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Relations with Spain.
In the month of May last, yielding to a spirit True copies of the documents deposited in this of conciliation, I gave permission to the schooner command. Pensacola, May 2, 1818, in the abVictory, from New Orleans, to pass up the Es- sence of the secretary, by indisposition : cambia to the American fort with a cargo of pro
BUENA, DUBREUIL. visions; prompted by the same sentiment, I gave a similar permission in January last to Captain
No. 30. Call, of the schooner Italiana, io proceed to the
General Jackson to Governor Mazot. same place; and subsequently, pursuing the same friendly and conciliatory feeling, I allowed Lieu- HEADQ’rs, DivisiON OF THE SOUTH, tenant Eddy, belonging to the garrison of the fort
St. Mark's April 27, 1818. above alluded to, who had been commissioned Sir: After I left this post for St. Juan, to disfor that purpose by Major Youngs, the command-perse and destroy the mutual enemy of Spain and ant, to supply himself here with sixty barrels of ihe United States, a small schooner with men provisions. The cargo of the schooner Italiana and supplies arrived from Pensacola, and was being still deposited here, I conceive that the in-taken possession of and detained by my officer troduction of the further supply requested by left in command. This vessel has been liberated, your excellency is not necessary at present. Noi- with all her effects, excepting some clothing of withstanding this, as I infer from your excel- the United States, (unaccompanied with any lency's letter that the said provisions are now on invoice,) and which has been detained as supposed the way, and am disposed to grant the same in. to be a part of that taken in the boat, within the dulgence as heretofore, while it is not less my territory of this Republic, in which Lieutenant duty to enforce the established regulations and Scott, of the United States Army, with his comrestrictions, which require that the supplies should maod, was so inbumanly massacred. be consigned to a Spanish trading house, which I regret being compelled to state to you that will undertake to forward them and secure the from the papers and other proofs taken at San payment of the royal import and export duties, I Juan, the quantity of American cattle found at will give permission for them to pass in like man- St. Marks, and purchased by me from the comner as the first; it being, however well understood missary of the post, and the intercourse kept up that, peither now nor hereafter, the United States between this post and the hostile Indians, there is can pretend to or acquire any right in consequence too much ground to believe that the Indians have of these indulgences, which are perfectly gratuit- been encouraged, aided, and a betted by the offious, and granted solely in consequence of existing cers of Spain in this cruel war against the United circumstances, which, as your excellency states States. Proof positive exists that the lodians were to me, prevent the arrival of supplies to the said supplied with ammunition by the late commanFort Crawford, through any other channel. In dant of St. Marks. The United States clothing addition, you are pleased to remark that you are being found on board of a vessel in the employ not disposed to enter into any discussion with of the Government of Spain, sailing from Penme on ihe subject of the right which may be sacola direct from this post, compels me to call claimed by the United States 10 the free naviga- on you for a statement in what manner you came tion of the Escambia.
possessed of said clothing. To a discussion of this nature I am no less The good understanding that so happily exists averse than your excellency ; because it is one not between His Catholic Majesty and ihe United within my province, and because it is my duty, States formed a just ground to believe that bis as a subordinate officer, to conform 10 the orders agents would have discountenanced this cruel and of my superior; therefore, until I receive orders savage war, waged against the citizens of this to the contrary, I am bound, in reference to this Republic. Too weak to comply with her treapoint, strictly to adhere to the existing treaties ties with the United States, or chastise her own between the United States and Spain. On refer- savage subjects wagiog war agaiost a friendly ring to the last treaty of amity, limits, and pavi. nation, it was scarcely to be believed that her gation, I perceive nothing that stipulates the free officers would have been detected in aiding and navigation of the river alluded io; but, on the abetting this enemy, assisting him with intellicontrary, that the sovereignty of the King, my gence of our movements, and purchasing of him master, in and over all the territories, coasts, riv- the property depredated of us. America, just to ers, ports, and bays, situate to the south of the her ireaties, and anxious to maintain peace with thirty-first degree of north latitude, is solemnly the world, cannot and will not permit such a savand explicitly acknowledged by the United States; age war to be carried on in disguise any longer. and if, io consideration of the present extraordi- Asylums have been granted to the persons and nary circumstances, further momentary conces property of our Indian foe, (fugitives from the sions are required, I request your excellency to territory of the United States.) Facilities deemhave the goodness to apply for that purpose, ined by me pecessary to terminate a war, which, future, to the authority on whom ihey may under existing treaties, should have been maindepend, as I am wholly unauthorized in this tained by Spain, for feeding my troops, and libmatter,
erating the subjects of Spain imprisoned by the God preserve you many years.
