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Ascalon, taken possession of by Cæur de ATTWOOD, Mr., speech in Parliament on the
Lion, i 192.

yeneral distress (1833), iv. 413.
ASCHAM, Roger, tutor of Elizabeth, ii. 266. AUCKLAND, capital of New Zealand, v. 310.
Ashile, Captain, chosen to be hangeil in re- AUCKLAND, Lori, governor of India, his

prisal for execution of an American officer, reasons for entering on the Afghan War,
iv. 275, pardonet, 275.

V. 48; his proclamation, 53, 54; superseded
AsGill, Lady, mother of the above, applies by Lorul Ellenborough, 54.

to Marie Antoinette for release of ber son, AUDLEY, Lord, at lead of insurrection
iv. 276.

against Henry VII., ii. 105, 106; executed,
ASHAM, ANTHONY, adherent of Parliament, 106.
murdered at Madrid, ini. 150.

AUDLEY, Sir James, at battle of Poictiers,
ASHANTEE, English expedition into, v. 341, i. 325.
ASHANTEES, King of, v. 310, 341.

AUGEREAU, Marshal, his delay in joining
ASHBURNHAM, valet of Charles I., iii. 73; Napoleon, iv. 398; Napoleon's reproaches,

his negotiation with Cromwell, 86 ; cleclincs 399.
to treat with the soldiers, 88; carries letter AUGUSTENBURG, Duke of, his claim to the
of the king to the army, 89; withdrawn Schleswig-llolstein provinces, v. 315.
from service of the king, 93; accompanies | AUGUSTINE, first missionary to the Anglo-
his tight, 91, 9.).

Saxons, i. 34-37.
ASHE, Mr., moves the rc-establishment of | Aulus PLAUTIUS, Roman general in Britain,
monarchy under Cromwell, iii. 178.

i. 18.
Asiiley, Ashley Cooper, Lord, iii. 233; | AUMALE, Count of, at capture of Verneuil,
member of “Cabal" ministry, 26.); sus-

ii. 17.
pends payment of principal of loans

Duc d', his marriage with Queen
advanced by London, 268. See Shaftes. Isabella proposed, v. 112.
bury.

AUSTERLITZ, battle of, iv, 373.
Aske, Robert, at head of insurgents against Austin, juror ou trial of the seven bishops,

Henry VIII., ii. 187; overtures made to, iii. 312.
188; executed, 189.

AUSTRALIA, penal colonies in, v. 288, 289;
Askew, ANNE, preaches reformed doc- almost complete independence of, 375.
trines, ii. 210; burnell, 211.

AUSTRIA, concludes Treaty of Worms with
AspERN, battle of, iv. 391.

France and Sardinia, iv. 153; accedes to
Assis, Chevalier d', his heroism at siege of peace of Aix-la-Chapelle, 180; concludis
Wesel, iv. 213.

alliance with France, 192; weakened by
ASSENDON, battle of, i. 45.

the Seven Years' War, 220; concludes
Asser, historian of Alfreil the Great, quoted, peace with Prussia (peace of Huberts-

i. 4.5-47; invited to court of Alfred, 59. burg, 1763), 220–221; peace of Campo-
Astley, Sir Jacob, major-reneral in army Formio with France (1797), 331; joins coit-

of Charles I., iii. 26; defeated at Stow; lition against French Republic, 313; con
taken prisoner, 72.

cludes peace of Luneville with France,
ASTURIAS, Louis, Prince of, son of Philip 311; accedex to coalition against Napolcon
V., in Spanish camp, iv. 118.

(180.5), 369; mediates between the allies and
Atu, taken by Marlborough, 1706, iv. 56; Napoleon (1813), 397; interferes in atfairs

its fortifications dismantleil, 1831, v. 395. of Naples, 416; her policy in regard 10
ATIIELING, MARGARET. See Margaret Turkish question, v. 31, 33; concludes
Atheling.

with England convention of July, 1810,
ATHELING EDGAR. See Edgar Atheling. 36; concurs in treaty of 1811, 100; Hun-

EDWARD. See Edward Atheling. garian revolt against, 141; takes part in
ATHELNEY, (Ethelingaia), Island of the No- conference at Vienna, 178; her proclama-
bles, i. 48, 49.

tion in favor of maintaining the Ottoman
ATHELSTAN, (895-940), first king of the An- Empire, 182 ; instigates new conference at
glo-Saxons, i. 63, 61.

