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and provisions for twelve months after their arrival at the Agency; and to each person, or head of a family, if he take along with him four persons, shall be paid immediately on his arriving at the Agency and reporting himself and his family, or followers, as emigrants and permanent settlers, in addition to the above, provided he and they shall have emigrated from within the Chartered limits of the State of Georgia, the sum of fifty dollars, and this sum in proportion to any greater or less number that may accompany him from within the aforesaid Chartered

limits of the State of Georgia. A certain tract Art. 9. It is understood and agreed by the parties to this Convention, of land to be

that a Tract of Land, two miles wide and six miles long, shall be, and

a reserved for the benefit of the

the same is hereby, reserved for the use and benefit of the United States, United States. for the accommodation of the military force which is now,

or which may hereafter be, stationed at Fort Gibson, on the Neasho, or Grand River, to commence on said River half a mile below the aforesaid Fort, and to run thence due East two miles, thence Northwardly six miles, to a point which shall be two miles distant from the River aforesaid, thence due West to the said River, and down it to the place of beginning. And the Cherokees agree that the United States shall have and possess the right of establishing a road through their country for the purpose of

having a free and unmolested way to and from said Fort. Captain J. Ro. Art. 10. It is agreed that Captain James Rogers, in consideration gers to be paid of his having lost a horse in the service of the United States, and for in full for perty lost in the services rendered by him to the United States, shall be paid, in full for service of U.S. the above, and all other claims for losses and services, the sum of Five

Hundred Dollars.

Art. 11. This Treaty to be binding on the contracting parties so soon as it is ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

Done at the place, and on the day and year above written.

JAMES BARBOUR.

Chiefs of the Delegation :

Black Fox,
Thomas Graves,
*George Guess,
*Thomas Maw,

*George Marvis,
*John Looney,
John Rogers,
J. W. Flawey, Counsellor

of Del.

WITNESSES :-Thos. L. M'Kenney. James Rogers, Interpreter. D. Kurtz. H. Miller. Thomas Murray. D. Brown, Secretary Cherokee Delegation. Pierye Pierya. E. W. Duval, U. S. Agent, &c.

, }

31st May, 1823. To the Hon. HENRY CLAY,

Secretary of State : Sir: I have the honor to transmit, herewith, the acceptance of the terms, by the Cherokees, upon which the recent Convention with them

:

• Written by the signers in their language, and in the characters now in use among them, as discovered by George Guess.

was ratified. You will have the goodness to cause the same to be attached to the Treaty, and published with it.

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

SAM'L. L. SOUTHARD.

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Washington, May 31st, 1828. To the SECRETARY OF WAR,

Washington City : Sir: The undersigned, Chiefs of the Cherokee Nation, West of the Mississippi, for and in behalf of said Nation, hereby agree to, and accept of, the terms upon which the Senate of the United States ratified the Convention, concluded at Washington on the sixth day of May, 1828, between the United States and said Nation. In testimony whereof, they hereunto subscribe their names and affix

their seals.

Thomas Graves,

Thomas Maw,
George Marvis,

John Rogers.
George Guess,
Signed and sealed in the presence of Thomas Murray. James Rogers, Interpreter.
E. W. Duval, U. S. Agent, &c.

To the Indian names are subjoined a mark and seal.

(Note.-This treaty was ratified with the following proviso, expressed in the resolu. tion of the Senate : Provided, nevertheless, that the said Convention shall not be so construed as to extend the Northern Boundary of the · Perpetual Outlet West,' provided for and guaranteed in the second article of said Convention, North of the thirty sixth degree of North latitude, or so as to interfere with the lands assigned, or to be assigned, West of the Mississippi River, to the Creek Indians who have emigrated, or may emigrare, from the States of Georgia and Alabama, under the provisions of any Treaty or 'Treaties heretofore concluded between the United States and the Creek tribe of Indians; and provided further, That nothing in the said Convention shall be construed to cede or assign to the Cherokees any lands heretofore ceded or assigned to any tribe or tribes of Indians, by any Treaty now existing and in force, with any such tribe or tribes."']

ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT With the Winnebago Tribe and the United Tribes of Potawata- Aug. 25, 1828. mie, Chippewa and Ottawa Indians.

Proclamation,

Jan. 7, 1829. The Government of the United States having appointed Commis

Preamblo. sioners to treat with the Sac, Fox, Winebago, Potawatamie, Ottawa, and Chippewa, tribes of Indians, for the purpose of extinguishing their title to land within the State of Illinois, and the Territory of Michigan, situated between the Illinois river and the Lead Mines on Fever River, and in the vicinity of said Lead Mines, and for other purposes; and it having been found impracticable, in consequence of the lateness of the period when the instructions were issued, the extent of the country occupied by the Indians, and their dispersed situation, to convene them in sufficient numbers to justify a cession of land on their part; and the Chiefs of the Winnebago tribe, and of the united tribes of the Potawatamies, Chippewas, and Ottawas, assembled at Green Bay, having de

