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I do hereby certify that each article of the foregoing convention was fairly interpreted and fully explained by me to the chiefs head men and warriors who have signed the same.

HENRY CONNER, Interpreter.


Jan. 19, 1832. Made and concluded at McCutcheonsville, Crawford county, Ohio, Prociamation,

on the nineteenth day of January, 1832, by and between James April 6, 1832. B. Gardiner, specially appointed commissioner on the part of

the United States, and the Chiefs, Headmen and Warriors of the band of Wyandots, residing at the Big Spring, in said county of Crawford, and owning a reservation of 16,000 acres at that place.

WHEREAS the said band of Wyandots have become fully convinced that, whilst they remain in their present situation in the State of Ohio, in the vicinity of a white population, which is continually increasing and crowding around them, they cannot prosper and be happy, and the morals of many of their people will be daily becoming more and more vitiated—And understanding that the Government of the United States is willing to purchase the reservation of land on which they reside, and for that purpose have deputed the said James B. Gardiner as special commissioner to treat for a cession of the same:— Therefore, to effect the aforesaid objects, the said Chiefs, Headmen and Warriors, and the said James B. Gardiner, have this day entered into and agreed upon the

following articles of convention. Cession of land ARTICLE I. The band of Wyandots residing at the Big Spring in the to U.S.

county of Crawford, and State of Ohio, do hereby forever cede and relinquish to the United States the reservation of sixteen thousand acres of

land, granted to them by the second article of the treaty made at St. Ante, p. 178. Mary's, on the seventeenth day of September, eighteen hundred and

eighteen, which grant is in the following words, to wit: “There shall be reserved for the use of the Wyandots residing at Solomon's town and on Blanchard's fork sixteen thousand acres of land, to be laid off in a square form, on the head of Blanchard's fork, the centre of which shall be at the Big spring, on the road leading from Upper Sandusky to Fort

Findlay.” Sale of land.

ARTICLE II. The United States stipulate with the said band of Wyandots that, as soon as practicable after the ratification of this treaty, the aforesaid tract of sixteen thousand acres shall be surveyed into sections and put into market and sold in the ordinary manner of selling the public lands of the United States; and when the same shall be sold, or as soon as any part thereof shall be disposed of, (be the price received therefor more or less) there shall be paid to the chiefs, head-men and warriors, signing this treaty, for the benefit of all the said band of Wyandots, the sum of one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre for each and every acre so sold or for sale. The said price shall be paid in

silver, and in the current coin of the United States. U.S. agree to

ARTICLE III. For the improvements now made upon said reservation pay for im. the United States agree to pay a fair valuation in money, according to provements.

the appraisement of Joseph McCutcheon, Esq. (or such person as the Secretary of War may depute for that purpose) and an appraiser to be chosen by the said band of Wyandots. And in case the said appraisers shall not be able to agree upon any of their valuations, they shall call to their assistance some competent citizen of the county of Crawford. ments.

ARTICLE IV. There shall [be] reserved for Roe-nu-nas, one of the Reservation for oldest chiefs of said band, one half section, to contain three hundred Roe-nu-nas. and twenty acres, and to include the improvements where he now lives.

ARTICLE V. It is expressly understood between the present contract- Removal. ing parties, that the said band of Wyandots may, as they think proper, remove to Canada, or to the river Huron in Michigan, where they own a reservation of land, or to any place they may obtain a right or privilege from other Indians to go.

ARTICLE VI.* It was expressly agreed before the signing of this treaty, that that part of the fifth article relating to the granting to the said band of Wyandots lands west of the Mississippi, and every other article in relation thereto is wholly null and void, and of no effect.

ARTICLE VII. Inasmuch as the band of Wyandots, herein treating, Special subhave separated themselves from the Wyandots at Upper Sandusky and agent. on the Sandusky plains, they ask of the General Government that there may be a special sub-agent and protector appointed for them whilst they remain in the State of Ohio, and they respectfully recommend Joseph McCutcheon, Esq. of the county of Crawford, as a fit and proper person to act in such capacity; and that he may have the power to employ such interpreter as he may think proper in his intercourse with said band.

The aforesaid articles of agreement shall be mutually binding upon Treaty binding the present contracting parties, when ratified by the President of the when ratified. United States, by and with the consent of the Senate thereof.



