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Relations with Spain.

CAARLES LE JEUNE, being duly sword, declares children, there must have been a considerable that he has resided io Pensacola since November, number ; not less, probably, than one hundred 1817; since which he has frequently seen in this and fifty or sixty. town or its vicinity parties of upwards of a hun- Q. When Major Youngs attacked a party dred Indians encamped; that these parties were near town, how did those in town find means to armed either with rifles or with the arms that were escape across the bay? furnished them by the English; that although he A. I have understood and believe that they cannot state that these parties had received am- were sent across the bay by order of the Gov. munition from the Spanish Government here, he ernor. Devertheless can and does state that the said par

SANTIAGO DAUPHIN. ties were provisioned from the King's stores by

A true copy:

R. K. CALL, A. D. C. Prieto, King's storekeeper; that, previous to November, 1817, the Government was regularly in the habit of giving out ammunition to the Indi.

Joseph Bonefi, being duly sworn, declares as aos from a store wbich was expressly for that

follows, viz; purpose here ; that, on the day that

Major Youngs November, 1817?

Question. Have you lived in Pensacola since attacked the Indians near this town, there was a

Answer. I have. considerable number encamped near the water side in town, who, upon hearing the report of

Q. Have you not, between that period and the fire-arms, crossed the bay in their own boats, and approach of the American forces under Major in other larger boats belonging to others.

General Jackson, repeatedly seen divers parties CARLOS LE JEUNE.

of hostile Indians in this town or its neighbor.

hood ? William COOPER, being duly sworn, declares A. I have. Indeed, between the said month that he has resided in Pensacola sioce November, of November and the time that the hostile party 1817; during which period he has frequently surrendered to Major Youngs, there were more seen in town and its vicinity several parties of or less in town; sometimes in numbers considIndians; saw one in particular with some sheet erable, sometimes fewer. lead, and has heard that the Indians had intro. Q. How or by whom were those Indians subduced some clothes in town that looked like Amer- sisted ; and from whom or by what means did ican manufacture; states also that Tapaulca was they procure ammunition and other warlike a Red Stick chief, and had been frequently about stores or weapons ? Pensacola for several years past.

A. I have understood and do believe that they WILLIAM COOPER. were fed by the Government here; as to ammuPENSACOLA, September 19, 1818.

nition, &c., I cannot state how they procured I certify that the aforegoing depositions were

supplies, except it might have been' from the

stores about town. sworn to and subscribed before me, on this day.

Q. Have you seen or been informed of any M. McKENNEY, SEN., J. P.

horses, cattle, or other plunder, having been brought No. 37 c.

in here by the Indians within the time above al

luded to ? John Duffy, being duly sworn, declares as

A. No.

JOSEPH BONEFI. follows: Question. Have you resided in and about Pen

PENSACOLA. sacola since November, 1817 ?

Both depositions sworn to and subscribed beAnswer. I have.

fore me, the 19th September, 1818. Q. Have you seen in said town or its vicinity,

M. McKENNEY, SEN., J. P. within or since that period, any lodians ?

A true copy :

R. K. CALL, A. D. C.
A. I have.
Q. How many did you see at any particular

No. 37 f.

A. About the latter end of that Spring I saw PIERRE Senac, being solemnly sworn, declares in town from fifty to sixty lodians; but few of as follows: That he has resided in the town of these were armed, because they were prohibited Pensacola constantly since the month of Novemcoming into town armed. I suppose iheir arms ber last past; that, since that time, and until the were left in their camps in the neighborhood. arrival of Major Youogs near this town, there

Q. How did these Indians subsist themselves, were always considerable numbers of hostile loand how did they procure ammunition ? dians in or near the town; that, on many occa

A. Probably from the Government here; of sions within that period, he has seen from one this, however, I am not certain.

hundred and fifty to two hundred Indians here; Q. Did you see any horses, cattle, or other that their forces were regularly provisioned from plunder, brought into this place by the Indians ? the King's store here; that he has seen large A. No.

