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should in justice be granted to jurors, for the services they render the public.

Laws have successively, for several years, been passed, for the encouragement and support of Common Schools. From causes by no means insurmountable, they have not been carried into effect in such a manner, as to realize the benefits which their enactment was designed to impart to the youthful generation of the present and of future times. You will, it is confidently believed, concur in the opinion, that the subject of education is the most important, which could occupy the attention or secure the effective action, of the Legislative Councils of a Republic. With an intelligent, virtuous and independent population, our free ins tions cannot fail to "outlive the term heretofore assigned to republican governments.” To no object, therefore, can the public funds raised by taxation or otherwise, be more judiciously or advantageously applied, than to the establishment and support of common free schools, with a view to the extension of the blessings of education, to all classes of the community.

The General Government has heretofore been liberal in its appropriations for the improvement of the Territory. It is hoped that by a continuance of the same fostering spirit, and the exertions of our delegate in Congress, additional appropriations for the further prosecution and completion of the improvements already in progress, may be made before the close of the present session of that honorable body. By the efforts of the same delegate, a bill has been reported in the House of Representatives, the ultimate object of which, is to secure indemnity to such of our citizens as suffered in their property, from the devastations perpetrated by the enemy, in violation of express stipulations, and of the principles of civilized warfare, while they were in possession of this Territory in the late war. It is to be regretted that justice has been so long withheld from the sufferers, and to be hoped, that Congress will not allow the present session to terminate, without the passage of a law for the adjustment of all such claims as may be justly due our fellow citizens.

In contemplation of the expediency of an early admission of Michigan into the Union on an equal footing with the original states, and with a view to ascertain in due season the amount of population which would justify her application to Congress for that purpose, the propriety of a provision for taking a census will no doubt suggest itself to you. By the census taken under the authority of the United States, in June, 1830, the number of inhabitants within the Peninsula, amounted to about twentyeight thousand-the whole population of the Territory amounting to 31,698 souls. Since that period, the tide of immigration has flowed into it, with unusual rapidity. It has been so great and is so likely to continue in the same spirit, that by the time the necessary preliminary measures can be completed for our admission into the Union, the Peninsula will probably possess a population of more than sixty thousand. It would be superfluous, if not presumptuous in me, to state to you the various considerations, which urge our speedy transition from a condition of territorial dependence to one of equal self government and sovereignty, with the confederated States of our happy Union. They have no doubt already fully presented themselves to your minds. You may, it is believed, confidently expect the co-operation of the Executive of the Territory, in any measures which your wisdom may devise for the accomplishment of that desirable object.

The bill for the establishment of the Territory of Huron, or Ouisconsin, again introduced into Congress at its present session, may probably not be passed until a succeeding session. The measure, however, will unquestionably be eventually adopted, and that before our admission into the Union.

Presentments have been made by different Grand Juries, and copies sent to the Governor, complaining of the delay in the printing and promulgation of the Laws of the Territory. As most of the Acts of the Legislative Council purport to go into operation from the day of their passage, it is both unreasonable and unjust, that the people should be bound to observe them, for five or six months before their publication. Your predecessors adjourned in March, 1831, and not until September of that year, were a part of the pamphlet laws received at the Secretery's office for distribution. The remainder of the copies were received four or five weeks ago. The cause of the delay, is unknown to me. There can be no doubt that a correction should be applied to the evil.

I trust that the Governor will resume his station, in time to aid in the important duties which belong to the Legislative and Executive Branches of the Government, during your session. In the mean time, I invoke your indulgence and support in all matters, which may require the action and co-operation of the Executive, before the return of the Governor to the Territory."

On motion of Mr. M'Donell,
The Council adjourned to 4 o'clock P. M.

4 o'clock P. M. On motion of Mr. M'Donell.

Resolved, That a committee of three members be appointed to draft rules, for the government of the Council in its proceedings.

Messrs. M'Donell, Martin, and Torrey, were appointed that committee.

On motion of Mr. Martin,

Resolved, That 300 copies of the Message of the Acting Governor, in the English language, and 150 copies in the French language, be printed

for the use of the members, by such printer as the President shall direct.

Mr. Martin moved that the Council do now adjourn to Monday next, at 11 o'clock, A. M.

The motion was carried and the President requiring the yeas

and nays,

Those who voted in the affirmative, are Messrs. M'Donell, Torrey, Hascall, Bacon, Durocher, and Martin, 6.