Matthew Grey eyes,

Isaac Driver,
Shi-a-wa, or John Solomon,

John D. Brown,
John McLean,

Alex. Clarke.
Done in presence of C. Clarke, Secretary to the Commissioner. Joseph Mc.
Cutcheon, J. P. in the county of Crawford, Ohio. John C. Dewit. Richard Rey-
nolds. G. W. Sampson.

To the Indian names are subjoined marks.

In the first draft of this treaty, provision was made for the removal
of the band west of the Mississippi, but they refused to accept of a
grant of land, or to remove there, and the articles having relation thereto
were accordingly omitted. It was therefore necessary to omit the 6th
article; and circumstances did not admit of time to remodel and copy
the whole treaty.

Special Commissioner, fc.

* After signing, it was mutually agreed to expunge this article.


March 24, 1832. Made at the City of Washington between Lewis Cass, thereto

specially authorized by the President of the United States, and April 4, 1832. the Creek tribe of Indians.

Cession of land

ARTICLE I. The Creek tribe of Indians cede to the United States all by the Indians. their land, East of the Mississippi river. Land to be

ARTICLE II. The United States engage to survey the said land as surveyed, &c.

soon as the same can be conveniently done, after the ratification of this 1837, ch, 41.

treaty, and when the same is surveyed to allow ninety principal Chiefs 1888, ch. 161.

of the Creek tribe to select one section each, and every other head of a
Creek family to select one half section each, which tracts shall be re-
served from sale for their use for the term of five years, unless sooner
disposed of by them. A census of these persons shall be taken under
the direction of the President and the selections shall be made so as to
include the improvements of each person within his selection, if the
same can be so made, and if not, then all the persons belonging to the
same town, entitled to selections, and who cannot make the same, so as
to include their improvements, shall take them in one body in a proper
form. And twenty sections shall be selected, under the direction of the
President for the orphan children of the Creeks, and divided and re-
tained or sold for their benefit as the President may direct. Provided
however that no selections or locations under this treaty shall be so

made as to include the agency reserve. Conveyances.

ARTICLE III. These tracts may be conveyed by the persons selecting the same, to any other persons for a fair consideration, in such manner as the President may direct. The contract shall be certified by some person appointed for that purpose by the President, but shall not be valid 'till the President approves the same.

A title shall be given by the United States on the completion of the payment.

ARTICLE IV. At the end of five years, all the Creeks entitled to these selections, and desirous of remaining, shall receive patents therefor in

fee simple, from the United States. Intruders.

ARTICLE V. All intruders upon the country hereby ceded shall be removed therefrom in the same manner as intruders may be removed by law from other public land until the country is surveyed, and the selections made; excepting however from this provision those white persons who have made their own improvements, and not expelled the Creeks from theirs. Such persons may remain 'till their crops are gathered. After the country is surveyed and the selections made, this article shall not operate upon that part of it not included in such selections. But intruders shall, in the manner before described, be removed from these selections for the term of five years from the ratification of this treaty,

or until the same are conveyed to white persons. Additional lo

ARTICLE VI. Twenty-nine sections in addition to the foregoing may cations. be located, and patents for the same shall then issue to those persons,

being Creeks, to whom the same may be assigned by the Creek tribe.
But whenever the grantees of these tracts possess improvements, such
tracts shall be so located as to include the improvements, and as near
as may be in the centre. And there shall also be granted by patent to

Land patents.

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Benjamin Marshall, one section of land, to include his improvements on the Chatahoochee river, to be bounded for one mile in a direct line along the said river, and to run back for quantity. There shall also be granted to Joseph Bruner a coloured man, one half section of land, for his services as an interpreter.

ARTICLE VII. All the locations authorised by this treaty, with the Locations, how exception of that of Benjamin Marshall shall be made in conformity to be made. with the lines of the surveys; and the Creeks relinquish all claim for improvements.

ARTICLE VIII. An additional annuity of twelve thousand dollars Additional an. shall be paid to the Creeks for the term of five years, and thereafter the nuity to Creeks. said annuity shall be reduced to ten thousand dollars, and shall be paid for the term of fifteen years. All the annuities due to the Creeks shall be paid in such manner as the tribe may direct.

ARTICLE IX. For the purpose of paying certain debts due by the Consideration Creeks, and to relieve them in their present distressed condition, the for improve. sum of one hundred thousand dollars, shall be paid to the Creek tribe, as soon as may be after the ratification hereof, to be applied to the payment of their just debts, and then .to their own relief, and to be distributed as they may direct, and which shall be in full consideration of all improvements.

