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1856, ch. 87. Ante, p. 42.
Consuls-general, consuls, &c.
Interpreters in China.
Loss by exchange.
Act of 1856, ch. 127, § 7, respecting consular pupils repealed.
Ante, p. 55.
Feb. 16, 1857.
rates provided in the third section of the act of eleventh August, eighteen
CHAP. XLV.-An Act making A sations for the S of the Military Academ
ments, fuel and apparatus, forage, postage, stationery, transportation, printing, clerks, miscellaneous and incidental expenses, and departments of instruction, thirty-five thousand two hundred and seventy-five dollars.
For gradual increase and expense of library, one thousand five hundred dollars.
For expenses of the board of visitors, three thousand dollars.
For forage for artillery and cavalry horses, eight thousand six hundred and forty dollars.
For supplying horses for cavalry and artillery practice, one thousand dollars.
For furniture for hospital for cadets, two hundred and fifty dollars.
For purchase of bell, and mounting the same with the clock on one of the public buildings, eight hundred dollars.
To procure the balistic apparatus for gun pendulum, five hundred dollars.
For repairs to officers' quarters, five hundred dollars.
For extension of water pipes and increase of reservoir, two thousand dollars.
For targets and batteries for artillery exercise, two hundred dollars.
For gas pipes, gasometers, and retorts, seven thousand five hundred dollars.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be appointed at the Professor of Military Academy, in addition to the professors authorized by the existing Spanish to be
appointed. laws, a professor of Spanish, at a salary of two thousand dollars per annum.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the compensation of the Pay of master master of the sword be fifteen hundred dollars per annum with fuel and of the sword. quarters.
APPROVED, February 16, 1857.
CHAP. XLVI.-An Act to incorporate the Columbian Institution for the Instruction of the Feb. 16, 1857. Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind.
1858, ch. 59. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Post, p. 293. States of America in Congress assembled, That Byron Sunderland, J. C. Names. McGuire, David A. Hall, and George W. Riggs, of Washington city, William Edes, and Judson Mitchell, of Georgetown, and Amos Kendall and William Stickney, of the county of Washington, and such persons as may hereafter be associated with them, by contributions for the instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind, are hereby created a body politic and corporate under the name of the “ Columbia Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind,” to have perpetual succession and be capable to take, hold and enjoy lands, tenements, heredita-. General power. ments and personal property, to use a common seal, and the same to alter at pleasure: Provided, That no real or personal property shall be held by said corporation, except such as may be necessary to the maintenance and efficient management of said institution.
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Institution shall be managed Election of as provided for in its present Constitution, and such additional regulations officers as may from time to time be found necessary; but as soon as sufficient contributions shall have been paid in to authorize an election according to the provisions of said Constitution, the provisional officers therein named shall give notice of a general meeting to the contributors for the election of officers, and the officers elected at such general meeting shall bold their offices for one year and until their successors shall be elected as in said Constitution provided : Provided, That said Constitution may be altered in the manner therein provided, but not in such manner as to
VOL. XI. PUB.-21
Report of persons P.; and dumb in the District.
United States to pay for maintenance and tuition of deaf and dumb residents of the District.
Persons not resident may be received and instructed.
- Feb. 17, 1857.
Appropriation for a wagon road from Fort Kearney to California.
Also from El Paso to Fort Yuma.
violate the Constitution or any law of the United States or of the District
CHAP. L.-An Act for the Construction of a Wagon Road from Fort Kearney via the South
be and the same is hereby appropriated out of any money in the treasury - Also from Fort not otherwise appropriated, for the construction of a wagon road from Fort Renance to the
Colorado. Defiance in the Territory of New Mexico, to the Colorado River, near the mouth of the Mohava River.
APPROVED, February 17, 1857.
CHAP. LV.-An Act to increase the Pay of the Oficers of the Army.
Feb. 21, 1857. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Pay of army States of America in Congress assembled, That from and after the com- officers increased. mencement of the present fiscal year, the pay of each commissioned officer of the army, including military storekeepers, shall be increased twenty dollars per month, and that the commutation price of officers' subsistence Commutation shall be thirty cents per ration.
price for rations. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of War be Additional pay authorized, on the recommendation of the council of administration, to may be extended extend the additional pay herein provided to any person serving as to chaplams at
provided to any person serving as army posts. chaplain, at any post of the army.
APPROVED, February 21, 1857.
Chap. LVI.-An Act relating to Foreign Coins and to the Coinage of Cents at the Mint Feb. 21, 1867.
of the United States. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United How much States of America in Congress assembled, That the pieces commonly Spanish and
exican coins known as the quarter, eighth, and sixteenth of the Spanish pillar dollar, Me
· are to be received and of the Mexican dollar, shall be receivable at the treasury of the for by United Uniteul States, and its several offices, and at the several post-offices and States. land-offices, at the rates of valuation following,—that is to say, the fourth of a dollar, or piece of two reals, at twenty cents; the eighth of a dollar, or piece of one real, at ten cents; and the sixteenth of a dollar, or half real, at five cents.
