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Inouve, Hon. Daniel K., U.S. Senator from the State of Hawaii,

Snate Office Building, Washington, D.C...
Melutyre, Hon. Thomas J., U.S. Senator from the State of New

Hampshire, Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C..
GoPro

Batcock, Hon. Tim, Governor of the State of Montana, Helena,

Mont
Brown, Hon. Edmund G., Governor of the State of California, Sacra-

mento, Calif.
Burns, Hon. John A., Governor of the State of Hawaii, Honolulu,

llawaii
Carvel, Hon. Elbert N., Governor of the State of Delaware, Dover,

Tad
Chafee, Hon. John H., Governor of the State of Rhode Island,

Providence, R.I..
Clement, Hon. Frank G., Governor of the State of Tennessee, Nash-

ville, Tenn..
(onnally, Hon. John, Governor of the State of Texas, Austin, Tex..
D 21prsey, Hon. John, Governor of the State of Connecticut, Hartford,

Corin
Ezan, Hon. William A., Governor of the State of Alaska, Juneau,

Alaska...
Fannin, Hon. Paul, Governor of the State of Arizona, Phoenix, Ariz.
Guy, Hon. William L., Governor of the State of North Dakota,

Bi-marek, X. Dak. (Léonell W. Fraase, Director of Administration)..
Harrison, Jr., Hon. Albertis S., Governor of the State of Virginia,

Richmond, Va.
Hattield, Hon. Mark O., Governor of the State of Oregon, Salem,

Org...
Hagten. Hon. Richard J., Governor of the State of New Jersey,

Trenton, NJ
hoth, Hon. A. M., Lieutenant Governor of the State of Minnesota,

St Paul, Minn..
Lane, Hon. John A., Governor of the State of Colorado, Denver,

(ok...
Mornson, Hon. Frank B., Governor of the State of Nebraska,

Lincoln, Vebr.
Revolls, Hon. John W., Governor of the State of Wisconsin, Madi-

son, Wis.
Rokfeller, Hon. Nelson A., Governor of the State of New York,

Albany, NY.
Posliini, Hon. Albert D., Governor of the State of Washington,

ympia, Wash..
Inry, Hon. George, Governor of the State of Michigan, Lansing,

Mich.
into . Hon. Carl E., Governor of the State of Georgia, Atlanta, Ga

anton, Hon. William W., Governor of the State of Pennsylvania,
Harrisburg, Pa.

obor, Hon. Robert E., Governor of the State of Idaho, Boise, Idaho..
Weinh, Hon. Matthew, Governor of the State of Indiana, Indianapolis,

11.0
Pre of law

Ford, Paul A., professor, Law School of Harvard University, Cam-

bridge, Mass..
O Moara, Dran Joseph, Notre Dame Law School, Notre Dame, Ind.
Wertslut, Herbert, Harland Fiske Stone Professor of Constitutional
lar, Columbia l'niversity, New York, N.Y.

STATEMENTS SUBMITTED FOR THE RECORD
atement submitted by-
Annieate for Democratic Action, presented by Joseph L. Rauh, Jr..

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ice chairman for civil rights-civil liberties, 1341 Connecticut
Avenue NW, Washington, D.C....
Antican Nurne' Annociation, Inc., 10 Columbus Circle, New York,

Y...

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1197

Statement submitted by-Continued

Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, 1640 Rhode Island Avenue Page

NW., Washington, D.C..

1199

Atlanta Chamber of Commerce, Atlanta, Ga.

974

Atlanta Junior Chamber of Commerce, Atlanta, Ga..

973

Avins, Dr. Alfred, on behalf of Liberty Lobby, Box 1622, Washing-

ton, D.C..

1202

Bloch, Charles J., attorney, Box 176, Macon, Ga.

1100

Brinkman, Oscar H., cochairman, legislative committee, National

Apartment Owners Association, Inc., 1025 Warner Building, Wash-

ington, D.C.

1219

Bruton, Hon. T. W., attorney general of North Carolina, Raleigh,

N.C..

1110

Cook, Hon. Eugene, attorney general of Georgia, Atlanta, Ga.

1103

Crown, Joseph H., attorney, 529 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 1220

Dresser, Robert B., attorney, 15 Westminster Street, Providence,

R.I.

1220

Fowler, Rev. Andrew, director, Washington Bureau, National Fra-

ternal Council of Churches, U.S.A., Inc., 1921 13th Street NW.,

Washington, D.C...

1233

Friends Committee on National Legislation, 245 Second Street NE.,

Washington, D.C..

1233

Frye, E. M., Box 746, New Smyrna Beach, Fla.

1235

Greater Charleston Chamber of Commerce, 50 Broad Street, Charles-

ton, S.C..

1099

Lowery, Jr., Jack M., attorney, Louisville Trust Co., Louisville, Ky-- 1254

National Conference of the Methodist Student Movement, Box 871,

Nashville, Tenn., presented by Lane C. McGaughy, national MSM

president, Tipple Hall, Drew University, Madison, N.J.

1258

Physicians Forum, Inc., 510 Madison Avenue, New York, N.Y., pre-

sented by Drs. Edward L. Young, national chairman, and Ben

Selling, chairman, Massachusetts chapter--

1258

Reuther, Walter P., president, United Automobile Workers and Indus-

trial Union Department, AFL-CIO, 1126 16th Street NW., Wash-

ington, D.C...

1259

Satterfield, John C., attorney, Yazoo City, Miss.

1261

Stevens, Thelma, executive secretary, woman's division of the Meth-

odist Church, 475 Riverside Drive, New York, N.Y.

1266

Thomas, Norman, on behalf of the Socialist Party, U.S.A., 1182

Broadway, New York, N.Y.

