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Sept. 18, 1823. TREATY WITH THE FLORIDA TRIBES OF INDIANS.
Article I. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and continue under their tribes, have appealed to the humanity, and thrown themselves on, the protection and have promised to continue under, the protection of the United of U.S.
States, and of no other nation, power, or sovereign; and, in consideration of the promises and stipulations hereinafter made, do cede and relinquish all claim or title which they may have to the whole territory of Florida, with the exception of such district of country as shall herein
be allotted to them. Said Indians to
Article II. The Florida tribes of Indians will hereafter be concenbe confined to trated and confined to the following metes and boundaries : commencing the following metes and
five miles north of Okehumke, running in a direct line to a point five bounds. miles west of Setarky's settlement, on the waters of Amazura, (or
Withlahuchie river,) leaving said settlement two miles south of the line; from thence, in a direct line, to the south end of the Big Hammock, to include Chickuchate; continuing, in the same direction, for five miles beyond the said Hammock — provided said point does not approach nearer than fifteen miles the sea coast of the Gulf of Mexico; if it does, the said line will terminate at that distance from the sea coast; thence, south, twelve miles; thence in a south 30° east direction, until the same shall strike within five miles of the main branch of Charlotte river; thence, in a due east direction, to within twenty miles of the Atlantic coast; thence, north, fifteen west, for fifty miles and from this
last, to the beginning point. U.S. to take ARTICLE III. The United States will take the Florida Indians under the Florida In.
their care and patronage, and will afford them protection against all dians under their care, &c. persons whatsoever; provided they conform to the laws of the United
States, and refrain from making war, or giving any insult to any foreign nation, without having first obtained the permission and consent of the United States : And, in consideration of the appeal and cession made in the first article of this treaty, by the aforesaid chiefs and warriors, the United States promise to distribute among the tribes, as soon as concentrated, under the direction of their agent, implements of husbandry, and stock of cattle and hogs, to the amount of six thousand dollars, and an annual sum of five thousand dollars a year, for twenty successive years, to be distributed as the President of the United States shall direct, through the Secretary of War, or his Superintendents and
Agent of Indian affairs. U.S. to gua:
Article IV. The United States promise to guaranty to the said anty peaceable tribes the peaceable possession of the district of country herein assigned possession of ihe district as.
them, reserving the right of opening through it such roads, as may, signed them, on from time to time, be deemed necessary; and to restrain and prevent certain condi.
all white persons from hunting, settling, or otherwise intruding upon it. tions.
But any citizen of the United States, being lawfully authorized for that purpose, shall be permitted to pass and repass through the said district, and to navigate the waters thereof, without any hindrance, toll, or ex
action, from said tribes. Corn, meat, ARTICLE V. For the purpose of facilitating the removal of the said &c. to be al.
tribes to the district of country allotted them, and, as a compensation lowed them for twelve months. for the losses sustained, or the inconveniences to which they may be
to reside among
exposed by said removal, the United States will furnish them with rations of corn, meat, and salt, for twelve months, commencing on the first day of February next; and they further agree to compensate those individuals who have been compelled to abandon improvements on lands, not embraced within the limits allotted, to the amount of four thousand five hundred dollars, to be distributed among the sufferers, in a ratio to each, proportional to the value of the improvements abandoned. The United States further agree to furnish a sum, not exceeding two thousand dollars, to be expended by their agent, to facilitate the transportation of the different tribes to the point of concentration designated.
Article VI. An agent, sub-agent, and interpreter, shall be appointed, An agent, &c. to reside within the Indian boundary aforesaid, to watch over the inte- to be appointed rests of said tribes; and the United States further stipulate, as an evi- them. dence of their humane policy towards said tribes, who have appealed to their liberality, to allow for the establishment of a school at the agency, one thousand dollars per year for twenty successive years; and one thousand dollars per year, for the same period, for the support of a gun and blacksmith, with the expenses incidental to his shop. ARTICLE VII. The chiefs and warriors aforesaid, for themselves and
Indians to pretribes, stipulate to be active and vigilant in the preventing the retreating vent any fugi. to, or passing through, of the district of country assigned them, of any taking shelter
tive slaves from absconding slaves, or fugitives from justice; and further agree, to use among them, all necessary exertions to apprehend and deliver the same to the agent,
&c. who shall receive orders to compensate them agreeably to the trouble and expenses incurred.
ARTICLE VIII. A commissioner, or commissioners, with a surveyor, A commis. shall be appointed, by the President of the United States, to run and sioner and surmark, (blazing fore and aft the trees) the line as defined in the second veyor to be aparticle of this treaty, who shall be attended by a chief or warrior, to be designated by a council of their own tribes, and who shall receive, while so employed, a daily compensation of three dollars.
Article IX. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves Grounds on and tribes, having objected to their concentration within the limits de- which the obscribed in the second article of this treaty, under the impression that jections of said
tribes to certain the said limits did not contain a sufficient quantity of good land to sub- lands are foundsist them, and for no other reason: it is, therefore, expressly understood, ed. between the United States and the aforesaid chiefs and warriors, that, should the country embraced in the said limits, upon examination by the Indian agent and the commissioner, or commissioners, to be appointed under the 8th article of this treaty, be by them considered insufficient for the support of the said Indian tribes; then the north line, as defined in the 2d article of this treaty, shall be removed so far north as to embrace a sufficient quantity of good tillable land.