Those who voted in the negative; are Messrs. Sprague, Renwick, and Kingsley-3.

And so the Council adjourned to Monday next; 11 o'clock A. M.

Monday, May 7. Mr. M'Donell, from the committee appointed to draft rules for the government of the Council, reported the following, which were adopted.

“ STANDING RULES.

RULE 1st. The Legislative Council shall choose by ballot one of their own number to occupy the Chair. He shall be styled the President of the Legislative Council. He shall hold his office during the time for which the Council are elected. He shall take the chair at the hour to which the Council is adjourned and call the members to order ; and if a quorum be present, shall direct the minutes of the preceding day to be read, and mistakes, if any, corrected. He shall preserve order and decorum, and shall decide questions of order subject to an appeal to the Council

. In committee of the whole, he may substitute a member in his place and debate any question before the committee ; but such substitution shall not extend beyond an adjournment. He shall, unless otherwise directed by the Council, appoint all committees. He shall vote on a call of the yeas and nays.

RULE 2d. Any member may have a call of the Council, and have absent members sent for.

RULE 3d. All questions shall be put in this form : “ You who are of opinion (as the case may be) say aye.”

66 Those of the contrary opinion say no"-and in doubtful cases, any member may call for a division.

2

RULE 4th. When a motion is made and seconded, it shall be stated by the President or read by the Secretary, previous to debate. If any require it, all motions (except to adjourn, postpone or to commit) shall be reduced to writing. Any motion may be withdrawn by consent of the Council before decision or amendment.

RULE 5th. Every member present, when a question is put, shall vote, unless the Council shall, for special cause, excuse him.

Rule 6th. A motion to adjourn shall always be in order, and be decided without debate.

Rule 7th. When a member is about to speak, he shall rise and address himself to the President ; and when a member is speaking, no member shall pass between him and the chair.

RULE 8th. No member shall speak more than twice on any question, without leave of the Council.

RULE 9th. When a question is under debate, no motion shall be received, unless to postpone, to amend, to take the previous question, to commit, or to adjourn.

RULE 10th. The previous question shall be put in these words :-“Shall the main question be now put ?" and it shall be admitted on the demand of any member, and until decided, shall preclude all amendments under debate, of the main question.

RULE 11th. Any member may call for a division of the question, when the same will admit thereof.

RULE 12th. No committee shall absent themselves from the Council Chamber by reason of their appointment, during the sitting of the Council, without special leave.

RULE 13th. Every bill shall be introduced by motion for leave, or by an order of the Council, on the report of a committee ; and in either case, a committee to prepare the same shall be appointed. In cases of a general nature, one day's notice at least, shall be given, of the motion to bring in in a bill.

RULE 14th. Every bill shall receive three several readings, previous to its passage; but no bill shall be twice read on the same day, without special order of the Council.

RULE 15th. The first reading of a bill shall be for its information, and if objections be made to it, the question shall be," Shall the bill be rejected ?" If no objections be made, or the question to reject be lost, the bill shall go to its second reading without further question.

RULE 16th. All bills, on a second reading, shall first be considered by the Council in the same manner as if the Council were in committee of the whole, before they shall be taken up and proceeded on by the Council. The final question upon the second reading of every bill or resolution that requires three readings previous to being passed, shall be," whether it shall be engrossed and read a third time ?"

Rule 17th. When a question is lost on engrossing a bill for third reading on a particular day, it shall not preclude a qestion to engross it for a third reading on a different day ; nor shall any subject be a second time reconsidered, without the consent of the Council.

RULE 18th. When a bill is engrossed, the President shall

, at the time previously appointed by the Council, announce it as ready for a third reading, without a question.

RULE 19th. A bill after commitment and report thereof, may be committed at any time previous to its passage.

RULE 20th. In filling blanks, the largest sum and longest time shall be first put.

RULE 21st. When the Council are equally divided, in such case the question shall be lost.

RULE 22d. When a motion has been once made and carried in the affirmative or negative, it shall be in order for any member of the majority to move for the reconsideration thereof, on the same or the succeeding day.

RULE 23d. All acts, addresses, and resolutions, shall be signed by the President, and all writs, warrants, and subpænas, issued by order of the Council shall be under his hand and seal, attested by the Secretary.

RULE 24th. Petitions, memorials and other papers, addressed to the Council, shall be presented by any member, in his place; a brief statement of the contents thereof shall be made

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