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and

clined at this time to make the desired cession, the following temporary
arrangement, subject to the ratification of the President and Senate of
the United States, has this day been made, between Lewis Cass and
Pierre Menard, Commissioners of the United States, and the said Win-
nebago tribe, and the United tribes of Potawatamie, Chippewa, and
Ottawa, Indians, in order to remove the difficulties which have arisen
in consequence of the occupation, by white persons, of that part of the
mining country which has not been heretofore ceded to the United

States.
Provisional Article 1. It is agreed that the following shall be the provisional
boundary be boundary between the lands of the United States and those of the said
tween lands of Indians: The Ouisconsin river, from its mouth to its nearest approach
U. S. and those
of the Indians. to the Blue Mounds; thence southerly, passing east of the said mounds,

to the head of that branch of the Pocatolaka creek which runs near the
Spotted Arm's village; thence with the said branch to the main forks
of Pocatolaka creek; thence southeasterly, to the ridge dividing the
Winebago country from that of the Potawatamie, Chippewa, and Ottawa
tribes; thence southerly, with the said ridge, to the line running from
Chicago to the Mississippi, near Rock Island. And it is fully under-
stood, that the United States may freely occupy the country between
:hese boundaries and the Mississippi river, until a treaty shall be held
with the Indians for its cession; which treaty, it is presumed, will be
held in the year 1829. But it is expressly understood and agreed, that
if any white persons shall cross the line herein described, pass into
the Indian country, for the purpose of mining, or for any other purpose
whatever, the Indians shall not interfere with nor molest such persons,
but that the proper measures for their removal shall be referred to the
Pr sident of the United States. In the mean time, however, it is
agreed, that any just compensation to which the Indians may be entitled
for any injuries committed by white persons on the Indian side of the

said line, shall be paid to the said Indians at the time such treaty may Ferries to be be held-It is also agreed by the Indians that a ferry may be established established over over the Rock River, where the Fort Clark road crosses the same; Rock river.

and, also, a ferry over the same river at the crossing of the Lewiston

road. Payment to

ARTICLE 2. The United States agree to pay to the Winebago, PotaIndians for tres- watamie, Chippewa, and Ottawa Indians, the sum of twenty thousand passes on their

dollars, in goods, at the time and place when and where the said treaty mines, &c.

may be held: which said sum shall be equitably divided between the
said tribes, and shall be in full compensation for all the injuries and
damages sustained by them, in consequence of the occupation of any
part of the mining country by white persons, from the commencement
of such occupation until the said treaty shall be held.

Excepting, how-
ever, such compensation as the Indians may be entitled to, for any in-
juries hereafter committed on their side of the line hereby established.
In testimony whereof, the said Commissioners and the Chiefs of the

said tribes have hereunto set their hands, at Green Bay, in the
Territory of Michigan, this 25th day of August, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight.

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Winnebagoes.
Nan-kaw, or Wood,
Hoan-kaw, or Chief,
Hoo-waun-ee-kaw, or Little Elk,
Tshay-ro-tshoan-kaw, or Smoker,

LEWIS CASS,

PIERRE MENARD.
Haump-ee-man-ne-kaw, or He who Walks

by Day,
Hoo-tshoap-kaw, or Four Legs,
Morah-tshay-kaw, or Little Priest,
Kau-ree-kau-saw-kaw, or White Crow,

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Wau-kaun-haw-kaw, or Snake Skin, Nee-boo-kaw, or Whirlpoole,
Man-ah-kee-tshump-kaw, or Spotted Arm, Nath-kay-saw-kaw, or Fierce Heart,
Wee-no-she-kaw,

Wheank-kaw, or Duck,
Tshaw-wan-shaip-shootsh-kaw,

Saw-waugh-kee-wau, or He that leaves
Hoo-tshoap-kaw, or Four Legs, (senior) the Yellow Track.
Nau-soo-ray-risk-kaw,
Shoank-tshunsk-kaw, or Black Wolf, Sin-a-gee-wen, or Ripple,
Wau-tshe-roo-kun-ah-kaw, or He who is Shush-que-nau,
Master of the Lodge,

Sa-gin-nai-nee-pee,
Kay-rah-tsho-kaw, or Clear Weather, Nun-que-wee-bee, or Thunder sitting,
Hay-ro-kaw-kaw, or He without Horns, O-bwa-gunn, or Thunder turn back,
Wau-kaum-kam, or Snake,

Tusk-que-gun, or Last Feather,
Kan-kaw-saw-kaw,

Maun-gee-zik, or Big Foot,
Man-kay-ray-kau, or Spotted Earth, Way-meek-see-goo, or Wampum,
Thaun-wan-kaw, or Wild Cat,

Meeks-zoo,
Span-you-kaw, or Spaniard,

Pay-mau-bee-mce, or Him that looks over. Shoank-skaw-kaw, or White Dog,

WITNESSES PRESENT :-W. B. Lee, Secretary. H. J. B. Brevoort, U. S. Indian Agent. R. A. Forsyth. Jno. H. Kinzie. John Marsh. E. A. Brush. G. W. Silliman. C. Chouleau. Peter Menard, Jun., Indian Sub-Agent. Henry Gratiot. Pierre Paquet, Winnebago Interpreter. J. Ogee, Potawatimie Interpreter.

