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The copy of the Constitution of the United States is believed to be strictly accurate in text and punctuation, which, it is understood, can be said of only one other copy in print—that in the work known as Hickey's Constitution. The statement of the differences between it and the Rebel Constitution has been made with extreme care. The common index to the two instruments shows, at a glance, wherein they differ, and will be found both interesting and convenient—the whole chapter possessing special value to large classes of persons.

In presenting the facts upon each subject of legislation, the general plan has been : first, to state the result reached, with the final votes; and, then, such proceedings, in the intermediate stages, as are of adequate importance, or necessary to explain the position of Members. This preparation involved constant selection, concerning which there may be differences of opinion-some thinking that too much detail on one subject is given; others, too little of another. In all cases the rule stated, governed. As far as it has been possible to obtain the Rebel legislation on the same or corresponding subjects it has been added, with such of their orders and proclamations as were connected with them. A comparison of the two, and the dates of enactment or issue, will prove of service in dispelling delusions and correcting general misconceptions.

Besides the legislation proper, the volume contains, in a classified form, all the Messages, Proclamations, Orders, Correspondence, and Addresses of the President; the Diplomacy of the Secretary of State; valuable letters and papers from the Secretaries of the Treasury, of War, of the Navy, of the Interior, and from the Postmaster General; Opinions of the Attorney General upon permanent public questions; those of the Orders of Commanding Officers which are within the scope of the work; the Decisions of the Courts; and such other data as properly belong therein the whole forming a multitudinous mass of facts, to any one of which the classification adopted, and the copious index appended, will, it is hoped, make it easy to refer.

The votes by Yeas and Nays have been carefully compared with the Official Journals of Congress. In preparing these lists, the names of those persons have, for comparison's sake, been italicized, who were elected by, or were at the time generally co-operating with, the Democratic party. All others are in roman.

Under “Our Foreign Relations" will be found much of permanent value, as well as of current interest and dispute.

The chapter on the “Conspiracy of Disnnion” contains several very interesting documents, chief of which are the extract from U. S. Senator Maclay's journal of 1789, recording, probably, the first threat of disunion uttered in Congress, and upon a subject which remained a matter of complaint in some quarters down to the period of Secession; and the Minutes of the Proceedings of the Police Commissioners of Baltimore in 1861, one of the most flagrant as well as one of the latest outbursts of treason. Other portions of this chapter will richly bear examination. I greatly regret that want of space has required the omission of many other facts, gathered from

our political history, tending to reveal the true character of this foul conspiracy against Liberty, this crime against Humanity.

The lists of the organization of the Rebel “Provisional” and “Permanent” Government have been made up from every accessible source, and, though not complete, are more nearly so than any other yet published north of the Potomac, and as nearly so as present facilities afford. They are the result of careful and extensive examination. As a matter of interest, the names of those of the conspirators who vere once members of the Congress of the Union have been put in italic.

This work was undertaken a few months ago without a realizing sense of the labor it involved. I can scarcely hope to have escaped errors, both of omission and commission, but have striven to make it fair, impartial, and truthful. It deals with the most momentous events of this Century, which will be studied while civil Government exists. I trust that the volume will be of service to those consulting it, and that its general effect will be to help strengthen the purpose of the American people to maintain their Unity, their Freedom, and their Power.

EDWARD MOPHERSON. August 11, 1864.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS.

Page.

Pago
THE ELECTORAL AND POPULAR VOTE FOR ADMINISTRATION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN
PRESIDENT, IN 1860........

1 Continued.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE SECESSION MOVEMENT 2

tilities against the United States, and Why

The “War Power” called out-Call for 75,000)
Action of Conventions in South Carolina, Geor

Men, and all subsequent Calls arranged in
gia, Mississippi, Florida, Louisiana, Alabama,

Chronological Order-National Legislation on
Arkansas, Texas, North Carolina, Tennessee,

Military Affairs-"Confederate" Legislation
Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri -Insurrec

and Proclamations and Orders—The Thirty-
tionary Proceedings in Delaware and Maryland

Seventh Congress-President's Message of July,
-Inter-State Commissioners--Organization ot

1861, December, 1861, and December, 1862-Ther
a "Southern Congress," and Provisional Gov.

