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CONTAINING EVERY THING NECESSARY FOR THE DEFENSE OF THE
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1868, by
MIAMI PRINTING AND PUBLISHING CO., In the Clerk's office of the District Court of the United States, in and for the Southern
District of Ohio.
Ins. Seury B. Jag
The editor and compiler of this work, from his previous professional occupation, was enabled to accumulate a vast amount of material, which, properly condensed and arranged, would be of service to Democratic speakers and editors, in the great National duty they are called upon to discharge to their country in the existing Presidential campaign. Wishing to contribute to the cause, which he believes to be the cause of good government, and the only hope for the restoration of a Constitutional Union, as much of personal service as he may be capable of rendering, he has prepared the book which follows with a view of facilitating the Democratic champions of the Constitution in the great work of defense and assault which is to distinguish them during this campaign, and which is to rescue the nation from the anarchy of Radicalism, or consign it permanently to the disintegrating and destructive influences of that revolutionary school. His great difficulty has been to condense a great deal into as little space as possible; and while his book omits very much that he would like to embrace in it, in order to bring it within the space to which he is restricted, he believes it will serve, to a great extent, to relieve the use of the ponderous scrap-books and authorities which are so burdensome to the prosecution of an active political campaign.
The nomination of Horatio Seymour and Francis P. Blair, jr., by the National Democratic Convention, and the distinct and patriotic platform upon which they were placed, gives assurance to the nation that the ancient Guard of the Constitution is still intact, and that, like the famous Guard of Napoleon, it “never surrenders.” Should it triumph in this, the most critical hour of the nation's peril, a return of the Government to its natural and Constitutional motion will give repose to domestic strife, security to the individual rights of the citizens, restored Constitutional governments to
oppressed and proscribed States, and protection to each of the coordinate branches of the Government against the assaults of either or both of the others. It will reinvigorate and put in exercise the discarded checks and balances of the Constitution; and, by making its administration in all of its departments to conform to the organic law, it will re-elevate the nation to its former position of commanding respect, and place it on the highway to still greater achievement than the most hopeful votaries of the system ever anticipated, or the most sanguine prophet stretched his vision to foresee. Should this result be the crowning compensation of the present Democratic effort, the contribution toward it, though small, of this endeavor to aid the champions of the public liberty in the fierce struggle for the right, will afford a sufficient satisfaction to the editor for the labor this work has cost.
The arrangement of matter is not as perfect as was intended, owing to the delay in procuring and preparing portions of it after other parts referring to the same subject had necessarily been furnished to the printer--a difficulty inseparable from a work prepared, as this has been, in a great hurry, and under circumstances of great embarrassment.
The political classification of Congressmen on certain votes is according to their party associations at the time when they were called upon to act on the various questions.
To the Democratic speakers and editors of the country the compiler and editor dedicates his labors, because upon them depends the good work which is to produce the fruit of a restored Constitution, on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November next.
CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. been seven years a citizen of the ITS ABNEGATION BY RADIOALISM.
United States, and who shall not, We the People of the United States, when elected, be an inhabitant of that
in order to form a more perfect State in which he shall be chosen. Union, establish Justice, insure do
Representatives and direct taxes mestic Tranquillity, provide for the shall be apportioned among the sevcommon defense, promote the gen
eral States which may be included eral welfare, and secure the bless within this Union, according to their ings of Liberty to ourselves and our respective numbers, which shall be Posterity, do ordain and establish determined by adding to the whole this CONSTITUTION for the United number of free persons, including States of Americal
those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not
taxed, three-fifths of all other persons. ARTICLE I.
The actual enumeration shall be made Section 1. All legislative powers within three years after the first meetherein granted shall be vested in a ing of the Congress of the United Congress of the United States, which States, and within every subsequent shall consist of a Senate and House term of ten years, in such manner as of Representatives.
they shall by law direct. The number Sec. 2. The House of Representa- of Representatives shall not exceed tives shall be composed of members one for every thirty thousand, but each chosen every second year by the people State shall have at least one Repreof the several States, and the electors sentative; and until such enumeration in each State shall have the qualifica- shall be made, the State of New tions requisite for electors of the Hampshire shall be entitled to choose most numerous branch of the State three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Legislature.
Island and Providence Plantations Ño person shall be a Representa- one, Connecticut five, New York six, tive who shall not have attained to New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, the age of twenty-five years, and Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia
1 The Preamble violated by the Radical posing upon them the most cruel and oppressive party, in this : that the blessings of liberty are measures, pretending to be laws, and sustained denied to the people of ten States, who, by act by the United States Army, a partisan Militia, of Congress, are subjected to the government of armed with Federal bayonets, and a ruling horde Military despotisms, and to the people of Ten- of illiterate and brutal negro suffragans. nessee, who, by an usurping Radical State Government, erected upon the ruins of the legiti- 2 This section violated inasmuch as the duly mate Constitution of the State, and acting elected Representatives of ten States of the under the cover of an irregular bogus Consti- Union are arbitrarily excluded from their tution, have deprived a majority of the White rightful seats by the Radical majority in the people of their dearest franchises, and are im- | House of Representatives.