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with the Lord Chancellor's daughter, the property passed into the possession of Thomas Howard, Earl of Norfolk, whose unhappy lot it was twenty-two years afterwards to lay down his life on the block. After his execution, his son, the Earl of Suffolk, disposed of the priory precinct and his mother's mansion therein to the City. In the year 1622, the inhabitants of Duke's Place, that had been built on part of the site of the old priory, having come to an open quarrel with the parishioners of St. Catherine Cree, obtained leave of Charles I. to rebuild the priory church, with the assistance of Lord Mayor Barkham. The church was accordingly rebuilt, and remains to this day."


H. T.

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Who was Le Jeune ?

"Had contrived a species of armour, of which neither the horse-armoury in the Tower, nor Gwynnap's Gothic Hall, no, nor Dr. Meybrick's invaluable collection of ancient arms, has preserved any specimen."— Ibid., chap. xxxii. p. 396.

What is meant by Gwynnap's Gothic Hall? "Winterblossom is one of us-was one of us at least and won't stand the ironing. He has his Wogdens still, that were right things in his day, and can hit the haystack with the best of us."-St. Ronan's Well,' Centenary Edition, chap. iv. p. 49.

What were Wogdens ?-pistols ?

By the by, Lady Penelope, you have not your collection in the same order and discipline as Pidcock and Polito."-Ibid., chap. vii. p. 85.

Who were Pidcock and Polito ?-keepers of a wild-beast show?

"For fair play's sake I made him take one of my pistols -right Kuchenritters."-Ibid., chap. xix. p. 210.

Is anything known of Kuchenritter ?-presumably a gunsmith.

"With a volley of such oaths as would have blown a whole fleet of the Bethel Union out of the water."Ibid., chap. xxi. p. 233.

What was the Bethel Union?


"With your usual graceful attitude of adjusting your perpendicular shirt-collar, and passing your hand over the knot of your cravat, which deserves a peculiar place in the Tietania."-Ibid., chap. xxvi. p. 287.

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defence of the Catholic doctrine of confession is quoted in 'Redgauntlet' (Centenary Edition, letter viii. p. 91)?

"If you ever saw me tremble, be assured that my flesh, like that of the old Spanish general, only quaked at the dangers into which my spirit was about to lead it."'Redgauntlet,' Centenary Edition, letter iii. p. 29.

Who was this old Spanish general? The same remark occurs in 'The Fair Maid of Perth' (Centenary Edition, chap. viii. p. 95).

"Hang thee, Alan, thou art as unfit a confidant for a youthful gallant with some spice of imagination as the old taciturn secretary of Facardin of Trebizond.”—Ibid., letter iii. p. 32.

From other sources I have some reason to infer that Prince Facardin of Trebizond was the name or hero of a play or opera which was well known in Berlin in the beginning of this century. Precise particulars would be welcomed.

"It's no a Scotch tune, but it passes for ane-Oswald made it himsell, I reckon he has cheated mony ane, but he canna cheat Wandering Willie."— Ibid., letter x. p. 105.

Joseph Lincke, a celebrated 'cello player, born in 1783, is stated to have learned his instrument from Oswald. Presumably this is the person Wandering Willie alludes to; but who was he? J. T. B.

OLD BELL.-There was sold, on the 9th inst., in Dowell's Rooms, Edinburgh, a bell, dated "1789. Lepine, Fondeur, a Quimper," with Latin cross embossed. This bell was in a church at Quimper, in Normandy. It was desecrated in the French Revolution, was in the Pique frigate, which was taken in the war, and was presented by the captain to Wm. Macdonald, of St. Martin's, in 1804. was used in the belfry of St. Martin's Abbey, in Strathmore, Perthshire, for fifty years. J. F. S. GORDON.



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LYON FAMILY.-Can any reader of 'N. & Q.' put me in the way of substantiating the early accounts of the Scotch family of Lyon before the Sir John who married the Princess Jane, and got with her the lands of Glamis? Were they connected with the Northamptonshire Lyons?—who

certainly bore the same arms (without, of course, the Scotch tressures) and whose very early members had apparently no s at the end of their name, as at present; moreover, the early Christian names of the English family were curiously similar to those given in the early accounts of the Scotch family. I found an interesting seal in the London Record Office of John Lyon, son of the above, which shows a bendlet dexter engrailed. Had this any significance ?-as his son, Patrick Lyon, first Lord Glamis, bore no such bendlet. W. LYON.

