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Collection of land revenue.

For compensation to special agents to examine the books, accounts, and 1846, ch. 90, money on hand of the several depositaries, under the act of sixth August, s 11.

eighteen hundred and forty-six, five thousand dollars. Vol. ix. p. 62.

For compensation to such persons as may be designated by the Secre

tary of the Treasury to receive and keep the public money, under the 1846, ch. 90. fifteenth section of the act of sixth August, eighteen hundred and forty-six,

for the additional services required under that act, at the same rates pro1853, ch.89.

vided in the act approved second March, eighteen hundred and fifty-three, Vol. x. p. 172. and under the same restrictions and limitations, fifteen thousand dollars.

Steamboat in- For salaries of nine supervising and fifty local inspectors, appointed spectors.

under act thirtieth August, eighteen hundred and fifty-two, for the better 1852, ch. 106. protection of the lives of passengers by steamboats, with travelling and Vol. x. p. 61. Other expenses incurred by them, eighty thousand dollars.

Expenses of the Collection of Revenue from Lands.To meet the expenses of collecting the revenue from the sales of public lands in the several land States and Territories, in addition to the balances of former appropriations :

For salaries and commissions of registers of land-offices, and receivers of public moneys, two hundred thousand dollars.

For expenses of depositing public moneys by receivers of public moneys, thirty-eight thousand dollars.

For incidental expenses of the several land-offices, fifteen thousand

dollars. Penitentiary. Penitentiary.For compensation of the warden, clerk, physician, chap

lain, assistant keepers, guards, and matron of the penitentiary of the District of Columbia, twelve thousand five hundred and sixty dollars.

For compensation of three inspectors of said penitentiary, seven hundred and fifty dollars.

For the support and maintenance of said penitentiary, ten thousand and

eighty-five dollars, including four thousand dollars for furnaces. Expenses of For defraying the expenses of the supreme, circuit, and district courts courts.

of the United States, including the District of Columbia ; also for jurors and witnesses, in aid of the funds arising from fines, penalties, and forfeitures incurred in the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and fifty-seven, and previous years; and likewise for defraying the expenses of suits in which the United States are concerned, and of prosecutions for offences committed against the United States, and for the safe

keeping of prisoners, one million dollars. Surveyor

For rent of Surveyor-General's office in Oregon, fuel, books, stationery, Generals, offices, and other incidental expenses, three thousand dollars.

For office rent for the Surveyor-General of Washington Territory, fuel, books, stationery, and other incidental expenses, three thousand dollars.

For rent of Surveyor-General's office in Kansas and Nebraska, fuel, books, stationery, and other incidental expenses, three thousand dollars.

For office rent for the Surveyor-General of Utah Territory, fuel, books, stationery, furniture, and other incidental expenses, three thousand dollars.

For compensation of a translator in the office of the Surveyor-General of New Mexico, two thousand dollars.

For rent of the Surveyor-Generals office in New Mexico, fuel, books,

stationery, and other incidental expenses, three thousand dollars. Employees at For compensation, in part, for the messenger in charge, of the main Washington. furnace in the Capitol, three hundred and fifty dollars, and twenty per 1854, ch. 52.

cent. thereon, per act twenty-second April, one thousand eight hundred Vol. x. p. 276. and fifty-four-making together four hundred and twenty dollars

. For compensation to the laborer in charge of the water-closets in the Capitol, three hundred and sixty-five dollars, and twenty per cent. thereon, per act twenty-second April, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-fourmaking together four hundred and thirty-eight dollars.

For compensation to the public gardener, twelve hundred dollars, and twenty per cent. thereon, per act twenty-second April, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four—making together one thousand four hundred and forty dollars.

For compensation of sixteen laborers employed in the public grounds and President's garden, at forty dollars per month each, and twenty per cent thereon, per act twenty-second April, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four-making together nine thousand two hundred and sixteen dollars.

