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1856, ch. 87. Ante, p. 42.

Consuls-general, consuls, &c.

Interpreters in China.

Loss by exchange.

Archives.

Office rents.

Act of 1856, ch. 127, § 7, respecting consular pupils repealed.

Ante, p. 55.

Feb. 16, 1857.

Appropriation.

rates provided in the third section of the act of eleventh August, eighteen
hundred and fifty-six, entitled “An act to provide for carrying into effect
the first article of the treaty between the United States and her Majesty
the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, of the
fifteenth day of June, eighteen hundred and forty-six.”
For salaries of consuls-general at Quebec, Calcutta, Alexandria, Simoda,
Havana, Constantinople, Frankfort-on-the-Main; consuls at Liverpool,
London, Melbourne, Hong-Kong, Glasgow, Mauritius, Singapore, Belfast,
Cork, Dundee, Demarara, Halifax, Kingston, (Jamaica,) Leeds, Man-
chester, Nassau, (New Providence,) Southampton, Turk's Island, Prince
Edward's Island, Havre, Paris, Marseilles, Bordeaux, La Rochelle, Lyons,
Moscow, Odessa, Revel, Saint Petersburgh, Matanzas, Trinidad de Cuba,
Santiago de Cuba, San Juan, (Porto Rico) Cadiz, Malaga, Ponce, (Porto
Rico,) Trieste, Vienna, Aix-la-Chapelle, Canton, Shanghai, Fouchou,
Amoy, Ningpo, Beyrout, Smyrna, Jerusalem, Rotterdam, Amsterdam,
Antwerp, Funchal, Oporto, St. Thomas, Elsineur, Genoa, Basle, Geneva,
Messina, Naples, Palermo, Leipsic, Munich, Leghorn, Stuttgardt, Bremen,
Hamburg, Tangiers, Tripoli, Tunis, Rio de Janeiro, Pernambuco, Vera
Cruz, Acapulco, Callao, Valparaiso, Buenos Ayres, San Juan del Sur,
Aspinwall, Panama, Laguayra, Honolulu, Lahaina, Capetown, Falkland
Islands, Venice, Stettin, Candia, Cyprus, Batavia, Fayal, Santiago, (Cape
de Verdes,) Saint Croix, Spezzia, Athens, Zanzibar, Bahia, Maranham
Island, Para, Rio Grande, Matamoras, Mexico, (city,) Tampico, Paso
del Norte, Tabasco, Paita, Tumbez, Talcahuano, Carthagena, Sabanillo,
Omoa, Guayaquil, Cobija, Montevideo, Tahiti, Bay of Islands, Apia,
Lanthala; commercial agents at San Juan del Norte, Port-au-Prince, San
Domingo, (city,) St. Paul de Loanda, (Angola,) Monrovia, Gaboon, Cape
Haytien, Aux Cayes, and Amoor River, two hundred and seventy-three
thousand, seven hundred and fifty dollars.
For interpreters to the consulates in China, four thousand five hundred
dollars.
For estimated loss by exchange on drafts of consuls, and interpreters,
for salary, forty-five thousand dollars.
For the preservation of the archives of the several consulates of the
United States and the commercial agencies, eleven thousand nine hundred
dollars.
For office rent for those consuls-general, consuls, and commercial agents,
who are not allowed to trade, not to exceed ten per centum on the amount
of their compensation, as fixed by the act of eighteenth August, eighteen
hundred and fifty-six, twenty-three thousand five hundred dollars.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the seventh section of “An
act to regulate the Diplomatic and Consular Systems of the United
States,” approved eighteenth August, eighteen hundred and fifty-six be
and the same is hereby repealed.
APPRoved, February 7, 1857.

CHAP. XLV.-An Act making A sations for the S of the Military Academ
for the Year *::::::::::::::::::: * ź. o j. y
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums be
and the same are hereby appropriated, out of any money in the treasury
not otherwise appropriated for the support of the Military Academy, for
the year ending the thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and fifty-eight.
For pay of officers, instructors, cadets, and musicians, ninety-one thou-
sand one hundred and six dollars.
For commutation of subsistence, two thousand and forty-four dollars.
For forage for officers' horses, eight hundred and sixty-four dollars.
For current and ordinary expenses, as follows: repairs and improve-

ments, fuel and apparatus, forage, postage, stationery, transportation, printing, clerks, miscellaneous and incidental expenses, and departments of instruction, thirty-five thousand two hundred and seventy-five dollars.