Vienna, 219; negotiates for peace, 233;
ATHENS, Mr. Gladstone's popularity in, v. Italian revolt against, 302; loss of power
295.

in Italy, 303; connives at Polish insurrec-
ATHERTON Moor, battle of, ii. 34,

tion, 312; concurs in scheme for pacifica
ATULONE, captured by Ginckel (1691), üi. 388. tion of Poland, 313; her power weakened
ATIILONE, Earl of. See Ginckel.

by war with Prussia in 1866, v. 356: Guie
Ariol, Duke of. See Tullibardine.

zot's estimate of her rivalry with Prussia
Athol, Marquis of, remains neutral during and consequences of defeat in war of 1806,
insurrection of Dundee, iii. 376.

356-359; folly of her alliance with Prussia
ATREBATES, Belgian tribe, i. 15.

against Denmark, 358.
ATTERBURY, FRANCIS, (1662–1732), made

Archdukes of:
Bishop of Rochester, iv. 83; proposes pro- ALBERT, takes possession of Calais, ii. 344;
claiming James III. on death of Quieen married to daughter of Philip II., 350.
Anne, 90 ; letter of Bolingbroke to, 91; CHARLES. See Emperors of Germany.
member of council for conducting affairs

-, son of Ferdinand I., ii. 278; nego-
of the Pretender; organizes plot in huis tiations for his marriaye with Queen
favor; imprisoned in the Tower, 125; his Elizabeth, marries daughter of Duke of
appeal to the llouse ou his triul, 126-128 ; Bavaria, 299,
exiled to France, 128.

son of Leopold I., iv. 33; made

AUSTRIA, Archdukcs of (continued):

Edward III., i. 318; put to death by
heir to Spain by second Treaty of Parti- Charguy, 319.
tion, 34; dispuics the throne with Philip AyscouGH, Sir GEORGE, English admiral,
V., 54, 55; brought to Madrid, 66; pro- iii. 156.
posed elevation to the empire, 68. See AZELIN, citizen of Caen, i. 119.
Germany, Charles VI.

AZIMOOLAH Kuan, emissary of Nana Sahib
CHARLES, son of Leopold II., defends he- to London, v. 251; stimulates ambition of

reditary states of Emperor of Austria, iv. his master, 252.
334 ; defeats Napoleon at Aspern (1809), Azores, expedition against, ii. 345.

391,
LEOPOLD, plants his banner on the ram-
parts of Acre, i. 191; leaves arıny of the

B.
Crusaders, 192; imprisons Richard Caur-
de-Lion, 196; excommunicated, 199. BABINGTON, Sir ANTHONY, his conspiracy in
MAXIMILIAN. See Emperors of Ger- favor of Mary Stuart, ii. 324, 325.
many.

BACIOcchi, Princess Elisa, sister of Napo-
proclaimed Emperor of Mexico, v. leon Bonaparte, Lucca bestowed upon her
337; his death, 339.

by Bonaparte, iv. 369.
Pailip. See Sovereigns of Spain, Philip. Bacon, FRANCIS, Lord (1561-1626), his

Don John of, Governor of Low Coun- anecdotc of Queen Elizabeth, ii. 268, 269;
tries, his project to invade England, ii 317. prosecutes Earl of Essex, 351, 352 ; joins

Don John of, Spanish general, iii. Somerset in intrigues against Parliament,
190; defeated at battle of the Dunes, 191. gains name of Undertaker, 396; conducts

Duke of, ally of Edward I., i. 258. trial of Somerset, 397; made Keeper of the

Margaret of. See Margaret of Aus- Seals, disgraced, made Lord Verulam and
tria.

Chancellor, 399; charges against him, his
Emperors of:

trial, confession, 404; sentence, literary
FRANCIS I. (II. of Germany), declares war works, death, 405.

against France, iv. 321 ; his army takes BACON, NICHOLAS (1510–1579), Keeper of
possession of Conde and Valenciennes, the Seals under Elizabeth, ii. 269; repri-
325; subsidies voted for by Parliament, mands the Commons, 308.
333; his hereditary states invaded by BADAJOZ, capture of, by Wellington, 1812,
French, 331; joins Holy Alliance, 1815, iv. 396.
403, 401.