ARTICLE X. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and Said Indians tribes, have expressed to the commissioners their unlimited confidence request the in their agent, Col. Gad Humphreys, and their interpreter, Stephen ple of certain
grant in fee sim Richards, and, as an evidence of their gratitude for their services and lands to Col. humane treatment, and brotherly attentions to their wants, request that Humphreys ang
S. Richards. one mile square, embracing the improvements of Enehe Mathla, at Tallahassee (said improvements to be considered as the centre) be conveyed, in fee simple, as a present to Col. Gad Humphreys.—And they further request, that one mile square, at the Ochesee Bluffs, embracing Stephen Richard's field on said Bluffs, be conveyed in fee simple, as a present to said Stephen Richards. The commissioners accord in sentiment with the undersigned chiefs and warriors, and recommend a compliance with their wishes to the President and Senate of the United
VOL. VII. 20
States; but the disapproval, on the part of the said authorities, of this
Gadsden, and Bernard Segui, and the undersigned Chiefs and
WILLIAM P. DUVALL,
Sept. 18, 1823.
ADDITIONAL ARTICLE. Whereas Neo Mathla, John Blunt, Tuski Hajo, Mulatto King, Emathlochee, and Econchatimico, six of the principal Chiefs of the Florida Indians, and parties to the treaty to which this article has been annexed, have warmly appealed to the Commissioners for permission to remain in the district of country now inhabited by them; and, in consideration of their friendly disposition, and past services to the United States, it is, therefore, stipulated, between the United States and the aforesaid Chiefs, that the following reservations shall be surveyed, and marked by the Commissioner, or Commissioners, to be appointed under the 8th article of this Treaty: For the use of Nea Mathla and his connections, two miles square, embracing the Tuphulga village, on the waters of Rocky Comfort Creek. For Blunt and Tuski Hajo, a reservation, commencing on the Apalachicola, one mile below Tuski Hajo's improvements, running up said river four miles; thence, west, two miles; thence, southerly, to a point two miles due west of the beginning; thence, east, to the beginning point. For Mulatto King and Emathlochee, a reservation, commencing on the Apalachicola, at a point to include Yellow Hair's improvements; thence, up said river, for four miles; thence, west, one mile; thence, southerly, to a point one mile west of the beginning; and thence, east, to the beginning point. For Econchatimico, à reservation, commencing on the Chatahoochie, one mile below Econ
chatimico's house; thence, up said river, for four miles; thence, one mile, west; thence, southerly, to a point one mile west of the beginning; thence, east, to the beginning point. The United States promise to guaranty the peaceable possession of the said reservations, as defined, to the aforesaid chiefs and their descendants only, so long as they shall continue to occupy, improve, or cultivate, the same; but in the event of the abandonment of all, or either of the reservations, by the chief or chiefs, to whom they have been allotted, the reservation, or reservations, so abandoned, shall revert to the United States, as included in the cession made in the first article of this treaty. It is further understood, that the names of the individuals remaining on the reservations aforesaid, shall be furnished, by the chiefs in whose favour the reservations have been made, to the Superintendent or agent of Indian Affairs, in the territory of Florida; and that no other individuals shall be received or permitted to remain within said reservations, without the previous consent of the Superintendant or Agent aforesaid; And, as the aforesaid Chiefs are authorized to select the individuals remaining with them, so they shall each be separately held responsible for the peaceable conduct of their towns, or the individuals residing on the reservations allotted them. It is further understood, between the parties, that this agreement is not intended to prohibit the voluntary removal, at any future period, of all or either of the aforesaid Chiefs and their connections, to the district of country south, allotted to the Florida Indians, by the second article of this Treaty, whenever either, or all may think proper to make such an election; the United States reserving the right of ordering, for any outrage or misconduct, the aforesaid Chiefs, or either of them, with their connections, within the district of country south, aforesaid. It is further stipulated, by the United States, that, of the six thousand dollars, appropriated for implements of husbandry, stock, &c. in the third article of this Treaty, eight hundred dollars shall be distributed, in the same manner, among the aforesaid chiefs and their towns; and it is understood, that, of the annual sum of five thousand dollars, to be distributed by the President of the United States, they will receive their proportion. It is further stipulated, that, of the four thousand five hundred dollars, and two thousand dollars, provided for by the 5th article of this Treaty, for the payment for improvements and transportation, five hundred dollars shall be awarded to Neo Mathla, as a compensation for the improvements abandoned by him, as well as to meet the expenses he will unavoidably be exposed to, by his own removal, and that of his connections.
In testimony whereof, the Commissioners, William P. Duval, James
Gadsden, and Bernard Segui, and the undersigned Chiefs and
WM. P. DUVAL,
The following statement shows the number of men retained by the Chiefs, who
Number of Men.
38 Neo Mathla,
Oct. 24, 1804. Between the United States of America and the Cherokee Indians.
Jefferson, President of the United States, with powers of acting in
as is definitely expressed in the following articles :
bounding, southerly, on the boundary line between the State of Georgia
all the plantations in Wafford's settlement, so called, as aforesaid. Useful goods
ARTICLE 2d. For, and in consideration of, the relinquishment and to amount of
cession, as expressed in the first article, the United States, upon signing $5000 to be paid the present Treaty, shall cause to be delivered to the Cherokees, useful nuity.
goods, wares, and merchandise, to the amount of five thousand dollars,
United States and the Cherokee Nation, the parties have hereunto