quantities of sheet lead in the possession of the Q. How many Indians were in Pensacola lodians, and considers it as greatly resembling and its neighborhood at the time that Major the lead aprons of cannon; that the Goveroment Youngs attacked a party near this town ? must have furnished the lead in question, as there A. Of all descriptions, viz: men, women, and I were no other means here of getting such lead, and

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Relations with Spain.

that the said lead was run off into balls, which dians set out, and states that they had their this deponent saw; that, on the day Maj. Youngs arms. attacked a party of Indians near this town, there

JOSE ESTEVAN CARO. were then in town a considerable number more, Sworn and subscribed before me, at Pensawho were sent across the bay in boats provided cola, 10th September, 1818. for that purpose by the Spanish Governor.

H. YOUNG, Capt. Top. Eng. Deponent further states that, about the first of March last past, three considerabie parties of

No. 37 h. hostile Indians-one party under the command CHARLES BARON, a resident of Pensacola, being of Leon Lesassier, another under the command sworn, states that, about the latter end of April of Arnaud Gilmer

, (both lieutenants in His or beginning of May, 1818, a party of Indians, Catholic Majesty's service, and the third com amounting io pear one hundred, were in Pensa. manded by an Indian chief-retired out of this cola with a quantity of plunder which, it was town, and went down towards the neighbor- generally believed, was taken at the time Stoke's hood of Barancas, where provisions and ammu- family were murdered on the Escambia. The nition were regularly supplied them by the Span-Indians sold this plunder openly to the inhabi. ish Government; that the said Iodians were tants of Pensacola, and the deponent could not armed with guns which they had received from learn that the Spanish authorities at Pensacola the English during the late war, and that they made any inquiries respecting it. The deponent remained encamped within from one to three further states that, at several times in the presleagues of Barancas for the space of nearly a, ent year, (1818) he saw parties of Indians fur month; that these Indians, besides being armed nished with provisions and ammunition from with guns, had also tomahawks, which depopent the King's stores; but he does not recollect the understood and believes were furnished by John dates of these transactions. The deponent furInnerarity; and that, when the Government ther states that he has frequently heard Spanish caused the said parties to be thus assembled and officers at Pensacola justify the conduct of the equipped, they were collected at Barancas for Indians towards the United States, manifesting the purpose, as deponent conceives, of eluding the in their conversation a decided hostility towards vigilance of such individuals in Pensacola as the Americans. would not concur in such measures.

CARLOS BARON. Deponent further states that, since the said Sworn before me, at Pensacola, September 13, month of November last past, he has seen brought 1818. in here by the Indians a quantity of cottonade

H. YOUNG, Capt. Top. Eng. and women's clothing, brought or said to have been brought from the American frontier; that

No. 38. these things were publicly sold in this town, not- General Jackson to the Secretary of War. withstanding it was notoriously known here that

HEADQ'RS, DIVISION OF THE SOUTH, those articles and property had just been taken

Fort Gadsden, March 25, 1818. from those whom ihe Indians had killed on the American frontier.


SIR: At seven o'clock P. M., on the 9th in

stant, ļ reached Fort Scott with the brigade of Attest:

J. ROBINSON, Georgia militia, nine hundred bayonets strong,

Interpreter, Pensacola. and some of the friendly Creeks who had joined Sworn to and subscribed before me, this 19th me on my march a few days before, where, findday of September, 1818.

ing but one quart of corn per man and a few M. McKENNEY, Sen., J. P.

