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in evidence the latest result of human skill in a monster model of the mouth of the Mont Cenis Tunnel, railway, signals, and train complete. People then the scene with all the nationalities of the world, recount all the personages in the Almanac de Gotha, guests of Franz Josef and the beautiful Empress, and one can somewhat realise the events, facts, fêtes, and faces of 1873. 186 days was it open, Sundays included; its visitors were 6,740,500, and its receipts 206,477,137.
So from the five Great International Exhibitions (London, 1851, 1862; Paris 1855, 1867; Vienna, 1873) we get a total of 32,959,097 visitors, and a cash aggregate of 1,588,1647. 10s. 10d.
The Annual International Exhibitions at South Kensington in 1871, 1872, 1873, and 1874 did not realize the expectations of their promoters, for though the first year yielded a large profit, the public interest rapidly died out, till the scheme was abandoned before half the proposed term had expired.
It is only necessary, in conclusion, to say that the tally of Exhibitions is completed up to the present time with the mention of the International Exhibition of Maritime and River Industries at Paris and the International Exhibition of Chili held at Santiago, both in the past year. Two omissions, however, have been made, one being the International Cattle Shows held in connexion with the Exhibitions of '62, '67, and '73, respectively at Battersea, Billancourt, and the Prater; the other, a still more important one, the first Exhibition of the Japanese Empire held at Kiôto of the objects destined for the Vienna show. This, opened on the 17th of April 1872, was so successful that the original limit of fifty days was extended, and the Exhibition did not close until the end of July. The next year the Mikado decreed an exposition on a much wider basis, presenting a comparison between the past and present, and even affording a glimpse into the future of Japan. Exhibition buildings were found ready to hand in the Buddhist temples of Chiônin, Kenninji, and Nishi Honguanji, the latter being two miles distant from the two former; and as Old Niphon was represented in ancient armour, and dresses, bronzes, gold and silver work of Kiôto and Osaka, rare vessels of "Sahari," formed of an amalgam of silver, pewter, and copper, relics such as the "Yeboshi" or cap, worn by the Great Taiko Sama, silver coins aged 1000 years, old porcelain from the factories of Banshu, Owari, Bizen, and Karadzu (the latter most esteemed of all), so New Japan contributed her lacquers, papers, and silks, the porcelain of the day comprising the wares of Seto, Kiôto, Awata, Kaga, Sampei, Saga, Nagasaki, and Satsuma.
This year (to say nothing of the Finnish gathering at Helsingfors,) will witness two expositions of more than usual importance, America's grand gathering in the pleasant park of Fairmount by the Schuylkill River, and the Exhibition at Brussels to lessen human suffering, save human life, and put into practice the teachings of the Founder of all our creeds. Thus will the Centennium be worthily celebrated by "peace and good will to all men;" it is for England and America to set an example to the nations, for this Hundredth Birthday of Young America is not only merely a holiday on one side of the Atlantic, it appeals to all who speak the mother tongue; it is a bell that rings for "the unity of the English-speaking world;" it tells us how we muster in our strength seventy-six millions of freemen speaking the tongue of Shakespeare, of Byron, of Washington Irving, and of Longfellow, and as the cable joins the lands, so it should join the hands, and with them the hearts; once unite those who speak the old language, whether from the Old Country, from the States, from the Dominion, or from Australasia, and the peace of the world is secured; once agree that "blood is thicker than water" and nothing can ever again separate England and America save the Atlantic.
HUGH WILLOUGHBY SWENY.
NAMES OF FIRMS (WITH DESCRIPTION OF THEIR EXHIBITS) WHO HAVE
LENT, OR PROVIDED FREE OF CHARGE, OBJECTS FOR THE USE OF THE BRITISH EXECUTIVE COMMISSION.