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the Missouri and Desmoines, passing to said high lands along the dividing ridge between the forks of the Grand River; thence along said high lands or ridge separating the waters of the Missouri from those of the Demoine, to a point opposite the source of Boyer River, and thence in a direct line to the upper fork of the Demoine, the place of beginning. But it is understood that the lands ceded and relinquished by Purposes to this Treaty, are to be assigned and allotted under the direction of the which the lands

are to be apPresident of the United States, to the Tribes now living thereon, or to

plied. such other Tribes as the President may locate thereon for hunting, and other purposes.

ARTICLE II. The confederated Tribes of the Sacs and Foxes, cede Cession by and relinquish to the United States forever, a tract of Country twenty the Sacs and

Foxes. miles in width, from the Mississippi to the Demoine; situate south, and adjoining the line between the said confederated Tribes of Sacs and Foxes, and the Sioux; as established by the second article of the Treaty of Prairie du Chien of the nineteenth of August one thousand eight hundred and twenty-five.

ARTICLE III. The Medawah-Kanton, Wah-pa-coota, Wahpeton and Cession by the Sisseton Bands of the Sioux cede and relinquish to the United States Medawah-Kan. forever, a Tract of Country twenty miles in width, from the Mississippi ton, &c. to the Demoine River, situate north, and adjoining the line mentioned in the preceding article.

ARTICLE IV. In consideration of the cessions and relinquishments Consideration. made in the first, second, and third articles of this Treaty, the United States agree to pay to the Sacs, three thousand dollars, — and to the Annuities. Foxes three thousand dollars; To the Sioux of the Mississippi two thousand dollars ;—To the Yancton and Santie Bands of Sioux three thousand dollars; - To the Omahas, two thousand five hundred dollars; To the Ioways two thousand five hundred dollars;—To the Ottoes and Missourias two thousand five hundred dollars, and to the Sacs of the Missouri River five hundred dollars; to be paid annually for ten successive years at such place, or places on the Mississippi or Missouri, as may be most convenient to said Tribes, either in money, merchandize, or domestic animals, at their option; and when said annuities or any portion of them shall be paid in merchandize, the same is to be delivered to them at the first cost of the goods at St. Louis free of trans-portation. And the United States further agree to make to the said Tribes and Further allow Bands, the following allowances for the period of ten years, and as long ances. thereafter as the President of the United States may think necessary and proper, in addition to the sums herein before stipulated to be paid them; that is to say ; To the Bands of the Sioux mentioned in the third article, one Blacksmith at the expense of the United States, and the necessary tools; also instruments for agricultural purposes, and iron and steel to the amount of seven hundred dollars; — To the Yancton and Santie Bands of Sioux, one Blacksmith at the expense of the United States, and the necessary tools, also instruments for agricultural purposes to the amount of four hundred dollars; To the Omahas one Blacksmith at the expense of the United States, and the necessary tools, also instruments for agricultural purposes to the amount of five hundred dollars ; To the loways an assistant Blacksmith at the expense of the United States, also instruments for agricultural purposes to the amount of six hundred dollars; To the Ottoes and Missourias one Blacksmith at the expense of the United States, and the necessary tools, also instruments for agricultural purposes to the amount of five hundred dollars; and to the Sacs of the Missouri River, one Blacksmith at the expense of the United States and the necessary tools; also instruments for agricultural purposes to the amount of two hundred dollars. VOL. VII. 42

262

run.

Annuity for ARTICLE V. And the United States further agree to set apart three education. thousand dollars annually for ten successive years, to be applied in the

discretion of the President of the United States, to the education of the

children of the said Tribes and Bands, parties hereto. Yancton and ARTICLE VI. The Yanckton and Santie Bands of the Sioux not Santie bands. being fully represented, it is agreed, that if they shall sign this Treaty,

they shall be considered as parties thereto, and bound by all its stipula

tions. Lines to be ARTICLE VII. It is agreed between the parties hereto, that the lines

shall be run, and marked as soon as the President of the United States

may deem it expedient. Earnest.

Art. VIII. The United States agree to distribute between the sereral Tribes, parties hereto, five thousand, one hundred and thirty-two dollars worth of merchandize, the receipt whereof, the said Tribes hereby acknowledge; which, together with the amounts agreed to be paid, and the allowances in the fourth and fifth articles of this Treaty, shall be considered as a full compensation for the cession and relinquishments

herein made. Reservation ARTICLE IX. The Sioux Bands in Council having earnestly solicited for Sioux half. that they might have permission to bestow upon the half breeds of their breeds.