poor caule, which, added to the live pork I brought along, would give us three days' rations of meat, determined me at once to use this small

supply to the best advantage. Accordingly, bav. Jose E. Caro, a citizen of Pensacola, being ing been advised by Colonel Gibson, Quartersworn, states that, early in the present year, master General, that he would sail from New (1818,) a party of hostile Indians were in Pen- Orleans on the 12th February, with the supplies, sacola, their numbers not known, but probably and being also advised that two sloops, with profifty; that, on hearing of the approach of the visions, were in the bay, and an officer had been American army under General Jackson, the despatched from Fort Scott, in a large keel-boat, Governor of Pensacola furnished those Indians to bring up a part of their lading, and deeming with provision and ammunition, and sent them that the preservation of those supplies would be in public boats across the bay; the deponent to preserve the army, and enable me to prosecute saw the rations issued and the party embarked. the campaign, I assumed the command on the The deponent further states that, subsequent to morning of the 10th, ordered the live stock this, he saw three parties of hostile Indians fur- slaughtered and issued to the troops, with one nished with provisions, the ostensible object of quart of corn to each man, and the line of march which was to enable those Indians to march to to be taken up at twelve, meridian. Having to the interior and give themselves up, but it was cross the Flint river, and it being very high, very generally believed that those Indians had combined with some neglect in returning the no such intention. The deponent saw those In- | boats during a very dark night, I was unable to

No. 37 g.

Relations with Spain.

move from the opposite bank until nine o'clock nations to yield us all facilities to reduce them. on the morning of the 11th, when I took up my Under this consideration, should I be able, I will line of march down the east bank of the river for take possession of the garrison as a depot for my this place, touching the river as often as practi- supplies, should it be found in the hands of the cable, looking for the provision boat which was Spanish garrison, they having supplied the Inascending, and which I was fortunate enough to dians; but if in the hands of our enemy, I will meet on the 13th instant, when I ordered an extra possess it for the benefit of the United States, as ration to the troops, they not having received a à necessary position for me to hold, to give peace full one of meal or four since their arrival at and security to this frontier, and put a final end Fort Early. On that day my patroles captured to Indian warfare in the South. three prisoners, and fouod some hidden corn. On Finding it very difficult to supply Fort Crawthe morning of the 14th I ordered the boat down ford, on the Conecuh river, by land, I have orderthe river to this place, whilst I descended by ed the supplies for that garrison by water, and land, and reached here, without interruption, on written to the Governor of Pensacola that if he the morning of the 16th. The eligibility of this interrupts them during the present Indian war, I spot as a depot determined me, and I immediately. shall view it as aiding our enemy, and treat it as directed my aid-de-camp, Lieutenant Gadsden, an act of hostility; and stated to him the propriof the engineer corps, to furnish a plan for and ety, under existing circumstances, of his affording superintend the erection of a fortification. His all facilities to put down their own as well as our talents and indefatigable zeal displayed in the enemies, and that our Governments, whilst negoexecution of this order induced me to name it liating, can take this subject under consideration; Fort Gadsden, to which he is justly entitled. but, in the mean time, our provisions must pass

On my arrival here, I immediately despatched to Fort Crawford without interruption. the boat to the bay for the balance of provisions lo mine of the 14th February, from Hartford, known to be there, and to ascertain whether the I informed you of the measures adopted to proflotilla in charge of Colonel Gibson had reached cure supplies, and in my last of the 26th, from there; and which returned on the 19th, with the Fort Early, I informed you of their situation. To unpleasing intelligence that nothing had been those communications I beg leave to refer you. I heard of ihe flotilla from New Orleans since it have only to add, that I left Fort Early for Fort was seen passing Fort Bowyer. I immediately Scout, and subsisted my troops on ground peas, put the troops on half rations, and pushed the corn, and some pork, ihat I could occasionally completion of the fort for the protection of the procure from the Indians, with some pork that I provisions; in the event of their arrival, intend- had on foot, the whole subsistence for man and ing to march forthwith to the heart of the ene horse not costing five hundred dollars. Of all the my, and endeavor to subsist upon him. In the supplies purchased for the relief of Fort Scott, meantime, I despatched Major Fanning, of the and the support of the Georgia militia, not one corps of artillery, to take another look into the pound was received until I passed Fort Scoli. I bay; whose returo, on the morning of the 23d, said in my last that blame rested somewhere; the brought the information ibat Colonel Gibson, cause of those failures will in due time be a subwith one gunboat and three transports, and others ject of investigation, and Colonel Brearly has in sight, were in the bay. On the same night I been arrested on the application of Gen. Gaines. received other information that no more had ar- By some strange fatality, unaccountable to me, rived. I am, therefore, apprehensive that some the Tennessee volunteers have not yet joined me. of the smaller vessels have been lost, as one gun. They promptly left their homes, and through the boat went to pieces, and another, when last spo- inclement weather reached Fort Mitchell, where ken, had one foot water in her hold. All of the I had ordered them supplies

