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painter of the “Decadence,” as though he had ciation of the delights of a good table, he empainted only that one picture. How many times ployed an excellent cook, and his devoted wife have I not heard young painters exclaim: “Cou- took care that his meals should be of the best ture-ah, yes, Couture of the Romans. But he and his truffles of the largest. But for the rest died ages ago. Or, if he still vegetates some of the service a village girl was quite sufficient, where, he must be very old indeed. No one has and he deemed it by no means beneath their heard of him for many a long year!” In reality, dignity to utilize his wife and daughters in dowhen Couture died, in March, 1879, he was not mestic duties of the most active sort. sixty-four years of age.
In his country retreat he was not, however, The truth is that Couture never ceased work- abandoned. Pupils gathered about him, living ing, though he worked after a somewhat irregu- in the village so as to profit by the master's adlar fashion, giving himself numerous holidays. vice. Among these were many Americans. Mr. If he was neglected by the great mass of his Ernest Longfellow, son of the poet, was of the countrymen, he was appreciated elsewhere. number. Couture was an excellent master, and One of his most charming works, the “ Fal- took great interest in the progress of his pupils. coner," of which I made a copy the size of the His great precept was, “ Look at nature; copy original, is in Germany. But most of his pic- nature." He published a little book full of good tures were bought, I am glad to say, by Amer- advice to young artists, giving the result of icans. It is rather odd that the “nation of many years' experience. All his pupils were shopkeepers," as ours is often termed, should fond of him, which proves that the exterior pehave a love of art, and the instinct of the real culiarities which sometimes shocked strangers amateur, more fully developed than many an were soon overlooked by those who were able Old World country. When Millet was still, if not to appreciate his sterling qualities. A man unknown, at least violently criticized in France, who is loved by the members of his family, to America already possessed some of his best whom all his friends remain faithful, and who is works. Barye found his most fervent admirers appreciated by young people, is sure to be of in the United States. Couture painted almost a thoroughly lovable nature. Still, it must be exclusively for Americans.
owned that the first impression was not always Couture married rather late in life, and had quite agreeable. On one occasion an Ameritwo children, both girls. He was adored by his can, a rather shy and exquisitely polite genwife and daughters, and his married life was a tleman, and a great admirer of Couture's talent, very happy one. Perhaps, with our ideas on went, provided with a letter of introduction, to such matters, we might consider that his theory pay his respects to the master. The master was of the superiority of the male creature, and his in his bath, but when his wife told him of the right to absolute devotion on the part of his visit, “ Let him come in !” exclaimed he, and, womenfolk, was a reprehensible theory. But he much to our countryman's confusion, he was made an excellent father and husband in spite received by Couture, soaking placidly in his of his conviction that a man was not made to bath. He rather splashed his visitor, for, like be faithful to one woman, and that education many Frenchmen, he gesticulated freely while for girls was a dangerous modern notion, not conversing. to be encouraged by a reasonable man.
Couture was fond of telling the story of his In 1869 he purchased a country place at first pupil. He was still a young man when, Villiers-le-Bel, a short distance from Paris. The one morning, he heard a timid knock at his house dated from the time of Francis I., and door. “ Come in!” said he, in that big, gruff the garden, or rather park, was filled with grand voice of his, scarcely calculated to encourage old trees. Here he resided during the last ten shy visitors. A young fellow, slightly deformed, years of his life, going to Paris only during a few dressed like a well-to-do countryman, entered, months in winter. His peculiar ideas of hap- and, not without much hesitation and much piness caused him to live in what other mortals stuttering, begged the painter to take him in might consider great discomfort. Under pre- as pupil. “I have no pupils; and I wish for text that nature managed things for the best, none," was the discouraging answer. But the he never allowed a gardener to work on his youth, if he was timid, was tenacious; he would grounds. He was, besides, quite convinced that be so discreet; his master need not feel his pressuch hirelings made it a point to sell his vege- ence; all he asked for was a corner of the atelier tables and to steal his fruit. As a natural conse- from which he could see the great artist at work; quence the beautiful place went to ruin ; the he would make himself of use, wash the brushes, trees brought forth no fruit, and the earth yielded set the palette, run errands-do anything, in no vegetables. He himself took great delight short, that was required of him. Couture conin wearing peasant's garments and in walking in tinued to say no; the young man continued to sabots - they at least had nothing to do with plead. Finally the artist impatiently took up his civilization! But as he had a thorough appre- pipe and found that his tobacco-pouch was empty. “Go and buy me some tobacco!” he he painted a head from the model, and while cried. The young man disappeared, reappear- he painted made judicious remarks as to the ing soon; Couture smoked, was mollified — drawing, the color, the light and shade. Some and yielded.
