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UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
THE GREAT REBELLION,

A CLASSIFIED SUMMARY OF THE LEGISLATION OF THE SECOND SESSION OF THE THIRTY-SIXTH CON.
GRESS, THE THREE SESSIONS OF THE THIRTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS, TIE FIRST SESSION
OF THE THIRTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS, WITH THE WOTES THEREON,

AND rhE IMPORTANT

EXECUTIVE, JUDICIAL, AND POLITICO-MILITARY FACTS OF THAT
- EVENTFUL PERIOD;

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"ONTAINING THE PRINCIPAL POLITICAL FACTS OF THE CAMPAIGN OF 1864
A CHAPTER ON THE CHURCH A THE REBELLION, AND THE PROCEED-

of GETTYsburg, PENNsylvaxIA,
**T* CLERK of THE House of REPREs ENTATIvros of THE UNITED STATES.

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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1882, by JAMES J. CHA PMAN,

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress.
2 7 / 2 /

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This volume is intended to be a Record of the Legislation, and the general
Political History of the United States, for the last four years—a period of
unexampled activity and of singularly deep interest and importance, whether
reference be had to the vast material interests involved in the stupendous
struggle, or the precedents, principles, and measures which the Convulsion
has produced. It is further intended to be a Record rather of those salient
facts which embody or illustrate principles, than of those which relate to
men or parties, and hence have transient and inferior significance,
So abundant have been the materials, that compression has been a necessity. Selec-
tion has been made with the purpose of presenting, fully and fairly, the facts as they
are, and the agencies by which they came—viewing all else as subordinate.
The first Ninety pages are devoted to the period of Secession, and contain a narrative
of the successive steps in the movement in each State, in chronological order; also,
the elaborate justifying papers of the South Carolina Convention, with counter-selec-
tions from other authorities; together with a condensation of the various propositions
of Adjustment made in or out of Congress and the vote upon each taken in either
body, and the various Official Papers of the day tending to show the relations of the
parties, the wrongs complained of, and the remedies proposed. Closely examining
this Record, it is difficult for a candid person to escape the conviction that Adjust-
ment was hopeless—Revolution having been the pre-determined purpose of the reck-
less men who had obtained control of the State machinery of most of the slaveholding
States. This conviction will be strengthened by study of what has since transpired.
It will be remembered that the Thirty-Sixth Congress proposed permanently to
settle the security of slavery in the slaveholding States by an amendment of the Con-
stitution, which was adopted by a two-thirds vote in each House. And that it com-
pletely disposed of the Territorial feature of the difficulties by agreeing upon, and
almost unanimously passing, bills organizing Territories covering the entire area
owned by the Government. The record of these two important historical facts is
given within. They have great significance in establishing the character of the
Rebellion.

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