ARTICLE X. The sum of sixteen thousand dollars shall be allowed Expenses of as a compensation to the delegation sent to this place, and for the pay

delegation. ment of their expenses, and of the claims against them.

ARTICLE XI. The following claims shall be paid by the United U.Ş. to pay States.

certain claims. For ferries, bridges and causeways, three thousand dollars, provided that the same shall become the property of the United States.

For the payment of certain judgments obtained against the chiefs eight thousand five hundred and seventy dollars.

For losses for which they suppose the United States responsible, seven thousand seven hundred and ten dollars.

For the payment of improvements under the treaty of 1826 one thousand dollars. The three following annuities shall be paid for life.

Annuities. To Tuske-hew-haw-Cusetaw two hundred dollars. To the Blind Uchu King one hundred dollars. To Neah Mico one hundred dollars.

There shall be paid the sum of fifteen dollars, for each person who has emigrated without expense to the United States, but the whole sum allowed under this provision shall not exceed fourteen hundred dollars.

There shall be divided among the persons, who suffered in consequence of being prevented from emigrating, three thousand dollars.

The land hereby ceded shall remain as a fund from which all the foregoing payments except those in the ninth and tenth articles shall be


ARTICLE XII. The United States are desirous that the Creeks should Removal of remove to the country west of the Mississippi, and join their country- Creeks. men there; and for this purpose it is agreed, that as fast as the Creeks are prepared to emigrate, they shall be removed at the expense of the United States, and shall receive subsistence while upon the journey, and for one year after their arrival at their new homes—Provided however, Proviso. that this article shall not be construed so as to compel any Creek Indian to emigrate, but they shall be free to go or stay, as they please.

Presents to

ARTICLE XIII. There shall also be given to each emigrating warrior emigrants. a rifle, moulds, wiper and ammunition and to each family one blanket.

Three thousand dollars, to be expended as the President may direct,

shall be allowed for the term of twenty years for teaching their children. Blacksmiths. As soon as half their people emigrate, one blacksmith shall be allowed

them, and another when two thirds emigrate, together with one ton of iron and two hundred weight of steel annually for each blacksmith.

These blacksmiths shall be supported for twenty years. Creek country

ARTICLE XIV. The Creek country west of the Mississippi shall be west of the

solemnly guarantied to the Creek Indians, nor shall any State or TerriMississippi.

tory ever have a right to pass laws for the government of such Indians, but they shall be allowed to govern themselves, so far as may be compatible with the general jurisdiction which Congress may think proper to exercise over them. And the United States will also defend them from the unjust hostilities of other Indians, and will also as soon as the boundaries of the Creek country West of the Mississippi are ascer

tained, cause a patent or grant to be executed to the Creek tribe; 1830, ch, 148. agreeably to the 3d section of the act of Congress of May 20, [28,]1830,

entitled “ An act to provide for an exchange of lands with the Indians residing in any of the States, or Territories, and for their removal West

of the Mississippi.” Treaty obliga- ARTICLE XV. This treaty shall be obligatory on the contracting par. tory when rati- ties, as soon as the same shall be ratified by the United States. fied.

In testimony whereof the said Lewis Cass, and the undersigned

Chiefs of the said tribe have hereunto set their hands at the City of Washington, this 24th day of March, A. D. 1832.



Tomack Micco,

William McGilvery,

Benjamin Marshall.
Tuchebatche Micco,
In the presence of Samuel Bell, William R. King, John Tipton, William Wilkins,
C. C. Clay, J. Speight, Samuel W. Mardis, J. C. Isacks, John Crowell, I. A. Inter.
preters, Benjamin Marshall, Thomas Carr, John H. Brodnax.

To the Indian names are subjoined marks.



May 9, 1832. Proclamation, April 12, 1834

The Seminole Indians, regarding with just respect, the solicitude manifested by the President of the United States for the improvement of their condition, by recommending a removal to a country more suitable to their habits and wants than the one they at present occupy in the Territory of Florida, are willing that their confidential chiefs, Jumper, Fuck-a-lus-ti-had-jo, Charley Emartla, Coi-had-jo, HolatiEmartla, Ya-ha-hadjo, Sam Jones, accompanied by their agent Major Phagan, and their faithful interpreter Abraham, should be sent at the expense of the United States as early as convenient to examine the country assigned to the Creeks west of the Mississippi river, and should they be satisfied with the character of that country, and of the favor. able disposition of the Creeks to reunite with the Seminoles as one

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