Nation, the tract of land within the following limits, to wit: Beginning at a place called the barn, below and near the village of the Red Wing Chief, and running back fifteen miles; thence in a parallel line with Lake Pepin and the Mississippi, about thirty-two miles to a point opposite Beef or O-Boeuf River; thence fifteen miles to the Grand Encamp ment opposite the River aforesaid; The United States agree to suffer said half Breeds to occupy said tract of country; they holding by the

same title, and in the same manner that other Indian Titles are held. Reservation ARTICLE X. The Omahas, Ioways and Ottoes, for themselves, and for other half. in behalf of the Yanckton and Santie Bands of Sioux, having earnestly breeds.

requested that they might be permitted to make some provision for their half-breeds, and particularly that they might bestow upon them the tract of country within the following limits, to wit; Beginning at the mouth of the Little Ne-mohaw River, and running up the main channel of said River to a point which will be ten miles from its mouth in a direct line; from thence in a direct line, to strike the Grand Ne-mohaw ten miles above its mouth, in a direct line (the distance between the two Ne-mohaws being about twenty miles)—thence down said River to its mouth; thence up, and with the Meanders of the Missouri River to the point of beginning, it is agreed that the half-breeds of said Tribes and Bands may be suffered to occupy said tract of land; holding it in the same manner, and by the same title that other Indian titles are held: but the President of the United States may hereafter assign to any of the said half-breeds, to be held by him or them in fee simple, any portion of said tract not exceeding a section, of six hundred and forty acres to each individual. And this provision shall extend to the cession made by the

Sioux in the preceding Article. Annuity to

ARTICLE XI. The reservation of land mentioned in the preceding Ottoes, from Article having belonged to the Ottoes, and having been exclusively Omahas, &c.

ceded by them; it is agreed that the Omahas, the Ioways and the Yanckton and Santie Bands of Sioux shall pay out of their annuities to the said Ottoe Tribe, for the period of ten years, Three hundred Dollars annually; of which sum the Omahas shall pay one hundred Dollars, the Ioways one hundred Dollars, and the Yanckton and Santie Bands one hundred dollars.

Article XII. It is agreed that nothing contained in the foregoing Saving of Articles shall be so construed as to affect any claim, or right in com- rights of the

tribes. mon, which has heretofore been held by any Tribes, parties to this Treaty, to any lands not embraced in the cession herein made; but that the same shall be occupied and held by them as heretofore.

Article XIII. This Treaty, or any part thereof, shall take effect, Treaty binding and be obligatory upon the Contracting parties, so soon as the same shall when ratified. be ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof. Done and Signed and Sealed at Prairie du Chien in the Territory of

Michigan, this fifteenth day of July, in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and thirty, and of the Independence of the
United States, the fifty-fifth.

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Sacs.

Teeah cnota, one that fires at the yellow, Masb-que-tai-paw, or Red-Head,

Toh-kiah-taw-kaw, he who bites the Sheco-Calawko, or Turtle-Shell,

enemy, Kee-o-cuck, the Watchful Fox,

Nasiumpah, or the Early Riser,
Poi-o-lahit, one that has no heart, Am-pa-ta-tah Wah, His Day,
Os-hays-kee, Ridge,

Wah-kee-ah-tunkar, Big Thunder,
She-shee-quanince, Little Gourd, Tauchaw-cadoota, the Red Road,
O-saw-wish-canoe, Yellow Bird,

Tchaws-kesky, the Elder, l-onin,

Mauzau-hautau, the Grey Iron, Am-oway,

Wazee-o-monie, the Walking Pine, Niniwow-qua-saut, He that fears mankind, Tachaw-cooash-tay; the Good Road, Chaukee Manitou, the Little Spirit,

Kie-ank-kaw, the Mountain, Moso-inn, the Scalp,

Mah-peau-mansaw, Iron Cloud, Wapaw-chicannuck, Fish of the White E-taych-o-caw, Half Face, Marsh,

Anoug-genaje, one that stands on both Mesico, Jic.

sides,

Hough-awppaw, the Eagle Head,
Foxes.

Hooka-mooza, the Iron Limb,
Wapalaw, the Prince,

Hoatch-ah-cadoola, the Red Voice, Taweemin, Strawberry,

Wat-chu-da, the Dancer. Pasha-sakay, son of Piemanschie,

Wah-pah-coota Band.
Keewausette, he who climbs every where,

Wiarh-hoh-ha, French Crow,
Naw-mee,
Appenioce, or the Grand Child,

Shans-konar, Moving Shadow,
Waytee-mins,

Ah-pe-hatar, the Grey Mane, Nawayaw-cosi,

Wahmedecaw-cahn-bohr, one that prays Manquo-pwam, the Bear's hip, (Morgan.) Wah-con-de-kah-har, the one that makes

for the land, Kaw-Kaw.Kee, the Crow, Mawcawtay-ee-quoiquenake, Black Neck,

the lightning, Watu-pawnonsh,

Mazo-manie, or the Iron that Walks, Meshaw-nuaw-peetay, the Large teeth,

Mah-kab-ke-a-munch, one that lies on Cawkee-Kamack, always Fish,

the land, Mussaw-wawquott.