For compensation of the keeper of the western gate, Capitol Square, seven hundred and thirty dollars, and twenty per cent. thereon, per act twenty-second April, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four-making together eight hundred and seventy-six dollars.

For compensation of two day watchman employed in the Capitol Square, at five hundred dollars each, and twenty per cent. thereon, per act twenty-second April, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-fourmaking together one thousand two hundred dollars.

For compensation of two night watchmen employed at the President's house, at five hundred dollars each, and twenty per cent thereon, per act twenty-second April, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-fourmaking together one thousand two hundred dollars.

For compensation of the door-keeper at the President's house, five hundred dollars, and twenty per cent. thereon, per act twenty-second April, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four-making together six hundred dollars.

For compensation of the assistant door-keeper at the President's House, three hundred and sixty-five dollars, and twenty per cent. thereon, per act twenty-second April, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four-making together four hundred and thirty-eight dollars.

For compensation of one night watchman employed for the better protection of the buildings lying south of the Capitol, and used as public stables and carpenters' shops, five hundred dollars and twenty per cent. thereon, per act twenty-second April, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four-making together six hundred dollars.

For compensation of four draw-keepers at the Potomac bridge, and Draw Keepers. twenty per cent. thereon, per act twenty-second April, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four, and for fuel, oil, and lamps-making together three thousand two hundred and sixty-six dollars.

For compensation of two draw-keepers at the two bridges across the eastern branch of the Potomac, at four hundred and fifty, dollars each, and twenty per cent. thereon, per act twenty-second April, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four, and for fuel, oil and lamps making together one thousand one hundred and eighty dollars.

For arrearages due Bailey Brown, keeper of the upper Eastern Branch Bailey Brown. bridge for expenses incurred in the years eighteen hundred and fiftythree, and eighteen hundred and fifty-four, in the purchase of fuel, oil, and repairs of lamps, one hundred dollars.

For compensation of the auxiliary guard, and for fuel, and oil for Auxiliary guard lamps, nineteen thousand four hundred dollars.

For furpace-keeper at the President's house, three hundred and sixty- Furnace keeper five dollars.

For printing and publishing one thousand copies of the papers of Printing the James Madison now in the archives of the State Department under the

Madison papers direction and control of the Joint Committee on the Library of Congress, six thousand dollars : Provided, that said works be printed by the public printer, and that no more be paid for such printing, than the amount authorized by the law regulating the public printing.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the first section of the act Compensation entitled “ An act to remodel the diplomatic and consular systems of the of diplomatic

corps.

Additional

ment.

of Interior.

1856, ch. 133. United States, passed March first, eighteen hundred and fifty-five, shall Vol. x. p. 619. be so construed as that the annual compensation fixed for the diplomatic

representatives of the United States at the several countries therein

enumerated, shall be the same as therein specified therefor respectively, Ante, p. 65. whether such representatives shall be of the grades existing at the time

of the passage of the bill, or of a superior grade ; and that such compensation shall commence from the first day of July, eighteen hundred and fifty-five, as the period designated in said act.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of War be clerks authorized authorized to employ in addition to those now allowed by law, one clerk in War Depart

of class four, in the office of the Colonel of Topographical Engineers, and

to take one clerk from class two and add one to class four in his office ; In Department that the Secretary of the Interior be authorized to employ in his office

one clerk of class four, in addition to those now allowed by law, and tem

porarily one clerk of class two to take charge of the census returns ; and In Treasury Department.