7, Redcliffe Square, S. W.

A MS. ITALIAN TRANSLATION OF VARILLAS. -The historical works of Antoine Varillas are relished for their piquancy, in spite of their dubious veracity. Still, Bayle quotes largely from them. That these writings were esteemed by his contemporaries is shown by an Italian MS. translation of the History of Francis I.' which I have recently acquired. The preface is probably a version of that of the first edition, published at La Haye in 1684. The MS. is certainly in contemporary writing, and is of that flowing Spanish type which had replaced the cramped calligraphy of an earlier date. The translation fills two thick quarto volumes. Perhaps some reader of 'N. & Q.' might be able to state, or to conjecture, who the translator was. I can find no mention of him in Fontanini, Zeno, or Haym.


18, Gordon Street, W.C.

SUSSEX HOUSE, FULHAM.-This house is said to have been called after Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, sixth son of George III. Did the prince ever really live there? If so, between what years; and where can I ascertain any particulars as to his life there? I should be glad, also, of any information touching Mrs. Billington's connexion with the house. The late Dr. Forbes Benignus Wilson for many years kept the house as an asylum for the insane. I should like to know when he went to reside there. He had, I believe, two asylums in West London. Can any reader tell me the name of the second? Was it Brandenburgh House, facing the Fulham Palace Road? Kindly reply direct.


49, Edith Road, West Kensington.

USSES OR OSSES.-Spending a few days lately at Folkestone, I found myself constantly attracted to the little fish-market at the eastern end of the town. The catch of fish, of many kinds, was most abundant, more especially of dog-fish, of which there were two species. One kind was of a uniform bluish grey; these were called 66 dogs." ." The other was of almost precisely similar conformation, though running, perhaps, a trifle larger in

size. But they were of a dirty yellow brown colour, and spotted for their whole length with brown spots of a darker shade. To my question, "What do you call those fish?" I got the reply: "Usses, sir" (or "Osses"). But neither my informant nor the fish-auctioneer nor his clerk, who seemed to be men of better position and intelligence, could give me any explanation as to the meaning or origin of the name, or even as to the correct spelling of it. Can any reader of 'N. & Q.' throw any light on the subject? EDWARD P. WOLFERSTAN.

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"THE ARMS OF LIONEL."-Can any one kindly tell me what is meant by this expression, which I find in several Wardrobe Rolls of the fourteenth century? It does not refer to the son of Edward III., for it occurs chiefly before his birth, and when his shield is alluded to at a later period, it is identified by the addition of the words, "the King's son." Once it is "the arms of England and Lyonel"; again, in 1333-4, 66 a hall of Lumbard bordered with escocheons of the arms of Lyonel"; in 1329, a gold cup with four "escocheons de arm' Leonelli in fundo." The meaning of the term was evidently well understood at the time.


"CLICKING-TIME."-I have been unable to find, in any Yorkshire glossary, the compound word clicking-time, meaning twilight. It was first brought under my notice, some weeks ago, in ordinary conversation, and, recognizing it as a rara avis, I made a note of it. Inquiries were then instituted at three different places in Holderness (Swine, Burstwick, and Hollym), and natives of each place recognized the word as an old and familiar friend. One person said it was called clicking-time because, when she was a girl, the boys and girls used "ti click hod o' yan anuther" (catch hold of


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40TH REGIMENT.-Can any of your readers inform me whether there are portraits extant of the undermentioned officers of this regiment?-General the Hon. Edward Cornwallis, uncle of the first Marquis Cornwallis, or of General Sir Brent Spencer, G.C.B., of Egyptian and Peninsular fame? Also, can any one furnish me with particulars or anecdotes connected with this regiment, from family papers, letters, &c. ? X. L.


In Adamnan's 'Life of St. Columba,' bk. ii. cb. xlii., is an account of a voyage of one Cormac and his companions, when for fourteen days in summer they had sailed northward, so far, as it seemed, that they had got beyond the limits of human wanderings. On the fourteenth day they were greatly terrified by swarms of some unknown

creatures :

"Occurrerant tetræ et infesta nimis bestiolæ, quæ horribili impetu carinam et latera, puppimque et proram ita forti feriebant percussura, ut pelliceum tectum navis penetrales putarentur penetrare posse. Quæ, ut qui inerant ibidem postea narrarunt, prope magnitudinem ranarum, aculeis permolestæ, non tamen volatiles sed natatiles, erant ; sed et remorum infestabant palmulas," The story seems to be founded on known facts. What could the bestiola have been? Are there

swarms of cuttle-fish in northern seas; and would they cling on to the oars, &c.?