BADLESMERE, Lady, wife of Governor of
LEOPOLD, iv. 320. See Germany, Leopold Leeds Castle, i. 281.
II.

BAGNALL, Sir HENRY, defeated and killed at
FRANCIS JOSEPH, v. 337.

Blackwater, ii. 348.
AUSTRIA, House of, domains claimed by BAGNARA, taken possession of by Richard

Elector of Bavaria, iv. 148; alliance with Caur-de-Lion, i. 188.
House of Bourbon, 192.

BAILLIE of Jerviswood, refuses to inform
Austrian Succession, war of (1741-1748), ayainst Whig conspirators, iii, 293.
iv. 1 19.

General, his detachmcut destroyed
AUTEROCHE, Count d', at battle of Fontenoy, by Hyder Ali, iv. 289.
iv. 15).

BAIREUTH, MARGRAVE of, unsuccessful
AUVERGNE, becomes possession of English campaign on the Rhine, 1807, iv. 58.

crown on accession of Henry II., i. 149; BaJee Rao, Peishwah of Poonah, v. 251.
overrun by the Black Prince, 321.

BAKARA, Ameer of, English prisoners in his
Avaux, Count d', French envoy at the

power, v. 55.
Hague, iii. 317 ; with James II. in Ireland, BAKER, Major Henry, takes command at
369; his difficulties, 370; quoted, 371; his Londonderry, iii. 371.
account of the battle of Newton-Butler, BALAKLAVA, v. 188, 197; British base of
373; returns to France, 383; recalled to operations in Crimean War, 199, 200.
Paris, iv. 40.

battle of, v. 202-207.
Avevou, Baron, in army of William III. in Balance of Power, in Europe, disturbed by
Ireland, iji. 383.

Franco-Prussian War, v. 390 ; M. Guizot's
AVIGNON, first Pretender takes refuge in, iv. estimate of its importance, 396, 397.
107.

BALCARRAS, Count, concerned in Dundee's
AVRANCHES, William the Conqueror enter- insurrection in Scotland, ii. 374.

tains Harold at, i. 90; regained by France, BALDOCK, Chancellor, in reign of Edward I.,
ii. 40.

his death, i. 284.
AXTELL, DANIEL, in command of the guard BALFOUR, Sir WILLIAM, Governor of the

at trial of Charles I., iii 112, 114; excluded Tower, ii. 434; deprived of his position,
from amnesty of 1660, 253.

447; in command of cavalry under Earl of
AYALA, Don Pedro, Spanish ambassador, Essex, üi. 52.
ii. 107

BALIOL, BERNARD, at battle of the Standard,
AYLOFPE, compromised in Whig conspira- I. 141.

cies, in exile in Holland, iii. 309; engaged EDWARD. See Sovereigns of Scot-
in Monmouth's insurrection, 310; attempts

land.
suiciile, interrogated by James II., 314.

HENRY, brother of the above, killed
AYMERIE of Pavia, Governor of Calais under at Annan, i. 294.

BALL, JOHN, priest, one of the insurgents in judge Odo of Bayeux, 115; invade France
reign of Richard II, hanged, i. 319.

under the Conqueror, 117; their discon-
BALMERINO, Lori, concerned in Jacobite re- tent under William Rufus, 120; assembled

bellion of 1745, his trial and execution, iv. in London, proclaim Henry I., 126; ui-
178.

vided in allegiance, 128, 129; convoked to
Baltic Sea, the, war between Sweden and swear allegiance to Prince William, 132;

Denmark in regard to, iii. 210; English protest against marriage of Empress Maud,
expedition to, under Parker and Nelson, 135; elcct Stephen, 138; his popularity
iv. 353; English tleet in, during the Cri- with the majority, 139; insurrections of
mean war, v. 188.

those supporting Mand, 139, 140; unite
BaltiMORE, Massachusetts regiment at- in acknowledging her, 143; fortify them-
tacked by mob in, v. 3:22.

selves in their castles, 146; council of, con-
BANGOR, Abbot of, i. 37; monks of, massa- voked by Henry II., 168; their disloyalty
cred by Saxons, 37.

to him, 182; do not support Longchamp,
BANISTER, delegate to American Congress, 197 ; remain faithful to Richard, 199; won
Washington's letter to, iv. 250.

over by John, 204; their discontent, 207,
BANK Charter Act of 1844, v. 280.