For gradual increase and expense of library, one thousand five hundred dollars.

For expenses of the board of visitors, three thousand dollars.

For forage for artillery and cavalry horses, eight thousand six hundred and forty dollars.

For supplying horses for cavalry and artillery practice, one thousand dollars.

For furniture for hospital for cadets, two hundred and fifty dollars.
For barracks for dragoon detachment, five thousand dollars.

For purchase of bell, and mounting the same with the clock on one of the public buildings, eight hundred dollars.

To procure the balistic apparatus for gun pendulum, five hundred dollars.

For repairs to officers' quarters, five hundred dollars.
For models for the department of cavalry, one thousand dollars.

For extension of water pipes and increase of reservoir, two thousand dollars.

For targets and batteries for artillery exercise, two hundred dollars.

For gas pipes, gasometers, and retorts, seven thousand five hundred dollars.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be appointed at the Professor of Military Academy, in addition to the professors authorized by the existing Spanish to be

appointed. laws, a professor of Spanish, at a salary of two thousand dollars per annum.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the compensation of the Pay of master master of the sword be fifteen hundred dollars per annum with fuel and of the sword. quarters.

APPROVED, February 16, 1857.

Title.

CHAP. XLVI.-An Act to incorporate the Columbian Institution for the Instruction of the Feb. 16, 1857. Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind.

1858, ch. 59. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Post, p. 293. States of America in Congress assembled, That Byron Sunderland, J. C. Names. McGuire, David A. Hall, and George W. Riggs, of Washington city, William Edes, and Judson Mitchell, of Georgetown, and Amos Kendall and William Stickney, of the county of Washington, and such persons as may hereafter be associated with them, by contributions for the instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind, are hereby created a body politic and corporate under the name of the “ Columbia Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind,” to have perpetual succession and be capable to take, hold and enjoy lands, tenements, heredita-. General power. ments and personal property, to use a common seal, and the same to alter at pleasure: Provided, That no real or personal property shall be held by said corporation, except such as may be necessary to the maintenance and efficient management of said institution.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Institution shall be managed Election of as provided for in its present Constitution, and such additional regulations officers as may from time to time be found necessary; but as soon as sufficient contributions shall have been paid in to authorize an election according to the provisions of said Constitution, the provisional officers therein named shall give notice of a general meeting to the contributors for the election of officers, and the officers elected at such general meeting shall bold their offices for one year and until their successors shall be elected as in said Constitution provided : Provided, That said Constitution may be altered in the manner therein provided, but not in such manner as to

VOL. XI. PUB.-21

ficers.

Report of persons P.; and dumb in the District.

United States to pay for maintenance and tuition of deaf and dumb residents of the District.

Persons not resident may be received and instructed.

Annual report.

- Feb. 17, 1857.

Appropriation for a wagon road from Fort Kearney to California.

Also from El Paso to Fort Yuma.

violate the Constitution or any law of the United States or of the District
of Columbia.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the
Justices of the Peace in the several wards of the cities of Washington
and Georgetown and of the county of Washington, to ascertain the names
and residences of all Deaf and Dumb and Blind persons within their
respective wards and districts; who of them are of a teachable age, and
also who of them are in indigent circumstances, and report the same to
the President of the Institution hereby incorporated.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That whenever the Secretary of
the Interior shall be satisfied by evidence produced by the President of
the Institution hereby incorporated, that any Deaf and Dumb or Blind
person of teachable age properly belonging to this District, is in indigent
circumstances and cannot command the means to secure an education, it
shall be his duty to authorize the said person to enter the said Institution
for instruction, and to pay for his maintenance and tuition therein at the
rate of one hundred and fifty dollars per annum, for such Deaf and Dumb
pupil, and at the rate of one hundred and fifty dollars per annum for
such Blind pupil, papable quarterly out of the Treasury of the United
States.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for said
Institution to receive and instruct Deaf and Dumb and Blind persons
from any of the States and Territories of the United States on such
terms as may be agreed upon by themselves, their parents, guardians, or
trustees, and the proper authorities of said Institution.
SEc. 6. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the
President and directors of said Institution to report to the Secretary of
the Interior the condition of said Institution on the first day of July in
each year, embracing in said report the number of pupils of each de-
scription “received and discharged during the preceding year, and the
number remaining in the Institution; also the branches of knowledge and
industry taught and the progress made therein; also a statement showing
the receipts of the Institution and from what sources, and its disburse-
ments and for what objects.
APPRoved, February 16, 1857. -