Indians, have all been denied by the officers of His
JOSE MAZOT. Catholic Majesty. All these facts prove the unHis Exc'y Gen. ANDREW JACKSON.
just conduct of Spanish agents in the Floridas. 15th Con. 2d Sess.-63
Relations with Spain. It cannot be longer tolerated; and although a and were very grateful for the offers you had Republic fond of peace, the United States know made them. These Indians amount to about their rights, and ai lhe expense of war will main- eighty-seven, including women and children. I tain them.
have settled that they should divide into two ANDREW JACKSON,
companies, and they will set out as soon as your Major General Commanding. answer is received, which they think it prudent Don Jose Mazot,
to keep, as you will, when informed of their acGovernor of Pensacola.
ceptance of your offer, be enabled to give proper
orders for their safety on their journey, and their No. 31.
avoiding any unpleasant rencontre with the ChocGovernor Mazot to Major Youngs.
taws, who, if not duly informed of it, might at.
tack them; in which case, the measures taken PENSACOLA, April 27, 1818. for the peaceful arrangements tbat we both bave Sir: Your letters of the 27th instant, dated so much at heart would be defeated. Camp on the Escambia and Fort Crawford, en- Opahi-hola, an Alabamian chief, on account of closing a proclamation, were this day delivered his age and infirmities, will remain here for the to me at 3 o'clock P. M. by an artificer, (a man present with his family. I have given orders for of color,) whose immediate return does not allow i bis relief, and pledge myself for his good beme at present to reply particularly to them; and havior. I shall only state that the few peaceful Indians You will always find me ready to unite with who were at this place and in its neighborhood you in such measures as may be beneficial to our left it on the 26th, and at daybreak several of respective countries, and are conformable to ex. them were murdered by the troops of the United isling treaties. States, and among them some women and chil. I renew the assurances of my respect, and pray dren. As I am unable to account for this act, God to preserve you many years. and the violation resulting from it, I have to
JOSE MAZOT. inform you that I shall transmit an account of To Major Wute Younds. the whole transaction to my superior; and I hope that in the meantime you will not permit any
No. 32 a. further hostilities to be committed on any pre- The Governor of West Florida to his Excellency Antence in this territory; and, in case the Indians
drew Jackson. give any reason for complaint, that you will inform me of it, that I may chastise them for it,
PENSACOLA, May 18, 1818. as far as it depends on my authority.
Most ExceLLENT SIR: On the 10th instant If there be İndians still remaining in this terri- I received your letter of the 27th of April last, tory, I will have them sought for, and.communi- informing me that on board a small schooner de cate your letter to them, and advise you of the spatched from this port for Appalache there were result. I do assure you on my word that your found several articles of clothing, such as are statement of the aggressions committed by the used by the United States troops, and which you Indians is the first intelligence I have had of it, suppose were taken in the boat in which Lieuand that when I agreed to the passage of the tenant Eddy was unfortunately cut off, together escort of which you speak, those Indians of whom with his escort. You inquire of me how I beLieutenant Eddy was apprehensive were the only came possessed of those articles of clothing, and ones pointed out to me.