209; convoked by Archbishop Langton,
of England, established in 1694, iii. 211; their oaths, 212, 213; present their
404; its jealousy of South Sea Company, demands to John, 213; rise against him,
iv. 122; attacked in the Gordon riots, 255; 214; extort Magna Charta from him, 215;
authorized to increase its circulation, v. wage war against him, 216, 217; call in
280.

aid from France, 218; their discord, 219;
BANTRY BAY, action in, iii. 399.

acknowledge Henry III., 221; their quar-
Bar, Duchy of, Maryaret of Anjou takes rels, 223; their assembly first called Par-
refuge in, ii. 55.

liament, 224; refuse to support war with
Earl of, son-in-law of Edward I., i. France, 227; exact ratification of their lib-
254.

erties, 229; their demands, 230; under
BARANTE, M. de, Guizot's letter to, v. 27, 28. Simon of Montfort, 231; exact oatlis from
BARBAZON, Sire de, defends Melun against Henry III. and Prince Eilwarii, 232; their
Henry V., i. 403.

dissensions encourage the king to resi-t
BARBEZIEUX, Marquis of, son of Louvois, them, 233; defeat him at Lewes, 231; swear

secretary of state to Louis XIV., iii. 400. allegiance to Edward I., 239; their resist.
BARBIER, Advocate, his journal quoted, ref- ance to him, 256, 257; demand ratification

erence to Emperor Charles VII., iv. 150; of his concessions, 261, 262; their victory,
remarks on assistance promised by France 263; discontent under Edward II., 273,
to Charles Edward, 163, 164; letter on 274; capture Gaveston, 275; execute him,
French War in America, 189.

276; their jealousy of Despencer, 280; rise
BARCELONA, captured by Vendôme, iv. 23; against Edward, 280, 281; depose him,
by Peterborough, 54.

285.
BARCLAY, Sir GEORGE, heads plot for assas. Barras, Count de (1755-1829), his power in

sination of William III., conimissioned by France after 18th Fructidor, iv. 338.
James, iv. 17, 18.

BARRE, Colonel, Pitt's arrangement with
BARDOLF, Lord, friend of Earl of Northum- him as to clerkship of the polls, iv. 301.

berland, dies of wound received at Bran- BarkÈRE, BERTRAND (1755-1841), moves in
ham Heath, i. 374.

the Convention, decree of no quarter to
“ BAREBONES Parliament." See Parliament. English and Hanoverians, iv. 326.
BARFLEUR, taken by Edward III., i. 304. BART, JEAN, French privateer, iii. 402.
BARILLON, ambassador of Louis XIV. to BARTHÈLEMY, M., envoy of French Repub-

England, iii. 294, 307, 308; quoted, 317; lic at Basle, iv. 329.
letter to Louis on revocation of Edlict of BARTON, ANDREW, naval commander of
Nantes, 323, 324; letters to Lous, 326, 327, James V. of Scotland, defeated and killed
329, 333; interview with James II., 330; in engagement with Sir Edward Howard,
under influence of Sunderland, 347; ex- ii. 121.
planation of James II. to him, 353; letter

ELIZABETII, Holy Maid of Kent, ii.
on return of James II., 357.

173; executed, 1534, 174.
BARKSTEAD, Colonel, Lieutenant of the

John, brother of Andrew, naval
Tower under Cromwell, iii. 188.

commander of James V., ii. 121.
BARNARD, Sir HENRY, takes command of BARU KZYES, tribe of, v. 47.
Indian army on death of Anson, v. 246. BARWICK, JOHN, his letter to Edward Hyde,

Sir ALEXANDER, agent of Lord iii. 200.
Auckland in Afghanistan, v. 47; mur. BasÈLE, Monk of, Knight of King Philip of
dered, 49.