of these heads, dashed off in two hours, are This strange pupil remained with him for charming. M. Barbedienne, Couture's great more than a year. Couture often wondered friend and admirer, possesses several of them. how he managed to live. He seemed poor, but In the same collection are numerous drawhe never borrowed money. He spent all his ings, sketches, half-finished pictures, most intertime working, without showing very great natu- esting to those who like to follow the workings ral talent, and Couture's excellent heart was of an original genius. Among these is the sketch much concerned. How was that poor fel- for his picture, the “ Love of Gold.” Seated at low ever to get salt for his porridge with his a table, a man with a fiendish face grasps bags painting?
of gold, jewels, and precious stones; crowding One day the pupil begged a great favor of about him, eager for the spoil, we see beautiful his master— to let him invite him to dinner. women, writers willing to sell their pen, artists Couture consented, and, to his amazement, the their brushes, warriors their valor. Couture's young man, dressed like a gentleman, took him love for symbolical painting grew with years, to the best restaurant in Paris and ordered the developed probably by solitude. In the very best dinner that restaurant could provide. retired life which he led he did not follow the
The poor, humble pupil, who ran on his er- movement of modern art; he even refused to rands and washed his brushes, was a very rich see what other artists did, declining to let them amateur whose passion for painting had led see his own works. Another of his symbolical him to seek the sincere and disinterested les- pictures, of which M. Barbedienne possesses a sons of a master he admired. Later, Couture large, nearly finished sketch, shows us a beauwent to visit his ex-pupil in the latter's beau- tiful young woman seated in a carriage, whip tiful château in Normandy, which contained in hand, driving, instead of horses, a group one of the finest collections of pictures and rare of men— among them a poet, a warrior, and curiosities in all France. It is needless to say a satyr-like old lover. I prefer, as a general that the master was received with enthusiasm thing, his simpler works. Among these I must by the pupil. M. Dutuit (the pupil) left his speak of a little picture representing a boy magnificent collection, with a large endow- carrying a tray on which are glasses full of wine ment, to the city of Rouen. One of the pic- or red syrup; his head is covered with a sort tures is a small whole length of Rembrandt, of white twisted cloth, and is singularly living which I once copied.
and strongly painted. Couture's love of symCouture's method of giving a lesson to his bolical pictures sometimes carried him to the pupils was as follows: While they looked on verge of caricature, as in his series of pictures
of lawyers. He had two pet hatreds - lawyers My poor friend died of a cancer in the stomand doctors. In M. Barbedienne's gallery are ach on the 27th of March, 1879. His loss was some very spirited drawings and sketches of a great sorrow to me. We had been young men lawyers speaking before the court, or sleeping together; we had seen years roll on without during the discourse of their brother lawyers. bringing any change in our mutual feelings, As to doctors, he never would allow one in his and when one of us experienced some success house. He was so violent in his animosity that, in life it was a joy to the other. For his talent when he fell ill, he refused all medical aid. And I had a sincere and profound admiration; for his was a terrible sort of disease, which could his strong and manly nature the greatest symnot be cured, although his sufferings might at pathy. He was a friend in the broadest and best least have been somewhat allayed.
sense of the word.
George P. A. Healy.
“I will be glad because it is the spring.” AMY LEVY.
I catch the May-flower's breath upon the breeze.
Swell their plumed, tuneful throats with love and glee;
Set free at last, run singing to the sea.
Nay; you yourself were young that other year:
My fond heart heard them, and stood still to hear.
And robbed the world and me for alien spheres ?
Your voice is on them, sadder than my tears ?
And you ?-oh, you were young in last year's May:
Are old, and share the secrets of the skies;
Since May no longer greets me with your eyes.
Nay; since for me the May has ceased to shine.
You made my spring; and now spring is not mine.
Louise Chandler Moulton.
ACH advancing year makes more ally keeps a small yacht in which to enjoy him
apparent the universality of a self when he feels like being master of his own
by the waters of the North At- that there are over 200 organized yacht-clubs lantic coast. We now find white sails in the in the United States, which enroll nearly 4000 least-expected places: yachts and yachters yachts. Of these, less than one thirteenth are where but a few years ago the only sailers were steam vessels, launches, etc., and not sailthe timid wild duck and the solemn mud-hen; ing-boats at all. One eleventh are classed as boats upon waters that have scarcely ceased large yachts, including many steam and sail to ripple from the agitation of their first inva- vessels, big schooners and sloops, all of more sion by a launched vessel ; butterfly canoes than forty feet water-line measurement. That scudding over rivers that not a decade since is to say, of 4000 recorded yachts, five sixths knew no alien thing save the Indian's dugout; are sailing vessels under 40 feet. This shows lakes upon which Hoat shapely vessels of pat- conclusively that the majority of American tern so modern that they almost seem uncouth yachts are small boats that are managed by in their intrusion upon Nature's primeval land- their owners. It is safe to assert that there are scape; sloops and cutters, schooners and cat- at least 2000 more small yachts which are not boats, every kind of sailing craft in short, that entered in clubs, and of which no exact record can be made to cater to the yachter's insa- can be given. tiate desire for sport. In yachting the United The 200 clubs report a membership of over States takes first rank; her yachts and yachters 7000 men, 4000 of whom are yacht-owners. outnumber and outsail those of all other coun- Leaving out one sixth of them as owners of tries. Few among the “land-lubbers” of the large and very costly vessels ranging in value country,and not many yachters, realize the mag- from $5000 to perhaps $500,000 each, and nitude of this national pastime. The Queen's assuming the average cost of the small yachts Cup races gave the sport a publicity which it to be about $1000, which is a low figure, one never had before, but even these events did not finds that five sixths of these 4000 yachts repbring to general public notice an adequate con- resent an invested capital of over $3,300,000: ception of the extent of this interest.