Thirty-Eighth Congress-Annual Message, 1863)
ernment-Address of South Carolina to the

-Amnesty

Proclamations, and Circular of the
Slaveholding States, her Declaration of Inde-

Attornoy General-Proclamations concerning?
pendence, and Debates on them-Speech of

the Blockade, Non-Intercourse with States in Ro
Alexander H. Stephens
before the Georgia Legis

bellion, and declaring Boundaries of the. Res
lature, Nov. 14, 1860—Extracts from Addresses,

bellion.
by A. H. Stephens, July, 1859, and Jan., 1861,
James H. Hammond, October, 1858; and R. M.
THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADB........

150
T. Hunter, 1860-Extraot from the Appeal for

The Seward-Lyons Treaty-Vote in the Senate
Recognition, by Yancey, Rost, and Mann, and

upon bill to give it effect-Action of the “Con-
Earl Russell's Reply-Seizure and Surrender of?

federate" Congress on Slave Trade-Jefferson
Public Property, from November 4, 1860 to March

Davis's Veto thereof - Intercepted Despatch
4, 1861-Changes in President Buchanan's Cab-

from Judah P. Benjamin to L. Q. C. Lamar.
inet-Correspondence between President Buch-
anan and the South Carolina “Commission:

ARREST OF CITIZENS, THE WRIT OF HABEAS
erg"-Demand for Surrender of Fort Sumter

CORPUS, AND SUPPRESSION OF NEWS,
Report on the Transfer of Arms to the South,

PAPERS.......................

153
in 1859 and 1860—Davis's Bill for the sale of
Government Arms to the States-How the Tela

Arrest of Members of the Maryland Legislature
egraph aided Secession-Intrigues for a Pacific

and of the Baltimore Police Commissioners
Republic-Mayor Wood's Message Recommend

Orders of Gen. McClellan and Secretary Camo
ing that New York be made a Free.City Rers

ron-John Merryman's Case and Chief Justice
sodal Liberty” Laws.

Taney's Opinion-Attorney General Bates's
PROCEEDINGS OF THE GOVERNMENT IN RES

Opinion on the President's Power to Arrest andi

to Suspend the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas
LATION TO THE ACTION OF THE INSURREC

Corpus-Views of Horaco Binney and Theophilus,
TIONARY STATES

48 Parsons-Case of C. L. Vallandigham; Decisiom

of the Supreme Court therein; his Letter om
Names of the Senators and Representatives of

Retaliation; his return to Ohio, and Speech at
the Thirty-Sixth Congress, Second Session

Hamilton-Proclamations of the President Sus.
Presidont Buchanan's Last' Annual Message

pending the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas)
Attorney General Black's Opinion on the Powers,

Corpus-Indernnification of the President-De
of the President-The House Committee of

cision of the New York Supreme Court in the
Thirty-Three and their Proposition for Adjusts

Case of George W. Jones vs. W. H. Soward
ment, together with abstracts of all other Propos

“Confederate” Legislation upon the Suspension
sitions, and votes thereon-Votes on Resolutions

of the Writ-Suppressions and seizures of News
respecting the "Personal Liberty” Laws, the,

papers, with the Proceedings of the Courts,
Union, Major Anderson's Course, Coercion, Nons

Congress, and the Post Office Department
Interference with Slavery, and on the Bills tos
Suppress Insurrection, and to provide for thos
CONFISCATION AND EMANCIPATION.

195
Collection of Customs-Report of Committee,

The Confiscation Bills, and Amendatory Joint
upon the Danger of the Capital, and Voto apon,

Resolution, and Special Message thereon-
Branch's Resolution to withdraw Troops from

Emancipation in the Thirty-Seventh Congresso
the District of Columbia, with Secretary Holt's

Proposed Repeal of the Joint Resolution afore,
Report-Disposition of the Navy, and Vote of

said-Sequestration in the Rebel States Judi-
Consure upon Secretary Toucey-Propositions

cial and Military Proceedings under the Confis-
in Congress by Mason, IIunter, Clingman, Craigen,

cation Law-Proclamation thereon-President's
and others-Settlement of the Question of Sla

Message, March, 1862, recommending Compen
very in the Territories

sated #mancipation-Congressional Proceedingas
THE CONSTITUTION...