Valois, i. 308.
Dr. Robert, dependant of Thomas Basle, Congress at (1794-1795), iv. 328,
Cromwell, ii. 197; burned at the stake 331; peace of (1795), Tuscany, Prussia,
(1540), 198.

and Sweden with the French Republic,
BARNET, battle of, ii. 62, 63.

331.
"BARONETAGE," James I. creates title of, ii. Bastille, the, fall of, Fox's exultation at,
396.

iv. 315.
Barons, urge William the Conqueror to take BASTWICK, JOHN, arrested, ii. 421 ; his sca-

the crown, i. 107; council of, assembled to tence, 422.

BATBY, JOnn, heretic, burned at Smithfield, | BATTLES (continued):
i. 381.

Dunbar, 1650, iii. 141.
BATEMAN, executed for giving assistance to Dunes, battle of the, 1658, iii. 191.
Titus (ates, iii. 322.

Duplin Heath, 1332, i. 293.
BATEs, servant of Catesby, ii. 391.

Edgebill, 1642, iii. 27, 28.
Batu, Bishop of, Thomas Ken, signs peti. Essling. See Aspern.

tion against Declaration of Indulgence, iii. Ethandune, 878, i. 50.
333, 339.

Evesham, 1265, i. 236.
Earl of, present at deathbed of Eylau, 1807, iv. 381.
Charles II., iii. 297.

Falkirk, 1298, i. 262.
Earl of, William Pulteney, his en-

1746, iv. 170.
mity to Robert Walpole, iv. 134; in oppo- Farnham, 884, i. 52.
sition, 140; becomes Lord Bath, 150; Flodden, 1513, ii. 125, 126.
Walpole's observation to him; declines Fleurus, 1690, iii. 386.
office, 151.

Fontenoy, 1745, iv. 154-156.
BATTERSEA, country-house and birth-place Formigny, 1450, ii. 40.
of Bolingbroke, iv. 146.

Friedland, 1807, iv. 381.
BATTLE ABBEY, built by William the Con- Futtelipore, 1857, v. 255, 256.
queror near Hastings, i. 106.

Germantown, 1777, iv. 246.
BATTLES :-

Gettysburg, 1863, v. 338.
Aboukir, 1798, iv. 313; 1801, 334.

Gravelines, 1558, ii, 262.
Aghrim, 1591, iii. 388.

Grossmont, 1405, i. 372.
Agincourt, 1415, i. 390-392.

Guzerat, 1849, v. 242.
Alcoba, 1810, iv. 395,

Halidon Hill, 1333, i. 293.
Alma, the, 1854, v. 191, 192.

Hastenbeck, 1757, iv. 195.
Almanza, 1707, iv. 57.

Hastings, i. 1066, 104.
Arapiles, 1812, iv. 396.

lleugely Moor, 1464, ii, 15.
Ariloch Moor, i, 23.

Heligoland, 1864, v. 346.
Aspern, 1809, iv. 391.

Heliopolis, 1800, iv. 353.
Assendon, 871, i. 45.

Hexham, 1464, ii. 55.
Atherton Moor, 1643, ii. 34.

Hochkirch, 1758, iv. 197
Austerlitz, 1805, iv. 373.

Hochstett, 1800, iv. 344.
Balaklava, 1854, v. 202-207.

Hohenlinden, 1800, iv. 314.
Bannockburn, 1314, 276-278.

Homililon Hill, 1402, i. 367.
Barnet, 1471, ii. 62, 63.

Inkerman, 1854, v. 209-213.
Baugé, 1421, i. 405.

Inverlochy, 1645, iii. 58.
Bautzen, 1813, iv. 397.

Jarnac, 1569, ii. 302.
Baylen, 1808, iv. 387.

Jemmapes, 1792, iv. 322.
Beachy Head, 1690, iii. 386.

Jena, 1806, iv. 378.
Bergen, 1759, iv. 210.

Killicrankie, 1689, iii. 376, 377.
Blenheim, 1704, iv, 53.

Kolin, 1757, iv. 194.
Bosworth, 1485, č. 82, 83.

La Hogue, 1692, iii. 399.
Bothwell Bridge, 1679, iji. 284.