To the Indian names are subjoined a mark and seal.

ARTICLES OF A TREATY

Made and concluded at the Missionary Establishments upon the Sept. 20, 1828. St. Joseph, of Lake Michigan, in the Territory of Michigan,

Proclamation, this 20th day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand Jan. 7, 1829. eight hundred and twenty-eight, between Lewis Cass and Pierre Ménard, Commissioners, on the part of the United States, and the Potowatami tribe of Indians.

ARTICLE 1st. The Potowatami tribe of Indians cede to the United Pottawatimies States the tract of land included within the following boundaries.

cede part of

their lands. 1st. Beginning at the mouth of the St. Joseph, of Lake Michigan, and thence running up the said river to a point on the same river, half way between La-vache-qui-pisse and Macousin village: thence in a direct line, to the 19th mile tree, on the northern boundary line of the State Indiana; thence, with the same, west, to Lake Michigan; and thence, with the shore of the said Lake, to the place of beginning.

2. Beginning at a point on the line run in 1817, due east from the southern extreme of Lake Michigan, which point is due south from the head of the most easterly branch of the Kankekee river, and from that point running south ten miles; thence, in a direct line, to the northeast corner of Flatbelly's reservation ; thence, to the northwest corner of the reservation at Seek's village; thence, with the lines of the said reservation, and of former cessions, to the line between the States of Indiana and Ohio; thence, with the same to the former described line, running due east from the southern extreme of Lake Michigan; and thence, with the said line, to the place of beginning.

Art. 2. In consideration of the cessions aforesaid, there shall be paid Additional an. to the said tribe an additional permanent annuity of two thousand dol- nuities. lars; and also an additional annuity of one thousand dollars, for the term of twenty years; goods, to the value of thirty thousand dollars, shall be given to the said tribe, either immediately after signing this

treaty, or as soon thereafter as they can be procured; an additional sum of ten thousand dollars, in goods, and another of five thousand dollars,

in specie, shall be paid to them in the year 1829. Purchase of

The sum of seven thousand five hundred dollars shall be expended domestic ani- for the said tribe, under the direction of the President of the United mals, &c.

States, in clearing and fencing land, erecting houses, purchasing domestic animals and farming utensils, and in the support of labourers to

work for them. Tobacco, iron Two thousand pounds of tobacco, fifteen hundred weight of iron, and and steel. three hundred and fifty pounds of steel, shall be annually delivered to

them. Education. One thousand dollars per annum shall be applied for the purposes of

education, as long as Congress may think the appropriation may be

useful. Allowance of

One hundred dollars, in goods, shall be annually paid to To-pen-i-begoods to prin the, principal chief of the said tribe, during his natural life. The cipal chief.

blacksmith, stipulated by the treaty of Chicago to be provided for the Blacksmith.

term of fifteen years, shall be permanently supported by the United

States. Laborers.

Three labourers shall be provided, during four months of the year, for ten years, to work for the band living upon the reservation South of

the St. Joseph. Grants of land Art. 3. There shall be granted to the following persons, all of whom to individual In. are Indians by descent, the tracts of land hereafter mentioned, which dians, stipulated shall be located upon the second cession above described, where the for.

President of the United States may direct, after the country may be surveyed, and to correspond with the surveys, provided that no location shall be made upon the Elkheart Prairie, nor within five miles of the same; nor shall the tracts there granted be conveyed by the grantees, without the consent of the President of the United States.

To Sah-ne-mo-quay, wife of Jean B. Dutrist, one-half section of land.

To Way-pe-nah-te-mo-quay, wife of Thomas Robb, one half section of land.

To Me-no-ka-mick-quay, wife of Edward McCarty, one half section of land.

To Ship-pe-shick-quay, wife of James Wyman, one half section of land.

To Assapo, wife of Antoine Gamlin, one half section of land.
To Moahquay, wife of Richard Chabert, one half section of land.
To Me-shaw-ke-to-quay, wife of George Cicot, two sections of land.
To Mary Préjean, wife of Louis St. Combe, one section of land.
To To-pe-naw-koung, wife of Peter Langlois, one section of land.
To Au-bee-nan-bee, a Potowatami chief, two sections of land.
To Me-che-hee, wife of Charles Minie, a half section of land.

To Louison, a Potowatamie, a reservation of one section, to include his house and cornfield.

To Kes-he-wa-quay, wife of Pierre F. Navarre, one section of land.
To Benac, a Potowatami, one section of land.
To Pe-pe-ne-way, a chief, one section of land.
To Pierre Le Clair, one section of land.

[To Joseph Barron, a white man who has long lived with the Indians, and to whom they are much attached, two sections of land; but the rejection of this grant is not to affect any other parts of the treaty.]*

To Betsey Ducharme, one half section of land. The section of land granted by the treaty of Chicago to Nancy Burnett, now Nancy Davis,

* This paragraph was excepted, and not ratified.

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