91 thereon-Interview of Border State Congress

men with the President-Emancipation in
Constitution of the United States-Points of:

the District of Columbia-The President's Ap-
Difference between it and the “Confederate

peal to the Border State Congressmen, and thein
Constitution, with an Index to both-Speech of?

Reply-Extract from the President's Annual
Alexander H. Stephens, expounding the Cons

Message, December, 1862--Emancipation in
foderate" Constitutions

Maryland and Proceedings of the Constitutional
ADMINISTRATION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN...... 105

Convention thereof-Emancipation Proclamam

mations-Votes thereon and Resolutions con-
President Lincoln's Inaugural Address-Secre-

cerning them-Interview betweon the Chicago
tary Seward and the “Confederate Commis-

Deputation and the President-Address of the
sioners," with Statements of Judge Campbelli

Loyal Governors–Mr. Boutwell's Statement,
and Thurlow Weed–The President's Reply tos

concerning the issue of the Proclamation-Lets
the Virginia Delegation-Commercerpent of hos

ters of Charles Sumner, and Owen Lovejoy.

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Page.

REPEAL OF TIDE FOGITIVE SLAVE LAWS, "CON MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS AND SPEECHES OF
TRABANDS,” AND KINDRED SUBJECTS......... 234 THE PRESIDENT........
Votes on the Passage of the Acts of 1793 and

Message of May 29, 1862–Remarks at Union
1850—Repealing Movements in the Thirty-

Meeting in Washington City, August 6, 1862-
Second, Thirty-Third, Thirty-Seventh, and

Response to a Serenade, July, 1863—Speech at
Thirty-Eighth Congresses-Census Report rela

the Philadelphia Fair, June 16, 1864-Letters to
ting to the Escape of Fugitive Slaves from 1852

Horace Greeley, to the Springfield Mass Conven

to 1860—The New Article

of War-Employment

tion, to Col. A. G. Hodges, of Kentucky, and

of Slaves in Government Dock-Yards, &c-Rom

to the Grant Meeting in New York, June

cognition of Hayti and Liberia-Robert Small-

1864.

Proposed Removal of the Disqualification of
Color in carrying the Mails—Negro Suffrage in

OUR FOREIGN RELATIONS.....
the District of Columbia and Montana Territory

The Trent Affair-Monarchical Intrigues in Cen
-Exclusion of Colored Persons from Rail-cars

tral and South America—Allegod Foreign En-
Colored Persons as Witnesses-Repeal of Laws
regulating the Coastwise Slave Trade-Orders

listments-Foreign Mediation, being Letters

from Secretary Seward to Governor Hicks and
and Letters concerning “Contrabands," by

M. Drouyn de l'Huys, and from Lord Lyons to
Gens. McClellan and Butler, and Secretary

Earl Russell, with his Views on those of New
Cameron-Fremont's Proclamation of Eman-

York Democrats respecting Foreign Mediation-
cipation, and Correspondence with the Presidenti

The French in Mexico-Congressional Action
thereupon—"Contrabands” in the District of

thereon-The Arguelles Case.
Columbia-Gen. Burnside's Proclamation in
North Carolina-Orders and Proclamations by THE FINANCES.........
Gens. Hallock, Buell, Hooker, McDowell, Dou-
bleday and others-General Instructions by the

Summary of Financial Legislation from Decem
President concerning “Contrabands"--Gensi

ber, 1860, to June 30, 1864_Special War Income
Phelps and Butler on Arming Negroes-Pro-

Tax, and Votes thereon-Thé “Legal Tender"
posed Congressional Censure of Gen. Halleck's

Question-Loan Bill of 1864-National Currency
Order No. 3—Prohibition of Slavery in the Ter-

Acts-Internal Revenue Acts-Proposed Tax
ritories-Amendments to the Constitution, pro-

on Slaves—Tariff Acts of 1862 and 1861_Taxes
posed in the Thirty-Eighth Congress, First Ses

in Insurrectionary Districts—The Public Credit
sion-Resolutions on Slavery in the States, in the

in 1860 and 1861-Statements of Public Debu

lame Congress—Bureau of Freedmen's Affairs.

from June 30, 1860 to June 30, 1861-"Confed-

erate" Finances, with their Tax, Funding, and

LEGISLATION, ORDERS, PROCLAMATIONS AND

Tithing Acts.