Langport, 1645, iii. 64.
Boyne, the, 1690, iii. 384.

Lawtelt, 1747, iv. 170.
Brandywine, 1777, iv. 246.

Leipzig, 1813, iv. 397.
Branham Heath, 1408, i. 374.

Lexington, 1775, iv. 236.
Brentford, 1642, iii. 28.

Ligny, 1815, iv. 401.
Brenville, 1119, 133.

Lincoln, 1141, i. 143.
Bull Run, 1861, v. 324.

Lissa, 1757, iv. 196.
Bunker Hill, 1775, iv. 238.

Little Canglar, 1488, ii. 103.
Camperdown, 1797, iv. 338.

London, 839, i. 41.
Canterbury, 839, i. 41.

Loudon Hill, 1307, i. 270.
Chalgrove, 1643, iii. 33

Lowestoft, 1665, iii. 261.
Chevy Chase, 1388, i. 351.

Lutzen, 1813, iv. 397.
Chillianwallah, 1849, v. 241.

Maida, 1806, iv. 380.
Coleshill, 1157, i. 151.

Malplaquet, 1709, iv. 64.
Copenhagen, 1801, iv. 353.

Marengo, 1800, iv. 344.
Corbicsdalc, 1650, iii. 134.

Marignan, 1515, ii. 129.
Corrichic, ii. 282.

Marston Moor, 1644, iii. 49, 50.
Corunna, 1809, iv. 387.

Mcanee, 1843, v. 152.
Crécy, 1346, i. 307-311.

Methven, 1306, i. 267.
Crevant, 1423, ii. 15, 16.

Minden, 1759, iv. 210.
Crevelt, 1758, iv. 197.

Moncontour, 1569, ii. 302.
Cropredybridge, 1644, iii. 48.

Mortimer's Cross, 1461, ii. 49.
Culloden, 1746, iv. 173.

Mungulwar, 1857, v. 258.
Dantzic, 1807, iv. 381.

Nancy, 1477, ii. 78.
Denain, 1712, iv. 74.

Naseby, 1645, iji. 61-63.
Dettingen, 1743, iv. 153.

Navarette, 1367, i. 332.
Drayton, 1459, ii. 46.

Neerwinden, 1693, iii. 402, 403.
Dresden, 1813, iv. 397.

Nesbit Moor, 1402, i. 367.

V. 36.

BATTLES (continued):-

Nevil's Cross, 1316, 1. 301.
Newburne, 1640, ii. 427.
Newbury, 1643, iii. 39.

1644, iii. 53, 54.
Newton-Butler, 1689, iii. 372, 373.
Northampton, 1460, ii. 46.
Oakly, 851, i. 42.
Orthez, 1814, iv. 400.
Oudcnarde, 1708, iv. 59.
Patay, 14:29, ii. 27.
Pavia, 152), ii. 149.
Philip-Haugh, 1645, iii. 68.
Pinkie, 1547, ii. 222.
Plassey, 1757, iv, 207.
Poitiers, 1356, i. 322–325.
Porto Novo, 1781, iv. 289.
Preston, 1648, iii. 102.
Prestonpans, 1745, iv. 161, 162.
Princeton, 1776, iv. 242.
Quatre Bras, 1815, iv. 401.
Ramilies, 1706, iv. 57.
Raucoux, 1746, iv. 179.
Revoux, 207, i. 24.
Rochester, 839, i. 41.
Roncesvalles, 1813, iv 398.
Rosbach, 1757, iv. 196.
Rosebecque, 1382, i. 350.
Sadowa, 1866, v. 356.
St. Albans, 1455, ii. 45.