, and where Colonel vessels had been spoken after the gale which dis. Hayne, who led them, met my instructions to pass persed them. A north and northwest wind has by Fort Gaines, where he would get a supply of prevailed for six days, but has fortunately changed corn that would enable him to reach Fort Scott: ihis morning. I am now awaiting a boat from but the idea of starvation had stalked abroad; a the bay, (which is expected to-day,) to complete panic appears to have spread itself everywhere, eight days' rations for my troops, upon which I and he was told that they were starving at Forts mean to march.

Gaines and Scott, and was induced to pass into From information received from Pensacola and Georgia for supplies. His men and officers, as New Orleans, I bave no doubt but that St. Mark's reported to me, were willing to risk the worst is in possession of the lodians. The Governor of consequences on what they had to join me; of Pensacola informed Captain Call, of the first however, they have been marched from their infantry, (now here,) that the Indians had de- supplies, to a country stripped of them, when manded arms, ammunition, and provisions, or the every consideration should have induced his ad. possession of the garrison of St. Mark's of the visers to have urged him on to secure the supplies com maodant, and that he presumed possession in the bay, and preserved themselves and Fort would be given from inability to defend it. The Scott from starvation. I have a hope that they Spanish Government is bound by treaty to keep will joiu me before I reach St. Mark's, or the the lodians at peace with us; they have ac- Mickasuky towos; this would be desirable, as the knowledged their incompetency to do this, and troops ordered from New Orleans to protect the are consequently bound by tbe law of nature and supplies have not reached the bay, and leaving


Relations with Spain.

garrisons at Forts Scott and Gadsden weakens deem it politic and advisable to send to Washmy force much, the whole effective strength of ington John Bluot and his Indian comrades, who the regulars being but three hundred and sixty have acted as pilots to me during the late cam. privates.

paign. John Blunt is a Tucka batchee Indian, In mine of the 26th ultimo, from Fori Early, I has long been friendly to the United States, and, informed you that despatches received by Gene- io consequence of his opposition to the Red Stick ral Gaines on the 19th ultimo from the command party during the Creek war, has drawn down ing officer at Fort Scott induced him to set out upon himself their vengeance during the late that night for Fort Scott, to prevent its abandon-contest. His settlement being in an exposed sitment, &c. In his passage down the Flint river uation on the Appalachicola river, he was early he was shipwrecked, by which he lost his assist attacked by the Seminoles, his property destroyed, ant adjutant general, Major C. Wright, and two and his family rifled from him.' Alone he es soldiers, (drowned.) The General reached me caped, and fled to Fort Scout, where, joining the six days after, nearly exhausted with hunger and American standard, he has proven himself a most cold, having lost his baggage and clothing, and zealous, friend and faithful pilot to this period. being compelled to wander in the woods four and la justice to him, I am bound to state that, to his a half days without anything to subsist on, or correct koowledge of the country, and zealous any clothing except a pair of pantaloons. I'am attachment to the cause in which we were enhappy to have it in my power to say that he is gaged, am I measurably indebted for the success now with me at the head of his brigade in good of the present campaign. health.