you proceed to state that you regret the necessity I must repeat to you that all my wishes and which compels you to inform me that, from writefforts are directed to preserving the peace hap- ten and other proofs obtained at St. Johos, the pily subsisting between our Governments, and quantity of American cattle found at St. Marks, relying on your friendly sentiments towards me, and the active communication kept up between I offer you in return the assurances of mine. the latter place and the hostile Indians, there apGod preserve you many years.
pears sufficient ground to believe that ibey were
JOSE MAZOT. encouraged and excited to this savage warfare To Major WHITE YOUNGS,
against the United States by the Spanish officers. Com'g U. S. troops on the Escambia. You add that there exist positive proofs that the
Indians were supplied with ammunition by the late Governor Mazot to Major Youngs
commandant of St. Marks; and you conclude by
declaring that shelter and protection have been PENSACOLA, April 30, 1818. given at this place to the persons aod property of Sir: In consequence of the request contained the Indians who are in hostility with ihe United in your letter of the 27th instant, I assembled States, and have fled from the American territhe principal chiefs of the Upper Creek towns of tory; ihat these facts, and the refusal to allow Colome, Canaan, Corvalle, and Forsytche, and the passage of provisions for the supply of your communicated its contents to them; they all re- troops, fully evince the unjust cooduct of the plied that they had long been very unhappy and Spanish agents in the Floridas. miserable, without shelter or country; but that, To these several charges I shall reply in their at last, by the advice of a good friend, they had order, frankly, unreservedly, and unequivocally. found one; that they all cheerfully adopted it, I The first relates to the articles of clothing found Relations with Spain,
on board the schooner Maria, and detained on declare that in future the merchants and traders the presumption of their being the property of belonging to it shall pass freely from hence to the United States. A part of these, as is proved Fort Crawford, and other places on the frontier, by the copy No. 1, was purchased at New Or- and transport all necessary supplies, either by land leans in May last; a part came from Havana and or water; by which means it is to be expected a part was bought here; all which being fully they will be abundantly provided, and your ex. substantiated, the charge is consequently disprov- cellency entirely satisfied. ed, and your inquiry satisfactorily answered. The In offering you these explanations and details, second is more serious, and refers to the conduct I flatter myself I have given so full and satisfacof the commandant of St. Marks, at a recent tory an answer to your excellency's letter as to period. I immediately demanded of him an ac- leave no doubt of the sincerity of my intentions, count of his proceedings; his report of which is and at the same time to have presented a certain enclosed under the No.2. But as I am desirous that pledge that it is my earnest wish to contribute, you would bring forward unquestionable proof of by every means in my power, to the maintenance the malconduct of that officer, I have to request of the good understanding happily subsisting beyou to furnish me with it, in order that, if his mis-tween our two Governments. conduct be established, he may receive condign God preserve you many years. punishment; hereby assuring your excellency,
JOSE MAZOT. with that sincerity that belongs to me, that in such His Exc'cy ANDREW Jackson. an event he has acted entirely contrary to his
PENSACOLA, May 18, 1818. instructions; and that on receiving the evidence required he shall be tried by a court martial, and office of the secretary of the government of this
A true copy of the original deposited in the punished in an exemplary manner, according to the merits of the case. Your sense of equity
Province, under my charge.
CARLOS REGGIO. will, however, satisfy you that the Spanish Goverament cannot be held responsible for the mis.
No. 32 b. conduct of its agents while it does not support them in it, por tolerate their errors when proved.