the Secretary of the Treasury be authorized to employ one clerk of class three in the office of the Fifth Auditor, and to take one clerk from class two and add one to class three, in the office of the First Comptroller ; and to take one clerk from class three and add one to class four in the office of the Register ; and such sum as may be necessary to carry into effect the provisions of this section to the thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred

and fifty-seven, is hereby appropriated out of any money in the treasury Temporary not otherwise appropriated ; and to enable the Secretary of War to emclerks of Quarter-master-Gen- ploy temporary clerks in the office of the Quartermaster-General on

bounty-land service, five thousand dollars, and that the same is hereby

also appropriated. Pay of clerks

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That to enable the Secretary of in the State De- State to pay to the clerks in his office of class four the same compensation

as was paid to the same class in other executive departments from the first of July, eighteen hundred and fifty-three, to the thirtieth June. eighteen hundred and fifty-five, inclusive, the sum of twenty-one hundred and seventy-eight dollars and seventy-six cents be and the same is hereby appropriated out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appro

priated. Pay of Marine

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the pay of the marines in the service of the United States who compose the corps of musicians known as the “ Marine Band,” stationed at the Navy Yard in Washington city, be and the same is hereby increased at the rate of four dollars per month, commencing on the first of May last, and to continue as long as they shall perform by order of the Secretary of the Navy or other superior officer on the Capitol grounds or the President's grounds.

APPROVED, August 18, 1856.

eral.

partment

Band.

Sale of real

Aug. 18, 1856. Chap. CLXIII.-An Act to authorize the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia to

decree the Sale of Real Estate in certain Cuses.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United estate authorized States of America in Congress assembled, That in all cases in which in certain cases real estate within the District of Columbia shall have been limited herelimitations over. tofore, or shall be limited hereafter, by the provisions of any deed or will

to one or more, for life or lives, with a contingent limitation over to such issue of one or more of the tenants for life as shall be living at the death of their parent or parents, and the said deed or will containing the limitation shall not prohibit a sale, the Circuit Court for the District of Columbia, upon the application of the tenants for life, shall have power to decree a sale of such real estate, if, upon the proof's, it shall be of opinion that it is expedient to do so, and to decree to the purchaser an absolute and com

plete title in fee simple. Application to Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That application for the sale of such

thereunder.

real estate shall be by bill in equity, verified by the oath or oaths of the party sell

. How made,

and proceedings or parties, in which all the facts shall be distinctly set forth, upon the existence of which it is claimed to be expedient that such sale should be decreed; which facts shall be proved by competent testimony. Such of the issue contemplated by the limitation as shall be in existence at the time of the application for the sale of such real estate, shall be made parties defendant to the bill, and if minors, by guardian ad litem, together with all who would take the estate in case the limitation over should never vest. Such of the parties defendant as shall be of the age of fourteen years or more shall answer in proper person, on oath, and all evidence shall be taken upon notice to the parties and to the guardian ad litem. SEC. 3. And be further enacted, That the proceeds of the sale of Disposition of

proceeds. such real estate shall be held under the control and subject to the order of the Court, and shall be vested, under its order and supervision, upon real and personal security, or in government securities; and the same shall, to all intents and purposes, be deemed real estate, and stand in the place of the real estate from the sale of which such proceeds have arisen, and as such real estate, be subject to the limitations of the deed or will. This act shall be in force from its passage.

APPROVED, August 18, 1856.

Guano islands

Proviso.

CHAP. CLXIV.-An Act to authorize Protection to be given to Citizens of the United Aug 18, 1856.

States who may discover Deposites of Guano. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That when any citizen or citizens of the United States may have discovered, or shall hereafter dis- discovered by cover, a deposit of guano on any island, rock, or key not within the law- belonging to othful jurisdiction of any other government, and not occupied by the citizens er countries,may of any other government, and shall take peaceable possession thereof, and be considered as occupy the same, said island, rock, or key may, at the discretion of the the United President of the United States, be considered as appertaining to the States. United States : Provided, however, That notice be given by such discoverer or discoverers, as soon as practicable, to the State Department of the United States, of such discovery, occupation, and possession, verified by affidavit, describing said island, rock, or key, and the latitude and longitude thereof, as near as may be, and showing that such possession was taken in the name of the United States, and that satisfactory evidence be furnished to the State Department that such island, rock, or key was not, at the time of the discovery thereof, or of the taking possession and occupation thereof by the claimants, in the possession or occupation of any other government or of the citizens of any other governinent.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said discoverer or discov- Rights of diserers, or his or their assigns, being citizens of the United States, may be coverers in such allowed, at the pleasure of Congress, the exclusive right of occupying said island, rocks, or keys, for the purpose of obtaining said guano, and of selling and delivering the same to citizens of the United States, for the purpose of being used therein, and may be allowed to charge and receive for every ton thereof delivered alongside a vessel, in proper tubs, within reach of ship's tackle, a sum not exceeding eight dollars per ton for the best quality, or four dollars per ton in its native place of deposit : Provided, however, That no guano shall be taken from said island, rock, or key, except for the use of the citizens of the United States, or of persons resident therein, as aforesaid. And provided, also, That said discoverer or discoverers, or his or their assigns, shall first enter into bonds, with such penalties or securities as may be required by the President, to deliver the said guano io citizens of the United States, for the purpose of being used therein, and to none others, and at the price aforesaid, and to provide all necessary facilities for that purpose within a time to be fixed