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said coins, when so re- Said coins to ceived, shall not again be paid out, or put in circulation, but shall be be recoined. recoined at the mint. And it shall be the duty of the director of the mint, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, to prescribe such regulations as may be necessary and proper, to secure their transmission to the mint for recoinage, and the return or distribution of the proceeds thereof, when deemed expedient, and to prescribe such forms of account as may be appropriate and applicable to the circumstances : Provided, That the expenses incident to such transmission or distribution, and of recoinage, shall be charged against the account of silver profit and loss, and the net profits, if any, shall be paid from time to time into the treasury of the United States.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all former acts authorizing the Former acts currency of foreign gold or silver coins, and declaring the same a legal making foreign tender in payment for debts, are hereby repealed; but it shall be the duty Co
tv coins a currency of the director of the mint to cause assays to be made, from time to time, repealed. of such foreign coins as may be known to our commerce, to determine . Assays of for
1 eign coins to be their average weight, fineness, and value, and to embrace in his annual i report a statement of the results thereof.
nually reported. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That from and after the passage of Weight and this act, the standard weight of the cent coined at the mint shall be seventy-composition of two grains, or three twentieths of one ounce troy, with no greater devia- cents. tion than four grains in each piece; and said cent shall be composed of eighty-eight per centum of copper and twelve per centum of nickel, of such shape and device as may be fixed by the director of the mint, with the approbation of the Secretary of the Treasury; and the coinage of the half cent shall cease.
Purchase of ma- Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the treasurer of the mint, * * under the instruction of the Secretary of the Treasury, shall, from time to time, purchase from the bullion fund of the mint the materials necessary for the coinage of such cent piece, and transfer the same to the proper operative officers of the mint to be manufactured and returned in coin. Former laws, And the laws in force relating to the mint and the coinage of the precious * ** metals, and in regard to the sale and distribution of the copper coins, - shall, so far as applicable, be extended to the coinage herein provided for: Profits. Provided, That the net profits of said coinage, ascertained in like manner as is prescribed in the second section of this act, shall be transferred to the treasury of the United States. such cents may SEc. 6. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful to pay out be paid out and the said cent at the mint in exchange for any of the gold and silver coins ** of the United States, and also in exchange for the former copper coins issued : and it shall be lawful to transmit parcels of the said cents, from time to time, to the assistant treasurers, depositaries, and other officers of the United States, under general regulations proposed by the director of the mint, and approved by the Secretary of the Treasury, for exchange To be paid out as aforesaid. And it shall also be lawful for the space of two years from for certain coins the passage of this act and no longer, to pay out at the mint the cents *...* * aforesaid for the fractional parts of the dollar hereinbefore named, at †...tended their nominal value of twenty-five, twelve-and-a-half and six-and-a1859, ch. 80, $2. quarter cents, respectively. Post, p. 422. Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That hereafter the director of the ofo.o. mint shall make his annual report to the Secretary of the Treasury, up mint to be made to the thirtieth of June in each year, so that the same may appear in his up to June 80 annual report to Congress on the finances. APPRoved, February 21, 1857.
Feb. 21, 1857. CHAP. LVII.-An Act to divide the State of Texas into two Judicial Districts.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Texas divided States of America in Congress assembled, That the State of Texas be *::::: judicial and the same is hereby divided into two judicial districts, in the following - manner, to wit: All the territory of the State of Texas embraced in the counties of Newton, Jasper, Jefferson, Orange, Tyler, Polk, Liberty, Galveston, Harris, Montgomery, Austin, Fort Bend, Brazoria, Colorado, Wharton, Matagorda, Lavacca, Jackson, Calhoun, Dewitt, Victoria, Goliad, Refugio, San Patricio, Nueces, Cameron, Starr, Webb, and Hidalgo, as they existed in eighteen hundred and fifty-two, shall compose one district, to be called the eastern district of Texas; and all the remaining part of the territory of the said State shall compose another district, to be called the western district of Texas. Terms of Court. SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be held in each year four terms of the district court of the eastern district of Texas, two of which terms shall be begun and held at Galveston on the first Mondays in December and May, respectively; and the other two shall be begun and held at Brownsville on the first Mondays of March and October, respectively; and four terms of the district court of the western district of Texas shall be held in each year, two of which terms shall be begun and held at Austin on the first Mondays of January and June, respectively; and the other two shall be begun and held at Tyler on the • first Mondays of March and November, respectively; and the said courts are hereby authorized to hold adjourned terms when the business of the said courts shall, in the opinion of the judge or judges, require it. Transfer of Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all suits and proceedings of *** whatever name or nature pending in the district court of Texas, at any of the places at which terms of the said courts were enjoined to be held, and which said places may be within the eastern district of Texas, shall be