Certificates from New Orleans and Pensacola. Your subsequent complaints are directed person
PENSACOLA, May 31, 1818. ally and pointedly against me, and relate to the Having observed, among other things, what is shelter and protection alleged to have been af stated to you by Major General Andrew Jackson, forded to the persons and property of fugitive In- of the United States troops, in his note of the dians, and to the passage of provisions up the 27th April last, communicated to me in yours of Escambia. The best mode of giving a satisfac- the 13th instant, in which you request me to in. tory answer to these charges will be to offer you form you of what description the articles referred a brief and faithful statement of facts. With to by the said General were, also by whom the respect to the Indians, you have assuredly not coats worn by the men belonging to the gray and been correctly informed; for, although some few brown companies (de pardos y morenos) from remained permanently here, chiefly consisting of the Havana, under my command, were sold or women and children employed in supplying the brought to this place, they being the same uniinhabitants with fish, fuel, and other iriding arti- form as that worn by the troops of the United cles, and had been living here long before the States, I have to inform you, in reply, that with present war with the Seminoles, it is a fact that, respect to the articles of clothing shipped on board when I sent round to assemble them for the pur- the schooner Maria, for the supply of a delachpose of communicating to them the proposal of ment from the aforesaid companies at Appalache, Major Youngs, their whole number amounted and detained by General Jackson, they consisted but to eighty-seven; and surely the small pro- of fifteen four-point woollen blankets, and were portion of men among them, uparmed, miserable, brought here in His Majesty's schooner briganand defenceless, could not be considered as ob- line " El Almirante," arrived in this port 2d Janjects of hostility to the United States; a proof of uary last; twenty-five pairs of French shoes, which was shown in the continual passage of bought here of Don Henrique Grand pré, as per er: American citizens to this place, travelling un bibit No. 1, annexed; fifteen common negro hats, armed and alone, without a single instance of bought of Don Henrique Michelet, per exhibit accident happening either to their persons or No. 2; and tweaty shirts of Crea linen, and the property. In regard to the passage of provisions same number of pantaloons, received by the aboveup the Éscambia, so far from suspending it, I fa- named vessel, with the exception of three or four cilitated it, as far as depended on me, even to of the latter articles, which were made in North committing myself ; since, as a subordinate of America for the use of their troops, and came cer, I could not becomingly allow a proceeding into my possession in the manner I shall preswhich was not fully authorized. I therefore, in ently explain to you. All which clothing I reconsideration of circumstances, took that respon quested you, in mine of the 7th April, to be sibility upon myself, as I stated to your excellen- pleased to direct the proper department to have cy in my letter of the 15th ultimo, by Major inserted in the clearance, as being for its account Perault, to which I beg your reference. But, and risk. By the voucher annexed (No. 3) you with a view to the benefit of this place, by means will perceive, that on the 1st and 41h of May of a free intercourse with the interior, I hereby last, and 29th of July, there were shipped to me
Relations with Spain.
by Don Pedro Dalharte y Clareria, merchant of bility of your employing them to advantage. In New Orleans, the hundred and thirty-one coats the sack they are put up in, you will find a uniof the uniform reformed there, according to bis form coat which has been re-formed here, and can letter of advice ; also, twenty-eight pair of shoes, be set by the storekeeper at iwelve rials. I think twenty Russia sheeting waistcoats, iwo hundred it would answer. There are one hundred and and fifty-three leathern caps for the use of the twenty of them. I am offered by the same storechasseurs, and a quantity of half boots and keeper fifty field-tents, nearly new, at three dolleather stocks; all which articles were purchased lars; and a parcel of strong leathern caps, such from the military storekeeper at New Orleans, as are worn by the chasseurs, that can be set at and brought here in the schooners Maria and less than two rials, of which there about two hunJalousie, under the charge of their skippers, Bar- dred. The storekeeper having made me a second telome Alberty and Jose Medina, who included offer of the shirts, I proposed to take them in barthem in the manifests they exhibited on their ter for coffee at ten or eight and a balf; even at arrival, and the duties on them were secured, as ten I am persuaded it would be a good bargain, appears by their appraisement by the proper offi- as it would give the opportunity of putting off cers on the 19th May and 11th August last. the coffee, its inferior quality making it rather Hence, it is evident that the conjecture formed dull sale. The quality mosi called for is the by General Jackson that the articles of clothing green, which is much superior, and that hardly detained by him were part of those captured from commands twenty dollars. The cost and charges the escort of Lieutenant Scott, at the time he was of the said shipment of shirts, by schooner Maria, cut off within the limits of ihe territory of the are carried to your debit in account current, viz., Republic, is entirely disproved ; inasmuch as the $176 13. unfortunate accident of that officer and his escort Account of costs and charges of sundries shipped on happened on the Appalachicola in December last,
board the schooner Maria, Captain Alberty, for acand the articles of clothing alluded to were purchased in New Orleans in May and July preced
count and risk of, and to be delivered to, Don Being, as is fully proved by the letters of advice and c No. 1. 1 sack containing 28 pairs shoes,
nigno Garcia de Calderon, Pensacola, viz: invoices comprised in exhibit No. 3, to which I have referred above.