1267

Ward, A. Dudley, associate general secretary, General Board of

Christian Social Concerns of the Methodist Church, 100 Maryland

Avenue, Washington, D.C...

1269

Williams, George Washington, attorney, 231 St. Paul Place, Balti-

more, Md..

1271

Young Democratic Club of the District of Columbia, 1000 Federal Bar

Building, Washington, D.C.

1272

Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, U.S. Section,

120 Maryland Avenue NĚ., Washington, D.C.--

1274

COMMUNICATIONS RECEIVED FOR THE RECORD

Communications-

American Civil Liberties Union, 156 Fisth Avenue, New York, N.Y.. 1275

American Newspaper Guild, 1126 16th Street NW., Washington,

D.C...

1277

Anderson, Thomas J., editor in chief, Farm and Ranch, Nashville,

Tenn...

1277

Barbour, S. A., Roanoke, Va.-

1279

Beebe, James C., secretary, Committee for Political Analysis, 3340

Gilman Terrace, Baltimore, Md.

1279

Cooke, Paul, national chairman, American Veterans Committee, 1830

Jefferson Place NW., Washington, D.C..

1280

Copadis, Nicholas G., 451 Milton Street, Manchester, N.H.

1281

Detroit and Michigan Council of Churches, 65 Columbia East, Detroit,

Mich...

1282

Eldredge, Laurence, attorney, 1500 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa.. 1283

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Communications-Continued

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Lrie County Board of Supervisors, 255 Elliott Street, Buffalo, N.Y.. 1284

Harreleon, James P., State Senator, Colleton County, Walter boro,

SC...

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Jeffersonville, Ind., motel operators: Alice Koers, Alben Motel;

Lawrence Court, Court Motel; L. E. Shaffer, Jefferson-Villa Motel;

Burl H. Watson, Moonbeam Motel; S. R. Shaffer, Bel-Air Motel;

Frank H. Goodbub, Holiday Motel; R. L. Sommers, Oaks Motel,

and Robert L. Farris, Star Motel..

1285

Jewish Community Council, 300 Germania Avenue, Schenectady, N.Y. 1286

Kretz, Sidney, 3510 A Street SE., Washington, D.C.

1288

lang, Hamilton A., 4 West 43d Street, New York, N.Y

1289

Marshall, Richard T., attorney, 611 First National Building, El Paso,

Ter.

1290

Merhl, Dr. Paul E., 1544 East River Terrace, Minneapolis, Minn. 1291

Naftalin, Hon. Arthur, mayor of the city of Minneapolis, Minn-

1292

Phu Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc., 112-50 Northern Boulevard, Corona,

XY...

1292

Pro-bytery of Detroit United Presbyterian Church, U.S.A., 1105

hales Building, Detroit, Mich.

1293

Rib-v, Joseph P., president, South Carolina ate Chamber of Com-

merce, Columbia, S.C

1099

start, C. C., Rural Delivery No. 2, Quakertown, Bucks County, Pa.. 1293

APPENDIXES

1. The Con-titutionality of the Public Accommodations Provisions of

Title II, prepared by the Department of Justice -

1295

II. The Power of Congress to Prohibit Racial Discrimination in Privately

Owned Places of Public Accommodation, prepared by the Library

of Congress.

1304

111. State Statutes Prohibiting Discrimination in Places of Public Accom-

modation, prepared by the Library of Congress.

1315

IV. The Validity of State Statutes Prohibiting Discrimination on Account

of Race or Color in Places of Public Accommodation, prepared by

the Library of Congress..

1381

V. An Episodic Account of Economic Effects of Segregation and Resist-

ance to Segregation in the South, prepared by the Library of

Congress

1383

VI. Excerpt from the Congressional Record of May 25, 1961

1387

VII Europt from the Congressional Record of February 23, 1956.. 1421

CIVIL RIGHTS-PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS

MONDAY, JULY 1, 1963

U.S. SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE,

Washington, D.C. The committee convened at 10 a.m., in room 318, Old Senate Office Building, Hon. Warren G. Magnuson, chairman of the committee, preading.

The (HAIRMAX. The committee will come to order.

We begin this morning public deliberations on the most important and sensitive bill that has been referred to this committee in many pars, S. 1732, the Interstate Public Accommodations Act of 1963. 'Ille eves of a Nation and the world, with sometimes conflicting opinions are on us, and I for one am painfully aware of the too-long deferre responsibility that we confront.

The chairman has already made known his views as a cosponsor a'u.g with seven other committee members. I will not repeat those Views here.

There are, we know, differences among us—some not as to ultimate grals but as to the appropriate public policies for getting to these gals. These very differences will produce a final record clarifying ilie institutional powers of Congress to act in this field, the role of the States, the rights and obligations of privately owned public facilities, and the rights of all citizens to equal treatment in public

holations. What should be known now is the care, deliberation, and promptThen that we intend the committee should employ. It is planned to continue bearings the full week beginning July 8, and the full week kuonning July 13. If additional time is needed, sessions will be schedwird for the week beginning July 22. At the same time as hearings are 11.ung. the committee has asked practicing lawyers and legal scholars ki a nationwide basis to contribute briefs and opinions on the bill and its various sections. When hearings have been concluded, the Committee will immediately begin markup and executive session conzuleration. No effort will be spared to bring this work to a proper and prompt conclusion.

In the last few days, 2 States-Kentucky and Delaware-have joined 31 other States and the District of Columbia in adopting laws noin-t discrimination in public accommodations. This still leaves a titretantial number of States and a substantial number of people without this affirmative protection.

Prufe clonal staff counsel assigned to this hearing : Gerald B. Grinstein.

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