The above articles to be interpreted agreeably Barancas could hold out but one day against your to their literal and expressed meaning.) determined courage. Your General cannot help
21st. The present capitulation shall be signed admiring the spirit and military zeal manifested, and exchanged by the General of the American when it was signified that a resort to storming army and the commandant of this province, as would be necessary; and would do injustice to soon as possible, and, at latest, by five o'clock in his feelings, did he not particularly notice the the afternoon; each party respectively being in judgment displayed by his aid-de-camp, Captain possession of an original. -[Approved.] Gadsden of ihe engineers, in the selection of
FORT OF SAN CARLOS DE BARANCAS, the positions for the batteries, and the gallanıry May 28, 1818.—7 o'clock in the morning. of his second'aid, Captain McCall
, and Captain JOSE MAZOT. Young of the topographical engineers, in aiding CAMP NEAR FORT BARANCAS, May 28, 1818.
him to erect the works, under the fire of beavy A. JACKSON, Maj. Gen. comd'g. batteries within four hundred yards, as well as
Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc. the skill and gallantry of Captain Peters, Lieu- Spanish laws, so far as they affect personal rights tenants Mioton and Spencer, in the direction and property will be enforced. Colonel King and management of the nive pounder, and that will take possession of the archives of the prova of Lieutenapis Sands and Scallon, charged with ince, and appoint some confidential individual to the management of the howitzer. Captain Mc- preserve them. It is all important that the record Keever, of the navy, merits, as he has on several of titles and property should be carefully secured. occasions, his warmest thanks for his zealous co. He will cause an inquiry to be made into all the operation and activity in landing two of his guns, landed property belonging to the King of Spain, (should an additional battering train have been and hold possession of it. The claims to propnecessary,) and gallantly offering to lay bis vessel erty, within the range of gunshot of Fort St. before the water battery, in the event of storm. Charles de Barancas, will be scrupulously exing the upper works; his officers and crew de- amined into; and, should this prove valid, a rent serve his confidence.
allowed, but possession in nowise given. This The General assigns to Colonel King the gov- property is necessary for the United States, and ernment of Pensacola and its dependencies, and under its laws may be held, and an equivalent that part of the 7th department lying west of the paid. The revenue laws of the United States Appalachicola and Chatahoochee rivers, until will be established, and Captain Gadsden apotherwise ordered by General Gaines.
pointed to act as collector ; with full powerso The Colonel will take measures to have the nominate such sub-officers as, in his opinion, volunteers now at Pensacola relieved, preparatory will be necessary to the faithful discharge of the to their return march. The Tennessee volun- trust reposed in him. He will apply to the teers will be rationed for five days, and will forth. Governor of Pensacola for military aid in all with move for Fort Montgomery, where they cases where it may be necessary to correct alwill receive further orders.
tempts at an illicit irade. The General, in taking leave of Colonel King
ANDREW JACKSON, and his command, tenders to the officers and
Major Gen. com. Div. of the South. soldiers an affectionate farewell. By order : ROBERT BUTLER.
Minutes of the proceedings of a special court, organAdjutant General.
ized agreeably to the following order, viz :
Heade’rs, DivisiON OF THE SOUTH, Heada'rs, DivisiON OF THE SOUTA,
Adjutant General's Office, May 29, 1818.
Fort St. Marks, April 26, 1818. Major General Andrew Jackson has found it
GENERAL ORDER. necessary to take possession of Pensacola; he has
The following detail will compose a special not been prompted to this measure from a wish court, to convene at this post, at the hour of 12 to extend the territorial limits of the United o'clock M, for the purpose of investigating the States, or from any unfriendly feeling on the charges against A. Arbuthnot, Robert Christy part of the American Republic to the Spanish Ambrister, and such others who are similarly Goveroment. The Seminole Indians, inhabit. situated, as may be brought before it: ing the territories of Spain, have, for more than The court will record all the documents and Iwo years past, visited our frontier settlements testimony in the several cases; and their opioion with all the horrors of savage massacre; helpless as to the guilt or innocence of the prisoners; women have been butchered, and the cradle and what punishment, if any, should be inflicted. stained with the blood of innocence. These
DETAIL atrocities, it was expected, would have early attracted the attention of the Spanish Goveroment,
Major General E. P. GAINES, President. and, faithful to existing treaties, speedy measures
Members. adopted for their suppression. That, so far from Colonel King, 4th infantry, being able to control, the Spanish authorities Colonel Williams, Tennessee volunteers, were often compelled, from policy or necessity, Lieut. Colonel Gibson, Tennessee volunteers, to issue munitions of war to these savages: thus Major Muhlenburg, 4th infantry, enabling, if not exciting, them to raise the toma- Major Montgomery, 7th infantry, bawk against us. The immutable laws of self- Captain Vashon, 7th infantry, defence, therefore, compelled the American Gov. Colonel Dyer, Tennessee volunteers, ernment to take possession of such parts of the Lieut. Col. Lindsay, corps of artillery, Floridas in which the Spanish authority could
Lieut. Col. Elliot, Tennessee volunteers, not be maintained. Pensacola was found in that Major Fanning, corps of artillery, situation, and will be held until Spain can fur- Major Minton, Georgia militia, pish military strength sufficient to enforce exist- Captain Crittenden, Kentucky volunteers. ing treaties. Spanish subjects will be respected; Lieut. J. M. Glassell, 4th infantry, Recorder. Spanish laws will govern in all cases affecting An orderly will be detailed from General property and person; free toleration to all re- Gaines's brigade; and the court will sit without ligions guarantied, and trade alike to all pations. regard to hours.