cases.

Provisos.

in said bond. And any breach of the provisions thereof shall be taker and deemed a forfeiture of all rights accruing under and by virtue of this

act.

United States

tain such islands.

Land and naval

Transportation Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the introduction of guano of sucli guano, from such islands, rocks, or keys, shall be regulated as in the coasting how regulated. trade between different parts of the United States, and the same laws

shall govern the vessels concerned therein.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That nothing in this act contained not bound to re- shall be construed obligatory on the United States to retain possession of

the islands, rocks, or keys, as aforesaid, after the guano shall have been

removed from the same. forces may be

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the President of the United employed to en- States is hereby authorized, at bis discretion, to employ the land and naforce said rights. val forces of the United States to protect the rights of the said discoverer

or discoverers or their assigns, as aforesaid.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That until otherwise provided by on such islands. law, all acts done, and offences or crimes committed, on every such island,

rocks, or keys, by persons who may land thereon, or in the waters adjacent thereto, shall be held and deemed to have been done or committed on the high seas, on board a merchant ship or vessel belonging to the United States, and be punished according to the laws of the United States relating to such ships or vessels and offences on the high seas; which laws, for the purposes aforesaid, are hereby extended to and over such islands, rocks, or keys.

APPROVED, August 18, 1856.

Provision

Aug. 18, 1856. CHAP. CLXV.-An Act to extend the Jurisdiction of the Corporation of the City of

Washington over the lower Eastern Branch or Navy-yard Bridge, and to regulate
Travel upon the upper Eastern Branch, or Benning's Bridge, and for other Pur-

poses.

said

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Corporation of

States of America in Congress assembled, That the bounds of the corWashington to poration of the City of Washington, be and the same are hereby exembrace Navy- tended so far as to comprehend the lower Eastern Branch, or Navy-yard yard bridge.

bridge ; and the said corporation is hereby empowered to adopt rules and regulations for the safety and security of property and of the persons

crossing the said bridge. Regulation of Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall not be lawful for persons travelling on

any person or persons to ride, drive or lead any horse, mule, or other bridge.

animal over the wooden part of the upper Eastern Branch, or Benning's Bridge at a faster gait than a walk; or to discharge any gun or other firearm on or under the said bridge, or from the causeway leading thereto : and all persons violating either of the provisions of this section shall forfeit and pay, for each and every such offence, a penalty of not more than ten, nor less than five dollars, to be recovered in the name of the United States before any magistrate of the county of Washington and District of Columbia, the money when collected to be handed over to the levy court and by them applied to such repairs and improvements of the road, leading to the bridge, as from time to time may be required.

APPROVED, August 18, 1856.

Aug. 18, 1856. CHAP. CLXVI. - An Act to fix the Graduation Periods for Lands in the Greensburg

District, in the State of Louisiana. Be il enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United In Greensburg

States of America in Congress assembled, That in classifying the undistrict the peri- sold and unappropriated public lands in the district of Greensburg, subods to be recko ject to sale, in the State of Louisiana, under the act entitled, “ An act to

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