J. T. F.

Bp. Hatfield's Hall, Durham. TENERIFFE OR TENERIFE.-I shall be glad to know which is correct. JOHN LANGLEY.

SIR STEPHEN EVANCE.-Can any of your contributors say who were the parents of Sir Stephen Evance, of St. Edmund's the King and Martyr, Lombard Street; or where I can see a better pedigree than the incomplete one in the Visitation of London? A. EVANCE, F.R.G.S.

'THE BRITISH KNIGHT ERRANT.'-In Messrs, Boase and Courtney's 'Bibliotheca Cornubiensis (vol. iii. p. 935) is entered "The British Knight Errant. A tale in two volumes. Lond., printed for W. Lane, Leadenhall Street, 1790. 12mo., pp. 163 and 154"; and appended is the note, The scene is laid at Launceston Castle." I have been unable to trace a copy of this in the British Museum Library. Is there known to be one in existence ? DunHeved.




(8th S. iii. 267, 396).

Since making my inquiry on this subject I have carefully examined the Crace collection of maps and views in the British Museum, as well as every other available authority, with the view of satisfactorily determining the point at issue. Considering that the building has only disappeared within little more than thirty years, it would not be supposed that the task would present much difficulty; but the great extension of building in Bayswater and Westbourne within recent years, and the devastation committed by the Great Western Railway, render the identification of sites in those districts no easy matter. Another element of doubt consists in the frequent changes that have occurred in street nomenclature, of which I shall give an instance further on.

The first question to determine seemed to be the site of Westbourne Manor House, in the vicinity of which the modern house known as Westbourne Place, of which Westbourne Farm was an appendage, was subsequently built. According to Lysons,* Westbourne Place was built by Isaac Ware, the architect, a little to the south of the old house, which was suffered to stand some years longer. After several changes of ownership, it became the property, in 1800, of Mr. Samuel Pepys Cockerell, who resided in it till his death in 1827. In the memoir of Ceckerell contained in the 'Dict. Nat. Biog." the house is called Westbourne Lodge, but the fact that Westbourne Place was Cockerell's residence is confirmed by J. T. Smith, in his 'Nollekens and his Times,' vol. ii. p. 209. Lysons goes on to say that "near Westbourne Place is an elegant cottage, the property of Mr. Cockerell, and for some years past the residence of Mrs. Siddons, who has expended a considerable sum upon its improvement and decoration." Campbell says that Mrs. Siddons came into occupation of the house in April, 1805, and she had therefore resided in it for six years when Lysons wrote in 1811.

Gutch's map of 1828, Bartlett and Butler's map of 1834, and Lucas's map of 1847, do not show Westbourne Place, but they agree in marking the site of Westbourne Manor House as lying to the north and slightly to the east of the second canal bridge on the Harrow Road. To the south of the large house is a smaller building, which I assume to be Mrs. Siddons's residence, subsequently known as Desborough Lodge or Desborough Cottage.

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On Gutch's map the term Desboroughs" " is applied to two parcels of land lying north and south of the canal, and situated immediately to

*Environs of London,' second edition, 1811, vol. ii. pt. ii. pp. 599, 600.

