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FORTY-THIRD CONGRESS, SECOND SESSION.

CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES,
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

February 27, 1875. The following resolution, originating in the House of Representatives, February 24, 1875, has this day been concurred in by the Senate:

Resolved by the House of Representatives, (the Senate concurring,) That ten thousand five hundred copies of the report of the Smithsonian Institution for the year 1874 be printed, two thousand copies of which sball be for the use of the House of Representatives, one thousand for the use of the Senate, and seven thousand five hundred for the use of the Institution: Provided, That the aggregate number of pages of said report sball not exceed four hundred and fifty, and that there shall be no illustrations except those furnished by the Smithsonian Institution. Attest:

EWD. MCPHERSON, Clerk.

LETTER

FROM THE

SECRETARY OF THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION,

TRANSMITTING

The Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution for the year 1874.

SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION,

Washington, January 26, 1875. GENTLEMEN: In behalf of the Board of Regents, I have the honor to submit to the Congress of the United States the annual report of the operations, expenditures, and condition of the Smithsonian Institution for the year 1874. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

JOSEPH HENRY,

Secretary Smithsonian Institution. Hon. HENRY WILSON,

President of the Senate. Hon. J. G. BLAINE,

Speaker of the House of Representatives.

ANNUAL REPORT OF THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION FOR 1874.

This document contains:

1. The annual report of the Secretary, giving an account of thë operations and condition of the establishment for the year 1874, with the statistics of collections, exchanges, meteorology, &c.

2. The report of the executive committee, exhibiting the financial affairs of the Institution, including a statement of the Smithson fund, the receipts and expenditures for the year 1874, and the estimates for 1875.

3. The proceedings of the Board of Regents.

4. A general appendix, consisting principally of reports of lectures, translations from foreign journals of articles not generally accessible, but of interest to meteorologists, correspondents of the Institution, teachers, and others interested in the promotion of knowledge.

THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION.

CLYSSES S. GRANT, President of the United States, ex officio Presiding Officer of the

Institution. MORRISON R. WAITE, Chief-Justice of the United States, Chancellor of the Institu

tion, (President of the Board of Regents.) JOSEPH HENRY, Secretary (or Director) of the Institution.

REGENTS OF THE INSTITUTION.

MORRISON R. WAITE, Chief-Justice of the United States, President of the Board.
HENRY WILSON, Vice-President of the United States.
H. HAMLIN, member of the Senate of the United States.
J. W. STEVENSON, member of the Senate of the United States.
A. A. SARGENT, member of the Senate of the United States.
S. S. COX, member of the House of Representatives.
E. R. HOAR, member of the House of Representatives.
G. W. HAZELTON, member of the House of Representatives.
JOHN MACLEAN, citizen of New Jersey.
PETER PARKER, citizen of Washington.
ASA GRAY, citizen of Massachusetts.
J. D. DANA, citizen of Connecticut.
HENRY COPPEE, citizen of Peppsylvania.
GEORGE BANCROFT, citizen of Washington.

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE BOARD OF REGENTS.

PETER PARKER.

JOHN MACLEAN.

GEO. BANCROFT.

MEMBERS EX OFFICIO OF THE INSTITUTION.

U. S. GRANT, President of the United States.
HENRY WILSON, Vice-President of the United States.
M. R. WAITE, Chief Justice of the United States.
H. FISH, Secretary of State.
B. H. BRISTOW, Secretary of the Treasury.
W. W. BELKNAP, Secretary of War.
G. M. ROBESON, Secretary of the Navy.
MARSHALL JEWELL, Postmaster-General.
C. DELANO, Secretary of the Interior.
GEO. H. WILLIAMS, Attorney-General.
J. M. THACHER, Commissioner of Patents.

OFFICERS AND ASSISTANTS OF THE INSTITUTION AND

NATIONAL MUSEUM.

JOSEPH HENRY, Secretary, Director of the Institution.
SPENCER F. BAIRD, Assistant Secretary.
WILLIAM J. RHEES, Chief Clerk.
DANIEL LEECH, Corresponding Clerk.
CLARENCE B. YOUNG, Book-keeper.
HERMANN DIEBITSCH, Exchange Clcrk.
JANE A. TURNER, Exchange Clerk.
MAGGIE E. GRIFFIN, Recording Clerk.
SOLOMON G. BROWN, Transportation Clerk

ASSISTANTS IN THE NATIONAL MUSEUM.

F. M. ENDLICH, Mineralogist.
ROBERT RIDGWAY, Ornithologist.
G. B. GOODE, Zoologist.
JOSEPH PALMER, Taxidermist.
T. W. SMILLIE, Photographer.
JOSEPH HERRON, Janitor.

RESIDENT COLLABORATORS.
Dr. THEODORE GILL, General Zoology.
Prof. F. B. MEEK, Invertebrate Palæontology.
Dr. E. COUES, Mammalogy and Ornithology.
W. H. DALL, Malacology.
Prof. O. T. MASON, Ethnology.
Prof. EDWARD FOREMAN, Ethnology.

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