at 6 rials
$21 00 God preserve you many years.
2. 1 sack containing 54 shirts, at BENIGNO G. CALDERON.
1 coat To Jose MAZOT.
Sack, twine, and packing 1 00 (No. 1.)
50 50 I hereby certify that, on the 10th of February
Commission, 5 per cent.
2 50 last, I sold to Captain Don Benigno Garcia Calderon, commanding the gray and brown compa
Amount to the debit of Don B. pies from Havana, two hundred and eighteen
53 00 pairs of French shoes, iron shod, for the use of ihe men belonging to the said companies; and, at the request of ihe said officer, I have delive
P. DALHARTE Y CLARERIA. ered him the present certificate, dated at Pensa- NEW ORLEANS, May 1, 1817. cola, this 18th day of May, 1818. HENRIQUE DE GRANDPRE.
Account of costs and charges of ten sacks, containing,
one hundred and thirty-one coats, shipped on board (No. 2.)
the schooner Maria, Captain Granperta, for the
risk of Don Benigno Garcia Calderon, ai PensaI hereby certify that, on the 12th of February cola, and to be delivered to him there, viz: last
, I sold to Captain Don Benigno Garcia Cal. C No. 3 a 12. 10 sacks containing 131 derón, commanding the gray and brown compapies from the Havana, nine dozen round negro
coats, at 10 rials - - $163 75
Sacks, iwine, and packing 4 00 bats, for the use of the men belonging to the said companies; and, at the request of the said
167 75 officer, I have delivered him the present certifi
Commission, 5 per cent.
8 38 cate, dated at Peosacola, this 18th of May, 1818. HENRIQUE MICHELET.
Amount to the debit of
Don Benigno Garcia
176 13 New ORLEANS, April 30,-1817. To Don BENIGNO GARCIA CALDERON, Pensacola:
P. DALHARTE Y CLARERIA. Enclosed you have an account of the cost and New ORLEANS, May 29, 1817. charges of fifty-four shirts and twenty-eight pairs To Don BENIGNO G. DE CALDERON, Pensacola : of shoes, for amount whereof you are debited in account of fifty-three dollars. Although I had no
New ORLEANS, July 29, 1817. orders from you for the shirts, I was induced to At the receipt of yours, the caps were already purchase them by the low prices and the proba. I agreed for, with some other articles of clothing,
Relations with Spain.
amounting, as per invoice annexed, to $317 164, at St. Mark's, and brought by the commissary to your debit in account. I suspended the pur- there, and the constant intercourse kept up bé. chase of the hats, which run from eight to ten tween that place and the hostile Indians, there dollars per dozen.