the eastward of the Manor House boundaries. which I have shown was built over before 1847. The grounds of the Manor House were apparently The conclusion I have arrived at is that Westcomprised within the triangle of which the apex is bourne Farm, subsequently known as Desborough the church of St. Mary Magdalene and the base Lodge or Desborough Cottage, was situated at, or the Harrow Road, Clarendon Street and Ciren- close to, the present Desborough Street, and that it cester Street forming respectively the western and could not have been destroyed to make room for the eastern sides. The "Desboroughs" lay still fur- Great Western Railway, as Cunningham asserts. I ther to the eastward, and Desborough Lodge must, must, however, in fairness state that this conclusion I think, have occupied the site of a small street, is to some extent based on two assumptions. The or rather a cul-de-sac, which practically forms an first is that Westbourne Place, the residence of enclave of Cirencester Street, near the Harrow Mr. Cockerell, was identical with the Westbourne Road, and is still known as Desborough Street. Manor House of the maps. The second is that Westbourne Farm, the residence of Mrs. Siddons, was identical with Desborough Cottage, the residence of Charles Mathews and Madame Vestris. Neither of these assumptions is proved, but I think the evidence is all in favour of their correctness. It is just possible that Westbourne Place was on the site of a large enclosed piece of land, with a house, marked as Westbourne Park upon the maps. "This house was situated at the southern portion of Westbourne Green, to the westward of the present Porchester Road, on land now occupied by Westbourne Park Road and the adjacent thoroughfares. If this view is correct, Mrs. Siddons's cottage may possibly have been swept away by the Great Western Railway; but as all the authorities state that it was in close vicinity to the land now occupied by the Lock Hospital, I do not think it could have been so far distant as Westbourne Park, and I have come across no evidence that corroborates any view except that which I have accepted. W. F. PRIDEAUX,

The view that Mrs. Siddons's residence lay on the northern or right-hand side of the Harrow Road as you proceed to Harrow is confirmed by the facsimile of a letter from Charles Mathews, in my possession, dated "Westbourne Green, Aug. 21, 1845," at the bottom of which is a rough sketch, indicating to a friend with whom an appointment had been made the whereabouts of the house, which is called by Mathews "Desborough Cottage. To the left of the picture is a distant view of the church of Harrow-on-the-Hill, while to the right of the spectator the gables of the cottage appear above a belt of shrubs and trees which surmount the garden palings. The mile-and-a-half stone from Tyburn Turnpike (no longer existing) is depicted in the right foreground. It is clear from the sketch that the cottage was on the northern side of the main road.

lay a little off the Harrow Road (which here runs northwards), on the east side, on the south of the canal. Access to the house was by a carriage drive. The Lock Hospital is built on the north of the canal, and on the west side of the Harrow Road. Westbourne Manor House was on the opposite side of the Harrow Road to the hospital, and also beyond the canal.

MR. GRIFFINHOOFE's suggestion that Desborough Lodge may have been somewhere on the site of Desborough Place is not, I think, confirmed by the maps. On the earlier ones the site of Desborough Desboroughs is marked on the plan of PaddingPlace and the adjacent streets is occupied by a ton parish, 1838 (not 1828 as printed). I rememportion of Westbourne Green, but in Lucas's plan ber the house where Madame Vestris lived being of 1847 the land is built over, and must have pre-pointed out to me about the end of the forties. It sented much the same appearance as it does at present. Hampden Street, Waverley Road, and Brindley Street are clearly marked, but the whole of the present Marlborough Street is shown as Desborough Terrace. Subsequently the portion of this street which faces the railway was called Desborough Place, and the remainder Marlborough Place. The whole has now been renamed Marlborough Street, and Desborough Place has disappeared. Marlborough Street means nothing, whereas the original name of Desborough Terrace partook of the nature of a landmark in indicating the site of old Desborough House, which I judge from the maps must have been in existence as late as 1834. Mr. Walford, in his 'Old and New London,' states that some vestiges of the old house are apparent in Desborough Place (now Marlborough Street), but I have failed to find any.

As Robins, in his 'Paddington, Past and Present,' says that Desborough Lodge was in existence as late as 1853, it could not have been situated on the site of the block of houses "on the north side of the railway and east of Royal Oak Station,"

Copies of Mr. Gutch's plan, and also a large plan of the district engraved for the now defunct Commissioners of Sewers for Westminster, &c., in 1840, can be seen at the library of the Royal Institute of British Architects, No. 9, Conduit Street, W.

Which was the house or the houses named Westbourne Place?—a property which belonged about 1749 to Isaac Ware, architect, who erected his house with old materials brought from Lord Chesterfield's house in May Fair (Lysons, Environs,' 1795, iii. 330). It was bought by another architect, Samuel Pepys Cockerell, who was residing there in 1796. Was Westbourne Place the same as Westbourne Manor House; or did it

apply to the portion called Desboroughs in this inquiry? Lysons does not mention the Manor House or Desboroughs, though he describes Westbourne Place. WYATT PAPWORTH.