CHAP. L.-An Act for the Construction of a Wagon Road from Fort Kearney via the South
Pass of the Rocky Mountains and Great Salt Lake Valley, to the eastern Portion of the
State of California, and for other Purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled, That the sum of three hun-
dred thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, be and
the same is hereby appropriated, out of any moneys in the treasury not
otherwise appropriated, for the construction of a wagon road from Fort
Kearney, in the Territory of Nebraska, via the South Pass of the Rocky
Mountains, to the eastern boundary of the State of California near
Honey Lake, to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of the
Interior, pursuant to contracts to be made by him—said road to connect
with and form an extension of the road already authorized from Fort
Ridgely to the aforesaid South Pass.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the sum of two hundred thou-
sand dollars, or as much thereof as may be necessary, be and the same
is hereby appropriated out of any money in the treasury not otherwise
appropriated, for the construction of a wagon road from El Paso, on the
Rio Grande, to Fort Yuma, at the mouth of the Gila River, to be ex-
pended under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to
contracts to be made by him. -
SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That a sum of fifty thousand dollars

be and the same is hereby appropriated out of any money in the treasury - Also from Fort not otherwise appropriated, for the construction of a wagon road from Fort Renance to the

Colorado. Defiance in the Territory of New Mexico, to the Colorado River, near the mouth of the Mohava River.

APPROVED, February 17, 1857.

CHAP. LV.-An Act to increase the Pay of the Oficers of the Army.

Feb. 21, 1857. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Pay of army States of America in Congress assembled, That from and after the com- officers increased. mencement of the present fiscal year, the pay of each commissioned officer of the army, including military storekeepers, shall be increased twenty dollars per month, and that the commutation price of officers' subsistence Commutation shall be thirty cents per ration.

price for rations. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of War be Additional pay authorized, on the recommendation of the council of administration, to may be extended extend the additional pay herein provided to any person serving as to chaplams at

provided to any person serving as army posts. chaplain, at any post of the army.

APPROVED, February 21, 1857.

Chap. LVI.-An Act relating to Foreign Coins and to the Coinage of Cents at the Mint Feb. 21, 1867.

of the United States. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United How much States of America in Congress assembled, That the pieces commonly Spanish and

exican coins known as the quarter, eighth, and sixteenth of the Spanish pillar dollar, Me

· are to be received and of the Mexican dollar, shall be receivable at the treasury of the for by United Uniteul States, and its several offices, and at the several post-offices and States. land-offices, at the rates of valuation following,—that is to say, the fourth of a dollar, or piece of two reals, at twenty cents; the eighth of a dollar, or piece of one real, at ten cents; and the sixteenth of a dollar, or half real, at five cents.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said coins, when so re- Said coins to ceived, shall not again be paid out, or put in circulation, but shall be be recoined. recoined at the mint. And it shall be the duty of the director of the mint, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, to prescribe such regulations as may be necessary and proper, to secure their transmission to the mint for recoinage, and the return or distribution of the proceeds thereof, when deemed expedient, and to prescribe such forms of account as may be appropriate and applicable to the circumstances : Provided, That the expenses incident to such transmission or distribution, and of recoinage, shall be charged against the account of silver profit and loss, and the net profits, if any, shall be paid from time to time into the treasury of the United States.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all former acts authorizing the Former acts currency of foreign gold or silver coins, and declaring the same a legal making foreign tender in payment for debts, are hereby repealed; but it shall be the duty Co

tv coins a currency of the director of the mint to cause assays to be made, from time to time, repealed. of such foreign coins as may be known to our commerce, to determine . Assays of for