Mr. Hambly accompanies John Bluni. Mr. The great scarcity of subaltern officers in the Hambly is a Spanish subject by birth, and has 4th and 7th regiments of infantry has induced me long been a resident as a trader on the Appalato appoint several young men (present) as second chicola river. In consequence of his attachinent lieutenants in those regiments, who, from person to the American cause, and his active exertions al knowledge and good recommendations, I have to check the hostile feelings of those Indians disno doubt will prove themselves worthy; and trust posed to war against the United States, he drew the measure will meet the approbation of the down upon himself and family their vengeance. President. A list of their names, and the regi. He was forcibly taken from his home at an early ments 10 which they are attached, will be furnish- period of the war; his property, goods, and need the adjutant and inspector general by my ad- groes taken from him, and he violently transjutant general. I have the honor to be, &c. ported from Mickasuky, Suwanee, and St. Mark's,

A. JACKSON, Maj. Gen. until finally relieved by Captain McKeever, of Hon. John C. Calhoun.

the American navy. Since which period, he has P. S.-Since writing the above, I have the You will find him an honest and faithful friend

been altached to my army as lodian interpreter. pleasure to inform you that the boat from the to our Government, and valuable for the inforbay has arrived with provisions, also Colonel mation which he can afford of Spanish policy Gibson and Captain McKeever of the pavy. I and intrigue. He is well acquainted with all the shall move to morrow, having made the neces- transactions of foreign agents in this country, of sary arrangements with Captain McKeever for their practices, &c., and how far encouraged by his co-operation in transporting my supplies the Spanish authorities, &c. around to the bay of St. Mark, from which place

With respect, your obedient servant, I shall do myself the honor to communicate to

ANDREW JACKSON, you. Should our enemy attempt to escape with

Maj. Gen. commanding. his supplies and booty io the small islands, and

The Hon. J. C. CALHOUN, from thence to carry on a predatory warfare, the assistance of the navy will prevent his escape.

Secretary of War. General William McIntosh, commanding the

No. 40. friendly Creeks who had been ordered to reconnoitre the right bank of the Appalachicola, re- General Jackson to the Secretary of War. ported to me on the 19th instant ibat he had cap

HBADQ'RS, Division OF THE SOUTH, tured, without the fire of a gun, one hundred and

Camp near St. Mark's, April 8, 1818. eighty women and children, and fifty-three war

Sir: I wrote you from Fort Gadsden, commuriors of the Red Ground chief's party, with their nicaling the embarrassments under which I had cattle and supplies; the cbief and thirty warriors labored previous to my arrival at tha! post, and making their escape on horseback; ten of the warriors, attempting their escape after they had my determination, being then in a situation to

commence active operations, to penetrate imme surrendered, were killed by the General.

diately into the centre of the Seminole towns. A. J.

My army marched on the 26th ultimo, and on the No. 39.

1si of April was reinforced by the friendly Creek General Jackson to the Secretary of War.

warriors under General Mclatosh, and a detach

ment of Tennessee volunteers, commanded by HEADQ'R8, Division OF THE SOUTH, Colonel Elliott. On the same day, a mile and a

Fort Montgomery, June 2, 1818. ball in advance of the Mickasukian villages, a Sir: The Seminole war having terminated, I l small party of hostile Indians were discovered

Relations with Spain.

brasile. They maintained for a short periodes Sir: To chastise a savage foe, who combined


judiciously located on a point of land projecting

No. 41. into an extensive marshy pond-the position de- General Jackson to F. C. Luengo. signated, as since understood, for the concentrat

HEAD'QRS, DIVISION OF THE SOUTH, ing of the negro and Indian forces to give us

Before St. Mark's, April 6, 1818. spirited attack spy companies, but fled and dispersed in every direction upon