Colonel King will assume the command of By order of Major General JACKSON:
ROBERT BUTLER, Adjt. Gen. 15th Con. 21 Sess.-71
Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc.
Fort St. MARK's, April 26. 1818. charges, and using every means in his power to The court convened pursuant to the foregoing procure their arrest; all wbich writings and sayorder; when, being duly, sworn in the presence ings excited, and had a tendency to excite, the of the prisoner, and be being asked if he had any negroes and Indians to acts of hostility with the objection to any member thereof, and replying in Uoited States. By order of the court: the negative, the following charges and specifi
J. M. GLASSELL, Recorder. cations were read, viz:
To which charges and specifications the pris. Charges vs. A. Arbuthnot, now in custody, who says he is a British subject.
oner pleaded not guilty. Charge 1st. Exciting and stirring up the Creek sel, it was granted him; when the court proceed
The prisoner having made application for couaIndians to war against the United States and hered to the examination of the evidence. citizens ; he, A. Arbuthnot, being a subject of Great Britain, with whom the United States are
JOHN WINSLETT, a witness on the part of the at peace.
prosecution, being duly sworn, stated that some Specification. That the said A. Arbuthnot, be time before last July the Little Prince received a tween the months of May and July, or some time letter, signed by Mr. Arbuthnot, advising the upper in June, 1817, wrote a letter to the Little Prince, part of the nation to unite with the lower chiefs in ex horting and advising him not to comply with amity; and stating that the best mode for them the Treaty of Fort Jackson, stating that the citi- to repossess themselves of their lands would be to zens of the United States were intringing on the write to him, Arbuthnot, and he would send on Treaty of Ghent, as he believed, without the their complaints to the Governor of Providence, knowledge of the Chief Magistrate of the United whence it would be forwarded to His Britannic States; and advising the Upper and the Lower Majesty, and he would have the terms of the Creeks to unite and be friendly; stating that Wil Treaty of Ghent attended to; he, moreover, liam Hambly was the cause of their disputes. stated his belief that the encroachments on the Also, advising the Little Prince to write to the Indian lands were unknown to the President of Governor of New Providence, who would write the United States; the witness also identified to His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, ebrough the signature of the letter of the prisoner to his whom the United States would be called to a son, (marked A,) referred to in the first specifi. compliance with the Treaty of Ghent; and ad- cation to the second charge, and heretofore noted vising not to give up their lands under the Treaty as being the same with that sent to the Little of Fort Jackson, for that ihe American citizens
Prince. would be compelled to give up to them all their
The witness, on being further interrogated, lands under the Treaty of Ghent.
stated the language of ihe lelter alluded to to Charge 2d. Acting as a spy, and aiding, abet- be, that the British Government, on application ting, and comforting ihe enemy-supplying them would cause to be restored to them their lands with the means of war.
they beld in 1811, agreeably to the terms of the Specification 1st. Io writing a letter from St. Treaty of Ghent. Mark's fort, dated the 2d April, 1818, to his son
Question by the prisoner. Who is the Little John, at Suwany, (marked A,) detailing the ad- Prince, or is he known by any other name? vance of the army under General Jackson, stating
Answer. He is koown by the name of Tus. their force, probable movements and intentions, tenukke Hopin, and is the second chief of the to be communicated 10 Bowlegs, the chief of the nation. Suwany towns, for his government.
Question by the prisoner. Where is the letSpecification 2d. In writing the letters, marked ter you allude to, or in whose possession ? B (without date) and C, with enclosures of Janu.
Answer. It was left in the possession of the ary 27, 1818; and D, called "a Note of Indian Little Prince when I last saw it. Talks;" and É; without date, applying to the Brit
Question by the prisoner. Has this Little ish Government, through Governor Cameron, for Prince no other name than what you state ? munitions of war, and assistance for our enemies,
Answer. Not that I know of. making false representations. And also apply.
Question by the prisoner. Do you swear that ing to Mr. Bagoi, British Ambassador, for his the letter alluded to was addressed to the Little interlerence, with a statement on the back of one
Prince? of the letters of munitions of war for the enemy.
Answer. I do not. It was presented me by CHARGE 3d. Exciting the Indians 10 murder the Little Prince to read and interpret for him, and destroy William Hambly and Edmund Doyle, which I did. and causing their arrest, with a view to their
Question by the prisoner. Are you certain condenination to death; and the seizure of their that the letter stated that the Chief Magistrate property, on account of their active and zealous of the United States could have had no knowlexertions to maintain peace between Spain and edge of settlements made on Indian lands, or the United States and the Indians, they being injuries committed ? citizens of the Spanish Government.
Answer. The letter stated that to be the beSpecification 1st. In writing the etters marked lief of the writer. F, Jaled the 26th August, 1817; G, dated the John Lewis Phenix, a witness on the part of 13th May, 1817; and #, threatening them with the prosecution, being 'duly sworn, stated, with deaih; alleging against them false and infamous regard to the first specification of the second