1 eign coins to be their average weight, fineness, and value, and to embrace in his annual i report a statement of the results thereof.

nually reported. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That from and after the passage of Weight and this act, the standard weight of the cent coined at the mint shall be seventy-composition of two grains, or three twentieths of one ounce troy, with no greater devia- cents. tion than four grains in each piece; and said cent shall be composed of eighty-eight per centum of copper and twelve per centum of nickel, of such shape and device as may be fixed by the director of the mint, with the approbation of the Secretary of the Treasury; and the coinage of the half cent shall cease.

nd an

Purchase of ma- Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the treasurer of the mint, * * under the instruction of the Secretary of the Treasury, shall, from time to time, purchase from the bullion fund of the mint the materials necessary for the coinage of such cent piece, and transfer the same to the proper operative officers of the mint to be manufactured and returned in coin. Former laws, And the laws in force relating to the mint and the coinage of the precious * ** metals, and in regard to the sale and distribution of the copper coins, - shall, so far as applicable, be extended to the coinage herein provided for: Profits. Provided, That the net profits of said coinage, ascertained in like manner as is prescribed in the second section of this act, shall be transferred to the treasury of the United States. such cents may SEc. 6. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful to pay out be paid out and the said cent at the mint in exchange for any of the gold and silver coins ** of the United States, and also in exchange for the former copper coins issued : and it shall be lawful to transmit parcels of the said cents, from time to time, to the assistant treasurers, depositaries, and other officers of the United States, under general regulations proposed by the director of the mint, and approved by the Secretary of the Treasury, for exchange To be paid out as aforesaid. And it shall also be lawful for the space of two years from for certain coins the passage of this act and no longer, to pay out at the mint the cents *...* * aforesaid for the fractional parts of the dollar hereinbefore named, at †...tended their nominal value of twenty-five, twelve-and-a-half and six-and-a1859, ch. 80, $2. quarter cents, respectively. Post, p. 422. Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That hereafter the director of the ofo.o. mint shall make his annual report to the Secretary of the Treasury, up mint to be made to the thirtieth of June in each year, so that the same may appear in his up to June 80 annual report to Congress on the finances. APPRoved, February 21, 1857.

Feb. 21, 1857. CHAP. LVII.-An Act to divide the State of Texas into two Judicial Districts.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Texas divided States of America in Congress assembled, That the State of Texas be *::::: judicial and the same is hereby divided into two judicial districts, in the following - manner, to wit: All the territory of the State of Texas embraced in the counties of Newton, Jasper, Jefferson, Orange, Tyler, Polk, Liberty, Galveston, Harris, Montgomery, Austin, Fort Bend, Brazoria, Colorado, Wharton, Matagorda, Lavacca, Jackson, Calhoun, Dewitt, Victoria, Goliad, Refugio, San Patricio, Nueces, Cameron, Starr, Webb, and Hidalgo, as they existed in eighteen hundred and fifty-two, shall compose one district, to be called the eastern district of Texas; and all the remaining part of the territory of the said State shall compose another district, to be called the western district of Texas. Terms of Court. SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be held in each year four terms of the district court of the eastern district of Texas, two of which terms shall be begun and held at Galveston on the first Mondays in December and May, respectively; and the other two shall be begun and held at Brownsville on the first Mondays of March and October, respectively; and four terms of the district court of the western district of Texas shall be held in each year, two of which terms shall be begun and held at Austin on the first Mondays of January and June, respectively; and the other two shall be begun and held at Tyler on the • first Mondays of March and November, respectively; and the said courts are hereby authorized to hold adjourned terms when the business of the said courts shall, in the opinion of the judge or judges, require it. Transfer of Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all suits and proceedings of *** whatever name or nature pending in the district court of Texas, at any of the places at which terms of the said courts were enjoined to be held, and which said places may be within the eastern district of Texas, shall be

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