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Armories.

Oregon Territory, and in New Mexico, two hundred and thirty thousand one hundred and fifty-seven dollars.

For repairs and improvements and new machinery at Harper's Ferry, thirty-eight thousand eight hundred and ninety-two dollars.

For repairs and new machinery at Springfield armory, Massachusetts, thirty-eight thousand dollars.

For the completion, including water wheels and shafting of the new water shops, grading grounds, and construction of bridge at Springfield

Armory, Massachusetts, sixty thousand dollars. Surveys. For surveys for military defences, geographical explorations, and re

connaissances, for military purposes, twenty-five thousand dollars.

For purchase and repairs of instruments, fifteen thousand dollars.

For continuing the survey of the Northern and Northwestern lakes, including Lake Superior, fifty thousand dollars.

For printing charts of lake surveys, five thousand dollars.
Post-office ex- For the Post-Office extension, three hundred thousand dollars.

For arrearages prior to July first, one thousand eight hundred and fifArrearages in office of third teen, payable through the office of the Third Auditor, under an act approved

May first, one thousand eight hundred and twenty, in addition to the

balance undrawn in the treasury, two thousand dollars. Florida volun- For pay, furnishing and maintaining with quarter-master's stores and

supplies, and subsistence of mounted and foot companies of Florida volunteers called into the service of the United States, two hundred and forty thousand six hundred and sixty-seven dollars and fifty-two cents.

APPROVED, August 30, 1856.

tension.

auditor.

teers.

Aug. 30, 1856. CHAP. XXX.-An Act to fix the Times of holding, in the State of Delaware, the Election

of a Representative in the Congress of the United States.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Time of hold- States of America in Congress assembled, That the first Tuesday after ing elections in the firsť Monday in November in the present year, and the first Tuesday representative to after the first Monday in November in every second year hereafter, shall Congress. be and the same is hereby appointed and established for holding elections

in the State of Delaware for a representative of said State in the Congress of the United States of America. Provided, That the said elections shall be conducted in such manner and held at such places as are or may be prescribed by the laws of the said State of Delaware.

APPROVED, August 30, 1856.

RESOLUTIONS.

Preamble.

[No. 1.) A Resolution authorizing the Purchase and Restoration to the British Government Aug. 28, 1856.

of the Ship " Resolute,late of the British Navy. WHEREAS it has become known to Congress that the ship “ Resolute," late of the navy of her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, on service in the Arctic seas, in search of Sir John Franklin and the survivors of the expedition under his command, was rescued and recovered in those seas by the officers and crew of the American whaleship, the “ George Henry," after the “ Resolute” had been necessarily abandoned in the ice by her officers and crew, and after drifting still in the ice for more than one thousand miles from the place where so abandoned—and that the said ship “ Resolute” having been brought to the United States by the salvors at great risk and peril, had been generously relinquished to them by her Majesty's government: Now, in token of the deep interest felt in the United States for the service in which her Majesty's said ship was engaged when thus necessarily abandoned, and of the sense entertained by Congress of the act of her Majesty's government in surrendering said ship to the salvors :

Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President Ship of the United States be and he is hereby requested to cause the said ship lute" “ Resolute” with all her armament, equipment, and the property on board restored to Great

equipped and when she arrived in the United States, and which has been preserved in Britain. good condition, to be purchased of her present owners, and that he send the said ship with every thing pertaining to her as aforesaid, after being fully repaired and equipped at one of the navy-yards of the United States, back to England under control of the Secretary of the Navy, with a request to her Majesty's government that the United States may be allowed to restore the said ship “ Resolute” to her Majesty's service—and for the purchase of said ship and her appurtenances, as aforesaid, the sum of forty thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be required, is hereby appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated.

APPROVED, August 28, 1856.

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[No. 2.) A Resolution authorizing the Acceptance of certain Medals from Foreign Govern- Aug. 80, 1856.

Thos. WilliamResolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United son & James F. States of America in Congress assembled, That Surgeon Thomas Wil- ized to accept liamson and Passed-Assistant Surgeon James F. Harrison, of the United the medals tenStates Navy, be and they are hereby authorized to accept the gold medals dered to them by recently awarded to them by the Emperor of France.