a large sum when it is remembered that yachts It is safe to estimate that there is at least one never pay back anything in profit to their buyyacht to every ten thousand people in the land, ers, and that, like horses and carriages, they eat and that an average yacht will carry at least ten up a good deal of money all the time. The avpersons. This means that there are at least six erage dues, etc., of a yacht-club are about $25 thousand yacht-owners in the country,and that a year, not counting extras. This, paid in by sixty thousand people may participate in plea- 7000 members of clubs, shows a revenue of sure-sailing: a large number, surely, to be de- $175,000 per annum, which really represents no voted to a sport which is necessarily confined part of the great cost of yachting, for every to localities near the water, and which is an yacht-owner has to pay his own expenses, and expensive pastime. The public hears much of the club dues are spent on shore. At a very low vessels of the Volunteer and Grayling types, estimate the owner of a small yacht will spend champions of the “big-boat" classes, but the $50 a month during the season of about five real yachters of the land are the owners of months. This means that the small-yacht sailers small boats; in fact, the big-boat owner gener- of the country spend at least $800,000 in a sea
son. How much their yachting costs the own- was that the only sail-boat known there was ers of the big boats it would be impossible to that most dangerous compound of two very state; the sum is enormous.
different ideas, the rowboat with a sail. But A glance at the distribution of the yacht-clubs proper principles in building have made it posof the country will not be uninteresting, even sible for the yachter to use the waters of this to old and well-informed yachting men, and mountain-bordered lake, and a successful club will prove beyond question that American has been established. yachting, like American education and Amer- Lake Champlain is one of the most delightican politics, is not the especial prerogative ful yachting grounds anywhere away from the of any part of the country. A map of the sea. At Burlington, on the Vermont shore, there United States will show that in certain regions is a large and ambitious yacht-club. Many there are lakes, many of which are not little of the earlier Champlain yachts were vessels ponds, such as charm the eye of the tourist bought in New York harbor, and thence towed in foreign lands, but large bodies of water up the Hudson River, and through the canal admirably adapted for the sailing of yachts; to the lake. In the once desert wastes of Utah and investigation proves that the yachts are is a remarkable body of water, the Great Salt there. Passing for the present those fresh- Lake, upon which a few sloops and catboats, as water seas known as the Great Lakes, and di- well as steamers and rowboats, are to be seen. recting attention to smaller and less generally known fresh waters, we find a lively interest in sailing in Minneapolis, whose people support a flourishing club of 200 members. Their fifty boats, some of them of the best Eastern design, ply from the clubhouse on Lake Minnetonka, which has an irregular shoreline nearly a hundred miles in the circuit. There is yachting also on the White Bear Lake near St. Paul, although no club exists there. In Wisconsin, in addition to the yachting interests on the borders of Lake Michigan and Green Bay, there is a club at Oshkosh, on Lake Winnebago; another at Oconomowoc, on La Belle Lake; and a third at Tomahawk Lake. These yacht clubs of two States are represented by an average of 40 boats each, which is as good a showing as some of the oldest clubs of New York harbor can The lake is about seventy-five miles long, has make.
many islands, and is a good sailing ground, exl'pon the lakes which form the central New cept that the yachter must be wary of spray York group there are yachts innumerable, and from the bow, since the water is so strongly of every type known to the boat-sailer. The charged with chemicals that a drop of it in the yacht-lovers of that region maintain three large human eye will cause pain and inflammation. and well-equipped clubs, whose members sail Upon the five great lakes which form the those often perilous waters; for lake-sailing is chain of waterways from Duluth, Minnesota, no boys' play, and one who would handle a to Kingston, Canada, floats a yachting fleet
, yacht in treacherous inland waters must be which is equal in all points of excellence to a good sailor indeed, or his sailing time may any in the world. These tempestuous freshbe short. Lake George, because of its treacher- water seas are of uncertain temper, like the ous winds, was until recently considered unfit North Atlantic, and none but doughty seamen for sailing, and twenty years ago a sail-boat may go upon them in safety. Cleveland and was rarely seen upon its waters. The trouble Detroit, Milwaukee and Erie, each has its well
ENGRAVED BY C. SCHWARZBURGER.
OFF FOR A CRUISE.