It is very kind of the Bayswater Chronicle, 1884, to ascribe to " a visitor" my remarks about the above house, which I well remember, and especially the very words in which I describe it in Old and New London,' comparing it to a "rural vicarage." My friend MR. GRIFFINHOOFE will find a back-front view of the old house, with the poplar trees in sight, at p. 216 of vol. v. (not vi.) of my work, and my description of it on pp. 214, 215. He will also see there what is said about Desborough Place.

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INNSBRUCK HOFKIRCHE (8th S. ii. 81, 162, 211, 221, 315, 349, 409, 491).-Since sending you my last note on this subject, I have rediscovered a kind of semi-official account of the history of Maximilian's tomb by Dr. Schönherr, in vol. xi. of the Jahrbuch der kunst-historischen Sammlungen des oesterreichischen Kaiserhouses' (1890, pp. 140268). The account is extremely interesting and very elaborate, and is founded on original research among the various rich MS. collections of the imperial house of Austria. The author gives a list of the twenty-eight large statues surrounding the emperor's tomb, supplying, professedly, the names of the persons whom they were intended to represent from documentary sources, but unfortunately following too closely Baedeker's list and without taking the least trouble to notice the heraldic devices on the shields, and consequently without attempting to explain the glaring discrepancies since pointed out in 'N. & Q.'

The names of the first seventeen statues agree with DR. WOODWARD's list, with the exception of No. 4, which is given as "Duke Albrecht II., the Wise," though the arms are those of an emperor. Then follow, after Kunigunda :

18. Eleanor of Portugal, mother of Maximilian. 19. Mary of Burgundy, his first wife.

20. Elizabeth of Hungary, wife of "King" Albrecht II.

21. Godfrey of Bouillon.

22. "King" Albrecht I., in spite of the arms of Hungary.

23. Frederic IV., Duke of Austria and Count of Tyrol ("with the empty pockets").

24. Leopold III., Duke of Austria. And omitting the next three, which are the same as in DR. WOODWARD'S list,

28. "King" Albrecht II., though the arms are not those of an emperor. Photographic reproductions of a dozen of the large statues are given in the volume. That of Arthur is shown without a shield, and that of Philip the Good, of Burgundy (No. 14), has the quartered shield of England and

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France attached to it, just as DR. Woodward saw them in 1890. The shield of No. 18, however, correctly shows the arms of Portugal, and consequently Baedeker is right with regard to this lady.

The author does not seem to have any doubt about it that No. 8 was meant for the Arthur of the legend. The tomb as originally designed was to be on a larger scale than the present one, and was to be surrounded by forty statues of the same dimensions as the present twenty-eight. Of the forty milian claimed thirty-eight as belonging to his persons whom the statues were to represent, Maxifamily circle, the two exceptions being the two illustrious knights represented by the pair of statues attributed to Vischer, namely, King Arthur of England and Theodoric, King of the Ostrogoths, who, according to the author, were merely invited guests. Of course, some modern genealogists would greatly reduce the number of Maximilian's ancestors; but we must not forget the fact that genealogists at the beginning of the sixteenth century were not so strict as those of our days, and hence the many imaginary pedigrees which have been prepared for Maximilian, and are preserved in the imperial archives, must be viewed in the spirit of the old emperor's times. Some of these pedigrees, notably those illustrated by the old masters," have been published in past volumes of the Jahrbuch.' They show numerous princes with shields charged with a lion rampant and others quartering the three batrachia with the three fleurs-de-lys. DR. WOODWARD calls the former frogs; but were they not really meant for toads (crapauds)?

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The author publishes also reproductions of some designs for statues prepared by Gilg Sesselschreiber, the artist of several statues in the group, and by others. One of these sketches (not carried out) represents the English hero-king holding a shield charged with the arms of France and England quarterly, and on a shield of pretence a lion rampant, probably meant for Hapsburg, as the sketch bears the inscription, "Kuenig Artus zu Eangellandt, Grave zu Habspurg." This proves beyond doubt that the artist meant to represent the King Artus of the legend, and that he was under the impression that Arthur of Caerleon was a Count of Hapsburg and an ancestor of Maximilian. Another drawing shows a design for a statue of Bianca Maria. The arms assigned to her are a quartered shield, with an eagle displayed in the first and last, and the Visconti guivre in the intermediate quarters and on an inescutcheon a cross argent (?).

As regards the shield of statue No. 28, I have already stated in a previous note that history knows only one Albert, King of Hungary and Bohemia. As he was also King of the Romans, there is not the slightest doubt that he is repre

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