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activities Administration adopted Agreement agricultural alien species animal application areas Article Available barriers benefit biodiversity biological diversity biosafety bodies Cartagena Protocol China Chinese Committee communities companies concerns conservation context Convention cooperation Council crops debate decision developing countries domestic economic effective efforts environment environmental protection established existing export foreign genetic resources germplasm global GMOs Group human impacts implementation important improve industry institutions intellectual property international standards invasive issues LMOs MEAs measures meet Members ment multilateral natural negotiations objectives obligations organisms Paragraph participation Parties patent Plan plant policies practices principle problems procedures promote relevant requirements result risk assessment rules safety scientific sharing standards strengthen sustainable development technical regulations tion trade trade and environment traditional knowledge TRIPs United varieties World
Página 46 - Subject to the requirement that such measures are not applied in a manner which would constitute a means of arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination between countries where the same conditions prevail, or a disguised restriction on international trade...
Página 70 - The Contracting Parties, recognizing that patents and other intellectual property rights may have an influence on the implementation of this Convention, shall cooperate in this regard subject to national legislation and international law in order to ensure that such rights are supportive of and do not run counter to its objectives.
Página 60 - ... plants and animals other than micro-organisms, and essentially biological processes for the production of plants or animals other than non-biological and microbiological processes. However, Members shall provide for the protection of plant varieties either by patents or by an effective sui generis system or by any combination thereof.
Página 70 - Articles 20 and 21 with the aim of sharing in a fair and equitable way the results of research and development and the benefits arising from the commercial and other utilization...
Página 121 - Biological diversity" means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part: this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.
Página 70 - In the case of technology subject to patents and other intellectual property rights, such access and transfer shall be provided on terms which recognize and are consistent with the adequate and effective protection of intellectual property rights.
Página 120 - Members have the right to take sanitary and phytosanitary measures necessary for the protection of human, animal or plant life or health, provided that such measures are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Agreement.
Página 46 - Rights; and (iii) labelling requirements for environmental purposes. Work on these issues should include the identification of any need to clarify relevant WTO rules. The Committee shall report to the Fifth Session of the Ministerial Conference, and make recommendations, where appropriate, with respect to future action, including the desirability of negotiations.
Página 134 - The Parties should take precautionary measures to anticipate, prevent or minimize the causes of climate change and mitigate its adverse effects, where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty should not be used as a reason for postponing such measures...