France. SEC. 2. And be it further resolved, That Lieutenant M. F. Maury, the United States Navy, be and he is hereby authorized to accept the ed to accept the

Maury authorizgold medals recently presented to him by the governments of Prussia and medals presented Holland, and the Republic of Bremen.

to him by Prus

sia, Holland, and APPROVED, August 30, 1856.

Brému.

of

Lieut. M. F. Preamble.

Aug. 30, 1856. (No. 3.] A Resolution allowing Doctor E. K. Kane, and the Officers associated with him

in their late Expedition to the Arctic seas, in search of Sir John Franklin, to accept such

Token of Acknowledgment from the Government of Great Britain as it may please to present.

WHEREAS, the President of the United States has communicated to Congress a request from the Government of Great Britain that permission should be given by this Government allowing Doctor Elisha K. Kane, a Passed-Assistant Surgeon in the Navy of the United States, and the officers who were with him in his late expedition to the Arctic seas in search of Sir John Franklin, to accept from the Government of Great Britain some “ token of thankfulness,” and as a memorial of the sense entertained by that Government of their arduous and generous services” in that behalf

Be it therefore resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives

of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That Congress Dr. Kane and hereby corisents that Dr. Elisha K. Kane, of the Navy of the United of the Arctic Ex: States, and such of the officers who were with him in the expedition pedition author- aforesaid, as may yet remain in the service of the United States, may acized to accept A cept from the Government of Great Britain such token of the character the British Gov- aforesaid as it may be the pleasure of that government to present to them.

APPROVED, August 30, 1856.

ernment.

Aug. 30, 1856. [No. 4.) A Resolution authorizing Alexander D. Bache to accept a Medal presented to

him by the King of Sweden. Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United A. D. Bache States of America in Congress assembled, That Alexander D. Bache, authorized to ac- Superintendent of the Coast Survey, be and he is hereby authorized to presented to him accept the gold medal recently presented to him by the King of Sweden. by Sweden. APPROVED, August 30, 1856.

PUBLIC ACTS OF THE THIRTY-FOURTH CONGRESS

OF THE

UNITED STATES.

Passed at the third session, which was beguin and holden at the City of

Washington, in the District of Columbia, on Monday the second day of
December, 1856, and ended Tuesday the third day of March, 1857.

FRANKLIN PIERCE, President. JESSE D. Bright, President of the

Senate, pro tempore, till January 5, 1857, and JAMES M. Mason from that time till the close of the Session. NATHANIEL P. BANKS, Jun., Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Chap. II.-An Act providing for the compulsory Prepayment of Postaye on all transient Jan. 2, 1857.

printed Matter. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the provision in the act Postage of tranapproved August thirty, eighteen hundred and fifty-two, entitled “ An act ter to be prepaid. to amend the act entitled an act to reduce and modify the rates of postage 1862, ch. 98. in the United States, and for other purposes, passed March three, eight- Vol. x. p. 38. een hundred and fifty-one,” permitting transient printed matter to be sent through the mail of the United States without prepayment of postage, be and the same is bereby repealed. And the postage on all such transient matter shall be prepaid by stamps or otherwise, as the Postmaster General may direct.

APPROVED, Jan. 2, 1857.

CHAP. XII.-An Act to amend an Act entitled “An Act to promote the Efficiency of the Jan. 16, 1857. Navy."

1855, ch. 127.