with a , have, for coming in contact with my flank columns, and some time past, been carrying on a cruel and discovering a movement to encircle them. The unprovoked war against the citizens of the United pursuit was continued through the Mickasukian States, has compelled the President to direct me towns, until night compelled me to encamp my to march my army into Florida. I have penearmy. The next day detachments were sent out trated to the Mickasuky towns, and reduced them in every direction to reconnoitre the country, se to ashes. cure all supplies found, and reduce to ashes the In these towns I found many indications of a villages. This duty was executed to my satisfac- hostile spirit. Oo a red pole, in the centre of the tion; nearly three hundred houses were con- council-house of Kenhegee's town, more than sumed, and the greatest abundance of corn, cattle, fifty fresh scalps of all ages, from the infant to &c. brought in. Every indication of a hostile the aged matron, were found suspended. spirit was found in the habitations of the chiefs; In addition to this, upwards of three hundred in the council-houses of Kenhagee's lown, the old scalps were found in the dwellings of the king of the Mickasukians, more than fifty fresh different chiefs settled on the Mickasuky, pond. scalps were found; and in the centre of the pub. Those barbarians who have escaped death have lic square, the old' Red Stick's standard, a red filed. From information communicated by the pole was erected, crowned with scalps, recognised Governor of Pensacola to two of my captains, by the hair as torn from the heads of the unfortu. (Gordon and Call,) I was induced to believe that Date companions of Scott.

They had fled to St. Mark's for protection. The As I had reason to believe that a portion of the Governor stated that the Indians and negroes had hostile Indians had led to St. Mark's, I directed demanded of you large supplies of munitions of my march towards that fortress. As advised, I war, with a threat, in the event of a refusal, of found that the Indians and negroes combined had taking possession of your fortress. He further demanded the surrender of that work. The Span- expressed an apprehension that, from your deish garrison was too weak to defend it; and there fenceless state, they were already in possession were circumstances reported, producing a strong of St. Mark's. The wife of Chenubby, a noted conviction in my mind that, if not instigated by chief, now a prisoner in my camp, informed me the Spanish authorities, the Indians bad received that the hostile Indians and 'negroes obtained their the means of carrying on the war from that quar- supply of ammunition from St. Mark's. ter; foreign agents, who have been long practis- To prevent the recurrence of so gross a violaing their intrigues and villanies in this country, tion of neutrality, and to exclude our savage en, bad free access into the camp; Si. Mark's was emies from so strong a hold as St. Mark's, I deemed necessary as a depot to insure success to my oper- it expedient to garrison that fortress with Amerations. These considerations determined me to ican troops until the close of the present war. occupy it with an American force. Ao inventory This measure is justifiable on the immutable of the Spanish property, munitions of war, &c., principle of self-defence, and cannot but be satishas been taken and receipted for, and the com factory, under existing circumstances, to His mandant and garrison furnished with transporta. Catholic Majesty the King of Spain. Under tion to Pensacola. My correspondence with the existing treaties between our two Governments, Spanish commandant, ihe evidences under which the King of Spain is bound to preserve in peace, I acted, and a detailed account of my operations, with the citizens of the United States, not only will be furnished you as early as practicable. Suc his own subjects, but all Indian tribes residing cess depends upon the rapidity of my movemenis; within his territory. When called upon to fulfil and to-morrow I shall 'march for the Suwanee that part of the treaty in relation to a savage tribe river, the destroying the establishments on which who have long depredated, with impunity, on the will, in my opinion, put a final close to this savage American frontier, incompetency is alleged, with war. Captain McKeever, of the navy, cruising an acknowledgment that the same tribe' have at my request on this coast, has been fortunate acted in open hostility to the laws, and invaded enough in securing Francis, or Hillis Hadjo, the the rights of His Catholic Majesty. As a mutual grea: prophet, and Homathlemico, an old 'Red enemy, therefore, it is expected that every facility, Stick. They visited his vessels, under an impres will be afforded by the agents of the King of sion that they were English, from whom, as they Spain, to chastise these lawless and inhuman stated, supplies of munitions of war, &c., under savages. Iu this light is the possession of St. late promises, were expected. Arbuthnot, a Mark's by the American forces to be viewed. Scotchman, and suspected as one of the instiga- I come not as the enemy, but as the friend of tors of this savage war, was found in St. Mark's; Spain. Spanish rights and property will be rehe is in confinement until evidences of guilt can spected. The property, and rights of Spanish be collected. With respect, &c.

subjects will be guarantied them. An inventory A. JACKSON, Maj. Gen. of all public property, munitions of war, &c.,



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