1461, ii. 49.
Saint-Aubin-du-Cormier, 1488, ii. 95.
Saint Vincent, 1797, iv. 334.
Sedgemoor, 1683), iii. 317.
Sherbourne, 1645, iii. 68.
Sheritfimuir, 1715, 1v. 101, 102.
Shrewsbury, 1403, i. 369, 370.
Sole Bay, 1672, ii. 269.
Solway Moss, 1542, ii. 204.
Spurs, battle of the, 1513, 11. 123, 124.
Siandarı, battle of the (North Allerton),

1137, i. 141, 142.
Steinkirk, 1692, iii. 401.
Stirling, 1297, i. 260.
Stoke, 1487, ii. 93.
Stow, 1646, 1. 72.
Talavera, 1809, iv. 389.
Tchernaya, 1855, v. 224.
Teneritfc, 1656, iii. 186.
Tewkesbury, 1471, ii. 63.
Tinchebrai, 1106, 1. 130.
Torrington, 1646, ini. 71.
Toulouse, 1814, iv. 400.
Towton, 1561, ii. 52.
Trafalgar, 1805, iv. 371, 372.
Ushant, 1778, iv. 231.
Valladolid, 1818, iv. 385.
Valmy, 1792, iv. 322.
Verneuil, 1424, ii. 17.
Villa Viciosa, 1710, iv. 65.
Vimeiro, 1808, iv. 386.
Vittoria, 1813, iv. 398.
Wagram, 1809, iv. 391, 392.
Wakefield, 1460, ii. 48.
Waterloo, 1815, iv. 401.
Wilton, 1142, i. 146.
Worcester, 1651, iii. 145, 146.
Zornılorf, 1758, iv. 197.
Zutphen, 1586, 11. 345.

BAUDIN, French vice-admiral, his feet dis-

persed by English, iv. 394.
BAUDRAND, General, M. Guizot's letter to,
BAUDRICOURT, Sirc dc, his treatment of Joan

of Arc, ii. 23.
BAUGÈ, battle of, i. 405.
BAUTZEN, battle of, iv. 397.
BAVARIA, Duke of, his daughter marries
Archduke of Austria, ii. 299.

Elcctor of, Maximilian Emanuel
(1662–17:26), death of liis son, adopted by
Charles II. of Spain, iv. 31; at head oi
German Princes, 34; Governor of Low
Countries, orders surrender of frontier
towns to Louis XIV., 39, 40; joined by
Tallard, 52; ctfects retreat after Bleuheini,
53; harasses march of Prince Eugene, 58.

Elector of, Charles Albert, (1697-
1745), liis claim to part of dominions of
Austria on death of Charles VI., iv. 148;
becomes Emperor of Germany, 1742, 150.
See Germany, Charles VII.

Elector of, Maximilian Joseplı, gains
Tyrol by Peace of Presbury (1805), iv.373.

Electoral Prince of, adopted by
Charles II. of Spain, lus death, iv. 31.

Isabel of. See Isabel of Bavaria.
, Louis of, letter from llenry VIII.
to, ii. 138.
BAXTER, RICHARD, opposes Declaration of

Indulgence, iii. 334, 335.
BAYARD, (1475–1524), Chevalier, marches to

relieve Therouenne, ii. 123; his death, 149.
BAYEUX, regained by France, ii. 40.
BAYEUX, Opo, Bishop of, brother of William

the Conqueror, i. 95-104; intrusted with
government of England, 108; made Earl
of Kent; his character; aspires to papacy,
114; imprisoned by the Conqueror, 115;

supports Robert C'urthose, 120, 121.
BAYLEN, battle of, iv. 387.
BAYONNE, camp of Marshal Soult at, iv. 400.
BEACHY HEAD, batile of, iii. 386.
BEALES, EDMOND, President of Reform

League, v. 364.
BEATON, Cardinal David, liis influence over

James V., ii. 203; claims the regency;
imprisoned, 205 ; regains his liberty ; 18
reconciled with Arran, 207; his fanaticism;

his assassination, 209.
BEAUCHAMP, Lord, nephew of Earl of Es-

sex, iii. 51.
BEAUFORT, Cardinal, half-brother of Henry

IV., as Bishop of Winchester, his speech
in Parliament, i. 385; appointed to educate
Henry VI., ii. 14; his quarrel with Glouce.
ster; made cardinal, 19; sends reinforce-
ments to Duke of Bedford, 28; his dispo-
sal of remains of Joan of Arc, 34; crowns
Henry VI., 35; at council of Arras, 32;

his death, 39.
BEAUFORT, JANE, marrics James I. of Scot-
land, ii. 16.

MARGARET. See Richmond, Coun.
tess of.
BEAUJEU, M. de, in command of French

troops in America, defeats Braddock, iv.
191.

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