See also post, Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United pp. 367, 369. States of America in Congress assembled, That, upon the written request, Navy officers made within ninety days after the passage hereof, or within thirty days loughed, or re

dropped, furafter the return of any officer absent from the United States at the time tired under act of the passage of this act, provided he shall return within one year after of 1855, ch. 127, the passage of this act, by any officer of the navy who was dropped, fur- examination by loughed, or retired, by the operation of the act of the twenty-eighth of a court of inquiFebruary, eighteen hundred and fifty-five, entitled “An act to promote ry: the efficiency of the navy,” the Secretary of the Navy shall cause the

Vol. x. p. 616. physical, mental, professional, and moral fitness of such officer for the naval service to be investigated by a court of inquiry, which shall be governed by the laws and regulations which now govern courts of inquiry ; and the said court shall in their finding report whether the said officer, if Report by such he has been dropped from the rolls of the navy, ought to be restored, and, if restored, whether to the active list or the reserved list, and if to the latter, whether on leave of absence or furlough pay; and in case the officer making the written request, as aforesaid, shall have been placed on the reserved list, then the court, in their finding, shall report whether the said officer ought to be restored to the active list, or, if not restored, whether he ought to remain on the retired list on leave of absence or

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court.

VOL. XI.

officers.

creased.

Proviso as

ter.

officers

furlough pay; and the finding of the court shall, in all cases, be submitted

to the President of the United States, and, if approved by him, in the case Restoration of of a dropped officer, where restoration has been recommended, such officer

may be nominated by the President to the Senate for restoration to the service, according to the finding of the court as approved by him, and in the case of a retired officer, the finding of the court, when approved by the President, shall be conclusive ; and such officer shall be restored to the active list, to occupy that position and rank in the navy which he would have occupied had he not been retired under the action of the late naval board; or he shall remain upon the retired list on leave of absence or furlough pay, according to the finding of the court, as approved by the President: Provided, That the officers so restored or placed on the reserved list, shall be appointed to their places, respectively, by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the operation of the present Number of offi- law limiting the number of officers of the navy shall be suspended so far cers inay be in

as to authorize the restoration, within one year from the passage of this act, by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate,

of officers reserved or dropped under the operation of the act of the twenty1865, ch. 127. eighth of February, eighteen hundred and fifty-five, entitled '“ An act to

to promote the efficiency of the navy:" Provided, That there shall be no reducing the

further promotions or appointments in any grade, after said restorations nuinber hereaf

shall have been made thereto, until such grade in the active service shall be reduced to the limit now prescribed by law. That when any such

officer shall be restored to the navy, by and with the advice and consent Rank of restored of the Senate, the officer so restored shall occupy that position and rank

in the navy which he would have held had he not been retired, furloughed,

or dropped, by the order of the President, on the report of the naval Dropped offi- board: Provided, further, That any dropped officer who may be in the cers may be placed on the re

opinion of said court, entitled to be placed on the retired or furloughed tired or furlough list, may be thus placed by the President, by and with the advice and

consent of the Senate. Officers not re

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That officers who were dropped, one year's pay.

as aforesaid, and who shall not be restored to the naval service within one year from the passage hereof, shall be entitled to receive one year's duty

pay of their grades, respectively; and the President shall be, and he is Transfers from hereby, authorized, with the advice and consent of the Senate, to transfer the reserved list. any officer from the furlough to the reserved pay list, and that so much

Vol. x. p. 616. of the act of February twenty-eighth, eighteen hundred and fifty-five,

Reserved offi- entitled “ An act to promote the efficiency of the navy,” as renders cers eligible to promotion.

reserved officers ineligible to promotion, be and the same is hereby

repealed. Promotion of Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That reserved officers may be proofficers on the re

moted on the reserved list, by and with the advice and consent of the Their pay and Senate, but no such promotion shall entitle them to any pay beyond that

to which they were entitled when so reserved, nor shall they, by such promotion, take any higher rank than they would have taken had they been retained in the active service of the navy; and nothing in this act, or in the act to which this is an amendment, shall be so construed as to preclude officers on the reserved list from wearing the uniform of their

grades respectively. Flag officers. SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That captains in command of

squadrons shall be denominated flag officers. Restored offi- Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That all officers who may be restored

to active service, under the provisions of this act, shall be entitled to draw

the same pay they were drawing at the time they were retired or drop1859, ch.76, $ 3. Post, p. 407.

ped, for and during the time of such retirement or suspension from the active service aforesaid.

APPROVED, Jan. 16, 1857.

list.

stored

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served list.

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cers to draw their

back pay.

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