Mauzau-haut-a-mundee, the Walking

Bell,
Sioux of the Mississippi, Medawakanton Kah-hih, the Menominie.
Band.

Sussiton Band.
Wabishaw, or Red Leaf,

Ete-tahken-bah, the Sleepy Eyes,
Tchataqua Manie, or Little Crow,

Ho-toh-monie, groans when he walks.
Waumunde-tunkar, the Great Calumet
Eagle,

Omahahs.
Taco-coqui-pishnee, he that fears nothing, Opau-tauga, or the Big Elk,
Wah-coo-ta, that shoots arrows,

Chonques-kaw, the White Horse, Pay-law whar, the fire owner,

Tessan, the White Cow, Kaugh Mohr, the Floating Log,

Ishtan-mauzay, Iron-Eye, Chiefs Son, Etarz-e-pah, the Bow,

Waw-shin-ga-sau-bais, Black Bird,

Waugh-pay-shan, the one who scalps but Noo-kee-sa-kay, strikes two,

a small pt. from the crown of the Tchaj-au-grai, the Shield,
head,

Manto-igne, the Little Bow,
Au-guim-an, the Chief,

Thee-rai-tchai-neehgrai, Wolf-tail at the Age-en-gaw, the Wing,

heel, Non - bau - manie, the one that walks Oh-haw-kee-wano, that runs on the hills, double,

Rai-grai-a, Speckled Turtle,
Way-cosh-ton, the frequent feast giver, Tchai-wah-tchee-ray, going by,
Eh-que-naus-hus-kay, the second, Krai-taunica, the Hawk,
Iosey, (the son of Kawsay.)

Mauto-a Kee-pah, that meets the bear, loways.

Kai-wan-igne, Little Turtle. Wassau-nie, or the Medicine Club,

Missourias. Mauhoos Kan, White Cloud,

Eh-shaw-manie, or the one who walks Wo-hoompee, the broth,

laughing, Tah-roh-ba, a good many deer,

Ohaw-tchee-Ke-Sakay, one who strikes Wa-nau-quash-coonie, without fear,

the Little Osages, Pah-a-manie, one who walks on the snow, Wamshe-Katou-nat, the Great Man, Pie-kan-ha-igne, the Little Star,

Shoug-resh-Kay, the Horse Fly, Niayoo Manie, Walking Rain,

Tahmegrai-Soo-igne, Little Deer's dung. Nautah-hoo, Burnt-wood,

Missouri Sacs.
Pai-tansa, the White Crane.

Sau-kis-quoi-pee,
Ottoes.

She-she-quene, the Gourd,
I-atan, or Shaumanie-Cassan, or Prairie Nochewai-tasay,
Wolf,

Mash-quaw-Siais,
Mehah-hun-jee, Second Daughter, Nawai-yak-oosee,
Wawronesan, the Encircler,

Wee-tay-main, one that goes with the Kansau-tauga, the Big Kansas,

rest. The assent of the Yanckton and Santie Bands of Sioux, to the fore

going Treaty is given. In testimony whereof, the Chiefs, Braves, and principal men of said Bands have hereunto signed their names

and acknowledge the same, at St. Louis, this 13th October, 1830. Yancton and Santie Bunds of Siouxs. Tokun Ohomenee, Revolving Stone, Matto-Sa-Becha, the Black Bear,

Eta-ga-nush-kica, Mad Face, Pa-con-okra,

Womendee Dooter, Red War Eagle, Citta-eutapishna, he who dont eat Buffalo, Mucpea A-har-ka, Cloud Elk, To-ki-e-ton, the Stone with Horns, To-ka-oh, Wounds the Enemy, Cha-pon-ka, or Musquitoe,

Pd-ta sun eta womper. White - Buffaloo To-ki-mar-ne, he that walks ahead,

with two faces, Wock-ta-ken-dee, kills and comes back, Cha-tun-kia, Sparrow Hawk, Ha Sazza,

Ke-un-chun-ko, Swift Flyer, Chigga Wah-shu-she, Little Brave, Ti-ha-uhar, he that carries his horn, Wah-gho-num-pa, Cotton wood on the Sin-ta-nomper, Two Tails, Neck,