appear sufficient grounds to believe that they Account of costs and charges of sundries, shipped in were encouraged and excited to this savage war
two hogsheads, three barrels, two cases, and one fare by the Spaniards. To this I have to reply sack, on board the schooner Jalousie, Jose Medina, that it has never come to my knowledge that any master, for account and risk of Don Benigno Gar- person belonging to the fort had any connexion, cia Calderon, at Pensacola, and to be delivered to directly or indirectly, with St. John's. And al. him there, viz:
though it is true I wrote two letters to Mr. Ar. 25 cotlovade pantaloons, at 50 cents - $12 50
buthnot, an English merchant, one of them was 236 flannel under-waistcoats, at 37} c. 88 50
merely to thank him for the three letters he wrote 253 caps, at 183 cents
47 432 me, informing me of the proceedings of the inA parcel of leathern gaiters and spal
surgents at Amelia Island, and of Captain Woodterdashes
bine, who, I informed you by express, was one of
15 00 20 Russia sheeting short vests 106
the two chiefs who were hung the day I left 51 pantaloons
pieces 106 00
Appalache ; and the purport of the other was to 35 cotton shirts
request him to come or send immediately for the 29 do do, at 75 cents
21 378 property, which, at the request of the Indian Cord, cooperage, &c.
chiefs, and to avoid increasing their suspicions, I 3 50
gave permission to be deposited in the fort, and
to withdraw 0-Kelagne, 'in whose custody that
302 064 Commission, at 5 per cent.
15 18 property was placed. And although, in taking
this step, I ran the risk of incurring the resent. Amount to the debit of Don Benigno
ment of both parties, yet it was one which did Garcia Calderon
not seem likely to incur suspicion. Nor does the E. DALHARTE Y CLARERIA. charge of a purchase of an extraordinary number
of American cattle, alleged to have been made at We, the subscribers, merchants of Pensacola, St. Mark's, authorize greater room for suspicion, hereby certify that the foregoing paragraphs of since it is notorious that, from the time of its esletters of advice and invoices are irue copies of tablishment, its supplies were obtained from the the originals exhibited to us by Captain Don Be- droves of cattle brought there for sale by the Innigno Garcia Calderon, commanding the gray dians, who had very large ones towards Mickaand brown companies from Havana, and that suky and the neighboring country. It seldom the signatures thereto subscribed are in the true happened that we considered ourselves as fully handwriting of Don Pedro Dalharte y Clareria, supplied for several months together; and if the a citizen of the United States, and merchant ai supplies were in fact derived from the plunder New Orleans.
committed on the Americans, the sellers took In testimony whereof, we have given the pres- good care to conceal that fact, as they were ent certificate, at the request of the aforesaid koown to have droves, and were in the habit of Captain Calderon, at Pensacola, this 18th day of bringing them for sale.' It may be remarked that May, 1818.
very little care was manifested by the American HENRIQUE MICHELET, commandant or magistrate within whose district VIC. DE ORDOZGOITTI, these excesses were committed, to be placed in a VTE. BASTLONGUE.
situation to complain of them to the commandant
of St. Mark's, and to send him the marks of the No. 32 c.
cattle, which would have shown from whence Defence of F.C. Luengo, Commandant of St. Mark's. they came, and have tended to prevent the pur
chase of them. With respect to the intercourse PENSACOLA, May 14, 1818. kept up between the fort and the Indians, comIo replying to your letter of yesterday's date, plained of by General Jackson, and the excitein which, among other things connected with its ment and encouragement given them by the subject, you communicate to me the several Spaniards to commit hostilities, the charge is al. points treated or by Major General Jackson in together inadmissible. An intercourse and good his letter of the 27th ultimo, and on which he understanding with the Indians were at all times founds his assertion that the Indians not only re- strongly recommended by the Government, and ceived succors at Appalache, but that they were never were they more necessary than in the cir: excited to commit hostilities against the forces cumstances in which we have lately been placed of the United States, and of whose movements at the fort; General Jackson having founded on they were exactly informed, I have to express them a demand of its occupation by his troops, my utter astonishment at this business, in which and suggesting that such a step could not fail to imposture and malevolence have been equally receive the approbation of His Catholic Majesty. employed to criminate the parties alluded to in in the same letter, he stated that he had been inthe General's letter. It is stated by the General, formed by an Indian woman, a prisoner, that the that from written and other proofs obtained at hostile Indians and negroes had received considSt. John's, the aumber of American cattle founderable supplies of ammunition at the fort. I pre