PROPOSITIONS, RELATIVE TO THE WAR,

MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS....

AND TO “PEACEU..

The President's Views on Colonization-Incom

The Enrollment Acts of 1863 and 1864, with the

patibility of Civil and Military Office-Fishing
votes upon all their leading Features and Char-

Bounties--Acts to Prohibit Polygamy; declaring
acteristics-Resolutions relative to the Enroll-

certain Persons ineligible to Office; and to pun-
ment-Orders of the War Department enforcing

ish Conspiracy-Letters of Marque-Enabling
tho Draft of 1862-Gen. McClellan's Recommen-

Act for Nebraska-Admission of West Virginia
dation of a Draft in 1861-Colored Soldiers and

- Opinions of Attorney General Bates on Citizen
their Pay-Opinion of Attorney General Bates

ship, and on the pay of Colored Soldiers-
respecting the pay of Rev. 8. Harrison, colored

-McClellan's Letters recommending a Polit-
Chaplain of the 54th Mass. Regiment-Rules

ical Policy in the Conduct of the War, and
and Orders for the Protection of colored Sole

favoring Woodward's Election in Pennsylvania
diers and the President's Speech thereon-Use

-Proposed Censuro of President Lincoln and
of colored men in the "Confederate" Military

Ex-President Buchanan-Censure of Repre-

Service-Negro Enlistment Act of the Tennes-

Bentatives Long and Harris.

see Rebel Legislature—“Confederato" Legisla-

tion upon the Treatment of captured Colored

THE CONSPIRACY OF DISUNION......

Troops and their Officers-Homesteads for Solo

Threats of Dissolution in the First Congress
diers-Unemployed Gonerals-Resolutions upon

1789–Prophetic Utterances of Jackson, Benton,
the Objects and Prosecution of the War, in the

and Clay-Southern Disunion Congressional
Thirty-Seventh and Thirty-Eighth Congresses-

Caucus in 1835-Early Hopes of the Rebels
"Peace" Propositions in the Same-Correspond-

Ex-President Pierce's Letter to Jefferson Davis,
ence betwoen the President and Fernando Wood

1860—The Disunion Programme-Letter of D..
- The Niagara Falls Conference and Correspond-

L. Yulee, January 7, 1861 -- Douglas's Last
ence--Peace Propositions in the Rebel Con.

Words-Progress of the Conspiracy in Maryland
gress-Correspondence between Governor Vanco

-Minutes of the Baltimore Police Commission-
and Jefferson Davis-Reported Statement of
Davis to Gilmore.

ers during "the Reign of Terror"-Report to

the Baltimore Councils on Expenditure of the
MILITARY ORDERS RESPECTING ELECTIONS.. 308 $500,000 appropriated for Ordnance Purposes
Orders of Gens. McClellan, Dix, and Schenck

Legislative Action thereon, and other

Proceed-

Governor Bradford's Proclamation of 1863, and

ings by the Maryland Legislature of 1861-Sun

dry Rebel Items

the President's Letter to the Governor-Orders

in Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri-Orders THE REBEL ADMINISTRATION.........

concerning Impressment of Property-Proposed

Legislation upon Military Interferonce in Eloco

The Provisional President, Cabinet, and Con

tions.

gress, with Memorandum of Changes -

- The

*Permanent” Administration-The First Con-

RECONSTRUCTION OF STATES........... 317 gross,, and Changes, therein-The Second Can-

The Reconstruction Bill, with the President's

gress

Proclamation thereon, and Statement of Senas NATIONAL POLITICAL CONVENTIONS IN

tor Wade and Representative Davis-Electoral

Vote of Rebel States Proposed Commission ofl

1864.............

Inquiry-Senators from Arkansas—Process of

The National Union Convention and Letters of

Reconstruction in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Vir-

Acceptanco by President Lincoln and Andrew

ginia-Resolutions by sundry Senators and Rep

Johnson-The Cleveland Convention, and the

resentatives concerning the Relations of Rebel

Letters of Acceptance of Fremont and Coch-

States to the Government-Rebel Views of Recon

rano-Col. Cochrane's Address to his regiment,

struction, being Resolutions by the First Con-

November 13, 1862

federato” Congress, and Legislatures of Rebels

States, with Statements of prominent Rebels.

INDEX.-M...

ce cas...

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