Wo-con Cashtaka, the whipt spirit, Zuyesaw, Warrior,

Ta Shena-pater, Fiery Blanket. In presence of Jno. Ruland, Secy to the Commrs. Jon. L. Bean, S. Agt. Law Taliaferro, Ind. Agent at St. Peters. R. B. Mason, Capt. 1st Inft. G. Loomis, Capt. 1st Inft. James Peterson, Lt. & Adjt. H. B. M. 33d Regt. N. S. Harris, Lt. & Adjt

. Regt. U. S. Inft. Henry Bainbridge, Lt. U. S. Army. John Gale, Surg. U. 8. A. J. Archer, Lt. U. S. A. J. Daugherty, Ind. Ag. Thos. A. Davies, L:. Inf. Wn.. S. Williamson, Sub Ind. Agent. And. S. Hughes, Sub Ind. Agent. A. G. Baldwin, Lt. 3d Inf. David D. Mitchell. H. L. Donsman. Pynkoop Warner. Geo. Davenport. Wm. Hempstead. Benjamin Mills. Wm. H. Warfield, Lt. 3d Infty. Sam. R. Throokmoor. John Connelly. Amos Farror. Antoine Le Claire, Int'r of Sacks and Fox, Stephen Julian, U. S. Interp. Jacques Mette, Int. Michel Berda, Mohow Inter. S. Campbell, U. S. Interpreter.

Witnesses to the signatures of the Yancton and Santie Bands of Sioux, at Fort Tecumseh, Upper Missouri, on the fourth day of September, 1830.-Wm. Gordon, James Archdale Hamilton, David D. Mitchell, Wm. Saidlau, Jacob Halsey.

Witnesses present at the signing and acknowledgment of the Yanckton and Santie Deputations, Jno. Ruland, Sec'y to Comm’rs. Jon. L. Bean, Sub Ind. Ag’t for Upper Miss Felix F. Wain, Ind. Ag't for Sacs and Foxes. John F. A. Sanford, U. S. S. Ind. Ag. William C. Heyward, U. S. Army. D. J. Royster, U. S. Inft. Samuel Kinney, U. S. A. Merewether Lewis Clarke, 6th Regt. Infantry. Jacques Mette.

To tbo lodian names are subjoined marks.

A TREATY OF PERPETUAL FRIENDSHIP, CESSION

AND LIMITS,

may be

Entered into by John H. Eaton and John Coffee, for and in Sept. 27, 1830.

behalf of the Government of the United States, and the Mingoes, Proclamation, Chiefs, Captains and Warriors of the Choctaw Nation, begun Feb. 24, 1831. and held at Dancing Rabbit Creek,on the fifteenth of September, in the year eighteen hundred and thirty.

WHEREAS the General Assembly of the State of Mississippi has extended the laws of said State to persons and property within the chartered limits of the same, and the President of the United States has said that he cannot protect the Choctaw people from the operation of these laws; Now therefore that the Choctaw may live under their own laws in peace with the United States and the State of Mississippi they have determined to sell their lands east of the Mississippi and have accordingly agreed to the following articles of treaty :*

ARTICLE I. Perpetual peace and friendship is pledged and agreed Peace and upon by and between the United States and the Mingoes, Chiefs, and friendship. Warriors of the Choctaw Nation of Red People; and that this considered the Treaty existing between the parties all other Treaties heretofore existing and inconsistent with the provisions of this are hereby declared null and void.

ARTICLE II. The United States under a grant specially to be made Country to be by the President of the U. S. shall cause to be conveyed to the Choc- conveyed to taw Nation a tract of country west of the Mississippi River, in fee Choctaws. simple to them and their descendants, to inure to them while they shall exist as a nation and live on it, beginning near Fort Smith where the Arkansas boundary crosses the Arkansas River, running thence to the scource of the Canadian fork; if in the limits of the United States, or to those limits; thence due south to Red River, and down Red River to the west boundary of the Territory of Arkansas; thence north along that line to the beginning. The boundary of the same to be agreeably to the Treaty made and concluded at Washington City in the year 1825. The grant to be executed so soon as the present Treaty shall be ratified.

ARTICLE III. In consideration of the provisions contained in the Country ceded several articles of this Treaty, the Choctaw nation of Indians consent to U. S. and hereby cede to the United States, the entire country they own and possess, east of the Mississippi River; and they agree to remove beyond the Mississippi River, early as practicable, and will so arrange their removal, that as many as possible of their people not exceeding one half of the whole number, shall depart during the falls of 1831 and 1832; the residue to follow during the succeeding fall of 1833; a better opportunity in this manner will be afforded the Government, to extend to them the facilities and comforts which it is desirable should be extended in conveying them to their new homes.

ARTICLE IV. The Government and people of the United States are Self-govern hereby obliged to secure to the said Choctaw Nation of Red People the ment secured to

Choctaws. jurisdiction and government of all the persons and property that may

This paragraph was not ratified.

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